Dubnica nad Váhom

Dubnica nad Váhom (pronunciation ; Slovak before 1927: Dubnica, German: Dubnitz an der Waag, Hungarian: Máriatölgyes, before 1899 Dubnic(z)) is a town in the Ilava District, Trenčín Region in Slovakia.

Dubnica nad Váhom
Town
Dubnica nad Váhom 20.02.2011 14-46-29.JPG
Coat of arms of Dubnica nad Váhom
Dubnica nad Váhom is located in Trenčín Region
Dubnica nad Váhom
Dubnica nad Váhom
Location of Dubnica nad Váhom in the Trenčín Region
Dubnica nad Váhom is located in Slovakia
Dubnica nad Váhom
Dubnica nad Váhom
Dubnica nad Váhom (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°57′38″N 18°10′26″E / 48.96056°N 18.17389°E / 48.96056; 18.17389Coordinates: 48°57′38″N 18°10′26″E / 48.96056°N 18.17389°E / 48.96056; 18.17389
Country Slovakia
RegionTrenčín
DistrictIlava
First mentioned1193
Government
 • MayorPeter Wolf
Area
 • Total49.13[2] km2 (18.97[2] sq mi)
Elevation
253[3] m (830[3] ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total22,286[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code
018 41[3]
Area code+421 42[3]
Car plateIL
Websitewww.dubnica.eu

GeographyEdit

It is located on the Váh river, in the Ilava Basin, between the White Carpathians and Strážovské vrchy mountains, at an altitude of 242 metres. The town's cadastral area is composed of Dubnica and "city part" Prejta, annexed in 1973.

HistoryEdit

Traces of settlement in the place of today's town are from the Stone Age.[5] The first written mention about Dubnica nad Váhom was in 1193 as Dubnicza, when it was a yeoman village.[citation needed] Sometime in the 15th century the village passed to the rule of the Trenčín Castle. After incorporation into Czechoslovakia, construction of a munition factory was negotiated in 1928 and built in 1936.

During the Second World War, a Roma concentration camp was set up in the town. At its height, the camp housed more than 700 Roma prisoners, most of whom had been used as slave labour in the nearby factory and to build a dam on the River Vah. During January 1945 several inmates and one guard fell ill with typhus. On February 23, 1945 the inmates were taken out and murdered to stop the spread of Typhus. This was among the largest killing of Roma in Slovakia during the war. [1][2][3][4][5]

During the Communist Czechoslovakia, it was one of the biggest arms producers in the whole country. After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, the factory was shut down and only fragments are left now.[6]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the town had 25,995 inhabitants. 96.6% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.4% Czechs and 0.2% Roma and 0.2 Hungarians.[7] The religious make-up was 76.7% Roman Catholics, 16.4% people with no religious affiliation, and 2.5% Lutherans.[7]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Dubnica nad Váhom is twinned with:[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  2. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce [om7014rr_ukaz: Rozloha (Štvorcový meter)]". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d "Základná charakteristika". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  5. ^ "Nález hlinenej pece z doby kamennej v obci Prejta | Dubnican.sk". Archived from the original on 2014-03-15. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
  6. ^ Dubnica's silenced guns (Spectacular Slovakia travel guide)
  7. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  8. ^ "Družobné mestá" (in Slovak). Dubnica nad Váhom. Retrieved 2019-09-03.

Genealogical resourcesEdit

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bratislava, Bytca, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1667-1895 (parish A)
  • Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1783-1895 (parish B)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Dubnica nad Váhom at Wikimedia Commons