Dawn (Iceland)

Dawn, officially Dawn – The Organization of Justice, Fairness and Democracy (Icelandic: Dögun – stjórnmálasamtök um réttlæti, sanngirni og lýðræði) is an Icelandic political organization founded 18 March 2012 to participate in the 2013 parliamentary elections. It was founded as a merger between three political parties: The Movement, Citizens' Movement, and the Liberal Party.[1] Its founders included two current MPs, Margrét Tryggvadóttir and Þór Saari, and two former members of the now defunct Icelandic Constitutional Assembly (Gísli Tryggvason and Lýður Árnason).[2][3] Lýður Árnason withdrew his membership of the party a year after it was founded.[4]


Board of directorsHelga Þórðardóttir
Þórður B. Sigurðsson
Gísli Tryggvason
Þórdís B. Sigurþórsdóttir
Sigurður Hr. Sigurðsson
Sigrún Ólafsdóttir
Longina Losiniecka
Founded18 March 2012
Merger of
Seats in Parliament
0 / 63
Election symbol

The movement derives its tradition from the protests during the financial crisis that started in 2008 ("Pots and Pans Revolution").[5]

As of 8 January 2013, the party claimed to have reached 2,275 party members (equal to 1% of the electorate).[6]

The party presented a deadline on 9 February 2013, for its party members to announce availability as potential candidates on the election list. Among those who in advance announced availability is Jón Jósef Bjarnason, a local councillor who had been elected for The Movement in the city Mosfellsbær. A special committee in the party was to convene and decide the order and listing of names for the party's candidate list.[7]

Political programEdit

The political program of the party was published as its general "core strategy" on 18 March 2012. It comprises the following six points:[8]

  • Introduction of strong measures to support households: Such as abolition of indexation of consumer loans (including mortgages) and generalized correction mortgage.
  • New constitution: The party strongly supports passing the new constitution formulated by the constitutional assembly appointed by parliament in 2011.[9]
  • Composition of natural resources and the Fisheries Management: Should be changed and reorganised. Exploitation of all natural resources and marine assets must be within sustainable limits, and the power company shall be public owned.
  • Morality and transparency in political, administrative and financial systems: Should be increased through enactment of new laws, which will set up new rules and procedures for code of conduct and surveillance mechanisms - along with an increase of the legal penalty for possible infringements.
  • Legal justice and definite settlement of the financial crisis: Establishment of a special prosecutor to judge and look into all cases related to the 2008–2011 Icelandic financial crisis, not only working with crime cases against business people, but also conducting a full public investigation of the roles played by the long-established political parties during the crisis. All Icelandic people should be allowed to refer a case to the special prosecutor, no matter his personal income or background.
  • Relationship with EU: Will support a democratic process with independent information and education provided for the Icelandic people, to make a well-informed decision at a referendum. If negotiations with EU can not be completed ahead of adoption of the recently planned new Icelandic constitution, and if the nation decides through a specific referendum to discontinue negotiations in accordance with article 66 of the new Constitutional Assembly bill, the party will then support such a conclusion. Article 66 in the newly proposed constitution declare, that a referendum shall be held within two years after a signed request (or bill proposal) on a subject with public interest has been submitted to Althingi by minimum 10% of the Icelandic electorate - in the event the Althingi can make a counter proposal. In this case th referendum shall take place with both proposals.[10] If the EU negotiations can be completed ahead of adoption of the newly proposed constitution, the party will support that Iceland continue to follow the path where negotiations with the European Union first shall be completed, and then with a referendum to be held with a vote on the negotiated result.

Electoral resultsEdit


Election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Position
2013   5,855   3.10
0 / 63
  0   7th
2016   3,275   1.73
0 / 63
  0   9th
2017   101   0.00
0 / 63
  0   11th

External linksEdit


  1. ^ "Her name shall be Dawn" (in Icelandic). Rúv.is. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Gisli and other Dawn people running for election" (in Icelandic). Dv.is. 29 November 2012. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  3. ^ "To be candidates for the Dawn" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Lýður Árnason stopped as a member" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 22 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  5. ^ "The Reykjavík Grapevine Election Guide 2013", The Reykjavík Grapevine (4), p. 16, 5 April 2013
  6. ^ "Must declare their official support for Dawn's policy" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Jon and John joined the Dawn" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Dawn's core strategy" (in Icelandic). Dögun. 18 March 2012. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  9. ^ The Reykjavík Grapevine Election Guide 2013 | Dawn Interviewed Archived 2013-05-25 at the Wayback Machine (in English), The Reykjavík Grapevine, April 5, 2013
  10. ^ "A Proposal for a new Constitution for the Republic of Iceland (English translation)" (PDF). Stjórnlagaráð (the Constitutional Council). 24 March 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.