Dongxing, Guangxi

Dongxing (东兴; 東興; Dōngxìng) is a county-level city within Fangchenggang, Guangxi, People's Republic of China, on the border with Móng Cái, in Vietnam. The city spans an area of 549 square kilometers, and has a population of approximately 130,000 as of 2011.[1]

Dongxing

东兴市 · Dunghhingh Si

Tunghing
BeiLun River.jpg
Dongxing is located in Guangxi
Dongxing
Dongxing
Location in Guangxi
Coordinates (Dongxing government): 21°32′52″N 107°58′18″E / 21.54778°N 107.97167°E / 21.54778; 107.97167Coordinates: 21°32′52″N 107°58′18″E / 21.54778°N 107.97167°E / 21.54778; 107.97167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityFangchenggang
Municipal seatDongxing Town (东兴镇)
Area
 • Total549 km2 (212 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total130,000
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
538100
Area code(s)0770
Dongxing, Guangxi
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese东兴市
Traditional Chinese東興市
Vietnamese name
VietnameseThị xã Đông Hưng /
Đông Hưng thị
Chữ Hán東興市
Chữ Nôm市社東興
Zhuang name
ZhuangDunghhingh Si
1957 orthographyDuŋƅhiŋƅ Si

HistoryEdit

During the Qing Dynasty, the area was administered as Fangcheng County (防城县; 防城縣).[2] Dongxing was briefly established as a city in 1950, but was merged back into Fangcheng County by 1952.[2] On December 25, 1978, Fangcheng County was re-designated as Fangcheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County (防城各族自治县).[2]

On May 23, 1993, Fangcheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County was abolished, as the prefecture-level city of Fangchenggang was created.[2] With this, the county-level division of Dongxing Economic Development Zone (东兴经济开发区) was established.[2]

On April 29, 1996, the Dongxing Economic Development Zone was abolished, and the county-level city of Dongxing was established.[2] Dongxing was granted authority over the towns of Dongxing [zh], Jiangping [zh], and Malu [zh].[2]

Refugees from VietnamEdit

In the summer of 1978, the Friendship Bridge that connected Dongxing and Mong Cai in Vietnam became a makeshift refugee camp for thousands of ethnic Chinese fleeing Vietnam. Ethnic Chinese had lived in Northern Vietnam for decades under Communist rule, but after the North and South unified in April 1975, the Communist government saw the Chinese in the South, many of whom were receiving political and financial aid by Beijing following the Vietnam War, and were a threat to the aspirations of the Việt Cộng who began persecuting the Chinese, forcing many to flee by boat. They became part of the known Boat People. This caused an exodus of over 250,000 Chinese from Vietnam to China, mainly to Dongxing.[3]

GeographyEdit

Dongxing is located in the very south of Guangxi, on the northwest shores of the Gulf of Tonkin.[1] The Beilun River marks the southwest border of Dongxing, with Vietnam on the other side of the river.[1] The terrain is largely hilly.[1]

ClimateEdit

Dongxing has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with mild to warm winters and long, hot (but not especially) summers, and very humid conditions year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) in January to 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) in July, while extremes have ranged from 3.3 to 37.1 °C (38 to 99 °F). Rain is both the heaviest and most frequent from June to September, when 70% of the annual rainfall also occurs. This is in contrast to the autumn and winter months, where only 30 to 50 millimetres (1.2 to 2.0 in) of rain falls per month.

Climate data for Dongxing (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
29.8
(85.6)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
37.9
(100.2)
36.5
(97.7)
38.4
(101.1)
36.7
(98.1)
35.0
(95.0)
32.5
(90.5)
30.1
(86.2)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
19.2
(66.6)
21.9
(71.4)
26.1
(79.0)
29.8
(85.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
29.1
(84.4)
25.5
(77.9)
21.8
(71.2)
26.5
(79.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.0
(60.8)
18.9
(66.0)
22.9
(73.2)
26.1
(79.0)
27.7
(81.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
26.9
(80.4)
24.3
(75.7)
20.5
(68.9)
16.9
(62.4)
22.6
(72.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
23.5
(74.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
21.1
(70.0)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
19.8
(67.7)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.1
(39.4)
5.0
(41.0)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.2
(70.2)
17.3
(63.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.5
(41.9)
3.3
(37.9)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.8
(1.84)
51.4
(2.02)
69.9
(2.75)
151.2
(5.95)
325.8
(12.83)
463.0
(18.23)
570.9
(22.48)
537.8
(21.17)
303.4
(11.94)
175.2
(6.90)
56.9
(2.24)
32.5
(1.28)
2,784.8
(109.63)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.7 15.1 16.2 15.4 16.8 19.3 21.8 19.7 13.6 10.7 7.3 7.4 176.0
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisionsEdit

Dongxing administers 3 towns: Dongxing [zh], Jiangping [zh], and Malu [zh].[4]

EconomyEdit

The city is home to various natural resources, including titanium, manganese, quartz, granite, and various crystals.[1]

Major tourist attractions in the city include its beaches, mangrove forests, the Beilun River, and ethnic Vietnamese settlements on the islands of Wutou (巫头岛), Wanwei (万尾岛), and Shanxin (山心岛).[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 东兴市概况地图. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2013-10-29. Archived from the original on 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 东兴市历史沿革. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2013-10-29. Archived from the original on 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  3. ^ "Vietnam-China". Mongbay.com.
  4. ^ 2019年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2020-07-30.

External linksEdit