Daai language

Daai (Daai Chin), which borders the Mün and Ütbü language groups, is a Kuki-Chin-Mizo language of Burma. It is spoken in 142 villages in Kanpetlet, Matupi, Mindat, and Paletwa townships in Chin State, Burma (Ethnologue).

Dai
RegionBurma
EthnicityDai Chin
Native speakers
37,000 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3dao
Glottologdaai1236[2]

DialectsEdit

Ethnologue lists the following dialects of Dai Chin.

  • Ngxang
  • Nghngilo (Yang)
  • Ma-Tu
  • Shiip
  • Duk-Mcang
  • Kheng
  • Mkui

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Daai has twenty-four consonant phonemes.

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasals m n ŋ̊ ŋ
Plosives p b t d k ʔ
Fricatives s x ɣ h
Lateral Fricatives ɬ
Approximants w l j

VowelsEdit

Daai has seven vowel phonemes, each with a phonemic length contrast.

  Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded
High i ɯ ɯː u
Mid ɛ ɛː ə əː ɔ ɔː
Low a

GrammarEdit

Daai is an isolating or analytic language. There is no inflectional morphology at the word level; case, number, and tense are marked by clitics.

ExamplesEdit

Daai English
mthan night
mpyong mouth
kpyak to destroy
pha to arrive
Nghngaai-ktheih hmin lokti. The mango fruits became ripe.
Mat jah mata i:ma am ngleh-ei ni. They did not visit each other's houses.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dai at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Daai Chin". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.