Defence Act of 2000 (Sweden)

The Defence Act of 2000 (prop. 1999/2000:30) was a defence act passed by the Swedish Riksdag on 30 March 2000, and the largest reorganisation of the Swedish Armed Forces since the Defence Act of 1925. The act was a continuation of the policies set in motion by the Defence Act of 1996: shifting the military's focus from the defence of Swedish territory to a more flexible "operational defence* (Swedish: insatsförsvar) for smaller-scale peacekeeping operations in foreign nations. Many military formations were disbanded as a result.[1]

SummaryEdit

The future organisation decided by the Act included, up until 2004, the following military units:

  • A headquarters, an operational command, and four military district commands.
  • An army divisional command, formed of an NBC task force and two rifle battalions.
  • 6 army brigade commands, 16 mechanised battalions, 4 air defence battalions, 4 howitzer battalions, 4 pioneer battalions, 4 maintenance battalions, 6 urban warfare battalions and 1 battalion of paratroopers.
  • 2 surface flotillas with a combined total of 12 surface vessels.
  • 1 submarine flotilla with 5 submarines.
  • A minesweeper flotilla.
  • An amphibious brigade command and 3 amphibious battalions.
  • 8 divisions of JAS 39 jets.
  • 2 helicopter battalions, one with a focus on ground operations and another with a focus on naval operations.
  • National Defence Troops, including among others 12 ground combat battalions and elements of the Home Guard.
Percentage of the Swedish GDP spent on the Armed Forces during the years following the Defence Act[2]
Year
Percent of GDP
2001 1,7
2002 1,6
2003 1,6
2004 1,4
2005 1,4

Disbanded units, commands and academiesEdit

Armed Forces CommandsEdit

Military districts (Militärområden)
Divisions
Service Branch Commands (försvarsgrensstaber)

ArmyEdit

Infantry regiments
Infantry Brigades/Norrland Brigades
Cavalry
Armoured troops
Mechanised brigades
Artillery
Air Defence troops
Combat engineers
Signal troops
Army Service Troops (trängtrupperna)

Air ForceEdit

NavyEdit

Defence districts (försvarsområden)Edit

[note 1]

  • Fo 47 Enköping
  • Fo 51 Örebro
  • Fo 52 Kristinehamn
  • Fo 53 Falun
  • Fo 61 Umeå
  • Fo 63 Boden
  • Fo 66 Kiruna (GJ 66)
  • Fo 67 Kalix (GJ 67)

Established units, commands and academiesEdit

Armed Forces CommandsEdit

ArmyEdit

Artillery
Infantry/Cavalry

NavyEdit

Fleet
Amphibious Corps

Military districtsEdit

Military district groups

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ A defence district (Försvarsområde, shortened Fo) was the command level below military district (militärområde). Every defence district was part of a defence district group (Fogrupp), which was a part of a combined combat group which had the same strength as a brigade, as it was composed of between one and four battalions. A defence district was commanded by the Defence District Commander, who was simultaneously the commander of a Defence District Regiment.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Holmström, Mikael (13 January 2018). "Sveriges armé chanslös vid ett angrepp" [Swedish army has no chance in an invasion]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Försvarets andel av BNP" (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit