Darton is a large village in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley (part of South Yorkshire), on the border with West Yorkshire, England. At the time of the 2001 UK census, it had a population of 14,927, increasing to 21,345 for both Darton Wards (East & West) at the 2011 Census.
Darton Church, built in 1150 AD
|Population||21,345 (Wards. Darton East + Darton West. 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Formerly part of the now defunct Barnsley West and Penistone borough constituency, following the Boundary Commission for England's report on South Yorkshire's Parliamentary constituencies in 2004 and an inquiry in 2005, it is now part of the Barnsley Central borough constituency.
Darton lies on the River Dearne, directly to the east of Kexbrough, and is situated about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Mapplewell, 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Barnsley, 9 miles (14 km) south-west of Wakefield, 14 miles (23 km) south-east of Huddersfield, 19 miles (31 km) south of Leeds, and 21 miles (34 km) north of Sheffield. It is served by the A637 road and is bisected by the M1 motorway (junction 38 being a mile to the north). Its location is approximately , at an elevation of around 260 feet (79 m) above mean sea level.
The name Darton is believed to be an amalgamation of "Dearne" and the Anglo-Saxon word "ton" (meaning 'town'). Hence, in ancient times it was known as 'the town on the Dearne'. However, other sources dispute this explanation and claim that the name originates from a description given to a deer enclosure or something similar. In 1086 the hamlet of Dertone was in the wapentake of Staincross.
The hamlet grew to become a village so the Parish of Darton was founded in 1150, when the first church was built. As elsewhere in England, an official register of baptisms, deaths and marriages did not begin until later, in 1539. The parish was historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire and became a part of the former county of South Yorkshire upon its creation in 1974.
Darton has its own railway station on Northern's Hallam Line which links train journeys between Sheffield and Leeds. The railway station is in South Yorkshire but West Yorkshire Metro tickets are also valid to and from this station. The reason for this is because the West-South Yorkshire boundary ran between the village and its main source of employment, Woolley Colliery.
On 15 June 2007, Darton hit the national headlines after 48 hours of torrential rain caused the River Dearne to burst its banks leading to heavy flooding in the village. The main road through the village was rendered impassable and many homes and businesses were damaged, including the village post office, which re-opened in June 2008. Further flooding occurred in January 2008, although the damage and disruption caused this time was not as bad as the previous year's.
Darton has its own primary school and a secondary school called Darton College actually in Kexborough which opened in 2011. The new building (and rebranded school) replaced Darton High School -previously Darton Hall Senior School - that had been on the site since 1957.
- Darton cricket club plays in the Pontefract and District Cricket League.
- North Gawber Colliery F.C. are based in the village and play in the Sheffield and Hallamshire County Senior League Premier Division.
- David Booth, manager of Laos national football team, was raised in Darton.
- Thomas Brackin, English first-class cricketer, lived here until his death in 1924.
- Ian Butler, English professional footballer was born here.
- Michael Clapham, Labour Party politician, was born in Darton.
- Jack Grainger, English professional footballer, was born here.
- Alan Ogley, professional goalkeeper was born here.
- Alban Turner, English first-class cricketer, was born here
- Anna Cotton, nonconformist ironmaster family head, was buried here in 1721`
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 8 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 26 August 2009
- "Population of Darton East Ward Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- "Population of Darton West ward Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- http://opendomesday.org/place/SE3109/darton/ Open Domesday Online: Darton
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1286515)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Lamond, Jessica (2012). "4". Flood hazards: Impacts and responses for the built environment. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4398-2626-3.
- "Worst deluge in decades". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 27 August 2007.
- "Darton Floods - 25th June 2007". Youtube.com. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "£1billion of new schools open to pupils in Barnsley". The Star. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Awty, B. (23 September 2004). Cotton family (per. c. 1650–1802), ironmasters. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 28 December 2017, see link