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David Haines (aid worker)

  (Redirected from David Cawthorne Haines)

David Cawthorne Haines (9 May 1970 – c. 13 September 2014)[1][2] was a British aid worker who was captured by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in early 2013 and who was beheaded in early September 2014.[3]

David Haines
Born David Cawthorne Haines
(1970-05-09)9 May 1970
East Yorkshire, UK
Disappeared March 2013
Atme, Syria
Died c. 13 September 2014(2014-09-13) (aged 44)
Syrian desert
Cause of death Decapitation
Nationality British
Occupation Humanitarian aid worker

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Haines was born in East Yorkshire, moving to Perth, Scotland, as a child and prior to his capture resided in Sisak, Croatia,[4] as a father of two.[2][5][6] Haines had been an aircraft engineer in the Royal Air Force before turning to work in humanitarian aid in 1999.[7] He helped victims of conflict in the Former Yugoslavia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2012, he was an unarmed security worker for Nonviolent Peaceforce, a civilian peacekeeping group in South Sudan.[7][8]

KidnappingEdit

Haines was abducted in March 2013 by an unidentified armed gang while working in a Syrian internally displaced persons (IDP) camp run by the aid group Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED).[9] He was kidnapped near the Atmeh refugee camp near the Turkish border and the Syrian province of Idlib.[2] He was seized along with an Italian aid worker named Federico Motka.[2] Their Syrian translator and driver were not taken. The translator later said that insurgents shot out the tires and surrounded their vehicle on a country road.[4][10]

Haines' family were ordered by UK Foreign Office not to speak to anybody about the abduction,[11] an instruction that continued even after the abduction became public when Haines appeared in the purported Sotloff execution video that threatened Haines would be the next victim.[12][13] The UK Foreign Office had also requested the British media to not publish Haines' identity,[14] fearing for his safety.[15] When international press published his name after release of the video, UK media decided to also publish it, with The Independent stating that "no purpose is served by continuing to withhold his name".[16]

Rescue attemptEdit

After the surfacing of the Steven Sotloff execution video, UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond revealed that the aid worker was one of the intended targets of the American rescue mission.[17] The mission failed reportedly because the jihadist group had moved the hostages prior to the arrival of American commandos.[18] Few details about a second rescue attempt were revealed.[19]

Appearance in Steven Sotloff videoEdit

The abduction of the aid worker came to worldwide attention after being shown at the end of the Steven Sotloff execution video. The video was discovered on 2 September 2014 by SITE Intelligence Group, purportedly ahead of its intended release by Al-Furqan Media Productions.[12] The individual was shown with Jihadi John and was declared to be the next possible victim of the militant group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS). At the end of the Steven Sotloff beheading video, Jihadi John is shown holding a named British humanitarian aid worker by his orange jumpsuit saying "We take this opportunity to warn those governments that enter this evil alliance of America against ISIL to back off and leave our people alone."[13]

British responseEdit

The day after the Steven Sotloff execution video surfaced, British prime minister David Cameron told the House of Commons: "I am sure the whole House, and the whole country, will join with me in condemning the sickening and brutal murder of another American hostage, and share our shock and anger that it again appears to have been carried out by a British citizen. All our thoughts are with the British hostage and his family. Their ordeal is unimaginable."[20] He concluded: "A country like ours will not be cowed by these barbaric killers. If they think we will weaken in the face of their threats, they are wrong. It will have the opposite effect. We will be more forthright in the defence of the values, liberty under the rule of law, freedom, democracy that we hold dear."[2]

DeathEdit

A video of the lead up and aftermath of Haines' beheading, entitled "A Message to the Allies of America", was released by ISIL on 13 September 2014. The video, following a similar format to the ones for Foley and Sotloff, started with a clip of a press statement by Prime Minister Cameron followed by a title screen.[21] It then showed Haines delivering a prepared speech.[a] Next, the executioner makes a statement,[b] then puts his knife to Haines throat and makes cutting motions as the video fades to black.[21][22][23] In the final scene, the executioner is holding the orange jumpsuit of another person, named as British aid worker Alan Henning, saying "If you, Cameron, insist on fighting the Islamic State then you, like your master Obama, will have the blood of your people on your hands."[21]

On 22 October 2016, a memorial for David Haines was unveiled in a garden at Perth railway station.[24] It was dedicated by former colleagues at Abellio ScotRail.[24]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "David Haines – obituary". The Daily Telegraph. London. 14 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Robinson, Nick (3 September 2014). "British hostage: PM says UK will not be 'cowed' by threats". BBC News. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Dashiell Bennett; Polly Mosendz (14 September 2014). "New ISIS Video Reportedly Shows the Execution of British Hostage". The Wire. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Dearden, Lizzie (13 September 2014). "David Haines Isis kidnapping: Family of British hostage appeal to militants to respond to contact attempts". The Independent. London. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Holmes, Oliver (14 September 2014). "Islamic State video purports to show beheading of UK hostage David Haines". Reuters. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Gardner, Bill (4 September 2014). "Wife of British hostage David Haines says: 'He is everything to us'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Profile of British hostage David Haines". BBC. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "David Cawthorne Haines". Nonviolent Peaceforce. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Botelho, Greg (14 September 2014). "ISIS executes British aid worker David Haines; Cameron vows justice". CNN.com. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Lestch, Corinne (5 September 2014). "Translator recalls horrifying capture by ISIS of British hostage David Haines". New York Daily News. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  11. ^ Brown, David (5 September 2014). "Islamic State family told to keep captivity silent for 19 months". The Times. The Australian. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Inside the private intel group that scooped and 'embarrassed' ISIS" (video). MSNBC. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "IS Jihadi Group Beheads US journalist Steven Sotloff". CNN. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "'A fantastic man and father': British hostage's life threatened by ISIS". Russia Today. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "ISIS claims to execute aid worker in new video". CBS News. Associated Press. 13 September 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  16. ^ David Haines exclusive: Witness describes the moment Isis militants seized the British aid worker. The Independent 4 September 2014 [1]
  17. ^ Wagner, Meg (3 September 2014). "UK Prime Minister vows to fight ISIS as terrorists threaten to execute Briton: We won't 'be cowed by these barbaric killers'". New York Daily News. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  18. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Schmitt, Eric (20 August 2014). "In Raid to Save Foley and Other Hostages, U.S. Found None". New York Times. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  19. ^ Hanna, Jason (6 September 2014). "British hostage of ISIS was helping displaced Syrians, aid group says". CNN.com. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "PM's statement to Parliament on opposition to ISIL terrorism". gov.uk. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Haberman, Zach (13 September 2014). "David Haines video: Full transcript of ISIS footage that allegedly depicts beheading of British aid worker". New York Daily News. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  22. ^ Botelho, Greg; Pearson, Michael; Taylor, Phillip (13 September 2014). "ISIS executes British aid worker David Haines; Cameron vows justice". CNN.com. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  23. ^ Cobain, Ian (14 September 2014). "Isis hostage: Alan Henning described as 'a big man with a big heart'". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  24. ^ a b Burdge, Richard. "EXCLUSIVE: Perth memorial to murdered aid worker David Haines unveiled". TheCourier.co.uk. D. C. Thomson Publishing. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Haines: "My name is David Cawthorne Haines. I would like to declare that I hold you, David Cameron, entirely responsible for my execution. You entered voluntarily into a coalition with the United States against the Islamic State, just as your predecessor Tony Blair did, following a trend amongst our British prime ministers who can't find the courage to say no to the Americans. Unfortunately, it is we the British public that in the end will pay for the price for our parliament's selfish decisions."[21]
  2. ^ Executioner: "This British man has to pay the price for your promise, Cameron, to arm the Peshmerga against the Islamic State. Ironically, he has spent a decade of his life serving under the brutal air force that is responsible for delivering those arms. Your evil alliance with America, which continues to strike the Muslims of Iraq and most recently bombed the Haditha Dam, will only accelerate your destruction, and playing the role of the obedient lapdog, Cameron, will only drag you and your people into another bloody and unwinnable war."[21]