Drivetrain Systems International

Drivetrain System International (abbreviated as DSI), and previously operating as BorgWarner Australia, BTR, and ION[1] is an Australian drivetrain constructor and engineering consultancy based in Scoresby, Victoria.[2] At its previous manufacturing facilities[3] in Albury, New South Wales,[4] it produced drivetrains for Ford, Chrysler, Geely and SsangYong.[5] The company has also produced gearboxes for the Mahindra Scorpio.[6]

Drivetrain System International Pty Ltd
IndustryAutomotive components
HeadquartersScoresby, Victoria, Australia
ProductsGearboxes and powertrains


Drivetrain Systems International was formed following the purchase of the Lavington gearbox factory, built in 1971, from the ION Group in 2004. In 2007, the factory produced gearboxes for SsangYong, which became the DSI's largest customer following the cessation of Ford's patronage in 2011.[6]

In 2009, the company entered bankruptcy protection, mostly due to the bankruptcy and halt of production of its main customer, SsangYong. An effect of this was the loss of 230 jobs at the Albury facilities, with 167 jobs remaining. The workers were eligible for the Australian Government's General Employees Entitlements and Redundancy Scheme.[7] The same year, the company was purchased by Chinese car manufacturer Geely for over AU$55 million.[6]

Gearboxes designed by Drivetrain Systems International were manufactured in Geely factories in Hunan, Shandong and Chongqing.[6]

Geely subsequently sold DSI to Chinese investment company Shuanglin in 2015 [8] who continue to manufacture the DSI designed products in Xiangtan, Jining and Ninghai.[9]

In 2020, DSI's Australian operations relocated to a new facility in Scoresby to provide engineering services outside of the automotive field.[2]


3-speed automaticEdit

The company provided Ford Australia with three-speed automatic transmissions for rear-wheel drive (longitudinal engine) applications.


4-speed automaticEdit

Cutaway of the four-speed M93LE automatic as fitted to the Ford Territory

The company provided Ford Australia, and later SsangYong Motor, with four-speed automatic transmissions for rear-wheel-drive (longitudinal engine) applications.

The M85LE first appeared in the 1989 Ford Falcon (EA II) and Ford Fairlane/LTD (NA/DA), and was progressively updated to the M91LE (1992) and M93LE (1994) in the Australian large Ford range. V8 versions of the Falcon, when released in 1992 used a revised version of the transmission, the M95LE, updated as the M97LE in 1994. The final applications used by Ford (for the M93LE) were the BF III Falcon wagon (2010), FG Falcon LPG (2010), and rear-wheel-drive SY II Territory (2011).

The SsangYong models used the M74LE version of the transmission.



Also known as the M88.




Also known as the ION 93-4AT.[21][22]



6-speed automaticEdit



  • Englon SC7 2.0-litre (2012–)[14]
  • Englon SX7 2.4-litre (2013–)[14]
  • Emgrand EC7 1.8-litre (2012–)[14]
  • Emgrand EC8 2.0-litre & 2.4-litre (2012–)[14]
  • Emgrand EV7 1.8-litre, 2.0-litre & 2.4-litre (2013–)[14]
  • Geely GC7 1.8-litre & 2.0-litre (2012–)[14]
  • Geely GX7 1.8-litre, 2.0-litre & 2.4-litre (2012–)[14]



  1. ^ Jones, Howard (31 May 2014). "10 years of hard labour but DSI still ends in tears". The Border Mail. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b "transmission-specialist-dsi-shifts-gear goauto 28th April 2020".
  3. ^ Johnston, David (November 1, 2019). "Lavington gearbox factory is snapped up". The Border Mail.
  4. ^ "ACN 117 069 404 Pty Ltd (Formerly "Drivetrain Systems International Pty Ltd") (Receivers and Managers Appointed) (In Liquidation)". Ferrier Hodgson. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011.
  5. ^ Stevens, Mike (31 March 2009). "Geely Buys Drivetrain Systems International". The Motor Report. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d Jones, Howard (29 July 2013). "Hard to compete with DSI factories in China on cost". The Border Mail. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Drivetrain Systems International sacks 230 workers". The Australian. 25 February 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  8. ^ "shuanglin dsi".
  9. ^ "Automatic Transmission_Shuanglin Group Co., Ltd".
  10. ^ "BTR (ION), 72LE, 74LE, 93LE, 97LE" (PDF). Automatic Choice. 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Maserati, la 3200 GT è anche automatica". La Stampa (in Italian). 9 March 1999. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
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  15. ^ a b c d "АКПП SsangYong BTR4-M74LE, BTR DSI-6 M78" (in Russian). ATPShop. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Maserati Transmission Index". Cobra Transmission. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Ssangyong gives Actyon SUT a 6-speed automatic". 24 June 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e "SsangYong Transmission Index". Cobra Transmission. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Ryco Transmission Filter Catalogue" (PDF). GUD Automotive. 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Autotrans Fluid BW" (PDF). Caltex. 29 October 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
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  22. ^ Mathioudakis, Bryon (21 October 2005). "First drive: Ford evolves Territory". GoAuto. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
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  24. ^ a b c "Review: Ford BA Falcon (2002–05)". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
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  26. ^ a b "Review: Ford AU Fairlane (1999–03)". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  27. ^ a b "Review: Ford BA Fairlane (2003–05)". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  28. ^ "Review: Ford SX Territory (2004–05)". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  29. ^ a b "Review: Ford SY Territory (2005–11)". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  30. ^ "FordEtis home page".
  31. ^
  32. ^ "will only be publicly available for a short time".