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Dunmore is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, adjoining Scranton. Dunmore was settled in 1835 and incorporated in 1862. Extensive anthracite coal, brick, stone, and silk interests had led to a rapid increase in the population from 8,315 in 1890 to 23,086 in 1940. The population was 14,057 at the 2010 Census.

Dunmore
Municipal building
Municipal building
Location of Dunmore in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Dunmore in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania.
Dunmore is located in Pennsylvania
Dunmore
Dunmore
Location of Dunmore in Pennsylvania
Dunmore is located in the United States
Dunmore
Dunmore
Dunmore (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°25′03″N 75°37′28″W / 41.41750°N 75.62444°W / 41.41750; -75.62444Coordinates: 41°25′03″N 75°37′28″W / 41.41750°N 75.62444°W / 41.41750; -75.62444
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLackawanna
Government
 • MayorTimothy Burke (D)
Area
 • Total8.99 sq mi (23.30 km2)
 • Land8.92 sq mi (23.10 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
Elevation
1,001 ft (305 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total14,057
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
13,069
 • Density1,465.46/sq mi (565.82/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Code
18512
Area code(s)570
Websitehttp://www.dunmorepa.gov

Contents

HistoryEdit

Dunmore was settled in 1835 and incorporated in 1862.[3]

The first white person to set foot on Dunmore soil was Count Zinzendorf of Saxony, in 1742, as a missionary to the native people[4] who were Munsee-speaking Delawares.

The territory now encompassing Dunmore was purchased from the natives in 1754 by the Susquehanna Company of Connecticut and became the township of Providence. The first settlers of the Dunmore area arrived in 1771 and were originally from Connecticut (see Pennamite–Yankee War). William Allsworth established an inn here in 1783. In the summer of 1795, Charles Dolph, John Carey, and John West began the labor of clearing and plowing lands in the neighborhood of "Bucktown" or "Corners", as this area was called. Edward Lunnon, Isaac Dolph, James Brown, Philip Swartz and Levi De Puy, purchased land here between 1799–1805.[4]

Stephen Tripp, in 1820, began the area's first business, erecting a saw and grist mill on the Roaring Brook half a mile south of the village. That same year, the Drinker Turnpike Company opened a store at the Corners. Shortly after Joseph Tanner opened the first blacksmith shop. C.W. Potter opened the first merchandising house in the village in 1845.[5]

The village, consisting of but four houses, had a negative existence until the Pennsylvania Coal Company, in 1847-1848, turned it into a growing and diverse town.[6]

By 1875, the township of Providence was dissolved and the land split up into various smaller boroughs and towns with Dunmore being one of them. Today, Dunmore is a borough bordering the city of Scranton.

The name Dunmore comes from Dunmore Park, in the Falkirk area of Scotland (home of the Dunmore Pineapple).

Golo Footwear had its original manufacturing and design facilities in Dunmore until 1957.

GeographyEdit

Dunmore is located at 41°25′3″N 75°37′28″W / 41.41750°N 75.62444°W / 41.41750; -75.62444 (41.417530, -75.624432).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 9 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.9 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.11%) is water.

Roaring Brook flows from the southeast and turns west through the Nay Aug Gorge in Dunmore to the Lackawanna River in Scranton. Most of the borough is drained by Roaring Brook, except for an area in the west drained by Meadow Brook into the Lackawanna River. The southeast side of the borough is on the slopes of the Moosic Mountains,[8] which the gorge cuts through.

The Lackawanna Railroad operated through the Nay Aug Gorge into Scranton from the Poconos and Northern New Jersey.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18704,311
18805,15119.5%
18908,31561.4%
190012,58351.3%
191017,61540.0%
192020,25015.0%
193022,62711.7%
194023,0862.0%
195020,305−12.0%
196018,917−6.8%
197018,168−4.0%
198016,781−7.6%
199015,403−8.2%
200014,018−9.0%
201014,0570.3%
Est. 201713,069[2]−7.0%
Sources:[9][10][11][12]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,057 people, 5,999 households, and 3,388 families residing in the borough.[13] The population density was 1,579.4 people per square mile (610/km²). There were 6,530 housing units at an average density of 733.7 per square mile (286.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.2% White, 1.1% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 5,999 households, out of which 22% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.5% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.93.

The ages of the population were 17.9% under the age of 18, 62.1% from 18 to 64, and 20% 65 years or older. The median age was 42.1 years.

The median income for a household in the borough was $33,280, and the median income for a family was $43,354. Males had a median income of $32,855 versus $24,167 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,851. About 6.7% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

Gertrude Hawk Chocolates, founded in 1936, is based in Dunmore.[14] The Keystone Industrial Park is also located in Dunmore.[3]

Environmental issuesEdit

Keystone Sanitary Landfill, the largest landfill in the state of Pennsylvania has been located in Dunmore since 1973,[15] about 450 feet from the Dunmore Reservoir #1, a backup drinking water supply. In 1987, it extended to Throop, Pennsylvania.[16] The landfill was built over mines known for ground subsidence. As of 2015 the landfill accepts over 7,200 tons of trash per day.[17] More than a third of its in-state waste since 2009 is from fracking drill cuttings, drilling mud and fluids. Cuttings are mixed with small amounts of naturally occurring radioactive elements, particularly radium-226.[18] The landfill has been leaking into ground water per its Phase 3 permit application. Run-off is discharged into Eddy’s Creek and the Lackawanna River.

In November 2014, the Dunmore borough council approved a $15.63 million agreement for Keystone as a basis for an extension, and a definition of the landfill as a “pre-existing landfill” to ensure Keystone a more favorable interpretation of the borough’s zoning ordinance against public opinion.[19]

On Sept. 20, 2018, Pennsylvania DEP issued a Notice of Violation to Keystone for storing leachate in excess of 25% of its total leachate storage capacity on a regular basis since October 2016.[20]

InfrastructureEdit

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

Dunmore has three public schools: Dunmore Elementary Center, Dunmore Middle School and Dunmore High School.[21]

Parochial schoolsEdit

Dunmore has two Roman Catholic schools, under the administration of the Diocese of Scranton: Saint Mary's of Mount Carmel Elementary School (PK-8)[22] and Holy Cross High School.

Post-secondary schoolsEdit

Over half the campus of Marywood University is located in Dunmore.[23][24]

Penn State Scranton is in Dunmore.

TransportationEdit

The western terminus of Interstate 84 is in Dunmore. I-84/I-380 follows the Nay Aug Gorge westward towards the spaghetti junction interchange with Interstate 81 and U.S. Route 6. I-81 also has an interchange with 347 in Dunmore.

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Home page". Burough of Dunmore. Dunmore Burough. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b O'Hora, Margaret M. (1937). History of Dunmore. Dunmore, PA: Dunmore Improvement Assoc. p. 8. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  5. ^ O'Hora, Margaret M. (1937). History of Dunmore. Dunmore, PA: Dunmore Improvement Assoc. p. 11. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  6. ^ O'Hora, Margaret M. (1937). History of Dunmore Pennsylvania. Dunmore, PA: Dunmore Improvement Association. pp. 7–9. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ O'Hora, Margaret M. (1937). History of Dunmore Pennsylvania. Dunmore, PA: Dunmore Improvement Association. p. 5. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.[full citation needed]
  14. ^ "Contact Us HomeAbout Us The History of Gertrude Hawk Chocolates The History of Gertrude Hawk Chocolates". Gertrude Hawk Chocolates. Gertrude Hawk Chocolates. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  15. ^ A timeline of events Friends of Lackawanna.org, undated, retrieved 8 October 2015
  16. ^ 1045 Sharon Soltis-Sparano Pennsylvania State Ethics Commission, page 33 of 39, 20 February 1997
  17. ^ The facts Friends of Lackawanna.org, undated, retrieved 8 October 2015
  18. ^ Keystone landfill now allowed to receive waste drilling fluid. Times Leader, 9 June 2015
  19. ^ Brendan Gibbons Dunmore approves Keystone landfill agreement, The Scranton Times-Tribune, November 25, 2014.
  20. ^ Miller, Rachel. "Notice of Violation" (PDF). Pennsylvania DEP. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  21. ^ Dunmore School District https://www.dunmoreschooldistrict.net/. Retrieved 17 November 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ Saint Mary o Mount Carmel Elementary School https://www.smmcdunmore.org/. Retrieved 17 November 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ Google Maps https://www.google.com/maps/place/Dunmore,+PA/@41.4335228,-75.6352978,1210m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x89c4dbec5f708421:0xbb2af769c1558be9!8m2!3d41.4198027!4d-75.6324112. Retrieved 17 November 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Campus Safety: Parking Map". Marywood University. Marywood University. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  25. ^ O'Hora, Margaret M. (1937). History of Dunmore. Dunmore, PA: Dunmore Improvement Assoc. p. 12.

External linksEdit