Dead or Alive 3
Dead or Alive 3 (Japanese: デッドオアアライブ3 Hepburn: Deddo Oa Araibu Surī, abbreviated as DOA3) is a fighting game in the Dead or Alive series, developed by Team Ninja and published by Tecmo in 2001 exclusively on the Xbox console as one of its launch titles. Dead or Alive 3 received very positive reviews. It was a commercial success upon release, selling over 1 million copies worldwide becoming one of the top best selling Xbox games.
|Dead or Alive 3|
North American cover art
Microsoft Game Studios (Europe)
|Director(s)||Tomonobu Itagaki |
|Producer(s)||Tomonobu Itagaki |
|Programmer(s)||Mitsuo Osada |
|Composer(s)||Makoto Hosoi |
|Series||Dead or Alive|
The basic gameplay controls remain essentially unchanged from Dead or Alive 2. Some minor tweaks have been added to the game system in the form of increased counter periods, unrestricted 3D-axis movement, and less emphasis on juggling combos. All these gameplay enhancements make the game more suited for beginners, and makes the artificial intelligence much more forgiving. A couple of characters' commands are updated. The game adds a new feature in its Sparring called Exercise, where players can practice character moves while commands are displayed at the same time. Tag team which was introduced in the previous game is updated. Tag commands were changed to insert Attack Change, a new tag system feature where the fighting character can switch places with his or her tag partner, in which the character jumping in can then unleash an attack at the same time. Tag Throws command was changed to pressing both the Free and Punch button together oppose to pressing all buttons in the previous game. Tag Battle can now be used in the game's Time Attack and Survival modes. Finally, the game incorporated less damage percentiles in counter maneuvers, and added four new characters to the roster.
As with previous entries in the series, it took advantage of the system's power to push the range of the graphics and stage sizes farther than DOA2. However, it lacked in unlockable content compared to DOA2 Hardcore and the controls are more lenient to allow players new to the series to adapt to gameplay.
Dead or Alive 3 features a total of 18 fighters, including 17 playable characters and the boss character Genra. The characters returning from the previous installments are Ayane, Bass Armstrong, Bayman, Ein (unlockable), Gen Fu, Helena Douglas, Jann Lee, Kasumi, Leifang, Leon, Ryu Hayabusa, Tina Armstrong, and Zack. Playable newcomers are Chinese drunken master Brad Wong, British assassin Christie, Japanese ninja Hayate (appeared in the roster of the previous title as "Ein"), and German-Japanese karateka Hitomi.
- Brad Wong, a Chinese drunken master and zui quan practitioner whose teacher sends him on his journey to search for the mysterious wine called "Genra".
- Christie, a British assassin and she quan practitioner hired by Donovan, leader of DOATEC's anti-Douglas faction. She enters the tournament in order to keep an eye on Helena.
- Hayate, a Japanese ninja who appeared in the previous game as "Ein". He enters the tournament again in order to defeat Genra, the superhuman created as a puppet of DOATEC's Project Omega.
- Hitomi, a German-Japanese karateka who joins the tournament in order to test her formidable skills against the real world.
Ein is the only unlockable character: to obtain him, the player must complete the Story Mode with every character and - using Hayate - get enough wins in Time Attack Mode to enter his name; at this point, typing EIN to unlock the character.
The hero ninja Ryu Hayabusa put a stop to the evil doings of Tengu, but it was too late to stop him from triggering a massive worldwide collapse. A dense cloud covered the entire planet in a shroud of darkness and fear. DOATEC has gone astray, turning into the hunting grounds for power-hungry scam artists.
This is when DOATEC's development department (a fortress for state-of-the-art military technology) witnesses the success of a genius. Following Project Alpha and Project Epsilon, the ever ambitious scientist, Dr. Victor Donovan completes the Omega Project, producing a new superhuman: Genra. The man, who was once leader of the Hajin Mon ninja of the Mugen Tenshin clan, is no longer human, but a force of singular and unprecedented capabilities known as Omega. To test the subject Omega's skills, DOATEC announced the third Dead or Alive World Combat Championship.
The ninjas Hayate, Ayane, and Ryu Hayabusa enter the third tournament to defeat Genra. Bayman, the assassin who was once hired by Victor Donovan to kill Fame Douglas during the first tournament, enters the third tournament to get revenge on Donovan after he sent a sniper to kill him. Helena Douglas, daughter of Fame Douglas was captured by the anti-Douglas faction of DOATEC under the orders of Donovan. Donovan challenges Helena to win the third tournament. If she wins, she will regain her freedom and learn the truth behind DOATEC. Hayabusa is prepared to bring down Genra but Hayate states to Hayabusa that he doesn't know Genra like he does and that as the new leader of the Mugen Tenshin, he should defeat Genra instead. Later, both Ayane and Hayate argue on who should defeat Genra. Ayane, as Genra's foster daughter, feels it was her duty to and that fate commands her to put Genra out of his misery. Eventually, Hajin Mon's Ayane wins the third DOA tournament and kills Genra.
Development and releaseEdit
After the success of Dead or Alive 2, Tecmo was working on continuing the series when Microsoft approached them, offering a deal to develop the next Dead or Alive as an exclusive title for the recently announced Xbox. The Xbox was still in development, and Microsoft was in need of exclusive, high-profile games to show off the technical capability of their product. This deal also fit in with series creator Tomonobu Itagaki's design philosophy of always targeting the most powerful console available for the development of Dead or Alive games.
In 2001, the release of Dead or Alive 3 was announced in Japan, but the game was first released in the US, in order to coincide with the American Xbox launch. An updated version of Dead or Alive 3 was then released for the Japanese and European Xbox launches several months later.
The European and Japanese versions of Dead or Alive 3 feature more content such as extra costumes, new attacks for characters, and a new cinematic introduction for the game. Because of its early release, the North American version does not feature any of the above. In June 2002, Official Xbox Magazine provided a 'Booster Disc' for DOA3 which included all of the extra costumes released on the EU and JP versions of the game, but it did not however contain the extra fighting moves or general game balancing tweaks that the other versions brought. The booster content continued to be provided with the Official Xbox Magazine demo disc from June 2002 to September 2002; each disc featured the same content but gave magazine buyers multiple times to acquire it. The Platinum Collection edition of the game was released in 2003.
In addition to the original song in the game, three songs by the American rock band Aerosmith also appear in Dead or Alive 3 and can also be played in the game's Settings option. "Nine Lives" was used as the opening theme, and "Home Tonight" was played over the credits. "Amazing" was not used in the actual game, but was a music sample under the Settings option.
A soundtrack CD for the game, titled Dead or Alive 3 Original Sound Trax (KWCD-1006), was released by Wake Up in 2002. Three guide books were published in Japan in early 2002: Dead or Alive 3 Guide Book (デッド オア アライブ3 ガイドブック) by Famitsu / Enterbrain, Dead or Alive 3 Kōshiki Kōryaku Guide (デッド オア アライブ3 公式攻略ガイド) by Kodansha, and Dead or Alive 3 Perfect Guide (デッド オア アライブ3 パーフェクトガイド) by SoftBank.
Upon its release, Dead or Alive 3 received very positive reviews. In Japan, Famitsu scored the game a 37 out of 40. IGN stated that it "represents the new standard of excellence that only the Xbox can deliver," praising the game for its great attention to detail and its vast improvements on its predecessor. On the other hand, GameSpot's Greg Kasavin opined that "once you get past its graphics, you'll find that Dead or Alive 3 doesn't offer much of anything that hasn't been done in other 3D fighting games."
Dead or Alive 3 was one of the best-selling installments in the series. In 2002, Tecmo announced the game had reached sales of over one million copies in the first five months after its release. By July 2006, Dead or Alive 3 had sold 950,000 copies and earned $36 million in the United States alone. Next Generation ranked it as the 59th highest-selling game launched for the PlayStation 2, Xbox or GameCube between January 2000 and July 2006 in that country. Combined sales of Dead or Alive fighting games released in the 2000s reached 1.3 million units in the United States by July 2006. The game became the third best-selling launch title next to Microsoft's Halo: Combat Evolved and Project Gotham Racing and the first third-party Xbox game to garner Platinum status.
In 2008, Cinema Blend ranked it as the eight best fighting game of all time. In 2011, Complex ranked it as the 15th best fighting game of all time. GamesRadar included it among the Xbox games "that shaped the generation," and later included it in their list of "best original Xbox games."
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