The Defence Act of 2000 (prop. 1999/2000:30) was a defence act passed by the Swedish Riksdag on 30 March 2000, and the largest reorganisation of the Swedish Armed Forces since the Defence Act of 1925. The act was a continuation of the policies set in motion by the Defence Act of 1996: shifting the military's focus from the defence of Swedish territory to a more flexible "operational defence* (Swedish: insatsförsvar) for smaller-scale peacekeeping operations in foreign nations. Many military formations were disbanded as a result.
The future organisation decided by the Act included, up until 2004, the following military units:
- A headquarters, an operational command, and four military district commands.
- An army divisional command, formed of an NBC task force and two rifle battalions.
- 6 army brigade commands, 16 mechanised battalions, 4 air defence battalions, 4 howitzer battalions, 4 pioneer battalions, 4 maintenance battalions, 6 urban warfare battalions and 1 battalion of paratroopers.
- 2 surface flotillas with a combined total of 12 surface vessels.
- 1 submarine flotilla with 5 submarines.
- A minesweeper flotilla.
- An amphibious brigade command and 3 amphibious battalions.
- 8 divisions of JAS 39 jets.
- 2 helicopter battalions, one with a focus on ground operations and another with a focus on naval operations.
- National Defence Troops, including among others 12 ground combat battalions and elements of the Home Guard.
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Disbanded units, commands and academiesEdit
Armed Forces CommandsEdit
- Milo N - Northern Military District, Boden.
- Milo M - Middle Military District, Strängnäs.
- Milo S - Southern Military District, Kristianstad.
- MKG - Gotland Military Command, Visby.
- Eastern Army Division, Strängnäs.
- Northern Army Division, Boden.
- Southern Army Division, Kristianstad
- Service Branch Commands (försvarsgrensstaber)
- Infantry regiments
- I 1 - Svea Life Guards, Upplands-Bro. (Reorganised into the Life Guards)
- I 2 - Värmland Regiment, Kristinehamn.
- I 3 - Life Regiment Grenadiers, Örebro.
- I 12 - Småland Regiment, Eksjö.
- I 13 - Dalarna Regiment, Falun.
- I 16 - Halland Regiment, Halmstad.
- I 20 - Västerbotten Regiment, Umeå.
- I 21 - Västernorrland Regiment, Sollefteå.
- I 22 - Lapland Ranger Regiment, Kiruna.
- Infantry Brigades/Norrland Brigades
- IB 1 - Life Guard Brigade, Upplands-Bro.
- IB 2 - Värmland Brigade, Kristinehamn.
- NB 5 - Field Rifle Brigade, Östersund. (Reorganised into I 5 Field Rifle Regiment)
- IB 12 - Småland Brigade, Eksjö.
- NB 13 - Dala Brigade, Falun.
- IB 16 - Halland Brigade, Halmstad.
- NB 21 - Ångermanland Brigade, Sollefteå.
- Armoured troops
- Mechanised brigades
- MekB 7 - Southern Scanian Brigade, Revingehed.
- MekB 8 - Scanian Dragoon Brigade, Hässleholm.
- MekB 9 - Skaraborg Brigade, Skövde.
- MekB 10 - Södermanland Brigade, Strängnäs.
- MekB 18 - Gotland Brigade, Visby.
- MekB 19 - Norrbotten Brigade, Boden.
- ArtSS - Artillery Combat School, Kristinehamn. (Today part of the Artillery Regiment)
- A 3 - Wendes Artillery Regiment, Hässleholm.
- A 7 - Gotland Artillery Regiment, Visby.
- A 8 - Norrland Artillery Regiment, Boden. (Today a battalion of the Norrbotten Regiment)
- A 9 - Bergslagen Artillery Regiment, Kristinehamn. (Reorganised into the Artillery Regiment)
- Air Defence troops
- LvSS - Air Defence Combat School, Norrtälje. (Relocated to Halmstad and part of the Air Defence Regiment).
- Lv 2 - Gotland Anti-Aircraft Corps, Visby.
- Lv 3 - Roslagen Anti-Aircraft Corps, Norrtälje.
- Lv 6 - Göta Anti-Aircraft Corps, Halmstad. (Reorganised into the Air Defence Regiment)
- Lv 7 - Norrland Anti-Aircraft Corps, Luleå. (Today part of the Norrbotten Regiment)
- Combat engineers
- Signal troops
- S 3 - Norrland Signal Regiment, Boden. (Today a battalion of the Norrbotten Regiment)
- Army Service Troops (trängtrupperna)
- T 2 - Göta Logistic Corps, Skövde. (Reorganised into Göta Logistic Regiment)
- T 3 - Norrland Logistic Corps, Boden. (Today a battalion of the Norrbotten Regiment)
- FKN - Northern Air Command, Luleå.
- FKM - Middle Air Command, Upplands-Bro.
- FKS - Southern Air Command, Ängelholm.
- F 10 - Scania Wing. (Disbanded by 2002)
- F 16 - Uppland Wing. (Disbanded by 2004)
- 1. hkpbat - Norrland Helicopter Battalion, Boden. (Reorganised into a squadron)
- 3. hkpbat - Göta Helicopter Battalion, Säve. (Reorganised into a squadron)
- MKN - Norrland Coast Naval Command, Härnösand.
- MKO - East Coast Naval Command, Haninge/Muskö.
- MKS - South Coast Naval Command, Karlskrona.
- MKV - West Coast Naval Command, Gothenburg.
- KA 1 - Vaxholm Coastal Artillery Regiment. (Reorganised into Amf 1)
- KA 2 - Karlskrona Coastal Artillery Regiment.
- KA 3 - Gotland Coastal Artillery Regiment.
- KA 4 - Älvsborg Coastal Artillery Regiment. (Reorganised into Amf 4)
Established units, commands and academiesEdit
Armed Forces CommandsEdit
- ATK - Army Tactical Command, Uppsala.
- FTK - Air Force Tactical Command, Uppsala.
- MTK - Naval Tactical Command, Uppsala.
- OPIL - Joint Forces Command, Uppsala.
- 1. Mekdiv - Mechanised Division, Stockholm.
- LG - Life Guards, Kungsängen/Upplands-Bro.
- I 19 - Norrbotten Regiment, Boden.
- P 4 - Skaraborg Regiment, Skövde.
- P 7 - South Scanian Regiment, Revingehed/Lund.
- MarinB O - East Coast Naval Base, Muskö.
- MarinB S - South Coast Naval Base, Karlskrona.
- 2.ysflj - Second Surface Combat Flotilla, Berga.
- Amf 1 - Vaxholm Amphibian Regiment, Vaxholm.
- Amf 4 - Älvsborg Amphibian Regiment, Gothenburg.
- AmfSS - Amphibious Combat School, Vaxholm.
- MD N - Northern Military District, Boden.
- MD M - Central Military District, Strängnäs.
- MD S - Southern Military District, Gothenburg.
- MD G - Gotland Military District, Visby.
- Military district groups
- A defence district (Försvarsområde, shortened Fo) was the command level below military district (militärområde). Every defence district was part of a defence district group (Fogrupp), which was a part of a combined combat group which had the same strength as a brigade, as it was composed of between one and four battalions. A defence district was commanded by the Defence District Commander, who was simultaneously the commander of a Defence District Regiment.
- Holmström, Mikael (13 January 2018). "Sveriges armé chanslös vid ett angrepp" [Swedish army has no chance in an invasion]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- "Försvarets andel av BNP" (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- Skoglund, Claës (2009). Det bästa försvarsbeslutet som aldrig kom till stånd. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Biblioteks Förlag. ISBN 978-91-85789-57-3. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- Agrel, Wilhelm (2009). Frdens Illusioner - Det svenska nationella försvarets nedgång och fall 1988-2009. Atlantis. ISBN 978-91-7353-417-8.
- https://books.google.com/books?id=T1nhZwEACAAJ, Carl (2009). År av uppgång, år av nedgång - Försvarets ödesväg under beredskapsåren och det kalla kriget. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Biblioteks Förlag. ISBN 978-91-85789-58-0.
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