Steven Joel Sotloff (Hebrew: סטיבן סוטלוף; May 11, 1983 – c. September 2, 2014) was an American-Israeli journalist. In August 2013, he was kidnapped in Aleppo, Syria, and held captive by militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS).
|Born||Steven Joel Sotloff
May 11, 1983
Miami, Florida, U.S.
|Disappeared||August 4, 2013
|Died||c. September 2, 2014
|Cause of death||Decapitation|
|Alma mater||Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya|
On September 2, 2014, ISIL released a beheading video, showing one of its members beheading Sotloff. Following Sotloff's beheading, U.S. President Barack Obama stated that the United States will take action to "degrade and destroy" ISIS.
President Obama also signed an Executive Order dated June 24, 2015, in the presence of the Sotloff family and other hostage families, overhauling how the U.S. handles U.S. hostages held abroad by groups such as ISIS.
Sotloff's legacy is, in part, that he broke the Benghazi story to CNN that there was no protest, and that he foresaw the massive Syrian Refugee Crisis as he reported on the everyday people's suffering in Syria, thus earning him the reputation as "The Voice for the Voiceless."
Early life and educationEdit
Steven Sotloff was the son of Arthur and Shirley Sotloff of Pinecrest, Florida, a suburb of Miami, and a grandson of Holocaust survivors, who inspired him to be "a voice for the voiceless." He was the brother of Lauren Sotloff. He grew up in Pinecrest, Florida, graduated from Kimball Union Academy, a private boarding school in Meriden, New Hampshire, and later attended (but did not graduate from) the University of Central Florida with a major in journalism from 2002 to 2004. He transferred to the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya in Israel from 2005 to 2008, graduating cum laude with a major in government studies and counter-terrorism.
Steven emigrated to Israel after a Birthright trip inspired him to fall in love with the country, and held citizenship of both the United States and Israel, although his Jewish background and Israeli citizenship were not made public during his work in Muslim countries or during his captivity for fear that the information might endanger his release.
According to Al-Jazeera, Sotloff was in Qatar and wrote a letter of application dated May 29, 2010, to the Arabic for Non Native Speakers (ANNS) faculty at Qatar University. He later traveled around the region with a Yemeni mobile number. His career began during the Arab Spring. Sotloff had worked for the news magazine Time, as well as Christian Science Monitor, The National Interest, Media Line, World Affairs, and Foreign Policy, and had appeared on CNN and Fox News. His work took him to Syria a number of times, as well as Egypt, Turkey, Libya, and Bahrain.
Sotloff was the reporter that broke the Benghazi story, affirming to CNN that there was no protest that caused the killings and destruction, as U.S. media had initially reported. His greatly detailed story was hailed as "an excellent piece of journalism" by CNN's Suzanne Malveau.
In 2012 he reported in Time magazine about Al-Qaeda fighters and commanders from Libya flocking to Syria and shipping Libyan captured arms and ammunition on its way to join the fight to topple Bashar al-Assad's regime. He was also one of a team of reporters that returned to the compound in Benghazi where the US ambassador and three other Americans had been killed on the night of 9/11 that year. He interviewed Libyan security guards who were at the site during the attack. He named a Libyan militia operative, Ahmad Abu Khattallah, as the head of the group (Ansar al-Sharia) that attacked the US compound and as the man who himself masterminded and led the attack. He later reported on a tit for tat retaliation pattern following the US attacks on those that committed the attack on the ambassador's compound in Benghazi. A week before entering Libya, he had written from Turkey about the Alawites there and their support for Assad, while another article written on the same day told about Alawites inside Syria who were against Assad.
Sotloff's journalistic work in Syria interviewing the everyday people suffering, which led to the massive Syrian Refugee Crisis, is in large part what earned him the title of "The Voice for the Voiceless" by Time, TheTelegraph, and NBC News. He was described by those who knew him as a gentle man who "was driven to report on the humanitarian dimensions of the conflicts in the Middle East, humbly referring to himself as a "stand-up philosopher from Miami".
Janine Di Giovanni, the Middle East editor of Newsweek, told CNN, "He was concerned that he had been on some kind of a list, and this had been around the time that ISIS had been showing up and taking over checkpoints that had been manned before by the rebels. And he thought he had angered some of the rebels, he didn’t know which ones, by taking footage of a hospital in Aleppo that had been bombed, and he had been very concerned about this."
After his death, Felice Friedson, Sotloff's editor at The Media Line, called him "one of the most courageous, talented and insightful journalists that I have met".
Kidnapping and beheadingEdit
Sotloff was kidnapped along with his fixer and the fixer's brother and cousins on August 4, 2013, near Aleppo, after crossing the Syrian border from Turkey. The fixer and his family members were released 15 days later. He was held in Raqqa. Sotloff fasted secretly during the Jewish fast day of Yom Kippur in September 2013 during his captivity, by feigning illness.
His family kept the news secret, fearing harm to him if they went public. His family and government agencies were working privately to gain his release for a year.
Sotloff, his family, friends and previous employers such as The Jerusalem Post went to great lengths to keep his Jewish background and Israeli citizenship a secret from his ISIL captors after Sotloff was shown in the beheading video of James Foley. It is unknown if those attempts had any effect, since the information was online for the past duration of his captivity. Following Sotloff's death in October, ISIS published 11 rules that pertain to journalists "who wish to continue working in the governorate." The first rule says all journalists must swear their allegiance as subjects of the Islamic State.
On August 19, 2014, the terrorist organization The Islamic State (IS) released a video titled "A Message to America", showing the beheading of fellow journalist James Foley. At the end of the video, IS threatened President of the United States Barack Obama, telling him that "his next move" will decide the fate of Sotloff.
Shortly after the release of the video, a petition was started on WhiteHouse.gov, calling for President Obama to save Sotloff's life. The petition attracted thousands of signatures within days. On August 27, 2014, Sotloff's mother released a short video asking Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to release her son. Fellow journalists including Sotloff's friend Oren Kessler worked intensively for his release.
On September 2, 2014, the SITE Intelligence Group discovered the video of Sotloff's execution on what they called "a file-sharing site" and released it to their subscribers. The video, entitled "A Second Message to America", was discovered purportedly ahead of its intended release by Al-Furqan Media Productions. The video opens with a clip of an August 20 speech by US president Barack Obama[a] denouncing ISIL for the beheading of journalist James Foley followed by a title screen. The video then shows Sotloff, wearing an orange jumpsuit and a wireless microphone, being beheaded by a masked man, later discovered to be Mohammed Emwazi who was described by the media as "Jihadi John" and who was the same person that killed James Foley. Sotloff, kneeling and handcuffed, delivers a prepared statement.[b] In the video, the executioner says, "I'm back, Obama, and I'm back because of your arrogant foreign policy towards the Islamic State, because of your insistence on continuing your bombings and on Mosul Dam, despite our serious warnings. So just as your missiles continue to strike our people, our knife will continue to strike the necks of your people." Jeff Smith, Associate Director of the CU Denver National Center for Media Forensics said “What’s most interesting is that the actual beheading that takes place in the videos, both of them are staged.”
The next scene shows the same executioner holding another prisoner, British aid worker David Cawthorne Haines, saying "We take this opportunity to warn those governments that enter this evil alliance of America against the Islamic State to back off and leave our people alone."
After Sotloff's beheading, tributes flooded in to his family from all over the world, including from The Vatican and Pope Francis, Prime Minister of Israel's Benyamin Netanyahu, President Barack Obama, U.S. senators Bill Nelson and Marco Rubio and The Consul General of Israel to Florida and Puerto Rico. He was memorialized by the U.S. Congress in The Congressional Record. The Architect of the Capitol gave his family a flag that was flown over the U.S. Capitol. The New York times set up a Legacy Guest Book in Sotloff's honor that would remain open permanently. Grammy Award winner Dave Matthews and his Dave Matthews Band planted 120 trees in Israel in Sotloff's memory, and Matthews personally dedicated his song "Mercy" to Sotloff.
Sotloff won numerous awards and honors both during his life and posthumously:
- The ADL Daniel Pearl Award - given to journalists who have or had a commitment to build cultural bridges and promote understanding. The ADL Daniel Pearl Award recognizes those who, like Daniel Pearl, have attempted to understand developments on the ground and the perceptions of those who are living through the region's seismic changes. Despite the inherent risks of [his] chosen profession, [he] remained tirelessly committed to “finding the humanity behind the headlines” in Syria and Iraq.
- The Radio Television Digital News Foundation (RTDNF)'s Citation of Courage Award - given for the first time ever when presented to Steven Sotloff and James Foley, in recognition of distinguished service to journalism and the extraordinary courage to face danger in search of the truth... [making] the ultimate sacrifice in pursuit of free and unfettered journalism in the war-torn Syrian region.
- The American Society of Journalists and Authors (ASJA)'s Conscience in Media Award - for commitment to the highest principles of journalism at notable personable cost, "The Conscience in Media award recognizes journalists who knowingly have endured great personal costs while pursuing the highest tenets of their profession."
- The Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) Tribute - FDD’s scholars, one of whom was Steven, "believe that no one should be denied basic human rights including freedom of religion, speech and assembly; that no one should be discriminated against on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin; that free and democratic nations have a right to defend themselves and an obligation to defend one another; and that terrorism – unlawful and premeditated violence against civilians to instill fear and coerce governments or societies – is always wrong and should never be condoned."
- The Southeastern Association of Journalists's Turkey's Special Prize of the Jury - given for their traditional "Year's Successful Journalists."
- The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Florida Heroes Award - awarded by CNN's Larry King, given for Sotloff's "demonstration of tremendous courage, compassion, and determination in confronting hate and intolerance."
The Steven Sotloff Art Memorial, created by American artist Tracy Ellyn, first opened publicly just days after President Obama toasted to the memory of the slain journalist at the White House Correspondents Dinner of 2015, and just one day after Sotloff’s birthday. It currently overlooks the Atlantic Ocean at Greenspoon Marder Law Foundation in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, where viewers can face the Middle East in his memory, as his remains were never returned. Another original of the same memorial is placed at Temple Beth Am in Miami, Florida, where he and his family were and continue to be members.
The memorial, filled with metaphor and symbolism, contains in its layers some excerpts from the letter that Sotloff smuggled out to his family while held in captivity, when he realized he may not make it out alive. Some of those words are: "Do what makes you happy. Be where you are happy. Love and respect each other. Don't fight over nonsense. Hug each other every day. Eat dinner together. Live your life to the fullest and pray to be happy. Stay positive and patient. Everyone has two lives; the 2nd one begins when you realize you have only one." 
Another memorial, the Steven Sotloff Memorial Garden, spearheaded by Mayor Cindy Lerner of Pinecrest, Florida, is a public place of reflection where Sotloff's family and the public can go and pay their respects to their son. They chose the site in the village of Pinecrest because they had taken Steven to the site as a child when it was Parrot Jungle. The Miami Foundation and Home Depot were involved in its creation.
After Sotloff's passing, the Steven Joel Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation was created. It is named after his most compelling line in the letter he smuggled out to his family during captivity, "Everyone has two lives; the 2nd one begins when you realize you have only one."  Its vision is to equip journalists with the knowledge and tools they need to tell the important stories of the world in the safest possible way, honoring freedom of speech and freedom of the press, ending impunity, and bringing them home safely under all circumstances.
The 2LIVES Foundation has thus far signed on with United Nations/UNESCO, Columbia University School of Journalism, Reuters, Associated Press and others who spearheaded the first ever Global Safety Principles and Practices for journalists in New York on September 30, 2015. The final draft was signed at UNESCO Paris headquarters on February 5, 2016. The group announced unprecedented initiatives to share security information, provide subsidized safety training to freelancers, end impunity, and more. Other media organizations that signed on include CNN, ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, and finally 300+ more.
The foundation also worked tirelessly with the U.S. government and senior officials in Washington, D.C. to push for changes to its hostage laws. On June 24, 2015, President Obama signed an Executive Order, in the presence of the Sotloffs and other hostage families, for a broad overhaul regarding how it handles U.S. hostages held abroad by groups such as ISIS.
The foundation provides both endowed and individual scholarships for journalism students around the world who have the passion and desire to pursue a career in journalism. To date, scholarships have already been set up in Steven's name at Kimball Union Academy in New Hampshire, University of Central Florida, .and University of Miami
The 2LIVES Foundation has partnered with The Media Line, creating its new Press-and-Policy Student Program, to build a scholarship fund that will allow outstanding journalism students from universities around the world to learn and develop their skills, in Steven's name, through on-going participation with a working newsroom and veteran journalists stationed in the region of the world that captivates the interest of news readers worldwide as it did Steven Sotloff.
On April 20, 2016, it was announced that the family of Steven Sotloff were seeking $90 million in damages from Syria in U.S court. The family claims the Assad government provided support for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant which was responsible for his murder .
- 2014 American-led intervention in Iraq
- ISIL beheading incidents
- Beheading in Islamism
- David Cawthorne Haines
- Foreign hostages in Iraq
- James Foley (journalist)
- Nick Berg
- Kenneth Bigley
- John Cantlie
- Austin Tice
- Daniel Pearl
- The Beatles, terrorist cell of the Islamic State that guarded and beheaded Sotloff
- Mohammed Emwazi (nicknamed "Jihadi John" by the press), Kuwaiti-British terrorist who beheaded Sotloff
- Barack Obama: "The United States of America will continue to do what we must do to protect our people. We will be vigilant and we will be relentless. When people harm Americans anywhere, we do what's necessary to see that justice is done and we act against ISIL, standing alongside others."
- Sotloff: "I am Steven Joel Sotloff. I'm sure you know exactly who I am by now and why I am appearing before you. And now this time for my message: Obama, your foreign policy of intervention in Iraq was supposed to be for the preservation of American lives and interests, so why is it that I am paying the price of your interference with my life? Am I not an American citizen? You've spent billions of U.S. tax payers' dollars and we've lost thousands of our troops in our previous fighting against the Islamic State, so where is the people's interest in reigniting this war? From what little I know about foreign policy, I remember a time you could not win an election without promising to bring our troops back home from Iraq and Afghanistan and to close down Guantanamo. Here you are now, Obama, nearing the end of your term, and having achieving none of the above, and deceivingly marching us the American people in the blazing fire."
- Cavan Sieczkowski (September 2, 2014). "For Steven Sotloff, Covering The Middle East Was More Than A Job". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Paul Farrell (August 19, 2014). "Steven Sotloff: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". heavy.com. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Paul Hirschson (September 3, 2014). "Steven Sotloff, Journalist Beheaded by ISIS, Was Also Israeli Citizen". NBC News. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Jack Phillips (August 19, 2014). "Steven Sotloff: Missing TIME Journalist Steven Joel Sotloff Threatened by ISIS in Beheading Video, Report Says (Photos, Video)". The Epoch Times. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Raf Sanchez (September 2, 2014). "Steven Sotloff 'beheaded by Islamic State' – latest". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- "After James Foley, ISIS beheads another US journalist Steven Sotloff". The Times of India. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Obama says beheading videos won't intimidate US". The Times of India. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- "Statement by the President on the U.S. Government's Hostage Policy Review". 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Obama Announces Change in Hostage Policy". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- CNN, Jeremy Diamond and Sunlen Serfaty. "White House says more than 30 Americans held hostage". CNN. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (2015-06-23). "Obama Ordering Changes in U.S. Hostage Policies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- The White House (2015-06-24), The President Announces the Completion of the U.S. Hostage Policy Review, retrieved 2016-07-23
- Callimachi, Rukmini (2014-10-25). "ISIS Hostages Endured Torture and Dashed Hopes, Freed Cellmates Say". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Tracy Ellyn (2015-12-16), Steven Sotloff Reporting on Benghazi for CNN, retrieved 2016-07-23
- 2012: Steven Sotloff discusses Benghazi - CNN Video, retrieved 2016-07-23
- Baker, Aryn. "Murdered Journalist Sought to Give Voice to the Voiceless". TIME.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff Gave Voice to Voiceless, Family Says - NBC News". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff family pays tribute to journalist who gave 'voice to the voiceless'". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "The Life and Light of Steven Sotloff". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Rosa Prince (August 20, 2014). "Steven Sotloff: the American journalist whose life fanatics say is in Obama's hands". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Rukmini Callimachi (August 27, 2014). "American Hostage’s Mother Issues Appeal to ISIS Leader: Plea to Islamic State for Release of Steven Sotloff". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
- Neighborhood Reacts To Apparent Murder Of Local Journalist Steven Sotloff CBS September 2, 2014 11:59 PM
- "Steven Sotloff, killed by Islamic State, had deep roots in Israel". Times of Israel. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Milberg, Glenna (September 2, 2014). "Video purports to show beheading of Pinecrest journalist Steven Sotloff". WPLG – Miami. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Campo-Flores, Arian (August 21, 2014). "Video Reveals Threat to Another American Reporter". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Islamists threaten to behead journalist Steven Sotloff, former UCF student OrlandoSentinel August 19, 2014, By David Harris, Orlando Sentinel
- David Harris (August 20, 2014). "UCF VP: Steven Sotloff in 'unspeakably terrible circumstance'". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Beheaded journalist Sotloff had kept his Jewish roots hidden Wednesday, September 3, 2014 at 8:58 PM
- "Beheaded journalist Steven Sotloff held Israeli citizenship". JTA. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "newsDetails". portal.idc.ac.il. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "'Steven Sotloff Immediately Fell in Love with Israel'". www.israelnationalnews.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Murdered US Journalist Was Actually Israeli". www.israelnationalnews.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Sotloff on his attraction to the Arab world Al Jazeera, September 3, 2014
- "Islamic State video purports to show beheading of American-Jewish journalist Steven Sotloff". Haaretz. Reuters. September 2, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Dustin Volz (September 2, 2014). "ISIS Can't Silence Steven Sotloff. Here Are His Stories". National Journal. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Editors. "Steven Sotloff". World Affairs.
- Dan Lamothe (August 20, 2014). "Steven Sotloff, journalist held captive by the Islamic State, went missing in Syria". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Steven Sotloff’s Reporting for TIME (Time magazine website, September 3, 2014
- Libya's flawed attempt to soak up a flood of weaponry September 30, 2012 (Time website)
- The other 9/11: Libyan guards recount what happened in Benghazi (Time magazine website)
- Steven Sotloff – noted heartfelt war reporting (ABC News website) and image showing Sotloff with the Fox News team during the interview.
- The Benghazi attack's person of continuing interest November 23, 2012 (Time website)
- Time Magazines full list of Sotloff's articles, time.com; accessed October 24, 2014.
- Omer Benjakob (September 3, 2014). "'Steven Sotloff was courageous journalist, warned of jihadi threat'". Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Yaakov, Yifa (September 17, 2014). "Sotloff’s fixer recounts abduction by Islamic State". Times Times of Israel. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Martinez, Michael; Tuysuz, Gul; Penhaul, Karl (September 16, 2014). "Fixer recounts how ISIS abducted him and Steven Sotloff". CNN. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Milne, Andy; Zennie, Michael (September 2, 2014). "Heroic Steven Sotloff feigned illness so he could still fast for Yom Kippur while he hid his Jewish faith and Israeli citizenship from ISIS captors". London: Daily Mail. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Chelsea J. Carter (September 2, 2014). "ISIS video shows beheading of American journalist Steven Sotloff". CNN. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Gordon Rayner (August 4, 2014). "Steven Sotloff hid Jewish faith and Israeli citizenship from Isil kidnappers". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Daniel Estrin (September 9, 2014). "Steven Sotloff: The race to conceal his Jewish identity from IS". BBC. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- "Syria News – Syria Deeply, Covering the Crisis". syriadeeply.org.
- "ISIS claims to have beheaded U.S. journalist". CBS News. August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Lucas, Ryan; Jakes, Lara (August 20, 2014). "ISIS threatens to kill 2nd American.". Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Carter, Chelsea J.; Smith-Spark, Laura (August 20, 2014). "U.S defies ISIS threats.". CNN. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Gladstone, Rick; Sinha, Shreeya (August 22, 2014). "Steven Sotloff, Journalist Held by ISIS, Was Undeterred by Risks of Job". New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Second US journalist held by ISIS at risk of being executed". Miami News.Net. August 23, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Kamin, Deborah (3 September 2014). "Steven Sotloff, killed by Islamic State, had deep roots in Israel". Times of Israel. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Zavis, Alexandra (5 September 2014). "Friends, supporters worked to keep Steven Sotloff's Israel ties secret". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Zezima, katie (3 September 2014). "Obama to Islamic State: 'We will not be intimidated'". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Emma Margolin and David Taintor (September 2, 2014). "ISIS video appears to show execution of U.S. journalist Steven Sotloff". MSNBC.
- Rick Gladstone (September 2, 2014). "Video Claims to Show Beheading of U.S. Reporter Steven Sotloff by ISIS". The New York Times.
- Sanchez, Raf (September 2, 2014). "Jihadists appear caught offguard by release of Steven Sotloff video". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Inside the private intel group that scooped and ‘embarrassed’ ISIS" (video). MSNBC. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Zezima, Katie (August 20, 2014). "Obama denounces killing of journalist James Foley". The Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
- Paul Lewis (September 2, 2014). "Isis video purports to show execution of US journalist Steven Sotloff". The Guardian. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Bert Brussen and Bas Paternotte (September 2, 2014). "Video: IS onthoofdt Amerikaanse journalist Steven Sotloff". The Post Online (in Dutch). Includes the video as released by SITE.
- "IS jihadi group beheads US journalist Steven Sotloff". CNN. September 2, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Media forensics experts analyzing ISIS video, denver.cbslocal.com; accessed October 24, 2014.
- "A Second Message to America". Al-Furqan Media Productions.
- "Pope sends condolences to family of Steven Sotloff". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Francis sends letter of condolence to family of Steven Sotloff – CatholicHerald.co.uk". www.catholicherald.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation". Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Congressional Record". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Congressional Record". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff Guest Book on Legacy.com". Legacy.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Copperpot Landfill (2015-08-02), Dave Matthews dedicates "Mercy" to Steven Sotloff on 8/1/15 in WPB, retrieved 2016-07-23
- "Dave Matthews Dedicates Song to Steven Sotloff". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Slain Journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff Honored With Prestigious ADL Daniel Pearl Award". ADL. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff and James Foley Honored With Daniel Pearl Award". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "RTDNA - Radio Television Digital News Association". www.rtdna.org. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "RTDNF to honor Foley, Sotloff". www.rtdna.org. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Journalist, Larry Atkins; Lawyer; Professor (2015-08-25). "Honoring Three Courageous Journalists -- James Foley, Steven Sotloff and Austin Tice". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "2015-09-08: James Foley, Steven Sotloff, Austin Tice Named ASJA's Conscience In Media Award Recipients". asja.org. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- http://hambodevelopment.com, Hambo Development -. "Panel 4 | Foundation for Defense of Democracies". www.defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved 2016-07-23. horizontal tab character in
|title=at position 12 (help)
- "Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation". Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "ADL Florida Honors Heroes At Inaugural Miami In Concert Against Hate". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "ADL Miami In Concert Against Hate 3/5/16". The Soul Of Miami. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- jewishartsalon (2015-04-30). "Steven Sotloff Memorial by Tracy Ellyn". Jewish Art Salon. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Remarks By The President At White House Correspondents' Association Dinner". 2015-04-26. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Video: President Obama’s Full Speech at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Spirit of Steven Sotloff, beheaded by ISIS, lives on in South Florida art". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Sun-Sentinel, South Florida. "Slain Jewish journalist immortalized in painting". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- Suarez, Carlos (2015-05-13). "Steven Sotloff memorial painting unveiled at law firm". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Executed journalist Sotloff’s smuggled letters read at funeral". Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- CNN, By Michael Martinez, Chelsea J. Carter and John Couwels. "Steven Sotloff remembered at Florida service - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "Steven Sotloff Memorial Garden is unveiled in Pinecrest". miamiherald. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- CNN, By Michael Martinez, Chelsea J. Carter and John Couwels. "Steven Sotloff remembered at Florida service - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation". Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "A Call for Global Safety Principles and Practices". 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Global news organizations urge safety practices for freelancers as deadly dangers increase". www.ap.org. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- Tracy Ellyn (2016-03-08), Steven Sotloff Memorial 2LIVES Foundation Attends United Nations/UNESCO Paris for Journalist Safety, retrieved 2016-07-24
- "Statement by the President on the U.S. Government's Hostage Policy Review". 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- Weaver, Dustin (2015-06-24). "Obama orders shift in hostage policy". Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- Lord Rothchild (2015-06-24), President Obama Announces Executive Order Changing U.S. Hostage Policy, retrieved 2016-07-24
- "UCF Foundation Inc.". www.ucffoundation.org. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Steven J. Sotloff Fund to Inspire Journalism and Global Scholarship Established". 2014-09-10. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Press and Policy Student Program - The Media Line". The Media Line. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- "Family of journalist Steven Sotloff sues Syria in US court over Isis beheading". The Guardian. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016.