National Telecommunications Commission (Philippines)
The Philippines' National Telecommunications Commission (Filipino: Pambansang Komisyon sa Telekomunikasyon), abbreviated as NTC, is an attached agency of the Department of Information and Communications Technology responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services and television and radio networks throughout the country.
|Formed||July 23, 1979|
|Headquarters||BIR Road, East Triangle, Diliman, Quezon City|
|Annual budget||₱3.89 billion (2020)|
|Parent agency||Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT)|
The NTC is headed by Commissioner Gamaliel Cordoba, who assumed office in August 2009, and served under the administrations of former presidents Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and Benigno Aquino III, and the current President Rodrigo Duterte.
The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) was created under Executive Order No. 546 promulgated on July 23, 1979, and conferred with regulatory and quasi-judicial functions taken over from the Board of Communications and the Telecommunications Control Bureau, which were abolished in the same Order.
Primarily, the NTC is the sole body that exercises jurisdiction over the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services and television networks throughout the country. For the effective enforcement of this responsibility, it adopts and promotes such guidelines, rules, and regulations relative to the establishment operation and maintenance of various telecommunications facilities and services nationwide.
Although independent in so far as its regulatory and quasi-judicial functions are concerned, the NTC remains under the administrative supervision of the Department of Information and Communication Technology as an attached agency. However, with respect to its quasi-judicial functions, NTC's decisions are appealable only and directly to the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
- 1927: Act No. 3396 known as the Ship Radio Station Law was enacted. The Radio Construction and Maintenance Section, the first radio regulatory office was charged to enforce the said law.
- 1931: Act No. 3846 known as the Radio Control Law was enacted. The Radio Control Division in the Bureau of Post was created under the jurisdiction of the then Secretary of Commerce and Communications.
- 1939: The Radio Control Division was transferred to the Department of National Defense which was organized pursuant to Executive Order No. 230.
- 1947: The Radio Control Division was again transferred to the Department of Commerce and Industry which was created pursuant to Executive Order No. 230.
- 1951: Republic Act 1476 was enacted abolishing the Radio Control Board.
- 1962: Department Order 51 was issued changing the name of the Radio Control Division to the Radio Control Office.
- 1972: The Board of Communications (BOC) was created under the Integrated Reorganization Law. It was the first quasi-judicial body with adjudicatory powers on matters involving telecommunications services.
- 1974: The Radio Control Office was renamed the Telecommunications Control Bureau.
- 1979: By virtue of Executive Order 546, the TCB and the BOC were integrated into a single entity now known as the National Telecommunications Commission. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications, which was created under the same Order has administrative jurisdiction over the NTC.
- 1987: President Corazon Aquino issued Executive Order 125-A making the NTC an attached agency of the Department of Transportation and Communications.
- 2004: President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order 269 creating the Commission on Information and Communications Technology and transferring the NTC from the DOTC to the CICT.
- 2005: President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order 454 transferring the NTC back to the DOTC.
- 2008: President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order 648 transferring the NTC back to the CICT.
- 2011: President Benigno S. Aquino III issued Executive Order No. 47 (June 23, 2011) which retains the NTC under the Office of the President as part of the Other Executive Offices (OEO)
- 2016: President Benigno S. Aquino III signed Republic Act No. 10844 creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) and making the NTC an attached agency of the newly created executive department.
The National Telecommunications Commission has been "hands off" since 1995 with the passage of Republic Act No. 7925 which has effectively deregulated and privatized the telecom industry. It is argued, that the "hands off" approach resulted in the Philippines having one of the slowest Internet in Asia. The NTC itself stated the said law is the "reason why the government has difficulty in regulating internet service today."
The NTC is headed by a Commissioner appointed by the President.
List of CommissionersEdit
|Ceferino C. Carreon||August 23, 1979||March 14, 1986|
|Tomas C. Reyes||March 14, 1986||April 1, 1986|
|Jose Luis A. Alcuaz||March 23, 1987||November 12, 1989|
|Josefina T. Lichauco (acting)||November 13, 1989||September 3, 1991|
|Mariano E. Benedicto II||September 4, 1991||January 7, 1993|
|Simeon L. Kintanar||January 7, 1993||January 31, 1998|
|Fidelo Q. Dumlao (acting)||February 1, 1998||July 15, 1998|
|Ponciano V. Cruz, Jr.||July 16, 1998||December 14, 1998|
|Joseph A. Santiago||December 16, 1998||February 8, 2001|
|Agustin R. Bengzon (acting)||February 12, 2001||February 25, 2001|
|Eliseo M. Rio, Jr.||February 26, 2001||June 3, 2002|
|Armi Jane R. Borje||June 3, 2002||January 16, 2004|
|Ronald O. Solis||January 19, 2004||November 29, 2006|
|Abraham R. Abesamis||November 30, 2006||August 10, 2007|
|Ruel V. Canobas||August 13, 2007||July 31, 2009|
|Gamaliel Asis Cordoba||August 1, 2009||present|
- Aika Rey (January 8, 2020). "Where will the money go?". Rappler. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Ranada, Pia (July 14, 2016). "Duterte retains Arroyo appointee Cordoba as NTC chief". Rappler. Archived from the original on July 15, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- "REPUBLIC ACT No. 7925". Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- "National broadband only way to break telco duopoly". Archived from the original on June 27, 2016. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- "PH Internet slowest in Asean". Archived from the original on July 23, 2016. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
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