The Dacia 1300 (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdat͡ʃi.a]) was (at the time of its launch) a medium-sized family car, built during the Cold War by Romanian auto maker Dacia. The "1300" stands for the engine displacement. The first Dacia 1300 left the assembly line on 23 August 1969. On 21 July 2004, the last Dacia 1310 (sedan version), number 1,959,730, rolled out the gates of the Mioveni production facility, just one month before its 35th anniversary.
Dacia 1300 (1969-1982)
|Body and chassis|
Large family car (Dacia 1300)|
Small family car (Dacia 1310)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline)|
1.3 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
|Wheelbase||2,441 mm (96.1 in)|
4,340 mm (170.9 in) (1300-saloon)|
4,348 mm (171.2 in) (1310-saloon)
4,404 mm (173.4 in) (estate)
4,148 mm (163.3 in) (coupé)
|Width||1,636 mm (64.4 in)|
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (1300-saloon)|
1,355 mm (53.3 in) (1310-saloon)
1,455 mm (57.3 in) (estate)
1,250 mm (49.2 in) (coupé)
930 kg (2,050 lb) (1300-sedan)|
940 kg (2,070 lb) (1310-sedan)
960 kg (2,120 lb) (estate)
880 kg (1,940 lb) (coupé)
The Romanian government of the 1960s had decided to acquire the tooling and basic design of a modern, western automobile, in order to offer their own car to the Romanian people. Terms stated that the vehicle had better not be expensive, large enough for a family, and had to be powered by an engine no larger than 1.3 litres. Offers came from Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Austin, DKW, Peugeot and others, but the winner was the Renault 12. The decision towards the French car was probably political to a large extent but sound, nonetheless. Part of the resulting vehicles were sold to consumers in the Eastern bloc, and in export markets such as South America, Canada, China, or North Korea, but also Great Britain, Denmark or the Netherlands. When automobile production started at the Mioveni factory, the Renault 12 was but a prototype, for which reason, Renault offered CKD kits and tooling for the older Renault 8 Major (initially it was planned for the temporary production vehicle to be Renault 16), as a temporary replacement, resulting in the Dacia 1100, for a few years until the much awaited Romanian people's car would arrive. Both the R12 and its licensed copy, were launched in 1969. During the first few years of production, the plant assembled CKD kits imported from France. At the time of its launch, the 1300 was a modern car offering good comfort, safety, good performance and reliability, and even more so by eastern standards of the time, set by 1960's and 70's Skodas, Ladas, Moskwich, Wartburgs and other eastern block industry creations.
The 1300 was subject to multiple facelifts in an effort to maintain consumers' interest in the model, but the basic design was kept for its entire 35-year lifespan. Although performance and fuel consumption were gradually improved, quality didn't always meet the standard once they had stopped importing CKD kits. Bodypanel corrosion became the model's number one problem. Air conditioning, airbags and anti-lock brakes, were never offered.
Dacia 1310 seriesEdit
In 1979, Dacia presented a revised version of the 1300, at the Bucharest Auto Show. In 1982, its name was changed into Dacia 1310, and later also came "1210", "1410" and a few others versions.
In 1983, the whole range was facelifted for the 1984 model year. A coupé version of the car, the 1410 Sport, with two doors and a lowered roof, was also released in 1983. In 1987 the Dacia 1320 liftback was introduced.
In 1989, a new generation Dacia 1310 was launched in estate and sedan versions. It was a minor modification of the previous generation with new headlights. A new liftback version named Dacia 1325 Liberta was introduced in 1990. The 1310 van was also launched in 1990. The fully facelifted Dacia 13xx range was introduced in 1993.
Designed in the late 1960s, the model was long in the tooth by now and its chassis was no longer able to meet safety standards of the 1980s and 90s. Therefore, Dacia started design for a replacement in the 1980s. However, financial and political setbacks only allowed the replacement to be launched in 1994, by which time it was already outdated, as the Dacia Nova. Although the newer Nova range (later evolving into Dacia SupeRNova and Dacia Solenza) sold rather well, and displayed better road manners, it never replaced the 1310 range, due to its higher price, smaller interior and other disappointing factors (Nova, SuperNova and Solenza only came in a liftback body).
Therefore Dacia was forced to facelift the 1310 model yet again, in 1998. The last 1310 model was simply named "Berlina" or "Break", for sedan or estate respectively. In an effort to keep up with modern standards, the last version was equipped with fuel injection system and a catalytic converter, meeting Euro2 emission standards.
Since 1969 when original model production started, constant change in auto models' shape and size meant that the 1310 was a compact sedan by now, even if the 1300 had started life as a medium-sized. Oddly enough, for a few months in 2004, Dacia had 3 different small sedan models simultaneously on offer.
The model scored solid sale numbers right up to its last day of production, mainly due to its low price, value for money, easy and cheap maintenance. The sedan ("Berlina") and the estate ("Break") had €4,100 and €4,250 price tags respectively, for the year 2004. The Liberta liftback had been dropped in 1996, but production of the sedan and estate was over in 2004. The "Pick-Up" range ended production in December 2006. Dacia Logan replaced the 1300/1310 model in 2004.
|Model||Engine Name||Capacity||Type||Power||Torque||Top speed||Combined consumption|
|1210||103.00||1185 cc||8 valves OHV||48 hp (36 kW; 49 PS) at 5250 rpm||80 N⋅m (59 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm||138 km/h (86 mph)||6.6 L/100 km (43 mpg‑imp; 36 mpg‑US)|
|1300/1310||810.99||1289 cc||8 valves OHV||54 hp (40 kW; 55 PS) at 5250 rpm||96 N⋅m (71 lb⋅ft) at 3300 rpm||145 km/h (90 mph)||7.5 L/100 km (38 mpg‑imp; 31 mpg‑US)|
|1310/1410||102.14||1397 cc||8 valves OHV||58 hp (43 kW; 59 PS) at 5250 rpm||102 N⋅m (75 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm||142 km/h (88 mph)||7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg‑imp; 33 mpg‑US)|
|1310/1410||102.13||1397 cc||8 valves OHV||62 hp (46 kW; 63 PS) at 5250 rpm||102 N⋅m (75 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm||142 km/h (88 mph)||7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg‑imp; 33 mpg‑US)|
|1310i||102.41||1397 cc||8 valves OHV||62 hp (46 kW; 63 PS) at 5250 rpm||102 N⋅m (75 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm||142 km/h (88 mph)||7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg‑imp; 33 mpg‑US)|
|1310/1410||106.00||1557 cc||8 valves OHV||72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) at 5000 rpm||125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm||160 km/h (99 mph)||7.9 L/100 km (36 mpg‑imp; 30 mpg‑US)|
|1310i||106.02||1557 cc||8 valves OHV||72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) at 5000 rpm||125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm||160 km/h (99 mph)||7.9 L/100 km (36 mpg‑imp; 30 mpg‑US)|
In popular cultureEdit
The Dacia 1300 is featured as a drivable vehicle in the video game Player Unknown's Battlegrounds.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dacia 1300.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dacia 1310.|
- "Maşina nr. 1.959.730". Automobileromanesti.ro. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- "History of Dacia 1300". Romaniancars.ro. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Timp de 35 de ani, Romania si autoturismul sau emblema au evoluat in paralel". Evenimentul Zilei. Retrieved 24 February 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "FEATURE: Industria auto din Coreea de Nord - Dacii vechi, Volvo-uri antice și constructorul propriu: Pyeonghwa". Automarket. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "Dacia 1310 specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Dacia 1210 specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Dacia 1310 Break specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- Dumitru, Lazăr. "Modelele Dacia în 1984". Autoturism (11/1983): 4.
- "Dacia 1410 Sport". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- Dochia, Vasile. "Am condus Dacia 1410 Sport". Autoturism (6/1983): 5–6.
- "Dacia 1320". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Dacia 1325 Liberta". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010.