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Charlotte County (2016 population 25,428[1]) is located in the southwestern portion of New Brunswick, Canada. The courthouse and jail for the county were located in St. Andrews, but now serve only as a tourist attraction, as the civic functions have been transferred to St. Stephen.

Charlotte
Location within New Brunswick.
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 44°56′N 66°59′W / 44.933°N 66.983°W / 44.933; -66.983Coordinates: 44°56′N 66°59′W / 44.933°N 66.983°W / 44.933; -66.983
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
Established1785
Area
 • Land3,426.97 km2 (1,323.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total25,428
 • Density7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Decrease 4.2%
 • Dwellings
13,513
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−03:00 (ADT)
Area code(s)506

In most of the county, fishing and aquaculture dominate the local economy, although the town of St. Andrews is a tourist mecca and St. Stephen is home to the Ganong chocolate factory.

The Bayside Port Corporation, located on the St. Croix River of the Bay of Fundy midway between St. Stephen and St. Andrews, has three berths with lengths of 100 m (330 ft), 80 m (260 ft), and 140 m (460 ft) and corresponding depths of 8.1 m (27 ft), 6.5 m (21 ft), and 9.75 m (32.0 ft). The approach channel has a depth of 21.3 m (70 ft). A ship loader is used for quarried material.[2]

The Bayside Marine Terminal is a two berth facility. The main source of traffic is in the areas of gypsum, a byproduct of the exhaust scrubber at the nearby Emera natural gas combustion power plant, and potatoes. The new private non-containerized temperature sensitive foods storage facilities will increase total volume of traffic, making Bayside one of the most important and fastest growing ports in the Maritimes.[2]

Charlotte County ArchivesEdit

The Charlotte County Archives is a collection of thousands of original documents reflecting various individuals, groups, and businesses who have contributed to the social, cultural, economic and political life of Charlotte County, New Brunswick. Its collections date back to the 18th century. Visitors to the Archives have access to more than 5,000 photographic images dating from the 1850s, manuscripts and theses, Charlotte County newspapers, maps and architectural drawings, letters, diaries, and ships' logs. The reference room includes family histories, and other genealogical resources, a small research library and microfilm readers.

The Charlotte County Archives, a not-for-profit organization, was established in 1975 by the Charlotte County Historical Society. The Archives has occupied the Old Gaol since 1982, and the building is provided and maintained by the Province of New Brunswick. The Province provides some financial support, but the majority of the Archives' operating funds is derived from donations and fund raising activities.[3]

Old GaolEdit

The old Charlotte County Gaol was built in 1832 and sits next to the Charlotte County Courthouse. It is built of 2 12 ft-thick (0.76 m) square granite blocks. Each claustrophobic cell is accessed by a narrow iron door, the only daylight coming from even narrower windows. The building housed prisoners from 1832 to 1979.

Census subdivisionsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

There are six municipalities within Charlotte County (listed by 2016 population):[4]

Official name Designation Area: km2 (sq mi) Population Parish
St. Stephen Town 13.52 (5.22) 4,415 Saint Stephen
Grand Manan Village 152.77 (58.98) 2,360 Grand Manan
St. Andrews Town 8.35 (3.22) 1,786 Saint Andrews
St. George Town 16.17 (6.24) 1,517 Saint George
Blacks Harbour Village 9.06 (3.50) 894 Pennfield
Campobello Island Rural community 39.67 (15.32) 872 Campobello

ParishesEdit

The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2016 population):[4]

Official name Area: km2 (sq mi) Population Municipalities Unincorporated communities
Saint George 500.23 (193.14) 2,341 St. George (town) Back Bay / Bonny River / Breadalbane / Caithness / Canal / Greens Point / Lee Settlement /
Letang / L'Etete / Mascarene / Pomeroy / Second Falls / Upper Letang / Utopia
Pennfield 363.86 (140.49) 2,170 Blacks Harbour (village) Beaver Harbour / Crow Harbour / Justasons Corner / McCarthy's Point / Pennfield /
Pennfield Corner / Pennfield Ridge / Seeleys Cove / Utopia Centre / Woodland
Saint Stephen 103.25 (39.87) 1,839 St. Stephen (town) Barter Settlement / Blackland / Burnt Hill / Dennis-Weston / Five Corners / Four Corners /
Hayman Hill / Heathland / Maxwell Crossing / Mayfield / Mohannes / Old Bay Road /
Old Ridge / Upper Mills / Valley Road
Saint David 190.66 (73.61) 1,529 Bay Road / Benson Corner / Board Road / Central Tower Hill / Hills Point / Honeydale /
Leverville / Lower Tower Hill / Oak Bay / Oak Haven / Saint David / Simpson Corner /
St. David Ridge / Upper Tower Hill
Saint James 556.62 (214.91) 1,186 Andersonville / Baillie / Barber Dam / Basswood Ridge / Beaconsfield / Canoose / DeWolfe /
Gleason Road / Lawrence Station / Lower Little Ridge / Lynnfield / Meredith Settlement /
Moores Mills / Oak Hill / Pomeroy Ridge / Saint James / Scotch Ridge / Upper Little Ridge /
Watt Junction / Weeks Road / Western Charlotte
Campobello 39.67 (15.32) 872 Campobello (rural community) North Road / Otter Cove / Welshpool / Wilsons Beach
West Isles (Deer Island) 38.35 (14.81) 797 Chocolate Cove / Cummings Cove / Fairhaven / Hersonville / Hibernia Cove /
Indian Island / Lamberts Cove / Lambertville / Leonardville / Lords Cove / Northern Harbour /
Northwest Harbour / West Isles
Lepreau 209.62 (80.93) 707 Haggertys Cove / Lepreau / Maces Bay / Mink Brook / New River / New River Beach /
Pocologan / Welch Cove
Saint Patrick 236.89 (91.46) 689 Bethel / Bocabec / Bocabec Cove / Digdeguash / Elmsville / Johnson Settlement /
Kerrs Ridge / McMinn
Saint Croix 78.67 (30.37) 657 Bayside / Edwards Corner / Gilmans Corner / Lower Bayside / Lower Waweig / Saint Croix /
Upper Bayside / Upper Waweig / Waweig / Wileys Corner
Dufferin 12.34 (4.76) 573 Champlain / Crocker Hill / Dufferin / The Ledge
Saint Andrews 24.27 (9.37) 553 St. Andrews (town) Bar Road / Chamcook / Chamcook Lake
Dumbarton 374.43 (144.57) 335 Dumbarton / Flume Ridge / Greenock / Hewitt / Pleasant Ridge / Rollingdam / Sorrel Ridge /
Tryon Settlement / Whittier Ridge
Grand Manan 6.05 (2.34) 145 Grand Manan (village) Castalia / Deep Cove / Grand Harbour / Greens Landing / Ingalls Head / Mark Hill /
North Head / Rocky Corner / Seal Cove / Tattons Corner / Woodwards Cove
Clarendon 492.19 (190.04) 63 Back Clarendon / Clarendon

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Charlotte County, New Brunswick community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 25,428 (-4.2% from 2011) 26,549 (-1.3% from 2006) 26,898 (-1.7% from 2001)
Land area: 3,426.97 km2 (1,323.16 sq mi) 3,424.33 km2 (1,322.14 sq mi) 3,423.52 km2 (1,321.83 sq mi)
Population density: 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi) 7.8/km2 (20/sq mi) 7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)
Median age: 47.9 (M: 47.0, F: 48.8) 45.1 (M: 44.0, F: 46.0) 42.2 (M: 41.3, F: 43.0)
Total private dwellings: 13,513 13,486 13,392
Median household income: $55,701 $48,953 $40,897
References: 2016[4] 2011[5] 2006[6] earlier[7]
YearPop.±%
1991 26,607—    
1996 27,335+2.7%
YearPop.±%
2001 27,366+0.1%
2006 26,898−1.7%
YearPop.±%
2011 26,549−1.3%
2016 25,428−4.2%
[8][9][1]

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Charlotte County, New Brunswick[8]
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
26,185
25,015   2.4% 95.53% 610   7.0% 2.33% 55   120.0% 0.21% 505   26.3% 1.93%
2006
26,620
25,625   1.8% 96.26% 570   15.6% 2.14% 25   28.6% 0.10% 400   90.5% 1.50%
2001
27,020
26,100   0.2% 96.59% 675   23.9% 2.50% 35   22.2% 0.13% 210   16.0% 0.78%
1996
26,990
26,150 n/a 96.89% 545 n/a 2.02% 45 n/a 0.17% 250 n/a 0.93%

TransportationEdit

Disputed area with the United StatesEdit

Protected areas and attractionsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlotte, County [Census division], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Port of Bayside, NB, Canada"
  3. ^ Charlotte County Weekend, St. Stephen, NB, March 27, 2004
  4. ^ a b c "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Charlotte County, New Brunswick

External linksEdit