Democratic Republican Union

The Democratic Republican Union (Spanish: Unión Republicana Democrática, URD) is a Venezuelan political party founded in 1945.

Democratic Republican Union
Unión Republicana Democrática
FounderJóvito Villalba
Founded18 December 1945
HeadquartersCaracas
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Social liberalism
Civic nationalism
Progressivism
Reformism
Political positionCentre to centre-left[2][3][4][5]
ColoursYellow

When the party appeared on course to win the 1952 election for a constituent assembly, then-dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez suspended the election.[6] The party joined in the 1958 Puntofijo Pact, and its candidate in that year's presidential election, Wolfgang Larrazábal, was the runner-up. The party resigned from the Puntofijo Pact in 1962 in protest of the decision to exclude Cuba from the Organization of American States, which ended its time as a dominant political party. Its candidate Jóvito Villalba won 19% of the vote in the 1963 election, but only 3% in the 1973 election.

Presidential candidates supportedEdit

Elections where the URD backed the winning candidate shown in bold.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Allan R. Brewer-Carías (2010), Dismantling Democracy in Venezuela, Cambridge University Press, p. 41
  2. ^ Leslie Bethell, ed. (2008), The Cambridge History of Latin America, vol. VI, part 1, Cambridge University Press, p. 440
  3. ^ Ian Gorvin (1989), Elections since 1945: A worldwide reference compendium, Longman, p. 391
  4. ^ Miguel Tinker Salas (2007), "U.S. Oil Companies in Venezuela: The Forging of an Enduring Alliance", Venezuela: Hugo Chávez and the Decline of an "Exceptional Democracy", Rowman & Littlefield, p. 44
  5. ^ J. Denis Derbyshire; Ian Derbyshire (1989), Political Systems Of The World, Chambers, p. 122
  6. ^ Historia viva, 2002-2003, Jorge Olavarría. 2003. (page 134).