Deer Island (New Brunswick)

Deer Island is one of the Fundy Islands in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. It is at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay. The island was first settled by colonists around 1770.[1]

Deer Island
ProvinceNew Brunswick
 • Total38.32 km2 (14.80 sq mi)
 • Total718
 • Density18.7/km2 (48/sq mi)
 • Pop 2016-2021
Decrease 9.9%
 • Dwellings

Local government is provided by the West Isles Local Service District, which is within the Southwest NB Regional Service Commission.[2]

At 45 km2, it is the largest island in the West Isles Parish CSD, which had a 2021 population of 718.[3] It has three communities: Fairhaven, Leonardville, and Lords Cove.[4] There is a primary school on the island, while older pupils attend Fundy High School on the mainland.

The economy is primarily fishing and aquaculture based although tourism is growing. The Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the western hemisphere[5] can be viewed from Deer Island Point Park.[6]

The major route is New Brunswick Route 772. The year round L'Etete to Deer Island Ferries run by the government, Deer Island Princess II and Abnaki II, connect Deer Island with L'Etete, New Brunswick on the mainland. During the summer, privately operated ferries, through East Coast Ferries Ltd, operate the Cummings Cove to Welshpool Ferry, Hopper II, to Campobello Island. The Cummings Cove to Eastport Ferry, Fundy Trail II to Maine, has been defunct since 2014. There are two lighthouses on Deer Island. One is in Leonardville and the second is located on Deer island point.

Leonardville Lighthouse
LocationDeer Island, Charlotte County, New Brunswick, Canada Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates44°58′06″N 66°57′18″W / 44.968231°N 66.955103°W / 44.968231; -66.955103
Constructed1914 Edit this on Wikidata
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionwooden tower
Height8 m (26 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Shapesquare frustun tower with balcony and lantern[7][8]
Markingswhite tower, red lantern roof
OperatorCanadian Coast Guard Edit this on Wikidata
Focal height20 m (66 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Range10 nmi (19 km; 12 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicF W Edit this on Wikidata



  1. ^ "Deer Island History and Little Known Facts". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Communities in each of the 12 Regional Service Commissions (RSC" (PDF). Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  3. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 9, 2022). "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - West Isles, Parish (P) [Census subdivision], New Brunswick".
  4. ^ "LETETE - DEER ISLAND FERRY". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Old Sow Whirlpool". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  6. ^ "Public Parks Recreation Areas Hiking Trails". Quoddy Loop. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  7. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Canada: Southern New Brunswick". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  8. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°58′32.4″N 66°58′53.6″W / 44.975667°N 66.981556°W / 44.975667; -66.981556