Demographics of North Macedonia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of North Macedonia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Republic of Macedonia Demo.png
Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
PopulationIncrease 2,084,367 (2017 est.)[1]
Growth rateIncrease 0.12% (2016)
Birth rateDecrease 11.1 per 1,000 (2016)
Death ratePositive decrease 9.9 per 1,000 (2016)
Life expectancyIncrease 75.40 years (2016)
 • maleIncrease 73.45 years (2016)
 • femaleIncrease 77.41 years (2016)
Fertility rateIncrease 1.50 live births per woman (2016)[1]
Infant mortality ratePositive decrease 8.3 per 1,000 (2018)[2]
Net migration rateIncrease −2,144 (2016)[1]
0–14 yearsDecrease 17.1% (2012)
15–64 yearsIncrease 71.0% (2011)
65 and overIncrease 11.9% (2012)
At birth1.08 male(s)/female (2012)
Under 151.08 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
15–64 years1.02 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
65 and over0.78 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Macedonian(s)
adjective: Macedonian
Major ethnicDecrease Macedonians (64.2%) (2002)
Minor ethnicIncrease Albanians (25.2%) (2002)

Decrease Turks 3.86% (2002)

Increase Romani 2.66% (2002)

Decrease Serbs 1.78% (2002)

Increase Bosnians 0.84% (2002)

Increase Aromanians 0.48% (2002)
OfficialMacedonian, Albanian
SpokenDecrease Macedonian (66.49%) (2002)[3]

Increase Albanian (25.12%) (2002)

Increase Turkish (3.55%) (2002)

Increase Romani (1.90%) (2002)

Decrease Serbian (1.22%) (2002)

Increase Bosnian (0.42%) (2002)

Decrease Aromanian (0.34%) (2002)

Decrease Other (0.95%) (2002)

Total populationEdit

  • 2,022,547 (2002)
  • 2,038,514 (2006)
  • 2,057,284 (2010)
  • 2,065,719 (2015)
  • 2,073,702 (2016)
  • 2,084,367 (2017)

International statistics and estimatesEdit

According to statistics from the European Union, the actual population has been reduced by at least 230,000 people who emigrated into European Union member states between 1998 and 2011.[4] Further Albanian news sources estimated at October 2012 that the real population is closer to the sum of 1,744,237 people who are accounted within all of the health funds of the country.[5][6] According to Bozhidar Dimitrov, the Bulgarian authorities have granted 87,000 to many of those emigrants a Bulgarian passport, as of 2012, which requires that they declare to be ethnic Bulgarians.[7][8] Since Bulgaria's entry into the European Union, and under pressure from fellow European Union members, Bulgaria imposed more stringent rules and measures for the acquisition of a Bulgarian citizenship and passport.

The provisions of the Ohrid agreement to elevate any minority language if the minority in question is above 20% of the population of any municipality into a co-official language for that municipality has created friction within the government, and between officials of different political and ethnic interests, resulting to the indefinite postponement of the census which started at 2011. Since no funds have been allocated for a census in the state budget of 2014, there is no expectation for a census before 2015. As of 2018, a planned population census is scheduled to be conducted in April 2020.[9][10]

Vital statisticsEdit

Average population (×1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates
1947 1.134.000 40.000 17.400 22.600 35,3 15,3 19,9
1948 1.162.000 42.900 18.600 24.300 36,9 16,0 20,9
1949 1.192.000 46.400 18.900 27.500 38,9 15,9 23,1
1950 1.229.000 49.560 18.023 31.537 40,3 14,7 25,7 5,70
1951 1.262.000 45.329 20.747 24.582 35,9 16,4 19,5 5,40
1952 1.280.000 51.054 17.978 33.076 39,9 14,0 25,8 5,16
1953 1.310.000 49.665 19.312 30.353 37,9 14,7 23,2 4,93
1954 1.338.000 50.984 16.722 34.262 38,1 12,5 25,6 4,73
1955 1.355.000 49.093 17.919 31.174 36,2 13,2 23,0 4,54
1956 1.357.000 47.486 15.386 32.100 35,0 11,3 23,7 4,36
1957 1.364.000 46.107 17.341 28.766 33,8 12,7 21,1 4,21
1958 1.375.000 44.619 13.917 30.702 32,5 10,1 22,3 4,07
1959 1.382.000 44.638 14.998 29.640 32,3 10,9 21,4 3,95
1960 1.391.927 44.059 14.007 30.052 31,7 10,1 21,6 4,11
1961 1.408.302 42.182 13.141 29.041 30,0 9,3 20,6 3,86
1962 1.427.771 40.615 16.155 24.460 28,4 11,3 17,1 3,68
1963 1.449.932 41.284 13.229 28.055 28,5 9,1 19,3 3,71
1964 1.473.996 42.897 13.286 29.611 29,1 9,0 20,1 3,81
1965 1.499.729 42.433 12.758 29.675 28,3 8,5 19,8 3,73
1966 1.525.841 41.434 12.307 29.127 27,2 8,1 19,1 3,60
1967 1.550.453 40.763 12.523 28.240 26,3 8,1 18,2 3,49
1968 1.575.714 40.123 12.461 27.662 25,5 7,9 17,6 3,38
1969 1.602.993 40.342 13.112 27.230 25,2 8,2 17,0 3,33
1970 1.629.061 37.862 12.430 25.432 23,2 7,6 15,6 3,09
1971 1.654.076 37.904 12.447 25.457 22,9 7,5 15,4 3,02
1972 1.679.456 38.187 13.096 25.091 22,7 7,8 14,9 2,96
1973 1.704.602 37.478 12.217 25.261 22,0 7,2 14,8 2,82
1974 1.729.935 38.382 12.143 26.239 22,2 7,0 15,2 2,81
1975 1.756.335 39.579 12.629 26.950 22,5 7,2 15,3 2,87
1976 1.783.518 39.809 12.377 27.432 22,3 6,9 15,4 2,80
1977 1.810.148 38.932 12.899 26.033 21,5 7,1 14,4 2,64
1978 1.836.270 38.790 12.577 26.213 21,1 6,8 14,3 2,58
1979 1.863.728 39.407 12.653 26.754 21,1 6,8 14,4 2,48
1980 1.891.319 39.784 13.534 26.250 21,0 7,2 13,9 2,46
1981 1.916.713 39.488 13.378 26.110 20,6 7,0 13,6 2,46
1982 1.941.914 39.789 13.502 26.287 20,5 7,0 13,5 2,46
1983 1.967.556 39.210 14.391 24.819 19,9 7,3 12,6 2,40
1984 1.992.424 38.861 14.066 24.795 19,5 7,1 12,4 2,35
1985 2.016.942 38.722 14.408 24.314 19,2 7,1 12,1 2,32
1986 2.041.064 38.234 14.438 23.796 18,7 7,1 11,7 2,27
1987 2.065.005 38.572 14.644 23.928 18,7 7,1 11,6 2,27
1988 2.088.651 37.879 14.565 23.314 18,1 7,0 11,2 2,22
1989 2.070.912 35.927 14.592 21.335 17,3 7,0 10,3 2,09
1990 2.053.172 35.401 14.643 20.758 17,2 7,1 10,1 2,06
1991 2.035.433 34.830 14.789 20.041 17,1 7,3 9,8 2,17
1992 2.017.694 33.238 16.022 17.216 16,5 7,9 8,5 2,11
1993 1.999.955 32.374 15.591 16.783 16,2 7,8 8,4 2,15
1994 1.982.215 33.487 15.771 17.716 16,9 8,0 8,9 2,23
1995 1.964.476 32.154 16.338 15.816 16,4 8,3 8,1 2,14
1996 1.981.543 31.403 16.063 15.340 15,8 8,1 7,7 2,06
1997 1.996.869 29.478 16.596 12.882 14,8 8,3 6,5 1,92
1998 2.007.523 29.244 16.870 12.374 14,6 8,4 6,2 1,90
1999 2.017.142 27.309 16.789 10.520 13,5 8,3 5,2 1,77
2000 2.026.350 29.308 17.253 12.055 14,5 8,5 5,9 1,89
2001 2.034.882 27.010 16.919 10.091 13,3 8,3 5,0 1,73
2002 2.020.157 27.761 17.962 9.799 13,7 8,9 4,9 1,83
2003 2.026.773 27.011 18.006 9.005 13,3 8,9 4,4 1,77
2004 2.032.544 23.361 17.944 5.417 11,5 8,8 2,7 1,52
2005 2.036.855 22.482 18.406 4.076 11,0 9,0 2,0 1,46
2006 2.040.228 22.585 18.630 3.955 11,1 9,1 1,9 1,46
2007 2.043.559 22.688 19.594 3.094 11,1 9,6 1,5 1,46
2008 2.046.898 22.945 18.982 3.963 11,2 9,3 1,9 1,47
2009 2.050.671 23.684 19.060 4.624 11,5 9,3 2,3 1,52
2010 2.055.004 24.296 19.113 5.183 11,8 9,3 2,5 1,56
2011 2.058.539 22.770 19.465 3.305 11,1 9,5 1,6 1,46
2012 2.061.044 23.568 20.134 3.434 11,4 9,8 1,7 1,51
2013 2.064.032 23.138 19.208 3.930 11,2 9,3 1,9 1,49
2014 2.067.471 23.596 19.718 3.878 11,4 9,5 1,9 1,53
2015 2.070.226 23.075 20.461 2.614 11,1 9,9 1,3 1,50
2016 2.072.490 23.002 20.421 2.581 11,1 9,9 1,2 1,51
2017 2.074.502 21.754 20.318 1.436 10,5 9,8 0,7 1,44
2018 2.076.217 21.333 19.727 1.606 10,3 9,5 0,8 1,43
2019 [November] 2.075.000* 18.014 18.580 -566 9,5 9,8 -0,3
Sources:[11][12][13][14][15][16]

Current natural increaseEdit

Source:[17]

Births

  • from January - November 2018 = 19.767
  • from January - November 2019 = 18.014
  • Difference between number of births in 2018 and 2019 (January - November) =   -1.753 (-8,87%)

Deaths

  • from January - November 2018 = 17.964
  • from January - November 2019 = 18.580
  • Difference between number of deaths in 2018 and 2019 (January - November) =   +616 (+3,43%)

Natural increase

  • from January - November 2018 = +1.803
  • from January - November 2019 = -566
  • Difference between natural increase in 2018 and 2019 (January - November) =   -2.369

Ethnic groupsEdit

The process of industrialization and urbanization after the Second World War that caused the population growth to decrease involved the ethnic Macedonians to a greater extent than Muslims. Rates of increase were very high among rural Muslims: Turks and Torbesh (Macedonian Muslims) had rates 2.5 times those of the Macedonian majority, while Roma had rates 3 times as high. In 1994, Macedonians had a TFR of 2.07, while the TFR of others were: Albanian (2.10), Turkish (3.55), Roma (4.01), Serb (2.07), Vlachs (1.88) and Others (3.05). The TFR by religions was: Christian (2.17, with 2.20 for Catholics and 2.06 for Orthodox), Islam (4.02) and others (2.16).[18]

However, it is unlikely that this high minority TFR has continued since then in North Macedonia, as Balkan fertility elsewhere (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo) has dropped sharply toward the European average. A more recent survey[19] pegs Muslim fertility in North Macedonia at 1.7, versus 1.5 for non-Muslims.

Population of North Macedonia according to ethnic group 1948–2002[20]
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 19941 census 2002
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Macedonians 789,648 68.5 860,699 66.0 1,000,854 71.2 1,142,375 69.3 1,281,195 67.0 1,328,187 65.3 1,295,964 66.6 1,297,981 64.2
Albanians 197,389 17.1 162,524 12.5 183,108 13.0 279,871 17.0 377,726 19.8 441,987 21.7 441,104 22.7 509,083 25.2
Turks 95,940 8.3 203,938 15.6 131,481 9.4 108,552 6.6 86,691 4.5 77,080 3.8 78,019 4.0 77,959 3.9
Romani 19,500 1.7 20,462 1.6 20,606 1.5 24,505 1.5 43,223 2.3 52,103 2.6 43,707 2.2 53,879 2.7
Serbs 29,721 2.6 35,112 2.7 42,728 3.0 46,465 2.8 44,613 2.3 42,775 2.1 40,228 2.1 35,939 1.8
Bosniaks 1,560 0.1 1,591 0.1 3,002 0.2 1,248 0.1 39,555 2.1 31,356 1.5 6,829 0.3 17,018 0.8
Muslims 15,418 0.8 2,553 0.1
Aromanians 9,511 0.8 8,668 0.7 8,046 0.6 7,190 0.4 6,392 0.3 7,764 0.4 8,601 0.4 9,695 0.5
Croats 2,090 0.2 2,770 0.2 3,801 0.3 3,882 0.2 3,349 0.2 2,878 0.1 2,248 0.1 2,686 0.1
Montenegrins 2,348 0.2 2,526 0.2 3,414 0.2 3,246 0.2 3,940 0.2 3,225 0.1 2,318 0.1 2,003 0.1
Bulgarians 889 0.1 920 0.1 3,087 0.2 3,334 0.2 1,984 0.1 1,370 0.1 1,682 0.1 1,417 0.1
Yugoslavs 1,260 0.1 3,652 0.2 14,240 0.7
other/unspecified 4,390 0.4 5,304 0.4 4,616 0.3 22,988 1.4 6,228 0.3 45,239 2.2 9,814 0.5 14,8872 0.7
Total 1,152,986 1,304,514 1,406,003 1,647,308 1,909,136 2,033,964 1,945,932 2,022,547
1 Since 1994 residents who were permanently living abroad were no longer included

2 Ashkali: 3,713 or 0.184%, Greeks: 422 or 0.021%, Russians: 368 or 0.018%, Slovenes: 365 or 0.018%, Poles: 162 or 0.008%, Ukrainians: 136 or 0.007%, Germans: 88 or 0.004%, Czechs: 60 or 0.005%, Slovaks: 60 or 0.005%, Jews: 53 or 0.003%, Italians: 46 or 0.002%, Austrians: 35 or 0.002%, Rusyns: 24 or 0.001%, Regionally affiliated: 829 or 0.041%, Non-declared: 404 or 0.02%, Others: 5332 or 0.264%

In 2017, 21,754 children were born in North Macedonia. The ethnic affiliation of these newborns was: 11,260 (51.76%) Macedonian; 7,404 (34.03%) Albanian; 940 (4.32%) Turkish; 1,276 (5.87%) Roma; 40 (0.18%) Vlach; 129 (0.59%) Serbian; 213 (0.98%) Bosniaks; 492 (2,26%) other ethnic affiliation and unknown.[21][22] In the school year 2016/2017 there were 192 715 students in elementary schools from which 104,756 (55%) were Macedonian, and 60,971 (32%) were Albanian, and in High schools there were 72 482 students from which 43,658 (60.1%) were Macedonian and 22 419 (30.9%) were Albanians. Furthermore, in 1999 Albanians accounted for 34.6% of newborns and 26.1% of students who finished high school in 2016, which was regulated by the Ministry of Education.

Newborns in North Macedonia according to ethnic group
Ethnic group 1994[23] 2002[24] 2012[25] 2017[21] 2018[26]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Macedonians 16,704 49.88 13,639 49.13 11,995 50.89 11,260 51.76 10,862 50.92
Albanians 12,010 35.86 10,118 36.45 8,035 34.09 7,404 34.03 7,546 35.37
Turks 1,616 4.83 1,202 4.33 1,092 4.63 940 4.32 973 4.56
Romani 1,378 4.11 1,678 6.04 1,552 6.59 1,276 5.87 1.298 6.08
Serbs 403 1.20 168 0.61 125 0.53 129 0.59 125 0.59
Bosniaks 251 1.06 213 0.98 221 1.04
Vlach (Aromanians) 25 0.07 23 0.08 37 0.16 40 0.18 14 0.07
other/unspecified 1,351 4.03 933 3.36 481 2.04 492 2.26 294 1.38
Total 33,487 27,761 23,568 21,754 21,333

LanguagesEdit

ReligionsEdit

CIA World Factbook demographic statisticsEdit

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age structureEdit

  • 0–14 years: 19.5% (male 210,078; female 203,106)
  • 15–64 years: 67.8% (male 707,298; female 696,830)
  • 65 years and over: 12.7% (male 97,437; female 124,661) (2004 est)

Sex ratioEdit

  • at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Infant mortality rateEdit

  • total: 11.74 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 10.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
  • male: 12.67 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birthEdit

  • total population: 74.73 years
  • male: 72.45 years
  • female: 77.2 years (2004 est.)

Total fertility rateEdit

  • 1.50 children born/woman (2015 est.)[15]

HIV/AIDSEdit

  • adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
  • people living with HIV/AIDS: less than 100 (1999 est.)
  • deaths: less than 100 (2001 est.)

NationalityEdit

  • noun: Macedonian/citizen of the Republic of North Macedonia[29]
  • adjective: Macedonian / of North Macedonia[29]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "TFYR Macedonia Population". worldometers.info. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  2. ^ "Македонија со втора највисока смртност на новороденчиња во Европа" [Macedonia has the second highest infant mortality rate in Europe] (in Macedonian). Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  3. ^ "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Macedonia 2002" (PDF). Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  4. ^ "Macedonia Population Drained by Emigration, Report Says". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  5. ^ "Fall in the number of population in FYROM". Balkaneu.com. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  6. ^ "Σκόπια: Σημαντική μείωση του πληθυσμού". Echedoros-a.gr. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  7. ^ "Божидар Димитров: 86.000 Македонци извадиле бугарски пасош". Web.archive.org. 11 January 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Димитров: 86.000 Македонци досега извадиле бугарски пасош". A1on.mk. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  9. ^ "Census in 2020".
  10. ^ "Macedonia Govt Accused of Stalling Overdue Census". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  11. ^ "Institut national d'études démographique (INED)". Ined.fr. Archived from the original on 2014-07-02. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  12. ^ "State Statistical Office of North Macedonia". Stat.gov.mk. Archived from the original on 2011-04-28. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  13. ^ "03. Population" (PDF). Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  14. ^ "MONTHLY STATISTICAL BULLETIN" (PDF). Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  15. ^ a b "Eurostat - Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  16. ^ Statistical Yearbook Page 80 TFR 2012–2016
  17. ^ "News release: Natural movement of population" (PDF).
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2010-05-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ a b "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2018, p. 83" (PDF). North Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Државен завод за статистика - публикација: Основни и средни училишта на крајот на учебната година". www.stat.gov.mk (in Macedonian). Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  23. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 1999, p. 21". North Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 1999. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2004, p. 65". North Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2004. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  25. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2014, p. 79" (PDF). North Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2019, p. 81" (PDF). North Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  27. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pewforum.org. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  28. ^ "Religions in Republic Of Macedonia - PEW-GRF". Globalreligiousfutures.org. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  29. ^ a b Under the terms of the Prespa agreement, the nationality of the country will be called "Macedonian/citizen of the Republic of North Macedonia" in full.

Other sourcesEdit

  • Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia 2004 (CD version)

External linksEdit