Charles Arthur "Dazzy" Vance (March 4, 1891 – February 16, 1961) was an American professional baseball player. He played as a pitcher for five different franchises in Major League Baseball (MLB) in a career that spanned twenty years. Known for his impressive fastball, Vance was the only pitcher to lead the National League in strikeouts seven consecutive seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955.
|Born: March 4, 1891|
|Died: February 16, 1961 (aged 69)|
Homosassa Springs, Florida
|April 16, 1915, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 14, 1935, for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
|Earned run average||3.24|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Vote||81.7% (sixteenth ballot)|
Born in Orient, Iowa, Vance spent most of his childhood in Nebraska. He played semipro baseball there, then signed on with a minor league baseball team out of Red Cloud, Nebraska, a member of the Nebraska State League, in 1912. After pitching for two other Nebraska State League teams in 1913 and 1914, Vance made a brief major league debut with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1915 and appeared with the New York Yankees that year as well. However, it took several years before he established himself as a major league player.
Vance was discovered to have an arm injury in 1916 and was given medical treatment. He continued to work on his pitching in the minor leagues, appearing with teams in Columbus, Ohio; Toledo, Ohio; Memphis, Tennessee; Rochester, New York; and Sacramento, California. He only reappeared in the major leagues once for the Yankees, pitching two games in 1918. Vance said that he was suddenly able to throw hard again in 1921 while pitching for the New Orleans Pelicans of the Southern Association: he struck out 163 batters and finished the season with a 21-11 win-loss record. The Pelicans sold his contract to the Brooklyn Robins in 1922. The Robins wanted to acquire catcher Hank DeBerry, but the Pelicans refused to complete the deal unless Vance was included in the transaction.
Major league careerEdit
Vance and DeBerry formed a successful battery during their tenure with Brooklyn. In 1922, Vance produced an 18–12 record with a 3.70 earned run average (ERA) and a league-leading 134 strikeouts. His best individual season came in 1924, when he led the National League in wins (28), strikeouts (262) and ERA (2.16) (see Triple Crown) en route to winning the National League Most Valuable Player Award. He set the then-National League record for strikeouts in a nine-inning game when he fanned 15 Chicago Cubs in a game on August 23, 1924. (He struck-out 17 batters in a 10-inning game in 1925.)
On September 24, 1924, Vance struck out three batters on nine pitches in the second inning of a 6–5 win over the Chicago Cubs. Vance became the fifth National League pitcher and the seventh pitcher in MLB history to accomplish the nine-strike/three-strikeout half-inning. He finished the season with 262 strikeouts, more than any two National League pitchers combined (Burleigh Grimes with 135 and Dolf Luque with 86 were second and third respectively). That season, Vance had one out of every 13 strikeouts in the entire National League. Vance pitched a no-hitter in 1925.
Vance was involved in one of the most famous flubs in baseball history, the "three men on third" incident during the 1926 season. With Vance on second and Chick Fewster on first, Babe Herman hit a long ball and began racing around the bases. As Herman rounded second, the third base coach yelled at him to go back, since Fewster had not yet passed third. Vance, having rounded third, misunderstood and reversed course, returning to third. Fewster arrived at third. Herman ignored the instruction and also arrived at third. The third baseman tagged out Herman and Fewster; Vance was declared safe by rule.
Vance's play began to decline in the early 1930s and he bounced to the St. Louis Cardinals (becoming a member of the team known as the Gashouse Gang), Cincinnati Reds and back to the Dodgers. On September 12, 1934, Vance hit his seventh and final major league home run at 43 years and 6 months, the 2nd oldest pitcher to do so to this day. However just a week later, commenting for a newspaper article, Vance said that he did not recommend baseball as a career to young men. He pointed out that very few people could make a good living out of it, especially during a time when increasing major league salaries were attracting many college-educated men who would have previously chosen other work.
He retired after the 1935 season. Vance led the league in ERA three times, wins twice, and established a National League record by leading the league in strikeouts in seven consecutive years (1922–1928). He retired with a 197–140 record, 2045 strikeouts and a 3.24 ERA – remarkable numbers considering he only saw 33 innings of big league play during his twenties.
Vance enjoyed hunting and fishing when he retired to Homosassa Springs, Florida, where he had lived since the 1920s. In 1938, Vance became ill with pneumonia. The illness worsened and kept him hospitalized for several months. Vance recovered and became a frequent guest at Brooklyn old-timers games.
He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. He learned of his election when a highway patrolman got his attention on a local highway and told him that a photographer was at his house. A Dazzy Vance Day celebration was held in Brooklyn. Biographer John Skipper characterized his Hall of Fame induction as "subdued" compared to the celebration in Brooklyn.
Vance died of a heart attack in 1961 in Homosassa Springs. His obituary in The Sporting News said that he had been under a doctor's care but that he was active and thought to be in relatively good health when he died. His survivors included his wife Edyth and a daughter.
- Major League Baseball Triple Crown
- List of Major League Baseball annual ERA leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders
- List of Major League Baseball pitchers who have struck out three batters on nine pitches
- List of Major League Baseball career strikeout leaders
- Major League Baseball titles leaders
- List of Major League Baseball no-hitters
- "Dazzy Vance statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- "Dazzy Vance at the Baseball Hall of Fame". baseballhall.org. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Lieb, Fred (February 22, 1961). "Dazzy Vance, Hall of Fame pitching star, dies at 69". The Sporting News. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Faber, Charles. "The Baseball Biography Project: Dazzy Vance". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Hall Of Fame Choices". The Pittsburgh Press. January 27, 1955. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Hank DeBerry Wonders If We've Forgotten Dazzy". The Toledo News-Bee. March 6, 1934. p. 10. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Dazzy Vance Fans 15 Chicago Batters for Season's Record". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- Hinckley, David (March 28, 2003). "BASE LOADED Three Men on Third, 1926 chapter 29". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 2, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Reston, James (September 19, 1934). "Dazzler earned $200,000, but does not recommend baseball as a profession". The Day. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Skipper, p. 183.
- Skipper, p. 177.
- Skipper, p. 179.
- "Baseball Almanac". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
- Skipper, John (2007). Dazzy Vance: A Biography of the Brooklyn Dodger Hall of Famer. McFarland. ISBN 078648179X. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Dazzy Vance at the Baseball Hall of Fame
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Vance Was Violent Pitcher With Power, Speed To Burn, by Harry Grayson, May 26, 1943
- Dazzy Vance at Find a Grave
| Brooklyn Robins Opening Day
| National League Pitching Triple Crown
| No-hitter pitcher
September 13, 1925