Dorothea Maria of Anhalt

Dorothea Maria of Anhalt (Dessau, 2 July 1574 – Weimar, 18 July 1617), was by birth a member of the House of Ascania and princess of Anhalt. After her marriage, she became Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.

Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar
Tenure7 July 1602 – 18 July 1605
Born2 July 1574
Died18 July 1617(1617-07-18) (aged 47)
SpouseJohn II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
IssueJohann Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Prince Christian Wilhelm
Prince Frederick
Prince Johann
Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Albrecht, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Prince John Frederick
Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg
Prince Frederick Wilhelm
Prince Bernhard
Princess Johanna
Sophie Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
HouseHouse of Wettin
House of Ascania
FatherJoachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
MotherEleonore of Württemberg

Dorothea Maria was the sixth daughter of Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, but second-born daughter by his second wife Eleonore, daughter of Christoph, Duke of Württemberg.

Life Edit

In 1586, the twelve-year-old Dorothea Maria was chosen by her father as Abbess of Gernrode and Frose as the successor to her elder sister Agnes Hedwig.

In 1593 she was relieved of her post as abbess in order to marry John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. The wedding took place in Altenburg on 7 January of that year. Her successor as abbess was her niece, Sophie Elisabeth, eldest daughter of her half-brother John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.

During the twelve years of her marriage, Dorothea Maria gave birth to twelve children (the last one born posthumously), including Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha and the famous general Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar.[1][better source needed][2]

Dorothea Maria died of injuries sustained while riding a horse. Her funeral took place on 24 August 1617 at Schloss Hornstein (later Wilhelmsburg Castle). On this occasion, the Fruitbearing Society was created and her younger brother, Louis of Anhalt-Köthen, was appointed its first leader.

References Edit

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Wettin". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source]
  2. ^ Genealogical database by Herbert Stoyan Archived August 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
Born: 2 July 1574 Died: 18 July 1617
German royalty
Preceded by Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar
7 July 1602 – 18 July 1605
Title next held by
Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
Religious titles
Preceded by Abbess of Gernrode and Frose
1586 – 18 July 1605
Succeeded by