Cypress Gardens was a botanical garden and theme park near Winter Haven, Florida that operated from 1936 to 2009. As of 2011, the botanical garden portion had been preserved inside the newly formed Legoland Florida.
|Location||Winter Haven, Florida, United States|
|Owner||Adventure Parks Group|
|Opened||January 2, 1936|
|Closed||September 23, 2009|
|Previous names||Cypress Gardens Adventure Park|
|Location||Winter Haven, Florida|
|NRHP reference #||14000152|
|Added to NRHP||April 14, 2014|
Billed as Florida's first commercial tourist theme park, Cypress Gardens opened on January 2, 1936 as a botanical garden planted by Dick Pope Sr. and his wife Julie. Over the years it became one of the biggest attractions in Florida, known for its water ski shows, gardens, and Southern Belles.
It became known as the "Water Ski Capital of the World" because it was the site of many of the sport's landmark firsts and over 50 world records were broken there. During World War II, soldiers visited and waterskiing was introduced for their entertainment. Numerous movies were filmed at the park, including portions of This is Cinerama, the first feature filmed in the wide-screen format, and a string of Esther Williams films and TV specials in the 1950s and 1960s. In the 1950s the Southern Belles attraction was introduced, in which young women dressed in the crinolines reminiscent of the Antebellum South. During the 1961-1965 American Civil War Centennial young men dressed in Confederate uniforms would be photographed with the Southern Belles. In the early 1960s a custom photography boat named Miss Cover Girl was introduced, and the park became a popular site for the filming of television commercials.
Many celebrities and dignitaries have skied and visited at the park, including Elvis Presley, King Hussein of Jordan and his son and successor, King Abdullah II. It was also the site of a Johnny Carson special.
Competitions and changes of ownershipEdit
In 1985 book publisher Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich purchased the park to build their SeaWorld parks group. Harcourt sold the other businesses to Anheuser-Busch in 1989. Busch continued to operate Cypress Gardens until April 1, 1995, when a group of the park's managers, led by Bill Reynolds, bought the property.
Under President and CEO Reynolds, the park operated until April 13, 2003, when it closed after a prolonged tourism decline following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. 529 people were put out of work with three days' notice.
Cypress Gardens Adventure ParkEdit
On February 22, 2004, Adventure Parks Group, owned by Kent Buescher, purchased the property and renamed it Cypress Gardens Adventure Park. The purchase of the amusement park portion of the Cypress Gardens property was part of a larger conservation transaction. In that transaction, the entire 150-acre (61 ha) site was purchased from its previous owner, First Gardens, L.C., by The Trust for Public Land, a national conservation organization. TPL then sold a conservation easement over the entire property to the state of Florida, while Polk County purchased the 30-acre (12 ha) gardens portion of the property, less the development rights conveyed in the state easement. Adventure Parks Group purchased the balance of the property, also subject to the conservation easement.
Buescher's plan to reopen the park in September 2004 was delayed by damage from hurricanes Charley, Frances, and Jeanne. Cypress Gardens Adventure Park finally opened in November 2004. One of its new attractions, the Triple Hurricane roller coaster, was named for the tumultuous storm season. The adjacent Splash Island water park opened in 2005, along with the Galaxy Spin roller coaster.
In September 2006, Adventure Parks Group filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection at the Florida site citing approximately $30 million in damages sustained from the 2004 hurricanes.
Land South Adventures, a subsidiary of Mulberry, Florida-based Land South Holdings, purchased Cypress Gardens at a bankruptcy auction on October 16, 2007, for $16.9 million, leaving Buescher as interim manager until Baker Leisure Group of Orlando, Florida, took over park operations in January 2008.
On Monday, November 10, 2008, Land South Holdings announced the temporary closure of the park, which was shut down November 17 of that year. It reopened on March 28, 2009, with an expanded water park named Splash Island. The animals, however, were gone, and the rides did not operate or had already been removed. Cypress Gardens and Splash Island began separate ticketing, with dual-park season passes also available; parking was free.
On September 23, 2009, owner Land South Holdings LLC announced that the park was closing immediately, saying that all avenues to keep the park open had been explored but that they were unable to find a way to "keep the park running in its traditional form".
On January 15, 2010, the world's second largest theme park and attraction operator Merlin Entertainments bought Cypress Gardens with intent to use the site for the fifth Legoland. On January 21, 2010, Merlin Entertainments announced that the park would be turned into Legoland Florida. On October 21, 2010, an October 2011 opening date was announced. Opening day occurred on October 15, 2011 at 10 am EDT.
|Ride||Year Opened||Year Closed||Description|
|Fiesta Express||2004||2008||A Zamperla kiddie coaster with small hairpin turns. It was relocated to Gillian's Funland in Sea Isle City, N.J. in 2009.|
|Okeechobee Rampage||2004||2008||A Vekoma junior roller coaster. It reopened in the new Legoland Florida as Dragon.|
|Swamp Thing||2004||2008||A Vekoma Suspended Family Coaster. It reopened in the new Legoland Florida as Flying School.|
|Triple Hurricane||2004||2008||A Martin & Vleminckx Group junior wooden coaster. It was named for the three hurricanes (Charley, Frances, and Jeanne) that struck the park in 2004. It is an ACE Coaster Classic. It reopened in the new Legoland Florida as Coastersaurus.|
|Galaxy Spin||2005||2008||A Zamperla Spinning Wild Mouse coaster, similar to Primeval Whirl at Disney's Animal Kingdom. It was relocated to Fun Spot America in Kissimmee, Fla. and reopened in July 2011 under the name Power Trip and "Rockstar Coaster".|
|Starliner||2007||2008||A classic Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters designed wooden coaster. It originally operated at Miracle Strip Amusement Park in Panama City Beach, Florida. Miracle Strip closed in 2004.|
|Ride||Year Opened||Year Closed||Description|
|Delta Kite Flyers||2004||2008||Zamperla Kite Flyer flat ride, riders are spun around while in a flying position.|
|Disk'O||2004||2008||Zamperla Disk-O flat ride, riders spin around on a frisbee traversing a track.|
|Pharaoh's Fury||2004||2008||Chance Rides Swinging Ship flat ride.|
|Power Surge||2004||2008||Zamperla Power Surge flat ride, a large spinning and flipping flat ride.|
|Thunderbolt||2004||2008||An ARM tower ride, similar to Power Tower at Cedar Point.|
|Yo-Yo||2004||2008||Chance Rides "Yo-Yo" flat ride, a circular "wave swinger" type flat ride.|
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- "Two Women on Water Skis Wearing Tutus and White Gloves". World Digital Library. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
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- Vicki Vaughan (April 12, 1985). "Cypress Gardens To Be Sold". Orlando Sentinel.
- Credeur, Mary Jane (October 4, 2004). "Cypress Gardens heads for a wild adventure". Jacksonville [Florida] Business Journal. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "New Cypress Gardens Ownership Announces Operational Change at Historic Attraction", PR Newswire, January 2, 2008
- Green, Merissa (March 26, 2009). "Cypress Gardens' New Look". The Ledger. Retrieved June 4, 2009.
- "Cypress Gardens, Splash Island parks close". Orlando Sentinel. September 23, 2009. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
- Garcia, Jason (January 15, 2010). "Legoland owner buys Cypress Gardens". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- White, Gary (January 15, 2010). "Cypress Gardens Sold to Legoland". TheLedger.com. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
- Press - LEGOLAND Archived May 30, 2012, at Archive.today
- "ACE Coaster Classic Awards". Aceonline.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- Kelly, Donna (September 24, 2009). "Another closing for Cypress Gardens: News comes 6 months after reopening". News Chief. Retrieved July 2, 2012. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- (Associated Press) (July 25, 2011). "Ex-Cypress Gardens workers hope for Legoland jobs". Naples Daily News. Retrieved July 3, 2012.