Eckhart Tolle (/ / EK-art TOL-ə; German: [ˈɛkhaʁt ˈtɔlə]; born Ulrich Leonard Tölle, February 16, 1948) is a German-born spiritual teacher and self-help author. His books include The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment (1997), A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose (2005) and the picture book Guardians of Being (2009).
|Born||Ulrich Leonard Tölle|
February 16, 1948
Lünen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Allied-occupied Germany
|Language||English, German, Spanish|
|Genre||Spirituality, metaphysics, self-help|
|Notable works||The Power of Now (1997)|
A New Earth (2005)
Early life edit
In 1961 he moved to Spain to live with his father, where he "refused all forms of formal education between the ages of 13 and 22, preferring instead to pursue his own creative and philosophical interests". At 15, he was "heavily influenced" by a gift of the five spiritual books by the German mystic Joseph Anton Schneiderfranken.
When he was 19, Tolle moved to England and taught German and Spanish for three years at a London language school. After attending the University of London, he enrolled in a postgraduate program at the University of Cambridge in 1977.
Spiritual experience edit
One night in 1977, at the age of 29, after having suffered from long periods of depression, Tolle says he experienced an "inner transformation". That night he awakened from his sleep, suffering from feelings of depression that were "almost unbearable," but then experienced a life-changing epiphany. Recounting the experience, he says,
I couldn’t live with myself any longer. And in this a question arose without an answer: who is the ‘I’ that cannot live with the self? What is the self? I felt drawn into a void! I didn’t know at the time that what really happened was the mind-made self, with its heaviness, its problems, that lives between the unsatisfying past and the fearful future, collapsed. It dissolved. The next morning I woke up and everything was so peaceful. The peace was there because there was no self. Just a sense of presence or “beingness,” just observing and watching.
Tolle recalls going out for a walk in London the next morning, and finding that “everything was miraculous, deeply peaceful. Even the traffic." The feeling continued, and he began to feel a strong underlying sense of peace in any situation.
He stopped studying for his doctorate, and for a period of about two years after this he spent much of his time sitting, “in a state of deep bliss," on park benches in Russell Square, Central London, "watching the world go by.” He stayed with friends, in a Buddhist monastery, or otherwise slept rough on Hampstead Heath. His family thought him “irresponsible, even insane." He changed his first name from Ulrich to Eckhart; according to some reports this was in homage to the German philosopher and mystic, Meister Eckhart. A 2012 interview article states that he saw the name Eckhart on one of a pile of books in a dream, and knew he had written the book; soon after in real life he ran into a psychic friend who called him Eckhart out of nowhere, so he changed his name.
Career as spiritual teacher edit
Former Cambridge students and acquaintances began to ask Tolle about his beliefs. He started working as a counselor and spiritual teacher. Students continued to come to him over the next five years. He moved to Glastonbury, a center of alternative living. In 1995 he moved to Vancouver.
In 2000, Oprah Winfrey recommended The Power of Now in her magazine O. In August 2000, it reached The New York Times Best Seller Advice, Miscellaneous and Hardcover list, reaching number one two years later. By 2008, the book had been translated from English into 33 languages. In July 2011, it had appeared on the list of the 10 best selling Paperback Advice & Miscellaneous books for 102 weeks.
His second book, Stillness Speaks, appeared in 2003. That year, he stated that he had no intention of creating "a heavy commercial structure", nor of setting up an ashram or centre. He believed one "could develop organically" and said "one needs to be careful that the organization doesn't become self-serving". Nevertheless, his website sells his books and "a dizzying range" of materials offering spiritual guidance, and a separate website streams video of monthly group meditations.
In 2005, Tolle published A New Earth. In January, Oprah Winfrey selected it for her book club, and high sales followed. In the four weeks following the announcement, 3.5 million copies were shipped. It was ranked number one on The New York Times Best Seller list 46 times by the end of 2008.
In 2008, Tolle partnered with Winfrey to produce a series of webinars, each one focusing on a chapter from his books, with discussions, silent meditations, and questions from viewers via Skype. The third webinar attracted more than 11 million viewers. By October 2009, the webinars had been accessed 35 million times.
In 2008 The New York Times stated that Tolle was "the most popular spiritual author" in the United States. By 2009, total sales of The Power of Now and A New Earth in North America were estimated at 3 million and 5 million copies respectively, and In 2011, the Watkins Review put him at number 1 in a list of "The 100 Most Spiritually Influential Living People".
By the press and others edit
The books have received a wide range of praise and criticism from reviewers. In 2000, Carter Phipps wrote that "Tolle's clear writing and the obvious depth of his experience and insight set it apart". In 2003, Andrea Sachs characterized The Power of Now as "awash in spiritual mumbo-jumbo", while in 2008, an article in The New York Times stated that Tolle is "not identified with any religion, but uses teachings from Zen Buddhism, Sufism, Hinduism, and the Bible".
Some critics have characterized his books as unoriginal or derivative. James Robinson in The Observer in 2008 called his writings "a mix of pseudo-science, New Age philosophy, and teaching borrowed from established religions". A 2009 article in The New York Times stated that he is "hardly the first writer to tap into the American longing for meaning and success". Sara Nelson, the editor-in-chief of Publishers Weekly, said Tolle's writings had been successful due to surging public interest in self-help books.
Others have praised his re-working and synthesis of traditions. New Age writer William Bloom wrote that "Tolle is offering a very contemporary synthesis of Eastern spiritual teaching, which is normally so clothed in arcane language that it is incomprehensible", thereby providing "a valuable perspective on Western culture". Publisher Judith Kendra says, "The ideas [that Tolle is] talking about have been in existence for thousands of years in both Eastern texts and with the great Western mystics, but he's able to make them understandable".
By Christian theologians edit
In 2008, an article in The Independent noted that "Tolle's theories are certainly seen by many as profoundly non-Christian, even though Tolle often quotes from the Bible", but that "Tolle does have fans in academic, even Christian, circles". It cited Andrew Ryder, a theologian at All Hallows College in Dublin, who wrote "While he may not use the language of traditional Christian spirituality, Tolle is very much concerned that, as we make our way through the ordinary events of the day, we keep in touch with the deepest source of our being."
James Beverley, professor of Christian Thought and Ethics at the evangelical Tyndale Seminary in Toronto, says that Tolle's worldview "is at odds with central Christian convictions" and that "Tolle denies the core of Christianity by claiming there is no ultimate distinction between humans and God and Jesus". John Stackhouse, former professor of theology and culture at evangelical Regent College in Vancouver, says that Tolle "gives a certain segment of the population exactly what they want: a sort of supreme religion that purports to draw from all sorts of lesser, that is, established religions". Stackhouse has described him as one of several spiritual teachers who "purport to have investigated the world's religions (quite a claim) and found them wanting, who routinely subject those religions to withering criticism, and who then champion their own views as superior to all these alternatives".
Conversely, Stafford Betty, scholar of religion at California State University, Bakersfield, finds common ground between Tolle's worldview and that of Christian mystics. He notes that "one of the key elements in Tolle's teaching is that deep within the mind is absolute stillness in which one can experience 'the joy of Being'". Roman Catholic priest and theologian Richard Rohr credits Tolle for helping to reintroduce ancient Christian mysticism to modern Christians: "Tolle is, in fact, rather brilliantly bringing to our awareness the older tradition...both the ground and the process for breaking through to the theological contemplation of God, and acquired contemplation of Jesus, the Gospels, and all spiritual things."
In popular culture edit
Personal life edit
- The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment. Namaste, 1997. ISBN 978-0-96823-640-6.
- Practicing the Power of Now: Essential Teachings, Meditations, and Exercises from The Power of Now. New World Library, 2001. ISBN 1-57731-195-7.
- Stillness Speaks: Whispers of Now. New World Library, 2003. ISBN 978-1-57731-400-4.
- A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose. Dutton, 2005. ISBN 978-0-52594-802-5.
- Oneness With All Life: Inspirational Selections from A New Earth. Penguin, 2008. ISBN 978-0-45229-608-4.
Graphic novels edit
Children's books edit
- "Times Topics: Eckhart Tolle Biography". The New York Times. 2008-03-05. Archived from the original on 2009-02-02.
- Ken MacQueen (2009-10-22). "Eckhart Tolle vs. God". Macleans.ca. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- McKinley, Jesse (2008-03-23). "The Wisdom of the Ages, for Now Anyway". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- Walker, Ether (2008-06-21). "Eckhart Tolle: This man could change your life". The Independent. Retrieved 2021-08-24.
- Rottgardt, Beate (27 May 2008). "Amerikas Guru stammt aus Lünen" [America's guru comes from Lünen]. Ruhr Nachrichten. Archived from the original on 15 January 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
- Scobie, Claire (2003-09-29). "Why now is bliss". Telegraph Magazine. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
- Walker, Ether (2008-06-21). "Eckhart Tolle: This man could change your life". The Independent. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
- Parker, John W. (2000). Dialogues With Emerging Spiritual Teachers. Fort Collins, Colorado: Sagewood Press. ISBN 978-1440116315.
- Cathy Lynn Grossman (2010-15-04). 'Life's Purpose' author Eckhart Tolle is serene, critics less so. USA Today. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW with Eckhart Tolle | PositiveLife.ie | Positive Life Magazine". PositiveLife.ie. 6 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-08.
- Todd, Douglas (2009-09-27). "Douglas Todd's backstage report from the Vancouver Peace Summit". The Vancouver Sun.
- Best Sellers. The New York Times (2000-08-12). Hardcover advice. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Best Sellers. The New York Times (2003-01-12). Hardcover advice. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "KALIMA publishes Eckhart Tolle's 'A New Earth and the Power of Now' in Arabic as well". WAM: Emirates News Agency. 2010-04-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- "Paperback advice: Best Sellers". The New York Times. 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Stillness Speaks. Eckhart Tolle, Author. New World Library $17 (160p) ISBN 978-1-57731-400-4". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
- Oprah Winfrey Book Pick 'A New Earth' Shatters Records. Associated Press via Fox News (2008-02-28). Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- "Paperback Advice: Best Sellers". The New York Times. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Todd, Douglas (2009-09-28). "Dalai Lama in Vancouver: Pursuit of peace and compassion a complex path". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- "History". The Dalai Lama Center for Peace and Education. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
- "Eckhart Tolle Books: Guardians of Being". Eckhart Tolle's official website. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "100 Spiritual Power List by Watkins, 2011 | Esoteric News". Watkins Books. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011.
- Phipps, Carter (2000). Time is the Enemy Archived 2010-05-15 at the Wayback Machine. Enlightenment Next magazine. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Sachs, Andrea (2003-04-21). Channeling Ram Dass. Time magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- Robinson, James (2008-03-09). "Penguin borne aloft by the power of Oprah's persuasion". The Observer. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "Eckhart Tolle: Does the Mask of "Stresslessness" Hide a Deep, Bitter Anger?". John Stackhouse. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- Betty, Stafford (2008-04-18). "Eckhart Tolle's message is positive, but is it Christian?". National Catholic Reporter. 44 (17): 22 (2).
- Rohr, Richard. "Eckhart Tolle and the Christian Tradition". EckhartTolle.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Curto, Justin (2022-05-13). "A Big Guide to Kendrick Lamar's Mr. Morale & the Big Steppers". Vulture. Retrieved 2022-05-14.
- Cills, Hazel; Pointer, Ashley (2022-05-13). "Kendrick Lamar returns, 5 years later and a world away". NPR. Retrieved 2022-05-14.