Radio Mindanao Network
RMN is the largest radio network in the Philippines with almost 65 company-owned AM & FM radio stations located around the country. Radio Mindanao Network, Inc. remains the legal name of the radio network. The network's first radio station was DXCC (which also serves as the network's flagship station) established in Cagayan de Oro in Mindanao on August 28, 1952. The callsign has been supposed as a reference to the surnames of the business' founders (Canoy and Cui) but, according to founder Henry Canoy in his memoir, was actually chosen to mean Cagayan de Oro Community.
|Founded||August 28, 1952|
|Headquarters||Makati City, Philippines|
|Henry Canoy (Founder) |
Eric S. Canoy (President and Chairman)
Enrico Guido O. Canoy (VP for Operations)
Jaime A. Puno (President, RMN-MMV)
Maria Clara S. Canoy (Member, Board of Directors)
Ike S. Canoy (Member, Board of Directors)
Carlos S. Canoy (Member, Board of Directors)
Florante A. Aseron (Member, Board of Directors)
Diosdado B. Marasigan (Member, Board of Directors)
Atty. Marietta E. Nieto (Corporate Secretary)
|Parent||EdCanoy Prime Holdings|
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Sometime in 1948, Don Henry R. Canoy, together with Robin Cui and Vicente Rivera, set up two home-built tube radio receivers bought from Fideng Palacio of Puntod and placed them in an abandoned chicken poultry house situated at the corner of Velez and del Pilar streets in Cagayan de Oro for the purpose of listening to radio broadcasts from Manila. Canoy and friends ended up listening to radio broadcasts at night when reception was better. Eventually, the friends were all convinced to build a radio transmitter of their own. The group managed to assemble a 30-Watt radio transmitter from surplus parts bought at Raon Street in Quiapo, Manila. Henry Canoy broke the airwaves as a Pirate radio station in 1949, declaring "This is Cagayan de Oro calling...". Because the broadcast was not authorized by the Radio Control Office (RCO), it did not contain call letters.
In 1950 Canoy, at the insistence of his brother, lawyer Reuben R. Canoy, decided to establish a more powerful radio station and applied for a congressional franchise in Manila to support its lawful operation. In 1951, he set up the fledgling station in partnership with Robin Cui, Max Suniel, Oscar Neri and Andres Bacal as equity partners with P10,000 in capital. on 23 June 1952 he was granted a permit to maintain and operate the radio broadcasting station.
Using the Radio Amateur's Handbook as their guide and also with surplus parts bought from Raon in Quiapo, Manila, they built their own 500-watt AM transmitter with the assistance from Far East Broadcasting Company engineers, American Dick Rowland and Byrd Bruneimer. The transmitter was transported to Mindanao aboard the boat MV Snug Hitch. With only a telescopic steel pole as antenna borrowed from the Bureau of Telecom, the improvised horizontal radio antenna was mounted by the team which include Ongkoy Padero, former vice president for engineering of CEPALCO, attaching one end of a copper wire to the pole and the other end to a 30 meters coconut tree a block away . While their first “transmitter building” was financed with a P5,000 “duck farm” loan from the Philippine National Bank. The Radio Control Office (RCO) headed by Mr Jose Viado, assigned the station a broadcast frequency of 1560 kHz.
On July 4, 1952, it went on air for test broadcast the second time coinciding with the birthday of his mother. It officially started broadcasting on August 28, 1952, also coinciding with the town fiesta of San Agustin, the patron saint of Cagayan de Oro archdiocese. Listeners anticipated the first words they would hear on radio and were greeted the station ID and the following words: “You are tuned to Station DXCC, broadcasting with a power of 500 watts on 1560 kHz from Cagayan de Oro’s ” Gateway to Mindanao!” and every hour thereafter. The stations first live broadcast coincides with its opening and the program involves the airing of a 3-hour “Anejo Rum” show from Plaza Divisoria, a central park in downtown Cagayan de Oro, for which Canoy billed La Tondena executive Hugo Chan Hong the sum of P500 as payment for the radio coverage. The Radio signal was able to reach Del Monte Pacific plantation in Bukidnon 30 kilometres (19 mi) away and as far as Australia through ham radio operations which managed to call back. (RMN The Henry R. Canoy Story, ISBN ?, Copyright 1997)
In 1954, Henry R. Canoy visited the United States under an observation grant. Instead of going to the giant networks and other big cities, he opted to be taken to a small town of Greeley, Colorado, and he came upon a station that was doing exactly what DXCC was already trying to do in Mindanao. Its broadcast fare was peppered with farm prices, market and road conditions, weather warnings and personal messages. He came back with the blueprint for DXCC, which is entertainment, information and most of all education to the public.
The success of its broadcasting concept enabled DXCC to expand to Iligan, then to Butuan and Davao. By 1957, the station with a coconut tree for an antenna had given birth to four others. And so the string of community stations became Radio Mindanao Network (RMN).
In 1962, RMN's approach to broadcasting drew the interest of another visionary business leader, the late Andres Soriano Sr. of San Miguel Corporation who eventually bought the majority shares of RMN and brought the radio network to Manila, the first provincial station to do so. "The Sound of the City" concept was born with the establishment of DZHP in Metro Manila. Its format was strictly music and news. RMN joined forces with the Philippine Herald and Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation to form the powerful first tri-media organization. That association gave RMN at the forefront of broadcast journalism and public service. Other "Sound of the City" stations soon followed in Iloilo in 1962 (DYRI), Cebu in 1963 (DYHP), DZHB in Baguio and DXHP in Cagayan de Oro in 1968.
In 1968, RMN made a "first" in Philippine radio history by initiating the national newscasts via microwave. Fast, direct and crystal clear network newscasts emanating from the Tri-Media News Central in Manila brought the events as they happened in all parts of the country via stations DZHP in Manila, DZHB in Baguio, DYHP in Cebu, DXVM in Cagayan de Oro and DXDC in Davao.
From 1969 to 1970 three more community stations emerged - DXRS in Surigao and DZHN in Naga. In early 1972, station DXHP in Cagayan de Oro was transferred to Bislig, Surigao del Sur. By 1972, RMN had twelve (12) AM stations under its wings.
In 1973, with a constitutional limitation prohibiting the ownership of media by non-Filipinos or corporations not 100% Filipino owned, Henry Canoy's group brought out the Soriano-San Miguel group holdings in RMN.
In 1975, the call letters of the Manila flagship station, DZHP was changed to DWXL. Together with this, English programming gave way to Filipino. RMN's AM stations were broadcasting in three major dialects, Filipino, Cebuano and Ilonggo. Noted columnist Teodoro Valencia joined RMN as its Chairman of the Board. Under his guidance RMN was able to secure a loan from the Development Bank of the Philippines to finance its massive expansion and development program. A Cebuano drama production center based in DYHP-Cebu was established and subsequently followed by an Ilonggo drama production center based in DYHB-Bacolod.
In 1978, RMN's major expansion program was launched which include the upgrading of the technical facilities of its existing stations and the establishment of additional AM and FM stations. Among the stations that were added to the roster of RMN stations were: DXVM-FM in Cagayan de Oro, DXXL-FM in Davao, DYXL-FM in Cebu, DWKC-FM in Metro Manila & DXKR-AM in Marbel, South Cotabato. DWHB-FM in Baguio opened in 1980. DXDR-AM in Dipolog & DXPR in Pagadian was added in 1981.
RMN also increased its coverage by entering into tie-up arrangements with smaller networks. Under this scheme, RMN provided programming, marketing, technical and management expertise where these small stations would be found wanting. This gave birth to a new name for these stations under the RMN umbrella - Radio Mindanao Network, Inc. and Associates.
In 1985, the programming of all RMN FM stations were also re-oriented to cater to a younger pop music audience. This was in line with the network's philosophy of positioning to be No.1 in listenership ratings.To give more emphasis to the emerging FM station market, RMN also divided its operations into two Operating Divisions, AM and FM. During the early 90s, DYHP in Cebu was also aired their programs via satellite thru the stations DYHD in Tagbilaran, DYRR in Ormoc, DYWC in Dumaguete, DYRS in San Carlos, DXDR in Dipolog and DXRS in Surigao.
In 1990, RMN undertook another major expansion program which entailed the addition of seven FM radio stations. A permit for RMN's first TV station located in Cagayan de Oro City was also granted.
In April 18, 1991, President Corazon Aquino signed into law Republic Act 6980 entitled "An Act Renewing the Franchise Granted to Radio Mindanao Network, Inc. under Republic Act Numbered Thirty-One Hundred Twenty-Two to another Twenty-Five (25) years from the date of approval of this Act". This was the first broadcast franchise approved under President Aquino's term of office.
On August 28, 1991, TV-8, RMN's first television station went on the air in Cagayan de Oro City. RMN-TV 8 was then an affiliate of the then newly established Associated Broadcasting Company from 1992 to 1995. Thirty nine years after its start, RMN was now venturing into television. In December 1991, RMN was also granted a permit to operate a UHF television station in Metro Manila (which was led to officially started two years later, on October 31, 1993; the frequency was now used by Broadcast Enterprises and Affiliated Media, Inc. (thru Globe Telecom's then-subsidiary Altimax Broadcasting Company)).
In June 2007, RMN fm station DWKC 93.9 in Manila was the first commercial station in the country to broadcast with HD Radio technology. It broadcast in three HD Radio digital audio channels along with its pre-existing analog signal. The operation of its facility was in high-level combined hybrid mode with an existing 35 kW analog transmitter, a new Nautel 1 kW HD Radio transmitter, with the digital exciter, importer and exporter providing the digital signal component.
With the acquisition of Radio Mindanao Network by Andrés Soriano, Sr. in 1962, RMN, together with the television network Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) formed its first ever tri-media organization in the Philippines along with newspaper, Philippine Herald. As the de facto television arm of the RMN, IBC partnered with the RMN radio stations for coverages of the general elections of 1969 and 1971.
However, on February 1, 1975, during the martial law era, due to a constitutional limitation prohibiting the ownership of media by non-Filipinos or corporations not 100% Filipino owned, the network was sold to a Marcos crony named Roberto Benedicto, who also owned Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS), and was renamed Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation. IBC later sequestered by the government following the EDSA Revolution in 1986.
On October 31, 1993, Radio Mindanao Network became the second radio-based network to launch a TV network called Cinema Television (CTV) through its flagship station, DWKC-TV and other regional stations. An all-movie channel, its programming included a presentation of Filipino and Hollywood movies respectively, and programs from E!, an American cable channel. It is the first UHF stations to be inspired by the format of a cable movie channel. It once clinched a top spot for its TV ratings in all UHF stations in Manila.
However, because of the broadcasting rules assigned by National Telecommunications Commission and the matter that they acquired the broadcast rights from E!, CTV stopped its broadcast in September 2000.
In October 2000, E! and RMN announced its partnership to relaunch CTV into E! Philippines, with its broadcasting extended into 24 hours. But in 2003, it reduced its broadcasts into 6 primetime-hours, from 6:00 PM to 12:00 MN. Some of E!'s programs were brought to the Philippines and remade in a local version, one of which was Wild On! Philippines. On June 1, 2003, RMN decided to cease their operations on TV due to financial constraints and poor television ratings, and somehow to focus only on their 2 radio networks (RMN and iFM). There were several religious groups who had wished to acquire block programming of E! Philippines, but RMN refused to accept their offers.
DWKC-TV and other regional stations soon acquired by Broadcast Enterprises and Affiliated Media and resumed its operations in 2011.
In March 2016, president and chairman of RMN, Eric S. Canoy announced its intention to bid for the acquisition of the government-sequestered TV network Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation, as part of the government's efforts to privatize the network.
|Branding||Callsign||Frequency||Power kW (ERP)||Location|
|DZXL RMN Manila 558||DZXL||558 kHz||40 kW||Mega Manila|
|DWKD RMN Cauayan 98.5||DWKD||98.5 MHz||5 kW||Cauayan|
|DWNX RMN Naga||DWNX||1611 kHz||5 kW||Naga|
|91.1 MHz||10 kW|
|DYKR RMN Kalibo 1161||DYKR||1161 kHz||5 kW||Kalibo|
|DYVR RMN Roxas 657||DYVR||657 kHz||5 kW||Roxas|
|DYRI RMN Iloilo 774||DYRI||774 kHz||10 kW||Iloilo|
|DYHB RMN Bacolod 747||DYHB||747 kHz||10 kW||Bacolod|
|DYHP RMN Cebu 612||DYHP||612 kHz||10 kW||Cebu|
|DYXY RMN Tacloban 99.1||DYXY||99.1 MHz||5 kW||Tacloban|
|DXCC RMN Cagayan De Oro 828||DXCC||828 kHz||10 kW||Cagayan De Oro|
|DXRZ RMN Zamboanga 900||DXRZ||900 kHz||10 kW||Zamboanga|
|DXDR RMN Dipolog 981||DXDR||981 kHz||5 kW||Dipolog|
|DXPR RMN Pagadian 603||DXPR||603 kHz||5 kW||Pagadian|
|DXMB RMN Malaybalay 648||DXMB||648 kHz||5 kW||Malaybalay|
|DXIC RMN Iligan 711||DXIC||711 kHz||5 kW||Iligan|
|DXDC RMN Davao 621||DXDC||621 kHz||10 kW||Davao|
|DXMD RMN General Santos 927||DXMD||927 kHz||10 kW||General Santos|
|DXKR RMN Koronadal 639||DXKR||639 kHz||5 kW||Koronadal|
|DXBC RMN Butuan 693||DXBC||693 kHz||10 kW||Butuan|
|DXRS RMN Surigao 918||DXRS||918 kHz||5 kW||Surigao|
|DXMY RMN Cotabato 729||DXMY||729 kHz||5 kW||Cotabato|
|93.9 iFM Manila||DWKC-FM||93.9 MHz||35 kW||Mega Manila|
|93.9 iFM Cebu||DYXL-FM||93.9 MHz||25 kW||Cebu|
|93.9 iFM Davao||DXXL-FM||93.9 MHz||25 kW||Davao|
|90.9 iFM Cotabato (RMN relay)||DXCC-FM||90.9 MHz||10 kW||Cotabato|
|99.5 iFM Laoag||DWHP-FM||99.5 MHz||10 kW||Laoag|
|98.1 iFM Boracay||DYSB-FM||98.1 MHz||2 kW||Boracay, Malay, Aklan|
|95.1 iFM Iloilo||DYIC-FM||95.1 MHz||10 kW||Iloilo|
|94.3 iFM Bacolod||DYHT-FM||94.3 MHz||5 kW||Bacolod|
|99.1 iFM Cagayan De Oro||DXVM-FM||99.1 MHz||10 kW||Cagayan De Oro|
|91.9 iFM General Santos||DXCK-FM||91.9 MHz||10 kW||General Santos|
|96.3 iFM Music & News Zamboanga||DXWR-FM||96.3 MHz||5 kW||Zamboanga|
|96.7 iFM Pagadian||DXWD-FM||96.7 MHz||5 kW||Pagadian|
|103.9 iFM Baguio||DWHB-FM||103.9 MHz||10 kW||Baguio|
|100.7 iFM Butuan (RMN relay)||DXXX-FM||100.7 MHz||10 kW||Butuan|
|102.3 iFM Iligan (RMN relay)||DXIX||102.3 MHz||5 kW||Iligan|
|104.7 iFM Dagupan||DWON-FM||104.7 MHz||10 kW||Dagupan|
|Branding||Callsign||Frequency||Power kW (ERP)||Location||Owner|
|DWWW 774||DWWW||774 kHz||25 kW||Mega Manila||Interactive Broadcast Media|
|DWRS Commando Radio 927 Vigan||DWRS||927 kHz||5 kW||Vigan||Solid North Broadcasting|
|DZWT 540 Radyo Totoo||DZWT*||540 kHz||10 kW||Baguio||Mountain Province Broadcasting Corp.|
(Also affiliated with the Catholic Media Network)
|DWPR Radyo Asenso 1296 Dagupan||DWPR||1296 kHz||10 kW||Dagupan||Radio Corporation of the Philippines|
|DWDY 1107 Cauayan||DWDY||1107 kHz||5 kW||Cauayan, Isabela||Northeastern Broadcasting System|
|DZLT Radyo Asenso 1188 Lucena||DZLT||1188 kHz||10 kW||Lucena||Radio Corporation of the Philippines|
|DWRN Radyo Asenso 657 Naga||DWRN||657 kHz||5 kW||Naga, Camarines Sur||Radio Corporation of the Philippines|
|DYME 783 Masbate||DYME-AM||783 kHz||5 kW||Masbate||Masbate Community Broadcasting System|
|DWAJ RMN Palawan (Relay)||DWAJ-AM||792 kHz||5 kW||Narra, Palawan||Rolin Broadcasting Enterprises, Inc.|
|DWJA RMN Palawan (Relay)||DWJA-AM||1134 kHz||1 kW||Roxas, Palawan||Rolin Broadcasting Enterprises, Inc.|
|DYRS 1431 San Carlos||DYRS||1431 kHz||5 kW||San Carlos||Ragde, Vicente & Sons, Inc.|
|DYWC Radyo Bandilyo 801 Dumaguete||DYWC-AM*||801 kHz||10 kW||Dumaguete||Franciscan Broadcasting Corporation|
(Also affiliated with the Catholic Media Network)
|DYTR 1116 Tagbilaran||DYTR-AM||1116 kHz||5 kW||Tagbilaran||Tagbilaran Broadcasting System and Community Media Network, Inc.|
|DXOC Radyo Asenso 1494 Ozamiz||DXOC||1494 kHz||5 kW||Ozamiz||Radio Corporation of the Philippines|
* - Also affiliated with the Catholic Media Network
|True Radio 91.1||DYTR-FM||91.1 MHz||5 kW||Tagbilaran||Tagbilaran Broadcasting System and Community Media Network, Inc.|
|RW 95.1||DWRW||95.1 MHz||5 kW||San Fernando, Pampanga||RadioWorld Broadcasting Corporation|
|One FM Lucena||DZLQ||98.3 MHz||5 kW||Lucena||Radio Corporation of the Philippines|
|DWSR Power Radio 94.1 Daet||DWSR-FM||94.1 MHz||5 kW||Daet||Caceres Broadcasting Corporation|
|RMN 103.9 Palawan||DWAR||103.9 MHz||10 kW||Puerto Princesa||Rolin Broadcasting Enterprises, Inc.|
|RMN 103.7 Brooke's Point||D___-FM||103.7 MHz||5 kW||Brooke's Point, Palawan|
|RMN 103.1 Quezon||D___-FM||103.1 MHz||5 kW||Quezon, Palawan|
|RMN 107.1 Española||D___-FM||107.1 MHz||5 kW||Sofronio Española, Palawan|
|Wow Smile Radio 107.3||DWQS||107.3 MHz||5 kW||Sorsogon City||Wow Smile Media Services|
|The Ranch 95.9 FM Masbate||DYME-FM||95.9 MHz||5 kW||Masbate||Masbate Community Broadcasting System|
|Power91 FM Dumaguete||DYGB-FM||91.7 MHz||5 kW||Dumaguete||Gold Label Broadcasting System, Inc.|
|Memories FM 107.1 Baguio||DZLL||107.1 MHz||5 kW||Baguio||Primax Broadcasting Network|
|Memories FM 89.9 Cebu||DYKI||89.9 MHz||20 kW||Cebu City|
WRMN New YorkEdit
|City||Nutley, New Jersey, United States|
|Broadcast area||Worldwide via internet|
|First air date||1998|
|Owner||Radio Mindanao Network |
(Radio Pinoy USA)
Chronology of Radio Stations in MindanaoEdit
The pioneer radio broadcasting station in Mindanao was dxMC-AM founded in 1949 and owned by Guillermo Torres of the University of Mindanao in Davao City. It later became UM Broadcasting Network. The second, dxAW, was established by Alfred James Wills, a retired US Army Signal Corps officer (The dxAW calls were used by the TV station in Davao (which is now known as DXAS-TV Channel 4) owned by ABS-CBN from 1967 to 1972.) There were four others that operated in Butuan, Surigao, Pagadian and Ozamiz. DxCC-AM is the 7th legally operating radio station having been founded in 1952.
- Henry R. Canoy signs off, Antonio J. Montalvan II, Philippine Daily Inquirer Archived 2008-06-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "Philippine Senate Resolution for Condolence to RMN Founder". Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
- Henry R. Canoy, Rest in Peace, retrieved on May 29, 2008. Archived August 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Henry R. Canoy, 84
- About Us, retrieved on May 29, 2008.
- Multicasting Signs On in the Philippines Archived 2008-05-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Gaviola, Gilbert (31 October 1994). "A good showing, a strong following, a bright future". Manila Standard. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- Vanzi, Sol Jose (1 October 2000). "RMN JOINT VENTURE FOR E! PHILIPPINES". Philippine Headline News Online. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- Monzon, Alden M. (23 March 2016). "Invitation to bid for IBC-13 expected in April". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
"We are interested in Channel 13 but subject to the conditions and terms of the reference of bidding", Radio Mindanao Network Inc. (RMN) President and Chief Executive Officer Eric S. Canoy told BusinessWorld via text when sought for comment, adding that they plan to make a bid with a consortium.
- Andal, Rudy (27 December 2016). "Chavit, 3 pa interesado sa IBC 13" (in Filipino). Pilipino Star Ngayon. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- refer to 1 Archived 2008-06-02 at the Wayback Machine