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Northern (train operating company)

Northern is a train operating company in Northern England which began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, Northern is the second-largest train franchise in the United Kingdom; its trains call at 528 stations - about a quarter of all stations in the country.[1][2]

Northern
ArrivaRailNorth.svg
331001 approaching Crewe platform 1.jpg
A Northern Class 331 on test at Crewe
Overview
Franchise(s)Northern
1 April 2016 – 31 March 2025
Main Region(s)North West
North East
Yorkshire and the Humber
Other Region(s)East Midlands
Staffordshire
Fleet size410 units[nb 1]
Stations called at528
Stations operated476
Parent companyArriva UK Trains
Websitewww.northernrailway.co.uk

Central to franchise commitments will be a £500 million investment in 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331.[3] These will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 with further orders possible if the new units encourage passenger growth and improve passenger satisfaction.[4] The first units were introduced in July 2019 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains currently in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally the Class 319 units will be replaced by the entire fleet of Class 323 units by 2022.[5] It is also planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations.

Since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by more late trains,[6][7] poor customer service,[8] frequent industrial action by staff,[9] unpopular irregular calling patterns at commuter stations as part of timetable changes[10] and delays in introducing new rolling stock.[11] Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services[nb 2], the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined; this has been attributed to worsening performance.[12][13] The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year which is dependent on performance.[14][15]

Contents

HistoryEdit

In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio, Arriva and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise.[16][17] The franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015.[18]

In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva.[19] Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which 'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'[20]

Penalty faresEdit

As part of the new Franchise Agreement agreed in 2016, the Department for Transport required the introduction of a penalty fare scheme across 60% of the Northern network by the end of 2019 and across the entire network by the end of 2022.[21][irrelevant citation] The scheme aimed to reduce ticketless travel to less than 4.3% by March 2020 and 3.2% by March 2025.[21] In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways (Penalty Fares) Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.

As ticket machines at Northern managed stations do not accept cash, a 'Promise to Pay' notice system (similar to the Permit to Travel ticketing system) is in operation. Customers who wish to purchase a ticket at an unmanned station of origin (i.e. either a closed, or no ticket office) with cash are required to collect a 'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine. These notices can then be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket.[22] Section 6 of the Railways (Penalty Fares) Regulations 2018 also covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such 'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger's journey'.[23]

May 2018 timetable recastEdit

 
Passenger journeys on Northern, 2010/11 to Q1 2017/18 (in millions, annual rolling average)[24][25]
 
Northern Rail performance from commencement of franchise in April 2016 to November 2018. Graph generated from published period performance data by Arriva Rail North.[26]

The franchise was widely criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations.[27][28] Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.[29] In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018[30] – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change.

Punctuality was particularly bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool–Preston electrification scheme, and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased, with more trains using the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November; Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May 2018 (it had already been postponed from Autumn 2017) and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. Consequently, an alternative timetable had to be drafted up, and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock; this resulted in widespread cancellations.[31] Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion, and this had a knock-on effect.[32] Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009.[33]

Performance later in 2018 continued to be poor, with many passengers protesting and a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action.[34][35] In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable.[36][37] Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record, with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time (defined as services arriving within 59 seconds of the planned arrival time) and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.[38]

By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality.[39] Both have pushed the franchise into financial losses and face[clarification needed] a £282 million government subsidy shortfall which was due to be passed onto the franchise.[13] Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase of 1,500 more weekly services transferred to Northern's operational remit, Northern has achieved no growth in passenger numbers.[40] Between April and June 2018, the franchise suffered a 2.4% decline in passenger numbers compared with the previous year. Of the 22 train operating companies in the United Kingdom to record a fall in passengers, Northern were one of only three franchises to record a year-on-year drop in passenger numbers in 2017–18.[41]

Statistics published in December 2018 showed that between April 2017 and March 2018, many Northern managed stations recorded a drop in passengers – this period did not include the May 2018 timetable change or the increased Saturday strikes by conductors.[42] The Mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham, also reported that the failing railways in the region was resulting in increased congestion on the roads and Metrolink system, as passengers were abandoning the rail service as it had become less reliable since May 2018.[43] To counter continuing poor performance and encourage improved punctuality, the window for which passengers can claim compensation for delayed services was reduced from 30 minutes to 15 minutes from 17 December 2018.[44]

Minor changes were implemented in the December 2018 timetable change. However Northern said they did not expect a reliable service to be implemented until the May 2019 timetable change; it was expected that by this time there would be new rolling stock in service with the Class 195 and Class 331, newly electrified lines operational which would alleviate the shortage of diesel rolling stock in the Northern fleet and most notably operational flaws with the May 2018 timetable ironed out as part of better optimised timetable in May 2019.[45]

May 2019 and new trainsEdit

 
The first Class 195 units and Class 331 were introduced in July 2019

In May 2019, further Northern Connect services were introduced, namely the Chester to Leeds service[46] and the revised Manchester Airport to Barrow/Windermere service, to run via Wigan North Western. They also introduced an hourly service from Hull to Scarborough, doubling the service frequency on the Bridlington–Scarborough section of the line.

However the May 2019 timetable does not include some of the improvements included in the original franchise agreement, such as a half-hourly service from Greenbank, Northwich, Knutsford and Altrincham to Stockport and Manchester; the additional Macclesfield and Poynton to Manchester and Blackpool service; or enhanced Sunday services.[47][48][49] The Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling, responded that "both Northern and Network Rail feel the additional paths cannot be accommodated without adversely affecting the reliability of other services on the network".[50]

In June 2019, the Operator of Last Resort (managed by the Department for Transport) conducted due diligence into the franchise believing the both operational and financial performance to be "unsustainable".[51] The Mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham, overtly demanded that the franchise be terminated as Northern have not delivered legally-binding franchise requirements as agreed in 2016 when the franchise commenced - citing disproportionate number of cancelled services, inability to deliver a full Sunday service due to a lack of drivers and failure to deliver new services.[52]

On 1 July 2019, the first nine units - seven Class 195 units and two Class 331 units - were introduced with a further 93 units to be introduced over the following 12 months. The initial roll-out commenced on three routes: Manchester Airport to Liverpool Lime Street and Barrow/Windermere and Leeds to Doncaster.[53]

ServicesEdit

Northern took over all the services operated by Northern Rail (also branded Northern) on 1 April 2016[54] and on the same date, services between Manchester Airport and Blackpool North, Manchester Airport and Barrow in Furness and Oxenholme to Windermere from First TransPennine Express.[55]

Northern took over responsibility for all the stations managed by Northern Rail, as well as Arnside, Barrow-in-Furness, Birchwood, Burneside, Carnforth, Grange-over-Sands, Kendal, Staveley, Ulverston, Warrington Central and Windermere from First TransPennine Express.[55] Northern will staff some currently unstaffed stations. The first stations to be staffed will be Baildon and Ben Rhydding,[56] both in West Yorkshire.

Northern has committed to introducing free Wi-Fi on trains, and new ticketing options including the ability for customers to print their own tickets.[57] Arriva will provide new services across the North of England.[58]

The Cleethorpes to Barton-on-Humber service was due to be transferred to East Midlands Railway in August 2019 but will now not transfer until December 2019 .[55][59][60] The transfer will include Barrow Haven, Barton upon Humber, Goxhill, Great Coates, Grimsby Docks, Habrough, Healing, New Clee, New Holland, Stallingborough, Thornton Abbey and Ulceby stations.

On 1 July 2016, the business was divided into four regions, each headed up by a regional director:[61]

  • Central – regional director based in Manchester
  • East – regional director based in Leeds
  • North East – regional director based in Newcastle upon Tyne
  • West – regional director based in Preston

Table of off-peak servicesEdit

Below is a list of off-peak services, per the 30 June - 14 December 2019 timetables.[62] It has been slightly simplified due to some routes' irregular service pattern. Due to the extensive nature of the network, it has been split by geographic area. Some services are listed in more than one place. Northern Connect lines are marked with their colour next to their route.

North EastEdit

Northumberland
Route tph Calling at Stock
MetroCentre to Morpeth 1 Newcastle, Manors and Cramlington 142
MetroCentre to Chathill Newcastle, Manors, Cramlington, Morpeth, Pegswood, Widdrington, Acklington and Alnmouth
2 trains per day
Tyne Valley, Durham Coast and Esk Valley Lines
Route tph Calling at Stock
Carlisle to Newcastle 1 Haltwhistle, Hexham, Prudhoe and MetroCentre 156
1 Wetheral, Brampton (1tp2h), Haltwhistle, Bardon Mill (1tp2h), Haydon Bridge, Hexham, Prudhoe and MetroCentre
trains either serve Brampton, or Bardon Mill
142, 156
Hexham to Nunthorpe 1 Corbridge, Riding Mill, Stocksfield, Prudhoe, Wylam, Blaydon, MetroCentre, Dunston, Newcastle, Heworth, Sunderland, Seaham, Hartlepool, Seaton Carew, Billingham, Stockton, Thornaby, Middlesbrough, James Cook, Marton and Gypsy Lane
Some trains terminate at Middlesbrough, with Whitby services providing the hourly Middlesbrough-Nunthorpe service. Other trains extend to Battersby or Danby
142
Middlesbrough to Whitby James Cook, Marton, Gypsy Lane, Nunthorpe, Great Ayton, Battersby, Kildale, Commondale, Castleton Moor, Danby, Lealholm, Glaisdale, Egton, Grosmont, Sleights and Ruswarp
4 trains per day, with an extra one in summer
156
Tees Valley Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Saltburn to Darlington (and Bishop Auckland) 2 Marske, Longbeck, Redcar East, Redcar Central, British Steel Redcar (1tpd), South Bank (1tph), Middlesbrough, Thornaby, Eaglescliffe, Allens West and Dinsdale. 1tph extends to Bishops Auckland, calling at North Road, Heighington, Newton Aycliffe and Shildon 142, 153, 156

Cumbria and North LancashireEdit

Manchester to Cumbria
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Airport to Cumbria 1 Heald Green, Gatley (southbound-only), East Didsbury (northbound-only), Burnage (southbound-only), Mauldeth Road (irregular), Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Wigan North Western, Leyland, Preston
All trains continue north. 11 trains per day continue to Barrow-in-Furness, see below. 4 trains per day continue to Windermere (most trains skipping Lancaster northbound), see below.
195
Lancaster to Barrow-in-Furness 1 Carnforth, Silverdale (irregular), Arnside, Grange-over-Sands, Kents Bank (irregular), Cark (irregular), Ulverston and Dalton (irregular), Roose (irregular)
11 trains per day continue to Manchester Airport, see above. 4 trains per day (none from Manchester Airport) continue to Carlisle, see below.
142, 156, 195
Barrow-in-Furness to Carlisle 1 Askam, Kirkby-in-Furness, Foxfield, Green Road, Millom, Silecroft, Bootle, Ravenglass, Drigg, Seascale, Sellafield, St Bees, Corkickle, Whitehaven, Parton, Harrington, Workington, Flimby, Maryport, Aspatria, Wigton and Dalston
4 trains per day continue to Lancaster, see above.
156, 142
Oxenholme Lake District to Windermere 1 Kendal, Burneside and Staveley
4 trains per day continue to Manchester Airport. See above.
156, 195
'Little' North Western
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Carlisle 0.5 Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave (irregular), Hellifield, Long Preston (irregular), Settle, Horton in Ribblesdale, Ribblehead, Dent, Garsdale, Kirkby Stephen, Appleby, Langwathby, Lazonby & Kirkoswald and Armathwaite 153, 158
Leeds to Lancaster 0.5 Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave, Hellifield, Long Preston, Giggleswick, Clapham, Bentham, Wennington and Carnforth
some trains continue to Bare Lane and Morecambe, providing additional service
142, 144, 150
Lancaster to Morecambe 1 Bare Lane
Hourly service supplemented/modified by additional trains from Leeds.
142
Lancaster to Heysham Port Bare Lane, Morecambe
1 train per day
144
Tyne Valley Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Carlisle to Newcastle 1 Haltwhistle, Hexham, Prudhoe and MetroCentre 142, 156
1 Wetheral, Brampton (1tp2h), Haltwhistle, Bardon Mill (1tp2h), Haydon Bridge, Hexham, Prudhoe and MetroCentre
trains either serve Brampton, or Bardon Mill

Preston areaEdit

Manchester to Preston
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Airport to Cumbria 1 Heald Green, Gatley (southbound-only), East Didsbury (northbound-only), Burnage (southbound-only), Mauldeth Road (irregular), Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Wigan North Western, Leyland, Preston
All trains continue north. 11 trains per day continue to Barrow-in-Furness, see above. 4 trains per day continue to Windermere (most trains skipping Lancaster northbound), see above.
195
Manchester Airport to Blackpool North 1 Heald Green, Gatley (northbound-only), East Didsbury (irregular), Burnage (northbound-only), Mauldeth Road (irregular), Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Deansgate, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Horwich Parkway, Blackrod (irregular), Chorley, Buckshaw Parkway, Preston and Poulton-le-Fylde 195, 319
Hazel Grove to Blackpool North 1 Woodsmoor, Davenport, Stockport, Heaton Chapel, Levenshulme, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Deansgate, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock (northbound only), Horwich Parkway, Chorley, Buckshaw Parkway, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham and Wesham, Poulton-le-Fylde and Layton
Monday-Saturday only.
319
Manchester Victoria to Preston 1 Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock, Horwich Parkway, Blackrod, Adlington, Chorley, Buckshaw Parkway and Leyland 156
East Lancashire line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Blackpool North to York 1 Poulton-le-Fylde, Preston, Blackburn, Accrington, Burnley Manchester Road, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey, Leeds, Cross Gates (irregular) and Church Fenton 158
Preston to Colne 1 Lostock Hall, Bamber Bridge, Pleasington, Cherry Tree, Mill Hill, Blackburn, Rishton, Church & Oswaldtwistle, Accrington, Huncoat, Hapton, Rose Grove, Burnley Barracks, Burnley Central, Brierfield and Nelson 142
Merseyside to Blackpool
Route tph Calling at Stock
Liverpool Lime Street to Blackpool North 1 Huyton, St Helens Central, Wigan North Western, Euxton, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham & Wesham, Poulton-le-Fylde 319
Ormskirk to Preston 1 Burscough Junction, Rufford and Croston 142
Preston to Blackpool South 1 Salwick (irregular), Kirkham & Wesham, Moss Side, Lytham, Ansdell & Fairhaven, St Annes-on-the-Sea, Squires Gate and Blackpool Pleasure Beach 142

LiverpoolEdit

Liverpool to Wigan and Blackpool
Route tph Calling at Stock
Liverpool Lime Street to Wigan North Western 2 Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Prescot, Eccleston Park, Thatto Heath, St Helens Central, Garswood and Bryn 195
Liverpool Lime Street to Blackpool North 1 Huyton, St Helens Central, Wigan North Western, Euxton, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham & Wesham, Poulton-le-Fylde 195, 319
Liverpool to Warrington and Manchester
Route tph Calling at Stock
Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Airport 1 Liverpool South Parkway, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly and Mauldeth Road
Some trains call additionally at East Didsbury; Sunday services call at East Didsbury instead of Mauldeth Road.
195
Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Oxford Road 1 Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hough Green, Widnes, Warrington Central, Padgate, Birchwood, Glazebrook, Irlam, Flixton, Chassen Road (1tp2h), Urmston and Deansgate 142, 150, 156
1 Edge Hill, Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hunts Cross, Halewood, Hough Green, Widnes, Sankey for Penketh, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Irlam, Urmston, Humphrey Park (1tp2h), Trafford Park (1tp2h) and Deansgate 142, 150, 156
Liverpool Lime Street to Warrington Bank Quay 1 Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction and Earlestown 319, 323
Liverpool Lime Street to Crewe 1 Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Patricroft, Eccles, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road, Burnage, East Didsbury, Gatley, Heald Green, Manchester Airport, Styal, Wilmslow, Alderley Edge, Holmes Chapel and Sandbach 319, 323

Manchester (via Oxford Road and Piccadilly)Edit

CLC line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Oxford Road 1 Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hough Green, Widnes, Warrington Central, Padgate, Birchwood, Glazebrook, Irlam, Flixton, Chassen Road (1tp2h), Urmston and Deansgate 142, 150, 156
1 Edge Hill, Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hunts Cross, Halewood, Hough Green, Widnes, Sankey for Penketh, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Irlam, Urmston, Humphrey Park (1tp2h), Trafford Park (1tp2h) and Deansgate 142, 150, 156
Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Airport 1 Liverpool South Parkway, Warrington Central, Birchwood, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly and Mauldeth Road
Some trains call additionally at East Didsbury; Sunday services call at East Didsbury instead of Mauldeth Road.
195
Airport Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Cumbria to Manchester Airport 1 Preston, Leyland, Wigan North Western, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road (irregular), Burnage (southbound-only), East Didsbury (northbound-only), Gatley (southbound-only) and Heald Green
All trains continue north. 11 trains per day continue to Barrow-in-Furness, see above. 4 trains per day continue to Windermere (most trains skipping Lancaster northbound), see above.
195
Blackpool North to Manchester Airport 1 Poulton-le-Fylde, Preston, Buckshaw Parkway, Chorley, Blackrod (irregular), Horwich Parkway, Bolton, Salford Crescent, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road (irregular), Burnage (northbound-only), East Didsbury (irregular), Gatley (northbound-only) and Heald Green 319
Liverpool Lime Street to Crewe 1 Edge Hill, Wavertree Technology Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Patricroft, Eccles, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road, Burnage, East Didsbury, Gatley, Heald Green, Manchester Airport, Styal, Wilmslow, Alderley Edge, Holmes Chapel and Sandbach 319, 323
West Coast Main Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Piccadilly to Crewe 1 Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Cheadle Hulme, Handforth, Wilmslow, Alderley Edge, Chelford, Goostrey, Holmes Chapel and Sandbach 319, 323
Wigan North Western to Alderley Edge 1 Hindley, Westhoughton, Bolton, Salford Crescent, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Cheadle Hulme, Handforth and Wilmslow 142, 150, 156
Manchester Piccadilly to Stoke-on-Trent 1 Stockport, Cheadle Hulme, Bramhall, Poynton, Adlington, Prestbury, Macclesfield, Congleton and Kidsgrove 323
Mid-Cheshire Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Piccadilly to Chester 1 Stockport, Navigation Road, Altrincham, Hale, Ashley, Mobberley, Knutsford, Plumley, Lostock Gralam, Northwich, Greenbank, Cuddington, Delamere and Mouldsworth 142, 150, 156
Buxton Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Piccadilly to Buxton 1 Stockport, Davenport, Woodsmoor, Hazel Grove, Disley, New Mills Newtown, Whaley Bridge and Chapel-en-le-Frith 150, 156
1 Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Davenport, Woodsmoor, Hazel Grove, Middlewood (1tp2h), Disley, New Mills Newtown, Furness Vale, Whaley Bridge, Chapel-en-le-Frith and Dove Holes 150, 156
Manchester Piccadilly to Hazel Grove 1 Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Davenport and Woodsmoor 319, 323
Blackpool North to Hazel Grove 1 Poulton-le-Fylde, Preston, Leyland, Buckshaw Parkway, Chorley, Horwich Parkway, Lostock (northbound only), Bolton, Salford Crescent, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Levenshulme, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, Davenport and Woodsmoor
Monday-Saturday only.
319, 323
Glossop and Hope Valley Lines
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Piccadilly to Hadfield 2 Ashburys, Guide Bridge, Flowery Field, Newton for Hyde, Godley, Hattersley, Broadbottom, Dinting and Glossop 323
Manchester Piccadilly to Rose Hill Marple 2 Gorton, Fairfield (1tph), Guide Bridge, Hyde North (1tph), Hyde Central, Woodley and Romiley 142, 150, 156
Manchester Piccadilly to New Mills Central 1 Ashburys, Belle Vue (irregular), Ryder Brow, Reddish North, Brinnington, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple and Strines (1tp2h) 142, 150, 156
Manchester Piccadilly to Sheffield 1 Reddish North, Brinnington, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple, New Mills Central, Chinley, Edale, Hope, Bamford, Hathersage, Grindleford and Dore & Totley 142, 150, 156

Manchester (via Victoria)Edit

Manchester to Wigan and Preston
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Victoria to Preston 1 Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock, Horwich Parkway, Blackrod, Adlington, Chorley, Buckshaw Parkway and Leyland 158
Stalybridge to Wigan North Western 1 Ashton-under-Lyne, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Kearsley, Farnworth, Moses Gate, Bolton, Westhoughton and Hindley 195, 769 (future)
Stalybridge to Manchester Victoria 1 Ashton-under-Lyne 150, 155
Manchester Victoria to Kirkby 1 Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Swinton, Moorside, Walkden, Atherton, Hag Fold, Daisy Hill, Hindley, Wigan Wallgate, Pemberton, Orrell, Upholland and Rainford 142
Manchester to Blackburn
Route tph Calling at Stock
Blackburn to Rochdale 1 Darwen, Entwistle, Bromley Cross, Hall I' Th' Wood, Bolton, Salford Crescent, Salford Central, Manchester Victoria, Moston, Mills Hill and Castleton 142, 155
Clitheroe to Rochdale 1 Whalley, Langho, Ramsgreave & Wilpshire, Blackburn, Darwen, Entwistle, Bromley Cross, Hall I' Th' Wood, Bolton, Salford Crescent, Salford Central, Manchester Victoria, Moston, Mills Hill and Castleton 142, 155
Southport to Blackburn 1 Meols Cop, Bescar Lane (irregular), New Lane (irregular), Burscough Bridge, Hoscar (irregular), Parbold, Appley Bridge, Gathurst, Wigan Wallgate, Hindley, Daisy Hill, Atherton, Walkden, Swinton, Salford Crescent, Salford Central, Manchester Victoria, Rochdale, Smithy Bridge, Littleborough, Todmorden, Burnley Manchester Road, Rose Grove and Accrington 142
Manchester to Leeds
Route tph Calling at Stock
Southport to Leeds 1 Meols Cop, Burscough Bridge, Parbold, Appley Bridge, Gathurst, Wigan Wallgate, Daisy Hill, Atherton, Walkden, Salford Crescent, Salford Central, Manchester Victoria, Rochdale, Smithy Bridge, Littleborough, Walsden, Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Brighouse, Mirfield, Dewsbury, Morley and Cottingley 142, 150
Chester to Leeds 1 Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn East, Warrington Bank Quay, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Manchester Victoria, Rochdale, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey and Bramley 142, 150
Leeds to Manchester Victoria 1 Rochdale, Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey and Bramley 155

West YorkshireEdit

Huddersfield Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Southport 1 Cottingley, Morley, Dewsbury, Mirfield, Brighouse, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden, Walsden, Littleborough, Smithy Bridge, Rochdale, Manchester Victoria, Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Walkden, Atherton, Daisy Hill, Wigan Wallgate, Gathurst, Appley Bridge, Parbold, Burscough Bridge and Meols Cop 142, 150
Castleford to Huddersfield 1 Wakefield Kirkgate, Mirfield, Deighton 142
Caldervale Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
York to Blackpool North 1 Church Fenton, Cross Gates (irregular), Leeds, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Burnley Manchester Road, Accrington, Blackburn, Preston and Poulton-le-Fylde 158, 195
Leeds to Chester 1 Bramley, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Rochdale, Manchester Victoria, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham and Helsby 150, 195
Leeds to Manchester Victoria 1 Bramley, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden and Rochdale 155
Leeds to Huddersfield 1 Bramley, New Pudsey, Bradford Interchange, Low Moor, Halifax and Brighouse 144, 155
Leeds-Bradford Lines
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Bradford Forster Square 2 Kirkstall Forge, Apperley Bridge, Shipley and Frizinghall 333
Wharfedale Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Ilkley 2 Guiseley, Menston, Burley-in-Wharfedale and Ben Rhydding 333
Bradford Forster Square to Ilkley 2 Frizinghall, Shipley, Baildon, Guiseley, Menston, Burley-in-Wharfdale and Ben Rhydding
Airedale Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Skipton 2 Kirkstall Forge (limited), Apperley Bridge (limited), Shipley, Saltaire, Bingley, Crossflatts, Keighley, Steeton & Silsden, Cononley 333, 321, 322
Bradford Forster Square to Skipton 2 Frizinghall, Shipley, Saltaire, Bingley, Crossflats, Keighley, Steeton & Silsden and Cononley
Leeds to Lancaster 0.5 Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave, Hellifield, Long Preston, Giggleswick, Clapham, Bentham, Wennington and Carnforth
some trains continue to Bare Lane and Morecambe, providing additional service
142, 144, 150
Leeds to Carlisle 0.5 Shipley, Bingley, Keighley, Skipton, Gargrave (irregular), Hellifield, Long Preston (irregular), Settle, Horton in Ribblesdale, Ribblehead, Dent, Garsdale, Kirkby Stephen, Appleby, Langwathby, Lazonby & Kirkoswald and Armathwaite 153, 158
Harrogate Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Harrogate 1 Horsforth and Hornbeam Park 144
Leeds to Knaresborough 1 Burley Park, Headingley, Horsforth, Weeton, Pannal, Hornbeam Park, Harrogate and Starbeck 144, 153, 170
Leeds to York 1 Burley Park, Headingley, Horsforth, Weeton, Pannal, Hornbeam Park, Harrogate, Starbeck, Knaresborough, Cattal, Hammerton and Poppleton 142, 150, 153, 155, 158, 170
Pontefract Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Knottingley 1 Woodlesford, Castleford, Glasshoughton and Pontefract Monkhill. 142, 144
1 Wakefield Westgate, Wakefield Kirkgate, Streethouse, Featherstone, Pontefract Tanshelf and Pontefract Monkhill 142, 144, 150
Leeds to Goole Woodlesford, Castleford, Glasshoughton, Whitley Bridge, Hensall, Snaith and Rawcliffe
2 trains per day Leeds-bound, 1 train per day Goole-bound, Monday to Saturday only.
144, 156
Wakefield Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Doncaster 1 Outwood, Wakefield Westgate, Sandal & Agbrigg, Fitzwilliam, South Elmsall, Adwick and Bentley 170, 321, 322, 331
Leeds to Sheffield 1 Outwood, Wakefield Westgate, Sandal & Agbrigg, Fitzwilliam, Moorthorpe, Thurnscoe, Goldthorpe, Bolton-upon-Dearne, Swinton, Rotherham Central and Meadowhall 142, 144, 150, 153, 158, 170
Penistone Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Huddersfield to Sheffield 1 Lockwood, Berry Brow, Honley, Brockholes, Stocksmoor, Shepley, Denby Dale, Penistone, Silkstone Common, Dodworth, Barnsley, Wombwell, Elsecar, Chapeltown and Meadowhall
several services extended to Lincoln (3 trains per day) via Worksop (on Sundays several services are extended to Lincoln)
144
Hallam Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to Sheffield 1 Woodlesford, Castleford, Normanton, Wakefield Kirkgate, Darton, Barnsley, Wombwell, Elsecar, Chapeltown and Meadowhall 144, 142
Leeds to Nottingham 1 Wakefield Kirkgate, Barnsley, Meadowhall, Sheffield, Dronfield, Chesterfield, Alfreton, Langley Mill and Ilkeston 158
Leeds to Lincoln 1 Wakefield Kirkgate, Barnsley, Meadowhall, Sheffield, Worksop, Retford, Gainsborough Lea Road and Saxilby 142, 144, 153, 158, 195
York and Selby Lines
Route tph Calling at Stock
Leeds to York 1 Cross Gates, Garforth, East Garforth, Micklefield, Church Fenton and Ulleskelf (irregular) 155, 158
Leeds to Selby 1 Cross Gates, Garforth, East Garforth, Micklefield and South Milford 155

South Yorkshire and HumberEdit

Hope Valley Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Manchester Piccadilly to Sheffield 1 Reddish North, Brinnington, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple, New Mills Central, Chinley, Edale, Hope, Bamford, Hathersage, Grindleford and Dore & Totley 142, 150, 156
Sheffield via Barnsley
Route tph Calling at Stock
Sheffield to Huddersfield 1 Meadowhall, Chapeltown, Elsecar, Wombwell, Barnsley, Dodworth, Silkstone Common, Penistone, Denby Dale, Shepley, Stocksmoor, Brockholes, Honley, Berry Brow and Lockwood
several services extended to Lincoln (3 trains per day) via Worksop (on Sundays several services are extended to Lincoln)
144
Sheffield to Leeds 1 Meadowhall, Chapeltown, Wombwell, Barnsley, Darton, Wakefield Kirkgate, Normanton, Castleford and Woodlesford 142, 144
Nottingham to Leeds 1 Ilkeston, Langley Mill, Alfreton, Chesterfield, Dronfield, Sheffield, Meadowhall, Barnsley and Wakefield Kirkgate 158
Lincoln to Leeds 1 Saxilby, Gainsborough Lea Road, Retford, Worksop, Sheffield, Meadowhall, Barnsley and Wakefield Kirkgate 142, 144, 153, 158, 195
Sheffield - Gainsborough Central
Route tph Calling at Stock
Sheffield to Gainsborough Central 1 Darnall, Woodhouse, Kiveton Bridge, Kiveton Park, Shireoaks, Worksop and Retford 142, 144
Sheffield to Cleethorpes Darnell, Woodhouse, Kiveton Bridge, Kiveton Park, Shireoaks, Worksop, Retford, Gainsborough Central, Kirton Lindsey, Brigg, Barnetby, Habrough and Grimsby Town
3 trains per day on Saturdays only
142, 144
Doncaster - Scunthorpe and Leeds
Route tph Calling at Stock
Doncaster to Scunthorpe 1 Kirk Sandall, Hatfield & Stainforth, Thorne South, Crowle and Althorpe 142
Doncaster to Leeds 1 Bentley, Adwick, South Elmsall, Fitzwilliam, Sandal & Agbrigg, Wakefield Westgate and Outwood 170, 321, 322, 331
Sheffield via Rotherham
Route tph Calling at Stock
Sheffield to Adwick 1 Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Mexborough, Conisbrough, Doncaster, Bentley 142, 144, 153
Sheffield to Hull 1 Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Mexborough, Conisbrough, Doncaster, Kirk Sandall, Hatfield & Stainforth, Thorne North, Goole, Saltmarshe (irregular), Gilberdyke, Broomfleet (irregular), Brough, Ferriby and Hessle 144 158
Sheffield to Bridlington 1 Meadowhall, Doncaster, Goole, Brough, Hull, Cottingham, Beverley, Arram (limited), Hutton Cranswick, Driffield and Nafferton 158, 170
Sheffield to Leeds 1 Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Bolton-upon-Dearne, Goldthorpe, Thurnscoe, Moorthorpe, Fitzwilliam, Sandal & Agbrigg, Wakefield Westgate and Outwood 142, 144, 150, 153, 158, 170
Sheffield to York Meadowhall, Rotherham Central, Swinton, Moorthorpe, Pontefract Baghill, Sherburn-in-Elmet, Church Fenton and Ulleskelf
4 trains per day
142, 144, 153
Hull to Scarborough and York
Route tph Calling at Stock
Hull to Scarborough 1 Cottingham, Beverley, Arram (limited), Hutton Cranswick (irregular), Driffield and Nafferton (irregular), Bridlington, Bempton, Hunmanby, Filey and Seamer 153, 158
Hull to York 0.5 Brough, Gilberdyke, Howden and Selby 158
0.5 Brough, Gilberdyke, Howden, Selby, Sherburn-in-Elmet, Church Fenton and Ulleskelf (irregular)
Barton Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
Cleethorpes to Barton-on-Humber 0.5 New Clee, Grimsby Docks, Grimsby Town, Great Coates, Healing, Stallingborough, Habrough, Ulceby, Thornton Abbey, Goxhill, New Holland and Barrow Haven 153

Northern ConnectEdit

 
The logo for future Northern Connect express services

By December 2019, Northern plans to operate a network of twelve Northern Connect inter-urban express services – a franchise requirement. Most of these will be operated by brand-new Class 195 Civity diesel multiple units and Class 331 Civity electric multiple units, whilst the Middlesbrough to Carlisle via Newcastle route will be operated by refurbished Class 158 units. Electrification of the line between Oxenholme and Windermere was cancelled by the Government in 2017,[63] so the Manchester Airport to Windermere route will be operated initially by Class 769 Flex trains instead, with Class 195 Civity trains taking over by the end of 2019.[63]

Places that will be served by Northern Connect routes include Bradford, Chester, Halifax, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Nottingham, Newcastle, Preston, Sheffield, Barnsley, Lincoln, Wakefield, Wigan and York.

Northern Connect planned future routes and future rolling stock

Northern Connect
Colour Route[64] Via Rolling Stock
Services planned from May 2019
Blackpool North to Manchester Airport Poulton-le-Fylde, Preston, Leyland, Buckshaw Parkway, Chorley, Horwich Parkway, Lostock (southbound), Bolton, Salford Crescent, Deansgate, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Mauldeth Road (irregular), Burnage (northbound), Gatley (northbound) and Heald Green
Peak and late evening services call additionally at Blackrod and usually Adlington.
Class 331
Liverpool Lime Street to Manchester Airport Liverpool South Parkway, Warrington West (from July 2019), Warrington Central, Birchwood, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly and Mauldeth Road
Sunday services serve East Didsbury instead of Mauldeth Road.
Class 195
Barrow-in-Furness/Windermere to Manchester Airport Lancaster, Preston, Wigan North Western, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Burnage (southbound), East Didsbury (northbound), Gatley (southbound) and Heald Green. From July 2019.
Some services run as two services- Manchester-Preston and Lancaster-Windermere/Barrow
Class 195
Leeds to Lincoln Wakefield Kirkgate, Barnsley, Meadowhall Interchange, Sheffield, Worksop, Retford, Gainsborough Lea Road and Saxilby Class 195
Blackpool North to York Poulton-le-Flyde, Preston, Blackburn, Accrington, Burnley Manchester Road, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey, Leeds, Cross Gates (irregular) and Church Fenton Class 195
Chester to Leeds Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn East,Warrington Bank Quay, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Manchester Victoria, Rochdale, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey and Bramley Class 195
Services to be introduced in December 2019
Liverpool Lime Street to Leeds Manchester Victoria, Rochdale, Halifax and Bradford Interchange Class 195
Manchester Airport to Bradford Interchange Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Victoria, Rochdale and Halifax Class 195
Carlisle to Middlesbrough Hexham, MetroCentre and Newcastle Class 158
Sheffield to Hull Doncaster Class 158 and Class 195[65]
Bradford Interchange to Nottingham Leeds, Wakefield Westgate, Sheffield and Chesterfield Class 158 and Class 195[65]

Rolling stockEdit

Northern inherited the rolling stock operated by Northern Rail, namely Class 142, 144, 150, 153, 155, 156 and 158 diesel multiple units and Class 319, 321, 322, 323 and 333 electric multiple units. To operate services transferred from the TransPennine Express franchise, four Class 185 units were sublet from that franchise to Northern, with this later reducing to two units. As of the May 2019 timetable change, these sublet units have since returned to TPE. To provide additional peak time capacity on the Calder Valley Line, one Class 180 unit is sublet from Grand Central to Northern per weekday.

Class 37/4 locomotives and Mark 2 carriages were hired from Direct Rail Services for Cumbrian Coast line services until December 2018.[55][66]

The first Class 142 train, 142005, was withdrawn from service on 12 August 2019[67], with the remaining Class 142s due to be withdrawn before the end of the year.

Current fleetEdit

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Number Routes Built
mph km/h
Diesel multiple units
142 Pacer   DMU 75 121 2 78 Local and commuter services across the North 1985–87
144 Pacer   13 Local and commuter services in Yorkshire 1986–87
3 10
150/1 & 150/2 Sprinter   2 78 Local services across the North 1985–87
153 Super Sprinter   1 20 Local and commuter services across the North
Also used to boost capacity on peak time services
1987–88
155 Super Sprinter   2 7
  • Manchester Victoria–Leeds
  • Local and commuter services across Yorkshire
1987–88
156 Super Sprinter   47 Local, commuter and regional services across the North 1987–89
158/0 & 158/9
Express Sprinter
  90 140 45
  • Regional express and commuter services in West Yorkshire
  • Northern Connect services in the North East (from 2018)
  • Manchester Airport–Preston/Barrow-in-Furness
1989–92
3 8
170/4 Turbostar   100 161 16
  • Leeds–York via Harrogate
  • Leeds–Doncaster/Selby
  • Sheffield-Hull/Bridlington
  • Leeds-Sheffield via Moorthorpe
2003–05
180 Adelante   125 201 5 1 Calder Valley Line peak time services[nb 3]
(One unit is subleased from Grand Central)[68]
2000–01
195/0 & 195/1 Civity   100 161 2 2
  • Liverpool Lime Street–Manchester Airport via Warrington Central
  • Manchester Airport–Barrow-in-Furness/Windermere
  • Oxenholme–Windermere
2018–19
3 12
 
 
Electric multiple units
319/3 & 319/4   EMU 100 161 4 27[nb 4] Electrified commuter services in Greater Manchester, Merseyside and from Blackpool 1987–90
 
321/9   EMU 100 161 4 3 Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire 1991
322   5 Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire 1990
323   90 140 3 17 Electrified commuter services in Greater Manchester, Cheshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and Merseyside 1992–93
331/1 Civity   100 161 4 5
  • Leeds–Doncaster
2018–19
 
333   EMU 100 161 4 16 Electrified commuter services in West Yorkshire 2000

Future fleetEdit

Arriva Rail North Franchise Agreement Capacity Requirements[69]
City Peak Capacity
(07:59–10:00, seats + standing)
Dec 2017 Dec 2019
Leeds 26,034 35,000
Liverpool 7,819 9,500
Manchester 45,840 52,200
Newcastle 2,440 3,100
Sheffield 6,420 10,000

The withdrawal of Class 142 and 144 trains, known commonly as Pacers, commenced on 12 August 2019, with the last to be removed from traffic during the first half of 2020.[70] Other trains due to leave Northern's fleet are the Class 153 diesel multiple unit and Class 319, Class 321 and Class 322 electric multiple units.[citation needed]

As part of the franchise agreement, there is a requirement to undertake refurbishment of all retained vehicles - these being the Class 150, 155, 156, 158 and 170 diesel multiple units and the Class 319, 323 and 333 electric multiple units. This includes new flooring and seat coverings, internal repaint, CCTV, Wi-Fi and provision of electric sockets. The sixteen Class 333 units were also to have two vehicles per set modified to a “metro style” configuration to increase passenger carrying capacity per unit by at least 19%, but this did not materialise. The Class 319 and 333 units are also to have pantograph monitoring equipment installed.[71]

Northern has ordered 101 brand new trains from Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF.[72][73] A total of 58 Class 195 diesel multiple units and 43 Class 331 electric multiple units have been ordered and they started to enter service in July 2019.

A number of other trains are to be cascaded to Northern from other operators. A total of 49 diesel trains are due to join the fleet from Great Western Railway, ScotRail and West Midlands Trains between 2017 and 2019.[74] An additional eighteen two car diesel units, comparable to a Class 170, are due to join the fleet by December 2022.

In 2018, five Class 153 units transferred from GWR on a short term basis to provide extra capacity.

An additional twelve Class 319 units have transferred from Thameslink, although eight of these are due to be converted to Class 769 bi mode multiple units.

There is an option for further Class 195 and Class 331 carriages in the future.[75]

Originally, it was planned that Northern's class 323 EMUs would return to the leasing company, however, it was announced in August 2019 these would remain with Northern and they'd also take delivery of the current West Midlands Trains 323 fleet of 26.[76]

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Number Routes Built In Service
mph km/h
Diesel multiple units
150/9 Sprinter   DMU 75 121 3 12[nb 5] Services including:
  • Huddersfield–Sheffield
  • Leeds–Goole[77]
1984–85[78] 2019
195/0 & 195/1 Civity   100 161 2 23 Northern Connect services 2017–19
3 21
 
 
TBC[nb 6] DMU 100 161 2 18 Services to be confirmed TBC 2022[nb 7]
Electric multiple units
323[79]   EMU 90 145 3 26
  • Electrified commuter services in Greater Manchester, Cheshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and Merseyside
  • a further 17 units are to transfer from West Midlands Railway in the future to work alongside the existing units
1992–93 TBC[80]
331/0 & 331/1 Civity   100 161 3 31 2017–19 2019
4 7
 
 
Bi-mode multiple units
769/4 Flex BMU 100 161 4 8
  • Southport-Alderley Edge
  • Wigan–Stalybridge via Manchester Victoria[81]
2017–19[nb 8] 2019[82]
 

Driver Controlled OperationEdit

The Department of Transport and Rail North have specified that the franchise must ensure that at least 50% of the aggregate Train Mileage of Passenger Services provided in each Reporting Period is operated as Driver Controlled Operation (DCO).[83]

DCO is defined as "operation of a train by a driver alone without the need for a conductor (or any other Franchise Employee)." The franchise further specifies that "Where ... a Passenger Service is operated as Driver Controlled Operation the Franchisee shall ... plan for an additional Franchise Employee (that is, in addition to the driver) to be present on such Passenger Service."[77]

The RMT Union are unhappy about this change, as roles currently undertaken by guards would instead be undertaken by drivers (such as releasing the doors once the train has stopped at a station). Although Northern have said they would be willing to guarantee that a second member of staff would be on board, the use of DCO could theoretically make it possible to run a train without a guard, and as a result, the union have called industrial action over the change.[83][84]

On 28 November 2018 Transport for the North announced that it did not support the removal of an additional franchise employee on Northern services, was willing to consider all options that would facilitate an agreement, and urged both Northern and the RMT Union to return to negotiations, suspending strike action.[85][86] On 29 November, RMT announced that it had offered to suspend industrial action under the condition that trains will never run without a guard on the train,[87] however, on 30 November, the union confirmed that it will continue industrial action as planned.[88]

On 6 February 2019, the RMT announced that following "a guarantee of a conductor on all trains, including the new fleet, for the duration of the current franchise" it had suspended further industrial action on Northern, bringing an end to consecutive strikes on Saturdays since 25 August 2018.[89]

DepotsEdit

Northern's fleet is maintained at Allerton, Botanic Gardens, Heaton, Newton Heath and Neville Hill depots.

In 2017, a new stabling depot opened at Blackburn King Street, with space for up to thirty diesel multiple units.[90]

A new depot will open in Wigan in December 2019, with space for 32 trains. The depot will be adapted from a freight yard at Springs Branch railway sidings in Ince-in-Makerfield and will cost £46 million.[91]

Northern currently has depots for its train crew at Barrow-in-Furness, Blackburn, Blackpool North, Buxton, Carlisle, Darlington (drivers), Doncaster, Harrogate, Huddersfield, Hull, Liverpool Lime Street, Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Victoria, Middlesbrough (guards), Newcastle, Sheffield, Skipton, Wigan Wallgate, Workington and York.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ One unit is leased from Grand Central
  2. ^ The three services which transferred to the new Northern franchise in April 2016 are Manchester Airport to Blackpool North, Manchester Airport to Barrow-in-Furness and the Oxenholme to Windermere shuttle
  3. ^ One morning peak time service from Hebden Bridge to Leeds, and one return trip in the evening peak, from Monday to Friday
  4. ^ The eight Class 319/4 units are to be converted to Class 769 bi-mode units
  5. ^ Eighteen units are to be converted into twelve three car Class 150/9 units
  6. ^ These must be DMUs which are at least an equivalent in performance and quality to 2-car Class 170 units
  7. ^ These units must be in service no later than December 2022.
  8. ^ Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

  Media related to Arriva Rail North at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Northern Rail (Serco-Abellio)
Northern franchise
Operator of Northern franchise
2016–2025
Succeeded by
incumbent