Drenas, also known as Gllogoc or Glogovac, is a town and municipality in central Kosovo.[a] As of the 2011 census, there were 6,143 people residing in Drenas and 58,531 in the municipality.

Drenas[b]
Seal of Drenas
Location of Drenas
Location of Drenas
Drenas[b]
Location of Drenas
Location of Drenas
Drenas[b]
Coordinates: 42°37′25″N 20°53′38″E / 42.62361°N 20.89389°E / 42.62361; 20.89389Coordinates: 42°37′25″N 20°53′38″E / 42.62361°N 20.89389°E / 42.62361; 20.89389
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictPristina
MunicipalityDrenas
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorRamiz Lladrovci[1] (PDK)
 • CouncilDrenas Municipal Council
 • ChairmanMilaim Hajdari[2]
Area
 • Municipality275.63 km2 (106.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2011[3])
 • Municipality
58,531
 • Urban
6,143
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
13000
Area code+383 (0) 38
Websitekk.rks-gov.net/drenas/

HistoryEdit

The municipality of Drenas was established before World War II. While the Yugoslavs were in power economic growth was low. Since 2000, there has been a gradual improvement in economic, agricultural, educational, medical and industrial growth. Municipal development has affected the construction of network-educational system, health and service network intensifying agricultural development has become especially after the construction of the irrigation system "Iber Lepenci", while a positive movement for the economy is marked by Ferronikeli, a local mining and smelting operation.[citation needed]

Prior and during the Kosovo War (1998–99), the ethnic Albanian separatist Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) had a strong level of influence and during the war controlled large areas of the municipality. Drenica, including the municipality was consequently badly affected. During the war, there were instances of massacres carried out by Federal Republic of Yugoslavia forces. Mass graves were later exhumed in an attempt to conceal crimes.[4][5]

GeographyEdit

Drenas municipality is located in central Kosovo, between the Čičavica mountains in the east and the Drenica hills in the north and west. The main road from Pristina to Peja crosses the municipality. At a junction at Komorani village, a smaller road extends north from the highway, passing through Drenas town and continuing to Skenderaj.

ClimateEdit

Drenas has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) as of the Köppen climate classification with an average annual temperature of 11.1 °C (52.0 °F).[6] The warmest month in Drenas is August with an average temperature of 22.4 °C (72.3 °F), while the coldest month is January with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F).[6]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
6.1
(43.0)
10.6
(51.1)
15.5
(59.9)
20.2
(68.4)
24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
28.2
(82.8)
22.3
(72.1)
16.8
(62.2)
11
(52)
5.2
(41.4)
16.0
(60.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.8
(33.4)
5
(41)
9.9
(49.8)
14.1
(57.4)
16.4
(61.5)
16.2
(61.2)
11.9
(53.4)
7
(45)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
6.3
(43.4)
Source: Climate-Data[6]

MediaEdit

There are two Radio Stations, "92.1 Capital FM" broadcasting on a regional coverage, and "Radio Dodona" of which at the moment is not operating for unknown reasons, and there is a local TV station "Star TV" broadcasting on cable only.[when?]

SportsEdit

EconomyEdit

 
Train passing the "Guri i Plakes" in Dobroševac (Dritan)

Ferronikeli mine and smelter operation provided jobs for more than 2,000 people at the peak of its production in 1988.[citation needed] As of 2019, it was "the largest exporter in Kosovo, accounting for about 40% of the country's exports".[7][8] While the presence of significant ore deposits was noticed as long ago as 1958, the plant was commissioned in 1984 while the Socialist FRY was in power.[9] The deposits are of the lateritic type.[10] Heavy damages were inflicted on the facility during the 1999 conflict, leaving it inoperable. Ferronikeli was privatised after the war by Alferon Management. Since July 2018 the most recent owners are called Balfin Group, who took over the project after it had been idle for four months.[11] The plant contributes to the infrastructure of the municipality with power, including water supply and an electric grid. Four nickel mines operate in the region: Čikatovo, Dushkaja, Gllavica and Suke.

Two quarries at Korroticë e Ulët and Çikatovë e Vjeter have become operational since the conflict.

A major development is the building of the Trade Centre, which was completed by mid-2004. The municipality played a central role in the whole process by co-ordinating the financing, construction and management of the project. The Trade Centre contains 134 shops and offices for small businesses.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo is formally recognised as an independent state by 97 UN member states, while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.
  2. ^ Drenas is also known as Gllogoc or Glogovac.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Komuna – Kryetari: Kryetari i Komunes" (in Albanian). Municipalities of Kosovo. Archived from the original on 29 May 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Komuna – Kuvendi: Kryesuesi i Kuvendit" (in Albanian). Municipalities of Kosovo. Archived from the original on 29 May 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  3. ^ "Regjistrimi i Popullsisë, Ekonomive Familjare dhe Banesave në Kosovë 2011 – Rezultatet Përfundimtare: Të Dhënat Demografike sipas Komunave" (PDF) (in Albanian). Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS). p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  4. ^ "A Kosovo Chronology". PBS. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Serbs accused of clearing mass graves". BBC News. 18 May 1999. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b c "Climate: Drenas". Climate-Data. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  7. ^ "LARGEST FERRONICKEL PRODUCING COMPANY IN KOSOVO RECEIVES EBRD FUNDING". South-East European Industrial Market. TLL Media. 7 November 2019.
  8. ^ "DFF - Ferronikeli". EBRD. 29 July 2019.
  9. ^ "About us". NewCo Ferronikeli. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  10. ^ Shefik Imeri; Ioannis Gaitanos; Naim Tahiraj; Musa Rizaj; Florian Kongoli (July 2013). "OPTIMIZATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL FE-NI PRODUCTION PROCESS IN NEWCO FERRONIKELI IN KOSOVO". Fray International Symposium.
  11. ^ Dimitrievska, Valentina (24 July 2018). "Albania's Balfin acquires Kosovo's idled Newco Ferronikeli". bne IntelliNews.
  12. ^ "Zu Besuch im Kosovo: Unterwegs mit Rainer Wieland MdEP, Vizepräsident des Europäischen Parlaments – Education Unlimited" (in German). Retrieved 3 September 2021.

External linksEdit