Group Captain Donald Osborne Finlay, DFC, AFC (27 May 1909 – 18 April 1970) was a British athlete and Royal Air Force officer.
|Born||27 May 1909|
Christchurch, Hampshire, England
|Died||18 April 1970 (aged 60)|
Great Missenden, England
|Height||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|Weight||77 kg (170 lb)|
|Event(s)||110 m hurdles, high jump, long jump, shot put, javelin throw|
|Club||Royal Air Force;|
Milocarian Athletic Club;
Surrey AC, Kingston-upon-Thames
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||110 mH – 14.1w (1937), 14.3 (1938)|
HJ – 1.83 m (1938)
LJ – 6.96 m (1938)
SP – 11.68 m (1937)
JT – 43.23 m (1937)
A member of Milocarian Athletic Club and Surrey Athletics Club (based in Kingston upon Thames), he represented Great Britain in three Olympics both pre- and post-World War II. In 16 international dual meets, Finlay only lost two hurdles races: to Lord Burghley in 1931 (vs. Italy) and to John Thornton in 1937 (vs. Germany).
He first competed in the 1932 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles, United States in the 110 metre hurdles where he won the bronze medal. He was also a member of the British relay team which finished sixth in the 4×100 metre relay event. He returned to the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, Germany where he improved to win the silver medal in the 110 metre hurdles. With the British relay team he was eliminated in the first round of the 4×100 metre relay competition.
He was the British Team Captain in the 1948 Summer Olympics in London and was chosen to take the Olympic Oath, though he failed to win any medals in these Games when he was eliminated in the first round of the 110 metre hurdles event, hitting the last hurdle with his leading foot and falling at the finish. In 1949, at the age of 40, he won his eighth AAA title and he was the AAA indoor champion in both 1937 and 1938.
At the 1934 Empire Games he won the gold medal in the 120 yards hurdles competition. He also participated in the 1950 British Empire Games and finished fifth in the 120 yards hurdles contest. He was the inter-services champion in the long jump and was RAF champion in the high jump.
Finlay joined the Royal Air Force (RAF) in April 1935, and was posted to No. 17 Squadron and, later in 1936, to No. 54 Squadron RAF before attending the RAF School of Aeronautical Engineering at Henlow.
During the Second World War Finlay was posted to fly Spitfires as commanding officer of his old No. 54 Squadron, then based at Hornchurch, on 26 August 1940, during the Battle of Britain. He was shot down over Ramsgate two days later and was wounded. After recovering he was posted to command No. 41 Squadron in September. He claimed his first victory, a Messerschmitt Bf 109, over the Channel on 23 September, and by the end of October 1940 he was credited with a 'share' in a second Bf 109 and a Dornier Do 17 bomber, and had also damaged a further three Bf 109s. His aircraft was damaged in combat with Oblt. Hans-Ekkehard Bob of JG 54 on 9 October 1940. He added to his tally on 23 November, shooting down the Bf 109E-1 (Werk No.3868 "Black 3") of Obgfr. Günther Loppach of 11./JG 51, who was taken prisoner, and another Bf 109 on 27 November 1940.
Finlay was promoted to the rank of wing commander in August 1941, becoming the engineering officer for No. 11 Group. He received the Distinguished Flying Cross in June 1942. His victory tally flying fighters was 4 and 2 shared destroyed, 3 and 1 shared damaged.
Finlay then commanded No. 608 Squadron RAF, flying Lockheed Hudsons in the Middle East from December 1943 to July 1944. He became a group captain (colonel in the army) and was posted as SASO, 210 Group. In 1945 he then commanded No. 906 Wing in Burma, being awarded an Air Force Cross in September 1944.
As a group captain Finlay was posted to No. 1 School of Technical Training, RAF Halton, as senior technical training officer. He regularly took part in the station sports meeting and even at the age of 43 won every event he entered: 120-yard hurdles, 100 yard sprint, 220 yard sprint, high jump and the long jump. He entered the veterans' (over 40) handicap. He took the offered three yard start in full running kit, unlike all the other entrants who were in shirts and rolled-up trousers. From the start he raced to the tape, to show that he could have won if he wanted to. He then stopped, turned round and started to run back down the track. (An accusation of unsporting behaviour at this event seems to be very much out of character.)
Finlay was stationed for much of his time at RAF Acklington, whose chapel contains a later-dedicated stained glass window to honour him. He retired from the RAF in February 1959.
Finlay was severely injured and paralysed in a motor vehicle accident in 1966, which led to his death on 19 April 1970, aged sixty.
In 2012 No. 41(R) Squadron based at RAF Coningsby unveiled a Panavia Tornado GR4 ZA614 "EB-Z" with special tail markings celebrating Finlay's command of the squadron and his achievements in the 1932 and 1936 Games.
- ^ a b c d e Don Finlay. sports-reference.com
- ^ Donald Finlay. trackfield.brinkster.net
- ^ Finlay was originally thought to have come in fourth and the Bronze Medal was presented to the American Jack Keller; however, after review of the Kirby Two-Eyed Camera films, officials determined that Finlay was the bronze medalist and they asked Keller to give the medal to him. See: "Athletics at the 1932 Los Angeles Summer Games: Men's 110 metres Hurdles". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2013. and Greene, Bob (1 March 2017). "An Athlete Who Had an Olympic Medal – and Then Didn't". The Wall Street Journal. p. A19.
- ^ British Olympic Association > Athletes > Donald Osborne Finlay. Boa.org.uk. Retrieved on 15 August 2015.
- ^ Olympic oath. Olympic-museum.de. Retrieved on 15 August 2015.
- ^ IOC 1948 Summer Olympics. Olympic.org (29 July 1948). Retrieved on 2015-08-15.
- ^ Kracker Luftwaffe Archive. Aircrewremembered.com (23 November 1940). Retrieved on 2015-08-15.
- ^ Price, Alfred. (1996). Spitfire Mark I/II Aces 1939–41. London: Osprey Aerospace. ISBN 1-8553-2627-2 or ISBN 978-1-8553-2627-9. pp. 42, 58, 92.
- ^ 41 Squadron celebrate athletic hero. Raf.mod.uk (3 August 2012). Retrieved on 2015-08-15.