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Debra Granik (born February 6, 1963) is an American filmmaker.[1][2] She is most known for 2004's Down to the Bone, which starred Vera Farmiga, 2010's Winter's Bone, which starred Jennifer Lawrence in her breakout performance and for which Granik was nominated for Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay,[3] and 2018's Leave No Trace, a film based on the book My Abandonment by Peter Rock.[4]

Debra Granik
Granik at the 2010 Deauville American Film Festival
Born (1963-02-06) February 6, 1963 (age 56)
EducationBrandeis University
Tisch School of the Arts
Occupation
  • Film director
  • screenwriter
Years active1987–present
Spouse(s)Jonathan Scheuer
Children1

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Granik was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to father William R. Granik, who was an attorney with H.U.D. who litigated fair housing,[5] and mother Brenda Granik Zusman.[6] She grew up in the suburbs of Washington D.C.[7] Granik is the granddaughter of broadcast pioneer Ted Granik (1907–1970),[8] founder and moderator of the long-run public affairs panel discussion program, The American Forum of the Air, on from 1934 to 1956, first on the radio and later on television.[9] Granik is from a Jewish family.[10][11]

In 1985, Granik received her B.A. in political science from Brandeis University.[10][12] As an undergraduate at Brandeis, Granik also took classes at the Studio for Interrelated Media at the Massachusetts College of Art.[13] In 2001, Granik received an MFA from NYU's Tisch School of the Arts.[14]

CareerEdit

While at Brandeis, Granik took Henry Felt's film and media workshop production class and volunteered with the Boston grassroots filmmaking organization Women's Video Collective.[10][15] She also took film classes at the Studio for Interrelated Media at the Massachusetts College of Art.[13] During this time, Granik made educational films for trade unions on subjects like workplace health and safety, one of which was made for the Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety.[16] Granik worked in production on educational media projects, eventually working on long form documentaries by Boston-area filmmakers before deciding to go to graduate school for filmmaking at New York University.[13]

In 1997, Granik directed her first short film, Snake Feed, as her senior thesis with the mentorship of NYU film professor Boris Frumin, who was instrumental in sharing his love of post-World War II European neorealist films.[9][10][15] Snake Feed, which began its life as a 7-minute documentary portrait exercise, was accepted into Sundance Institute's Lab Program for screenwriting and directing.[9] Granik workshopped and developed the short film into a feature film at the Sundance Lab.[17] Granik has said that Snake Feed was a work of narrative fiction, with the main characters, recovering addict Irene and her boyfriend Rick, playing dramatized versions of themselves.[18]

In 2004, the short film of Snake Feed and the story of Irene and Rick became the basis of Granik's first feature-length film, Down to the Bone, which was a fictionalized depiction of their struggles.[9][18] Down to the Bone is the story of an upstate New York mother who goes to rehab to kick her cocaine addiction and ends up falling in love with a nurse and descending back into her old drug habits.[18][19] Down to the Bone was based on an original screenplay written by Granik and her creative partner, Anne Rosellini.[17][20] The role of the main character Irene, played by Vera Farmiga, significantly raised Farmiga's profile as an actor.[9][21] Down to the Bone was shot in Ulster County in upstate New York.[1]

Granik's second feature, 2010's Winter's Bone, was an adaptation by Granik and Rosellini of the 2006 novel by Daniel Woodrell.[22] It is the story of Ree Dolly, a teenager living in the Missouri's Ozark Mountains who is the sole caretaker of her two younger siblings and her catatonic mother. She is forced to hunt down her missing drug-dealing father in order to save her family from eviction.[9]

The film starred a then-unknown Jennifer Lawrence and John Hawkes and won the Grand Jury Prize: Dramatic Film at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival, which led to a distribution deal with Roadside Attractions.[23] Winter's Bone won the Seattle International Film Festival Golden Space Needle Audience Award for Best Director and Best Actress award for Jennifer Lawrence.[24] In 2011, Winter's Bone was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actress for Jennifer Lawrence and Best Supporting Actor for John Hawkes.[25] The film featured a soundtrack made up of old time gospel, bluegrass, and traditional music found in the Ozarks and was produced by Steve Peters. It features the singing of Marideth Sisco, who worked as a music and folklore consultant for the region, and also appeared in the Winter's Bone. The actor John Hawkes sings one track on the soundtrack.[26]

Winter's Bone was shot on location in the Ozark area of southern Missouri. Granik cast many of the supporting roles with first-time actors from the surrounding area and all of the homes on screen were established Ozark homes—no sets were built for this film.[24][27] For the look of the film, Granik kept most of the established aesthetics of the homes in which they were shooting and many of the few mementos that were added to the homes were contributed by Ozark people in the community.[19]

Granik produced and directed an HBO television pilot called American High Life. The show was a family drama that "follows a young career woman to her economically depressed small home town in the midwest."[28] The show was not picked up.[29]

Granik developed a film adaption of Rule of the Bone, the 1995 novel by Russell Banks, but the project is still in development.[29]

In 2014, Granik's film, Stray Dog, was released.[30] The film is a documentary about a man named Ron Hall, whose nickname is "Stray Dog," and portrays his life as an avid biker and Vietnam Veteran who sometimes struggles with PTSD.[31] The film documents Hall's participation in an annual pilgrimage motorcycle ride called "Ride to the Wall" with fellow biker Vietnam vets from all over the country where they ride to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.[10] Granik had met Hall, who had a small role on Winter's Bone, during filming.[10][30]

Granik directed the drama Leave No Trace, starring Ben Foster and newcomer Thomasin McKenzie, which was released in 2018, domestically by Bleecker Street and internationally by Sony Worldwide Acquisitions.[7][32] The film tells the story of a father and daughter who illegally live on government land and are forced to adapt to more traditional living in mainstream life.[4][33] It examines ideas of self-reliance and community, and was a critics' pick of The New York Times.[34] Leave No Trace premiered at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival, and played at the Cannes Film Festival, and was shot in the forested areas of Oregon, including Forest Park near Portland, Oregon, over the course of 30 days.[3][35] In addition to Oregon, Washington state was used for locations, with some scenes shot at a Christmas tree farm.[36] Leave No Trace took approximately three and a half years to develop, from the first time Granik read Peter Rock's novel, My Abandonment, on which the film was based.[37]

Other projects Granik has in development include a documentary about life after being released from jail and the subject of recidivism in East Baltimore – that was to feature Felicia "Snoop" Pearson from The Wire and elements of her memoir, Grace After Midnight[10] – but is now a documentary about four former inmates in New York City.[38][39]

Another project is a film based on Barbara Ehrenreich's book, Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America, which focuses on poverty and the working poor in America.[29][39]

ThemesEdit

Granik is known for discovering actors like Jennifer Lawrence[40] and Vera Farmiga who have gone on to successful careers. She is also known for using local, non-professional actors in her films.[3][17] Granik has worked with creative partner Anne Rosellini on all of her films.[37]

Granik has said that she sees a common thread of press coverage describing her as having a "comeback narrative,"[29] along with questions about how much time has elapsed between projects,[37] partly due to the relatively low output of films in her career compared to the contemporaries she started out with.[4][31]

Interviewed by Jeremiah Kipp in Filmmaker in 2005, Granik gave an overview of the challenges involved in doing a film about addiction:

The traditional storyline in an American film is usually in the form of a V shape. I am oversimplifying, but we see someone tumbling down, they hit bottom, and then they rise up again and find redemption. Anyone who personally, tangentially or culturally knows anything about addiction is aware that it resembles an EKG. Up and down, up and down. Very few people ever get clean on the first or second attempt. For many people, it’s something they have to try over and over again. You get knocked down and ask all the ethical questions like how many chances do you give a person? When is the last chance? How many chances do they get? Can you imagine how difficult it is to fit that in a feature-length film? But those are the questions that are worth asking... The reason why boils down to the word “dark”. It is the scariest four-letter word in American storytelling and in this culture. Our film had a strong reception in Europe and achieved distribution, but that was not the case here. We received so many responses like, “We love the film, but we cannot do anything with it or we’ll lose our shirts. We’re sorry.” The intervention comes from people like Laemmle/Zeller Films. Every couple of years, some mavericks take on this challenge of distributing so-called un-distributable films. They take those films on a small run and allow them to see the light of day. Those efforts are what give a film like Down to the Bone a chance to have a life of some kind.[18]

Granik's films deal with issues of personal strength and willpower, like the character of Ree Dolly in Winter's Bone. She cites Mike Leigh, Ken Loach, Shane Meadows, the Dardenne brothers, Laurent Cantet, and Abbas Kiarostami as some of her major influences in her directing career.[9]

Personal lifeEdit

Granik is married to Jonathan Scheuer, who has executive produced her films and is Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees of National Jazz Museum in Harlem.[26][41] They live in New York City and have a daughter.[31]

FilmographyEdit

  • 1987: Two in Twenty (TV series) for Somerville Community Access Television – director/cinematographer[10]
  • 1990: It Didn't Have to Happen: Preventing Cumulative Trauma Disorders (documentary) – producer[16]
  • 1997: Snake Feed (short film) – producer, writer, director, off-line editor
  • 1997; American Independents II: The Blinking Madonna and Other Miracles (short film) – conceived by[42]
  • 1998: Smear (short film) – boom operator
  • 1998: Jorge (short film) – assistant camera
  • 1998: 99 Threadwaxing (short film) – cinematographer
  • 2002: Breaker (short film) – cinematographer
  • 2003: Thunder in Guyana (documentary) – cinematographer[43]
  • 2004: Down to the Bone – writer, director, additional photographer
  • 2005: Independent Lens: Thunder in Guyana/Unites States of Poetry – cinematographer[44]
  • 2010: Winter's Bone – adapted screenplay, director
  • 2014: Stray Dog (documentary) – writer, director
  • 2015: Independent Lens: Stray Dog (documentary) – writer, director
  • 2018: Leave No Trace – adapted screenplay, director

Awards and nominationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Granik, Debra; Roman, Rafael Pi (17 February 2011). "Sunday Arts Profile: Debra Granik Interview with Rafael Pi Roman" (Video interview). Rafael Pi Roman.
  2. ^ Murphy, Kate (1 November 2014). "Download: Debra Granik". The New York Times.
  3. ^ a b c Sperling, Nicole (26 June 2018). "The Filmmaker Who Directed Jennifer Lawrence's First Oscar-Nominated Role Has a New Star in Leave No Trace". Vanity Fair.
  4. ^ a b c Buchanan, Kyle (27 June 2018). "After Launching Jennifer Lawrence, Director Debra Granik Is Finally Back". Vulture. New York.
  5. ^ Lewin, Tamar (28 November 1989). "Children as Neighbors? Elderly Are Worried". The New York Times.
  6. ^ "William R. Granik: Notice". The Washington Post. 23 February 2012.
  7. ^ a b Kilkenny, Katie (29 June 2018). "Director Debra Granik Explains Why It's Been Eight Long Years Between 'Winter's Bone' and Her New Film". The Hollywood Reporter.
  8. ^ Sullivan, Joseph; Miller, Mike; Kerwin, Patrick; Monagle, John (2013). Theodore Granik Papers (1930-1970): A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress – MSS75822 (Finding aid). Washington, D.C.: Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Taylor, Ella (30 April 2010). "Debra Granik Explores the Ozarks in 'Winter's Bone'". The New York Times.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Shebar, Billy (Summer 2012). "Skateboarding on Hardscrabble". Brandeis Magazine. Brandeis University.
  11. ^ Pfefferman, Naomi (18 February 2011). "Debra Granik cuts to the emotional bone with 'Winter's Bone'". Jewish Journal.
  12. ^ Granik, Debra (1984). Environmental Protection: A Citizens' Movement (Senior honors thesis/dissertation). Waltham, MA: Brandeis University. OCLC 31927747.
  13. ^ a b c "Graduate Film: Alumni: Debra Granik". Tisch School of the Arts. New York University. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Features: 2018 Sundance Premieres". Tisch School of the Arts. New York University. 2018. Debra Granik '01 (MFA, Film), director/writer
  15. ^ a b Poland, David; Granik, Debra (4 September 2011). "DP/30: Winter's Bone, co-writer/director Debra Granik" (Video interview). DP/30: The Oral History Of Hollywood.
  16. ^ a b Granik, Debra (1990). It Didn't Have to Happen: Preventing Cumulative Trauma Disorders (VHS video)|format= requires |url= (help). Boston: Massachusetts Dept. of Industrial Accidents, Office of Safety. OCLC 53200528.
  17. ^ a b c Peña, Richard; Granik, Debra (1 September 2010). "Interview: Debra Granik, Director" (Video interview). Reel 13. PBS.
  18. ^ a b c d Kipp, Jeremiah (21 November 2005). "Cutting Close to the Bone: An interview with Down To The Bone writer-director Debra Granik". Filmmaker. Archived from the original on 13 April 2006.
  19. ^ a b Moon, Michael; Talley, Colin (2010). "Life in a Shatter Zone: Debra Granik's Film Winter's Bone". Southern Spaces. 6 December 2010. doi:10.18737/M73K6M. ISSN 1551-2754.
  20. ^ a b Stevens, Dana (25 November 2005). "Film in Review; Down to the Bone". The New York Times.
  21. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (3 September 2006). "A Film of One's Own". The New York Times.
  22. ^ Scott, A. O. (10 June 2010). "Jennifer Lawrence in Debra Granik's Bleak Ozarks Film". The New York Times.
  23. ^ Kohn, Eric (7 June 2010). "Review: Drama in Absence: Debra Granik's "Winter's Bone"". IndieWire.
  24. ^ a b c Mikel, Amy (1 July 2010). "An Interview with Debra Granik, Director of Winter's Bone". Seattlest. Gothamist.
  25. ^ a b c Ryzik, Melena (25 January 2011). "The Carpetbagger: A Magical Morning in New York". The New York Times.
  26. ^ a b Peters, Steve (2 December 2010). "Largehearted Boy: Soundtracked – "Winter's Bone" by Steve Peters". Largehearted Boy.
  27. ^ Adams, Sam (24 June 2010). "Interview: Debra Granik". The A.V. Club.
  28. ^ Thompson, Anne (4 May 2012). "Exclusive: 'Winter's Bone' Director Debra Granik's Next Projects: HBO Series, Doc, Another 'Bone' Movie with Russell Banks". IndieWire.
  29. ^ a b c d Jacobs, Matthew (30 June 2018). "Debra Granik Is The Hollywood Director Who Casts Nobodies To Capture Real Rural America". HuffPost.
  30. ^ a b Scott, A.O. (2 July 2015). "Review: 'Stray Dog' Documents a Complex Veteran". The New York Times.
  31. ^ a b c Kaufman, Amy (18 June 2014). "Debra Granik tells a Vietnam veteran's tale in 'Stray Dog' documentary". Los Angeles Times.
  32. ^ "Grad Film Shines at Sundance". Tisch School of the Arts. New York University. 2018.
  33. ^ Olsen, Mark (23 January 2018). "Filmmaker Debra Granik returns with drama of family and survival in 'Leave No Trace'". Los Angeles Times.
  34. ^ Dargis, Manohla (28 June 2018). "Review: 'Leave No Trace' Is a Very American Story About Survival". The New York Times.
  35. ^ Coyle, Jake (25 June 2018). "In 'Leave No Trace,' Debra Granik stays off the beaten path". Associated Press.
  36. ^ Notarianni, John; Granik, Debra (30 June 2018). "'Leave No Trace' Director Debra Granik On Shooting A True Oregon Film" (Includes audio). Oregon Public Broadcasting.
  37. ^ a b c Camilleri, Ricky; Granik, Debra; Rosellini, Anne; Reisman, Linda; Harrison, Anne (26 June 2018). "Debra Granik, Anne Rosellini, Linda Reisman & Anne Harrison Discuss "Leave No Trace"" (Video interview). BUILD Series.
  38. ^ Kay, Jeremy (11 May 2018). "Debra Granik's 'Nickel And Dimed' looks for partners at Cannes (exclusive)". Screen Daily.
  39. ^ a b Lizotte, Chloe (9 July 2018). "News to Me: Debra Granik, Mia Hansen-Løve, Claude Lanzmann". Film Comment.
  40. ^ Granik, Debra (2 March 2011). "Winter's Bone Director/Co-Writer, Debra Granik on Casting the Film" (Video interview). American Film Institute.
  41. ^ "Who We Are: Board of Trustees". National Jazz Museum in Harlem. Retrieved 10 July 2018. Jonathan Scheuer, Vice Chairman
  42. ^ James, Caryn (12 May 1997). "Coming to Terms With Family Secrets". The New York Times.
  43. ^ "Thunder in Guyana: Film Credits". Independent Lens. PBS. 2003. The Film: Filmmaker Suzanne Wasserman shot Thunder in Guayana between 1997 and 1999
  44. ^ Heffernan, Virginia (22 February 2005). "A Radical Journey From Chicago to Guyana". The New York Times.
  45. ^ Maslin, Janet (26 January 1998). "Various Guises of Misery in Sundance Winners". The New York Times.
  46. ^ a b Ryzik, Melena (29 November 2010). "The Carpetbagger: 'Winter's Bone' Dominates at Gothams". The New York Times.
  47. ^ a b Barnes, Brooks (30 January 2010). "The Carpetbagger: Sundance Spreads the Love". The New York Times.
  48. ^ "Past Winners: 2011 Anne Rosellini & Debra Granik: Winter's Bone". Humanitas Prize.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit