Charlotte County, New Brunswick
Charlotte County (2011 population 26,549) is located in the southwestern portion of New Brunswick, Canada. The courthouse and gaol for the county were located in St. Andrews, but now serve only as a tourist attraction, as the civic functions have been transferred to St. Stephen.
Location within New Brunswick.
|• Land||3,424.33 km2 (1,322.14 sq mi)|
|• Density||7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.3%|
|Time zone||UTC−04:00 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−03:00 (ADT)|
The Bayside Port Corporation, located on the St. Croix River of the Bay of Fundy midway between St. Stephen and St. Andrews, has three berths with lengths of 100 m (330 ft), 80 m (260 ft), and 140 m (460 ft) and corresponding depths of 8.1 m (27 ft), 6.5 m (21 ft), and 9.75 m (32.0 ft). The approach channel has a depth of 21.3 m (70 ft). A ship loader is used for quarried material.
The Bayside Marine Terminal is a two berth facility. The main source of traffic is in the areas of gypsum, a byproduct of the exhaust scrubber at the nearby Emera natural gas combustion power plant, and potatoes. The new private non-containerized temperature sensitive foods storage facilities will increase total volume of traffic, making Bayside one of the most important and fastest growing ports in the Maritimes.
Charlotte County ArchivesEdit
The Charlotte County Archives is a collection of thousands of original documents reflecting various individuals, groups, and businesses who have contributed to the social, cultural, economic and political life of Charlotte County, New Brunswick. Its collections date back to the 18th century. Visitors to the Archives have access to more than 5,000 photographic images dating from the 1850s, manuscripts and theses, Charlotte County newspapers, maps and architectural drawings, letters, diaries, and ships' logs. The reference room includes family histories, and other genealogical resources, a small research library and microfilm readers.
The Charlotte County Archives, a not-for-profit organization, was established in 1975 by the Charlotte County Historical Society. The Archives has occupied the Old Gaol since 1982, and the building is provided and maintained by the Province of New Brunswick. The Province provides some financial support, but the majority of the Archives' operating funds is derived from donations and fund raising activities.
The old Charlotte County Gaol was built in 1832 and sits next to the Charlotte County Courthouse. It is built of 2 1⁄2 ft-thick (0.76 m) square granite blocks. Each claustrophobic cell is accessed by a narrow iron door, the only daylight coming from even narrower windows. The building housed prisoners from 1832 to 1979.
There are six municipalities within Charlotte County (listed by 2011 population):
|Official name||Designation||Area: km2 (sq mi)||Population||Parish|
|St. Stephen||Town||12.43 (4.80)||4,817||Saint Stephen|
|Grand Manan||Village||150.78 (58.22)||2,377||Grand Manan|
|St. Andrews||Town||8.35 (3.22)||1,889||Saint Andrews|
|St. George||Town||16.13 (6.23)||1,543||Saint George|
|Campobello Island||Rural community||39.59 (15.29)||1,056||Campobello|
|Blacks Harbour||Village||8.90 (3.44)||982||Pennfield|
The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2011 population):
|Canada census – Charlotte County, New Brunswick community profile|
|Population:||26,549 (-1.3% from 2006)||26,898 (-1.7% from 2001)|
|Land area:||3,424.33 km2 (1,322.14 sq mi)||3,423.52 km2 (1,321.83 sq mi)|
|Population density:||7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)||7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|Median age:||45.1 (M: 44.0, F: 46.0)||42.2 (M: 41.3, F: 43.0)|
|Total private dwellings:||13,486||13,392|
|Median household income:||$48,953||$40,897|
|References: 2011 2006 earlier|
|Canada Census Mother Tongue - Charlotte County, New Brunswick|
English & French
|Year||Responses||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %|
Disputed area with the United StatesEdit
Protected areas and attractionsEdit
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Charlotte County, New Brunswick
- "Port of Bayside, NB, Canada"
- Charlotte County Weekend, St. Stephen, NB, March 27, 2004
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census