Denman Glacier

Denman Glacier is a glacier 7 to 10 nautical miles (13 to 19 km; 8 to 12 mi) wide, descending north some 70 nautical miles (130 km; 80 mi), which debouches into the Shackleton Ice Shelf east of David Island, Queen Mary Land. It was discovered in November 1912 by the Western Base party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Sir Douglas Mawson. Mawson named the glacier for Lord Denman, Governor-General of Australia in 1911, a patron of the expedition.[1]

Denman Glacier
Image of Denman Glacier
Photo of Denman Glacier
Map showing the location of Denman Glacier
Map showing the location of Denman Glacier
Location of Denman Glacier in Antarctica
Typetributary
LocationQueen Mary Land
Coordinates66°45′S 99°30′E / 66.750°S 99.500°E / -66.750; 99.500
Length70 nmi (130 km; 80 mi)
Width10 nmi (19 km; 12 mi)
Thicknessunknown
TerminusShackleton Ice Shelf
Statusunknown

The canyon under Denman Glacier has been found by BedMachine Antarctica project (under the leadership of the University of California, Irvine)[2] to be the deepest natural location on land (or at least not under liquid water) worldwide, with the bedrock being 3,500 m (11,500 ft) below sea level.[3][4]

Calving of Denman Glacier into the Mawson Sea gives rise to the periodically appearing Pobeda Ice Island.

Instability and retreatEdit

A 2020 study reported Denman Glacier has retreated 5.4±0.3 km over a 20-year-period from 1996 to 2017–2018. The study projects that the glacier has the potential to undergo a rapid, irreversible retreat, due to the presence of a retrograde bed on the western flank of the glacier and the likely presence of warm water in the sub-ice-shelf cavity. If the entirety of the glacier were hollowed out, it would contribute to a 1.5 m rise in global sea level.[5] However, as there are many factors which will determine the rate of retreat as it continues, such as the narrowness of the channel along which it is occurring and the movement of warm water from the deep ocean, it is difficult to be certain about the fate of the glacier without the collection of more data.[6]

 
Shape of bedrock under Denman Glacier

Denman represents one of relatively few ice streams that have been identified as requiring special attention in East Antarctica, which has generally been thought of as stable compared to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Findings of the instability and retreat of Denman Glacier have contributed to a shift in the perception of change in East Antarctica, along with changes observed at Totten Glacier and glaciers at Vincennes Bay, Porpoise Bay, and the George V Coast.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Denman Glacier". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  2. ^ "So that's what it's like beneath Antarctica's ice sheet: New high-precision map reveals all the bumps and hollows". Cosmos magazine. 2019-12-13. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
  3. ^ Jonathan Amos (December 12, 2019). "Denman Glacier: Deepest point on land found in Antarctica". BBC. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  4. ^ Mathieu Morlighem; Eric Rignot; Tobias Binder; Donald Blankenship; Reinhard Drews; Graeme Eagles; Olaf Eisen; Fausto Ferraccioli; René Forsberg; Peter Fretwell; Vikram Goel; Jamin S. Greenbaum; Hilmar Gudmundsson; Jingxue Guo; Veit Helm; Coen Hofstede; Ian Howat; Angelika Humbert; Wilfried Jokat; Nanna B. Karlsson; Won Sang Lee; Kenichi Matsuoka; Romain Millan; Jeremie Mouginot; John Paden; Frank Pattyn; Jason Roberts; Sebastian Rosier; Antonia Ruppel; Helene Seroussi; Emma C. Smith; Daniel Steinhage; Bo Sun; Michiel R. van den Broeke; Tas D. van Ommen; Melchior van Wessem; Duncan A. Young (2019-12-12). "Deep glacial troughs and stabilizing ridges unveiled beneath the margins of the Antarctic ice sheet". Nature Geoscience. doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0510-8. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
  5. ^ Brancato, V.; Rignot, E.; Milillo, P.; Morlighem, M.; Mouginot, J.; An, L.; Scheuchl, B.; Jeong, S.; Rizzoli, P.; Bueso Bello, J.L.; Prats-Iraola, P. (2020). "Grounding line retreat of Denman Glacier, East Antarctica, measured with COSMO-SkyMed radar interferometry data". Geophysical Research Letters: e2019GL086291. doi:10.1029/2019GL086291. ISSN 0094-8276.
  6. ^ Amos, Jonathan (2020-03-23). "Climate change: Earth's deepest ice canyon vulnerable to melting". BBC.
  7. ^ Amos, Jonathan (2018-12-11). "East Antarctica's glaciers are stirring". BBC.

Coordinates: 66°45′S 99°30′E / 66.750°S 99.500°E / -66.750; 99.500

  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: "Denman Glacier". (content from the Geographic Names Information System)