Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail.
1 April 2016 – 31 March 2025
|Main Region(s)||North West|
Yorkshire and the Humber
|Other Region(s)||East Midlands|
|Fleet size||382 units[nb 1]|
|Stations called at||528|
|Parent company||Arriva UK Trains|
In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio, Arriva and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise. The franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015.
In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which 'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'
May 2018 timetable recastEdit
The franchise was widely criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018. In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 - it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change.
Punctuality was particularly bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services through the Ordsall Chord. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November - Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. Consequently, an alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect. Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM - measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time - of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009.
Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 - this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. To counter continuing poor performance and encourage improved punctuality, the window for which passengers can claim compensation for delayed services will be reduced from 30 minutes to 15 minutes for the Northern franchise from December 2018.
Since the franchise commenced in April 2016, Northern has achieved no growth in passenger numbers. Between April and June 2018, the franchise suffered a 2.4% decline in passenger numbers compared with the previous year. Of the twenty two train operating companies in the United Kingdom to record a fall in passengers, Northern were one of only three franchises to record an annual drop in passenger numbers in 2017-18. By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall which was due to be passed onto the franchise.
Northern took over all the services operated by Northern Rail (also branded Northern) on 1 April 2016 and on the same date, services between Manchester Airport and Blackpool North, Manchester Airport and Barrow in Furness and Oxenholme to Windermere from First TransPennine Express.
Northern took over responsibility for all the stations managed by Northern Rail, as well as Arnside, Barrow-in-Furness, Birchwood, Burneside, Carnforth, Grange-over-Sands, Kendal, Staveley, Ulverston, Warrington Central and Windermere from First TransPennine Express. Northern will staff some currently unstaffed stations. The first stations to be staffed will be Baildon and Ben Rhydding, both in West Yorkshire.
Northern has committed to introducing free Wi-Fi on trains, and new ticketing options including the ability for customers to print their own tickets. Arriva will provide new services across the North of England.
The Cleethorpes to Barton-on-Humber service was due to transfer to East Midlands Trains in October 2017, when its franchise was expected to expire. The transfer would have included Barrow Haven, Barton upon Humber, Goxhill, Great Coates, Grimsby Docks, Habrough, Healing, New Clee, New Holland, Stallingborough, Thornton Abbey and Ulceby stations. As of November 2018, this has still not taken place but is expected when the East Midlands franchise ends in August 2019.[needs update]
On 1 July 2016, the business was divided into four regions, each headed up by a regional director:
- Central – regional director based in Manchester
- East – regional director based in Leeds
- North East – regional director based in Newcastle upon Tyne
- West – regional director based in Preston
By December 2019, Northern plans to operate a network of twelve Northern Connect inter-urban express services – a franchise requirement. Most of these will be operated by brand-new Class 195 Civity diesel multiple units and Class 331 Civity electric multiple units, whilst the Middlesbrough to Carlisle via Newcastle route will be operated by refurbished Class 158 units. Electrification of the line between Oxenholme and Windermere was cancelled by the Government in 2017, so the Manchester Airport to Windermere route will be operated initially by Class 769 Flex trains instead, with Class 195 Civity trains taking over by the end of 2019.
Places that will be served by Northern Connect routes include Bradford, Chester, Halifax, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Nottingham, Newcastle, Preston, Sheffield, Barnsley, Lincoln, Wakefield, Wigan and York.
Northern Connect planned future routes and future rolling stock
Table of off-peak servicesEdit
Below is a list of off-peak services, per the 20 May - 8 December 2018 timetables. It has been slightly simplified due to some routes' irregular service pattern. Several routes which Northern run only have limited or peak service and are omitted.
|Liverpool to Wigan and Blackpool|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Wigan North Western||2||Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Prescot, Eccleston Park, Thatto Heath, St Helens Central, Garswood and Bryn|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Blackpool North||1||Huyton, St Helens Central, Wigan North Western, Euxton, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham & Wesham, Poulton-le-Fylde|
|Liverpool to Warrington and Manchester|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Airport||1||Liverpool South Parkway, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly and Mauldeth Road|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Oxford Road||1||Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hough Green, Widnes, Warrington Central, Padgate, Birchwood, Glazebrook, Irlam, Flixton, Chassen Road (1tp2h), Urmston and Deansgate|
|1||Edge Hill, Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hunts Cross, Halewood, Hough Green, Widnes, Sankey for Penketh, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Irlam, Urmston, Humphrey Park (1tp2h), Trafford Park (1tp2h) and Deansgate|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Warrington Bank Quay||1||Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction and Earlestown|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Crewe||1||Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Patricroft, Eccles, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road, Burnage, East Didsbury, Gatley, Heald Green, Manchester Airport, Styal, Wilmslow, Alderley Edge, Holmes Chapel and Sandbach|
|Manchester to Stoke-on-Trent and Crewe|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Crewe||1||Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Cheadle Hulme, Handforth, Wilmslow, Alderley Edge, Chelford, Goostrey, Holmes Chapel and Sandbach|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Stoke-on-Trent||1||Stockport, Cheadle Hulme, Bramhall, Poynton, Adlington, Prestbury, Macclesfield, Congleton and Kidsgrove|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Chester||1||Stockport, Navigation Road, Altrincham, Hale, Ashley, Mobberley, Knutsford, Plumley, Lostock Gralam, Northwich, Greenbank, Cuddington, Delamere and Mouldsworth|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Buxton||1||Stockport, Davenport, Woodsmoor, Hazel Grove, Disley, New Mills Newtown, Whaley Bridge and Chapel-en-le-Frith|
|1||Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Davenport, Woodsmoor, Hazel Grove, Middlewood (1tp2h), Disley, New Mills Newtown, Furness Vale, Whaley Bridge, Chapel-en-le-Frith and Dove Holes|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Hazel Grove||1||Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Davenport and Woodsmoor|
|Glossop and Hope Valley Lines|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Hadfield||2||Ashburys, Guide Bridge, Flowery Field, Newton for Hyde, Godley, Hattersley, Broadbottom, Dinting and Glossop|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Rose Hill Marple||2||Gorton, Fairfield (1tph), Guide Bridge, Hyde North (1tph), Hyde Central, Woodley and Romiley|
|Manchester Piccadilly to New Mills Central||1||Ashburys, Belle Vue (irregular), Ryder Brow, Reddish North, Brinnington, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple and Strines (1tp2h)|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Sheffield||1||Reddish North, Brinnington, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple, New Mills Central, Chinley, Edale, Hope, Bamford, Hathersage, Grindleford and Dore & Totley|
|Manchester to Wigan and Preston|
|Manchester Airport to Preston||1||Heald Green, Gatley, Burnage, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Deansgate, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Horwich Parkway, Chorley and Buckshaw Parkway|
some trains extend to/from Barrow-in-Furness, see below
|Manchester Piccadilly to Blackpool North||1||Manchester Oxford Road, Deansgate, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock, Horwich Parkway, Chorley, Buckshaw Parkway, Leyland, Preston and Poulton-le-Fylde|
|Manchester Victoria to Buckshaw Parkway||1||Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock, Horwich Parkway, Blackrod, Adlington and Chorley|
|Manchester Airport to Blackpool North||1||Heald Green, East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Wigan North Western, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham & Wesham, Poulton-le-Flyde and Layton|
|Alderley Edge to Wigan North Western||1||Wilmslow, Handforth, Cheadle Hulme, Stockport, Heaton Chapel, Levenshulme, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Westhoughton and Hindley.|
|Stalybridge to Wigan North Western||1||Ashton-under-Lyne, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Kearsley, Farnworth, Moses Gate, Bolton, Westhoughton and Hindley|
|Stalybridge to Manchester Victoria||1||Ashton-under-Lyne|
|Manchester Victoria to Kirkby||1||Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Swinton, Moorside, Walkden, Atherton, Hag Fold, Daisy Hill, Hindley, Wigan Wallgate, Pemberton, Orrell, Upholland and Rainford|
|Manchester to Blackburn|
|Rochdale to Blackburn (and Clitheroe)||2||Castleton, Mills Hill, Moston, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Hall I' Th' Wood, Bromley Cross, Entwistle and Darwen|
1tph extends to/from Clitheroe, calling at Ramsgreave & Wilpshire, Langho and Whalley
|Blackburn to Southport||1||Accrington, Rose Grove, Burnley Manchester Road, Todmorden, Littleborough, Smithy Bridge, Rochdale, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Swinton, Walkden, Atherton, Daisy Hill, Hindley, Wigan Wallgate, Gathurst, Appley Bridge, Parbold, Hoscar (irregular), Burscough Bridge, New Lane (irregular), Bescar Lane (irregular) and Meols Cop|
|Leeds to Southport||1||Cottingley, Morley, Dewsbury, Mirfield, Brighouse, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden, Walsden, Littleborough, Smithy Bridge, Rochdale, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Walkden, Atherton, Daisy Hill, Wigan Wallgate, Gathurst, Appley Bridge, Parbold, Burscough Bridge and Meols Cop|
|Wakefield Kirkgate to Huddersfield||1||Mirfield, Deighton|
|Leeds to Preston||1||New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Burnley Manchester Road, Accrington and Blackburn|
|Leeds to Manchester Victoria||2||Bramley, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden, Rochdale, Castleton (1tph), Mills Hill (1tph) and Moston (1tph)|
|Leeds to Huddersfield||1||Bramley, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Low Moor, Halifax and Brighouse|
|Leeds to Bradford Forster Square||2||Kirkstall Forge, Apperley Bridge, Shipley and Frizinghall|
|Leeds to Ilkley||2||Guiseley, Menston, Burley-in-Wharfedale and Ben Rhydding|
|Bradford Forster Square to Ilkley||2||Frizinghall, Shipley, Baildon, Guiseley, Menston, Burley-in-Wharfdale and Ben Rhydding|
|Leeds to Skipton||2||Kirkstall Forge (limited), Apperley Bridge (limited), Shipley, Saltaire, Bingley, Crossflatts, Keighley, Steeton & Silsden, Cononley|
|Bradford Forster Square to Skipton||2||Frizinghall, Shipley, Saltaire, Bingley, Crossflats, Keighley, Steeton & Silsden and Cononley|
|'Little' North Western|
|Leeds to Lancaster||0.5||Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave, Hellifield, Long Preston, Giggleswick, Clapham, Bentham, Wennington and Carnforth|
some trains continue to Bare Lane and Morecambe, providing additional service
|Lancaster to Morecambe||1||Bare Lane. 1 train per day extends to/from Heysham Port.|
Hourly service supplimented/modified by additional trains from Leeds.
|Leeds to Carlisle||0.5||Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave (irregular), Hellifield, Long Preston (irregular), Settle, Horton in Ribblesdale, Ribblehead, Dent, Garsdale, Kirkby Stephen, Appleby, Langwathby, Lazonby & Kirkoswald and Armathwaite|
|Leeds to Knaresborough (and York)||2||Burley Park, Headingley, Horsforth, Weeton, Pannal, Hornbeam Park, Harrogate and Starbeck.|
1tph extends to/from York, calling at Cattal, Hammerton and Poppleton
|Leeds to Knottingley||1||Woodlesford, Castleford, Glasshoughton and Pontefract Monkhill. 3tpd are extended to and from Goole calling at Whitley Bridge, Hensall, Snaith and Rawcliffe.|
|1||Wakefield Westgate, Wakefield Kirkgate, Streethouse, Featherstone, Pontefract Tanshelf and Pontefract Monkhill|
|Leeds to Doncaster||1||Outwood, Wakefield Westgate, Sandal & Agbrigg, Fitzwilliam, South Elmsall, Adwick and Bentley|
|Leeds to Sheffield||1||Outwood, Wakefield Westgate, Sandal & Agbrigg, Fitzwilliam, Moorthorpe, Thurnscoe, Goldthorpe, Bolton-upon-Dearne, Swinton, Rotherham Central and Meadowhall|
|Huddersfield to Sheffield||1||Lockwood, Berry Brow, Honley, Brockholes, Stocksmoor, Shepley, Denby Dale, Penistone, Silkstone Common, Dodworth, Barnsley, Wombwell, Elsecar, Chapeltown and Meadowhall, several services extended to Lincoln Central (3 trains per day) via Worksop (on Sundays several services are extended to Lincoln)|
|Leeds to Sheffield||1||Woodlesford, Castleford, Normanton, Wakefield Kirkgate, Darton, Barnsley, Wombwell, Elsecar, Chapletown and Meadowhall.|
|Leeds to Nottingham||1||Wakefield Kirkgate, Barnsley, Meadowhall, Sheffield, Dronfield, Chesterfield, Alfreton, Langley Mill and Ilkeston.|
|Leeds to Lincoln Central||1||Wakefield Kirkgate, Barnsley, Meadowhall, Sheffield, Darnall, Woodhouse, Kiveton Bridge, Kiveton Park, Shireoaks, Worksop, Retford, Gainsborough Lea Road and Saxilby|
|York and Selby Lines and Dearne Valley Line.|
|Leeds to York||1||Cross Gates, Garforth, East Garforth, Micklefield, Church Fenton and Ulleskelf (irregular).|
|Leeds to Selby||1||Cross Gates, Garforth, East Garforth, Micklefield and South Milford|
|York to Hull||0.5||Ulleskelf (irregular), Church Fenton, Sherburn-in-Elmet, Selby, Howden, Gilberdyke and Brough|
|0.5||Selby, Howden, Gilberdyke and Brough|
|York to Shefffiled via Pontefract Baghill||-||Ulleskelf, Church Fenton, Sherburn-in-Elmet, Pontefract Baghill, Moorthorpe, Swinton, Rotherham Central and Meadowhall.|
Limited service, only 4tpd.
|Sheffield to Humberside|
|Sheffield to Adwick||1||Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Mexborough, Conisbrough, Doncaster, Bentley|
|Sheffield to Hull||1||Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Mexborough, Conisbrough, Doncaster, Kirk Sandall, Hatfield & Stainforth, Thorne North, Goole, Saltmarshe (irregular), Gilberdyke, Broomfleet (irregular), Brough, Ferriby and Hessle|
|Sheffield to Bridlington||1||Meadowhall, Doncaster, Goole, Brough, Hull, Cottingham, Beverley, Arram (limited), Hutton Cranswick, Driffield and Nafferton|
|Hull to Bridlington (and Scarborough)||1||Cottingham, Beverley, Hutton Cranswick (irregular) and Driffield|
1tp2h extends to Scarborough, calling at Bempton, Hunmanby, Filey and Seamer
|Doncaster to Scunthorpe||1||Kirk Sandall, Hatfield & Stainforth, Thorne South, Crowle and Althorpe|
|Barton-on-Humber to Cleethorpes||0.5||Barrow Haven, New Holland, Goxhill, Thornton Abbey, Ulceby, Habrough, Stallingborough, Healing, Great Coates, Grimsby Town, Grimsby Docks and New Clee|
|Lancashire & Cumbria Coast|
|Preston to Colne||1||Lostock Hall, Bamber Bridge, Pleasington, Cherry Tree, Mill Hill, Blackburn, Rishton, Church & Oswaldtwistle, Accrington, Huncoat, Hapton, Rose Grove, Burnley Barracks, Burnley Central, Brierfield and Nelson|
|Preston to Ormskirk||1||Croston, Rufford and Burscough Junction|
|Preston to Blackpool South||1||Kirkham & Wesham, Moss Side, Lytham, Ansdell & Fairhaven, St Annes-on-the-Sea, Squires Gate and Blackpool Pleasure Beach|
|Lancaster to Barrow-in-Furness||1||Carnforth, Silverdale (irregular), Arnside, Grange-over-Sands, Kents Bank (irregular), Cark (irregular), Ulverston and Dalton (irregular), Roose (irregular)|
Some trains extend to/from Manchester Airport via Preston, see above. Some trains extend to/from Carlisle, see below
|Barrow-in-Furness to Carlisle||1||Askam, Kirkby-in-Furness, Foxfield, Green Road, Millom, Silecroft, Bootle, Ravenglass, Drigg, Seascale, Sellafield, St Bees, Corkickle, Whitehaven, Parton, Harrington, Workington, Flimby, Maryport, Aspatria, Wigton and Dalston|
Some trains extend to/from Lancaster, see above
|Oxenholme Lake District to Windermere||1||Kendal, Burneside and Staveley|
some trains extend to/from Lancaster, Preston or Manchester Piccadilly
|Newcastle to Morpeth||1||Manors and Cramlington|
|Tyne Valley, Durham Coast and Esk Valley Lines|
|Carlisle to Newcastle||1||Wetheral (1tp2h), Brampton (1tp2h), Haltwhistle, Bardon Mill (1tp2h), Haydon Bridge, Hexham, Prudhoe and MetroCentre |
trains either serve Weatheral and Brampton, or Bardon Mill
|Metrocentre to Newcastle||1||Dunston|
|Hexham to Nunthorpe||1||Corbridge, Riding Mill, Stocksfield, Prudhoe, Wylam, Blaydon, MetroCentre, Newcastle, Heworth, Sunderland, Seaham, Hartlepool, Seaton Carew, Billingham, Stockton, Thornaby, Middlesbrough, James Cook, Marton and Gypsy Lane|
Some trains terminate at Middlesbrough, with Whitby services providing the hourly Middlesbrough-Nunthorpe service. Other trains extend to Battersby or Danby
|Middlesbrough to Whitby||-||James Cook, Marton, Gypsy Lane, Nunthorpe, Great Ayton, Battersby, Kildale, Commondale, Castleton Moor, Danby, Lealholm, Glaisdale, Egton, Grosmont, Sleights and Ruswarp|
4 trains run each day, with an extra one in summer
|Tees Valley Line|
|Saltburn to Darlington (and Bishop Auckland)||2||Marske, Longbeck, Redcar East, Redcar Central, South Bank (1tph), Middlesbrough, Thornaby, Eaglescliffe, Allens West and Dinsdale. 1tph extends to Bishops Auckland, calling at North Road, Heighington, Newton Aycliffe and Shildon|
Northern inherited the rolling stock operated by Northern Rail, namely Class 142, 144, 150, 153, 155, 156 and 158 diesel multiple units and Class 319, 321, 322, 323 and 333 electric multiple units. To operate services transferred from the TransPennine Express franchise, four Class 185 units were sublet from that franchise to Northern, with this later reducing to two units. To provide additional peak time capacity on the Calder Valley Line, one Class 180 unit is sublet from Grand Central to Northern per weekday.
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|37||Loco||80||130||–||2||Cumbrian Coast line (Monday to Saturday only)||1960–65|
|Diesel multiple units|
|142 Pacer||DMU||75||121||2||79||Local and commuter services across the North||1985–87|
|144 Pacer||75||121||2||13||Local and commuter services in Yorkshire||1986–87|
|150/1 & 150/2 Sprinter||75||121||2||73||Local services across the North||1985–87|
|153 Super Sprinter||75||121||1||23||Local and commuter services across the North
Also used to boost capacity on peak time services
|155 Super Sprinter||75||121||2||7||
|156 Super Sprinter||75||121||2||42||Local, commuter and regional services across the North||1987–89|
|158/0 & 158/9
|180 Adelante||125||201||5||1||Calder Valley Line peak time services[nb 2]
(Unit is subleased from Grand Central)
|185 Desiro||100||161||3||2||Services transferred from TransPennine Express[nb 3]
(Four units are subleased from TransPennine Express)
|Electric multiple units|
|319/3 & 319/4||EMU||100||161||4||34[nb 4]||
|321/9||100||161||4||3||Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire||1991|
|322||100||161||4||5||Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire||1990|
|323||90||140||3||17||Electrified commuter services in Greater Manchester, Cheshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and Merseyside||1992–93|
|333||100||161||4||16||Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire||2000|
|City||December 2017 Peak Capacity
(07:59-10:00, seats + standing)
|December 2019 Peak Capacity|
(07:59-10:00, seats + standing)
The withdrawal of Class 142 and 144 trains, known commonly as Pacers, was scheduled to commence in November 2018, with the last to be removed from traffic in October 2019.
Additional rolling stock will be required to enable the phasing out of the unpopular Pacer trains and to increase capacity during peak times as stipulated in the franchise agreement with the Department for Transport (DfT). Future rolling stock will consist of a combination of new-build and "cascaded" trains from other franchises. These cascaded trains will enable existing DMU rolling stock to supplant the Pacer trains operating on existing routes.
The first new-build trains, Class 195 and Class 331 units, will enter service in December 2018. They will be a mix of two and three car diesel multiple units and three and four car electric multiple units all based on the Civity UK platform and will all be in operational service by the end of 2020.
A total of 47 diesel units will be cascaded to Northern, 27 from Abellio ScotRail, three from West Midlands Trains and seventeen from Great Western Railway train operating companies, after the Edinburgh-Glasgow and Great Western Main Line electrification works are completed respectively. The first of these units entered service for Northern in late 2017.
A number of train classes considered surplus to requirements due to new or cascaded rolling stock are scheduled to be returned to their owners over the course of the franchise - although these trains could remain if deemed necessary. These include:
- Class 323 - all 17 units to be returned to leasing company Porterbrook at the end of 2018/19 having been replaced by the Class 319s
- Class 321 - all 3 units to be returned to leasing company Eversholt once replaced by the Class 331s in 2020
- Class 322 - all 6 units to be returned to leasing company Eversholt once replaced by the Class 331s in 2020
Northern's ten 319/4 units are to be converted from pure electric multiple units into bi-mode multiple units, classified as Class 769 by the end of 2019. An additional eighteen two-car DMUs, comparable to a Class 170 are due to join the fleet by December 2022. It has been confirmed that there is an option for further Class 195 and Class 331 carriages in the future, although as of February 2018, it has not been confirmed how many or what type these carriages would be.
Northern envisages that once the Pacer trains are retired by the end of 2019, the condition of the diesel Sprinter units (Class 150, Class 155 and Class 156) will be questioned and are exploring possibilities to either completely modernise these units, convert surplus electric trains to bi-mode diesel power or order new-build trains by 2025. Porterbrook and Eversholt are actively exploring possibilities to convert surplus electric trains to work on non-electrified lines as a result of a diesel train shortage - notably the Class 319 bi-mode and Class 321 hydrogen cell project.
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Carriages||Number||Routes||Built||In Service|
|Diesel multiple units|
|150/1 Sprinter||DMU||75||121||2||5||Commuter services across The North||1984–85||2017–19|
|150/9 Sprinter||DMU||75||121||3||12[nb 5]||Services including:
|156 Super Sprinter||DMU||75||121||2||5||Services to be confirmed||1987||2019|
|158/0 Express Sprinter||DMU||90||140||2||6||Services to be confirmed||1990–92||2018|
|195/0 & 195/1 Civity||DMU||100||161||2||25[nb 6]||Northern Connect services||2017–19||2018–19|
|TBC[nb 8]||DMU||100||161||2||18||Services to be confirmed||TBC||No later than|
1 December 2022
|Electric multiple units|
|331/0 & 331/1 Civity||EMU||100||161||3||31||
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|769/4 Flex||BMU||TBC||TBC||4||11||2017–18[nb 9]||2019|
Driver Controlled OperationEdit
The Department of Transport and Rail North have specified that the franchise must ensure that at least 50% of the aggregate Train Mileage of Passenger Services provided in each Reporting Period is operated as Driver Controlled Operation (DCO).
DCO is defined as "operation of a train by a driver alone without the need for a conductor (or any other Franchise Employee)." The franchise further specifies that "Where ... a Passenger Service is operated as Driver Controlled Operation the Franchisee shall ... plan for an additional Franchise Employee (that is, in addition to the driver) to be present on such Passenger Service." 
The RMT Union are unhappy about this change, as roles currently undertaken by guards would instead be undertaken by drivers (such as releasing the doors once the train has stopped at a station). This could theoretically make it possible to run a train without a guard, and as a result, the union have called industrial action over the change.
A new depot will open in Wigan in December 2019, with space for 32 trains. The depot will be adapted from a freight yard at Springs Branch railway sidings in Ince-in-Makerfield and will cost £46 million.
Northern currently has depots for its train crew at Barrow-in-Furness, Blackburn, Blackpool North, Buxton, Carlisle, Darlington (drivers), Doncaster, Harrogate, Huddersfield, Hull, Ilkley, Liverpool Lime Street, Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Victoria, Middlesbrough (guards), Newcastle, Sheffield, Skipton, Wigan Wallgate, Workington and York.
- Two units are leased from TransPennine Express and one unit is leased from Grand Central
- One morning peak time service from Hebden Bridge to Leeds, and one return trip in the evening peak, from Monday to Friday
- The three services which transferred to the Northern franchise are Manchester Airport to Blackpool North, Manchester Airport to Barrow-in-Furness and the Oxenholme to Windermere shuttle
- The Class 319/4 units are to be converted to Class 769 bi-mode units
- Eighteen units are to be converted into twelve three car Class 150/9 units
- As of November 2018, there are 58 units on order, although three are of an unknown length
- As of November 2018, there are 58 units on order, although three are of an unknown length
- These must be DMUs which are at least an equivalent in performance and quality to 2-car Class 170 units
- Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988
- Shortlist for Northern and TransPennine operators revealed Department for Transport 19 August 2014
- Transformation of rail in the north Northern 27 February 2015
- Lea, Robert (21 May 2016). "Arriva faces northern exposure amid franchise victory enquiry". The Times (71916). p. 51.
- Clinnick, Richard (17 May 2015). "Arriva faces possible investigation over competition concerns". Rail. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Pilling, Kim (16 May 2018). "Andy Burnham calls for investigation into Northern Rail". men. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
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As an industry we are really sorry for the impact that this has had on customers. Congestion on the network within the Manchester area has been a factor in the disruption and as all our services run through this corridor this caused a knock-on effect on our services across the North.
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However, Northern believes that withdrawal of the Pacers by the end of next year means attention will then turn to the quality of the remaining trains. There is concern that Class 150, ‘155’ and ‘156’ DMUs dating from 1985 onwards will still be in traffic into the next decade, and the operator believes the standards set by the new ‘195’ and ‘331’ fleets will generate an evaluation of what is on offer.
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