Edward F. Neild
Edward Fairfax Neild Sr. (December 3, 1884 – July 6, 1955), was an American architect originally from Shreveport, Louisiana, who designed the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri. He was selected for the task by U.S. President Harry Truman.
Edward Fairfax Neild Sr.
Neild circa 1950-1960
|Died||July 6, 1955 (aged 70)|
|Resting place||Forest Park East Cemetery in Shreveport|
|Alma mater||Tulane University|
|Occupation||Architect of Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum and many public buildings in Louisiana|
|Spouse(s)||Ethel Land Neild (married 1907-1955, his death)|
|Children||Edward F. Neild Jr.|
Elizabeth "Betty" Neild Van Hook
|Parent(s)||George Frederick and Elizabeth Moss Neild|
The son of George Frederick Neild (1855-1933) and the former Elizabeth Moss, Neild graduated in 1906 from the School of Engineering at Tulane University in New Orleans. He then traveled in Europe to study architecture and applied arts. He worked alone from 1908 to 1934. He was in partnerships Neild, Somdal and Neild, Somdal, Neild, with Dewey A. Somdal (1898-1973) and with his son, Edward Fairfax Nield Jr. (October 7, 1908 – November 8, 1958). Somdal Associates, Shreveport, is the descendant of the Neild firm.
Neild served as president of the Shreveport chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1926 and from 1937 to 1939; Dewey Somdal was the president from 1940 to 1943; Edward F. Nield Jr., in 1951. In 1948, Neild was among twenty distinguished architects made fellows of the American Institute of Architects.
During World War II, Neild designed for the United States Army Corps of Engineers the Japanese relocation centers in southeastern Arkansas at Rohwer and Jerome in Desha and Drew counties, respectively.
Other Neild-designed buildings in Shreveport include: the Louisiana State Exhibit Building at the Louisiana State Fairgrounds, Schumpert Hospital, Barret Elementary School, C. E. Byrd High School, the Scottish Rite Cathedral, the Calanthean Temple, Cathedral of St. John Berchmans (Shreveport, Louisiana), and the Overton Brooks Veterans Administration Medical Center. When Truman toured Louisiana, he was so impressed with Neild's design of the Caddo Parish Courthouse that he contacted him to design the courthouse for his own Jackson County, Missouri. Neild was a consulting architect for the rehabilitation of the White House during the Truman years as well as the lead architect of the Truman Presidential Library. He also designed many campus buildings for Louisiana Tech University in Ruston.
A number of Neild's works have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as significant buildings for their architecture. Nield's son, Edward F. Neild Jr. (1908 - 1958), was also an architect who designed the Hirsch Memorial Coliseum in Shreveport. From 1937 to 1938, the two men worked together on the Louisiana State Exhibit Museum in Shreveport, which opened in 1939.
In addition to their son, Neild and his wife, the former Ethel Land (1887-1970), who married on December 17, 1907, had a daughter, Elizabeth "Betty" Neild Van Hook (1915-2010), the wife of the late James A. Van Hook.
Other Neild works include (with attribution):
- Arlington Ridge Park, NW corner of N. Meade St. and Marshall Dr. Arlington, Virginia (Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- B'Nai Zion Temple, 802 Cotton St. Shreveport Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Baton Rouge Junior High School (built 1922), 1100 Laurel St. Baton Rouge Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Bogard Hall-Louisiana Tech University, Junction of Arizona and College St. Ruston, Louisiana Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- Bossier High School, 322 Colquitt St. Bossier City, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Byrd, C. E., High School, 3201 Line Ave. Shreveport, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Capital City Press Building, 340 Florida Baton Rouge, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Fair Park High School, 3222 Greenwood Rd. Shreveport, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Heidelberg Hotel, 201 Lafayette St. Baton Rouge, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Heidelberg Hotel and Hotel King (boundary increase) 200 Lafayette St. Baton Rouge Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- John M. Parker Agricultural Coliseum
- Howard Auditorium-Louisiana Tech University, Jct. of Adams Blvd. and Arizona St. Ruston Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- Keeny Hall-Louisiana Tech University, Keeny Circle Ruston, LA Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- One or more works in Lake Charles Historic District, Roughly bounded by Iris, Hodges, Lawrence, Kirkman, S. Divission and Louisiana Lake Charles, LA Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Louisiana State Exhibit Museum in Shreveport, 3015 Greenwood Road, Shreveport, LA 71109
- Maricopa County Courthouse, 125 W. Washington St. Phoenix, Arizona Neild, Edward F.), NRHP-listed
- Mooringsport School, 602 Latimer St. Mooringsport, Louisiana Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Prescott Memorial Library-Louisiana Tech University, Keeny Circle Ruston, LA Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- Rayville High School, 109 Madeline St., Rayville, Louisiana Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Reese Agriculture Building-Louisiana Tech University, Tech Farm, US 80 Ruston Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- Robinson Hall-Louisiana Tech University, Madison Ave. Ruston Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- Scott Street School, 900 N. 19th St. Baton Rouge Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Scottish Rite Cathedral, 725 Cotton St. Shreveport Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Shreveport Municipal Building, 724 McNeil St., Shreveport Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Steere, A. C., Elementary School, 4009 Youree Dr. Shreveport, LA Neild, Edward Fairfax), NRHP
- Toliver Dining Hall-Louisiana Tech University, Wisteria St. Ruston, LA Neild, Somdal & Neild), NRHP
- US Post Office and Courthouse-Alexandria, 515 Murray St. Alexandria, Louisiana Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- Wray-Dickinson Building, 308 Market St., Shreveport Neild, Edward F.), NRHP
- "Neild, Edward F." lahisatory.org. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- DEWEY SOMDAL (1898-1973) COLLECTION, 1780-1972.
- Mooringsport School Building
- Past Presidents, AIA Shreveport
- "Edward Fairfax Neild biography". findagrave.com.
- The Louisiana Historical Association used the Kansas City Star, July 6, 1955, and The New York Times and New Orleans Times-Picayune, both July 7, 1955, in its biographical sketch of Edward F. Neild.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Betty Neild Van Hook". findagrave.com. Retrieved April 18, 2015.