Cycling at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's sprint

The men's sprint was a cycling event held at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico, held on 18 to 19 October 1968. There were 47 participants from 28 nations.[1] Each nation was limited to two cyclists. The event was won by Daniel Morelon of France, his second consecutive medal and first gold; it was also France's world-leading sixth victory in the men's sprint. His countryman Pierre Trentin, who had lost the bronze medal match to Morelon four years earlier, this year won it against Omar Pkhakadze of the Soviet Union. Between the French cyclists was silver medalist Giordano Turrini of Italy, extending that nation's streak of top-two results in the event to six Games.

Men's sprint
at the Games of the XIX Olympiad
BEL 1968 MiNr1516 pm B002.jpg
Mexican stamp commemorating 1968 Olympic cycling
VenueOlympic Velodrome, Mexico City
Dates18–19 October 1968
Competitors47 from 28 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Daniel Morelon
 France
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Giordano Turrini
 Italy
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Pierre Trentin
 France
← 1964
1972 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the 14th appearance of the event, which has been held at every Summer Olympics except 1904 and 1912. The only two quarterfinalists from 1964 to return were the French cyclists: Pierre Trentin and Daniel Morelon. Trentin had been favored in 1964, but both had lost in the semifinals and Morelon had won the bronze medal match between them. Morelon would beat Trentin again at the 1966 and 1967 World Championship finals and the 1968 Grand Prix de Paris, though Trentin would prevail in the 1964, 1965, and 1967 Grand Prix competitions. Coming into Mexico City, Morelon was favored with Trentin expected to challenge him in the final. Also contending were 1965 World Champion Omar Phakadze of the Soviet Union and runner-up Giordano Turrini of Italy, as well as 1968 runner-up Niels Fredborg of Denmark.[2]

Barbados, Belize, Lebanon, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, South Korea, and Thailand each made their debut in the men's sprint; West Germany competed separately for the first time. France made its 14th appearance, the only nation to have competed at every appearance of the event.

Competition formatEdit

This sprint competition involved a series of head-to-head matches. The 1968 competition involved ten rounds: six main rounds (first round, second round, 1/8 finals, quarterfinals, semifinals, and finals) as well as three repechages after the first three main rounds; the third repechage was a two-round repechage.[3]

  • First round: The 51 entrants were divided into 17 heats of 3 cyclists each. Withdrawals left some heats with only 2 competitors. The winner of each heat advanced directly to the second round (17 cyclists), while all other cyclists who competed were sent to the first repechage (30 cyclists).
  • First repechage: The 30 cyclists were divided into 12 heats, each with 2 or 3 cyclists. The winner of each heat advanced to the second round (12 cyclists), while all others were eliminated (18 cyclists, including those who did not start).
  • Second round: The 29 cyclists who advanced through the first round or first repechage were divided into 10 heats; all heats had 3 cyclists except heat 1, which had only 2. The winner of each heat advanced directly to the third round, the 1/8 finals (10 cyclists), while all others went to the second repechage (19 cyclists).
  • Second repechage: The 19 cyclists from the second round were divided into 8 heats, with 2 or 3 cyclists per heat. Winners advanced to the 1/8 finals (8 cyclists), while all others were eliminated (11 cyclists, including those who did not start).
  • 1/8 finals: The 18 cyclists who advanced through the first two rounds (including repechages) competed in a 1/8 finals round. There were 6 heats in this round, with 3 cyclists in each. The top cyclist in each heat advanced to the quarterfinals (6 cyclists), while the other 2 in each heat went to the third repechage (12 cyclists).
  • Third repechage: This was a two-round repechage. The repechage began with 4 heats of 3 cyclists each. The top cyclist in each heat advanced to the second round, while the other 2 cyclists in each heat were eliminated. The second round of this repechage featured 2 heats of 2 cyclists each, with the winners advancing to the quarterfinals and the losers eliminated.
  • Quarterfinals: Beginning with the quarterfinals, all matches were one-on-one competitions and were held in best-of-three format. There were 4 quarterfinals, with the winner of each advancing to the semifinals and the loser eliminated.
  • Semifinals: The two semifinals provided for advancement to the gold medal final for winners and to the bronze medal final for losers.
  • Finals: Both a gold medal final and a bronze medal final were held.

RecordsEdit

The records for the sprint are 200 metre flying time trial records, kept for the qualifying round in later Games as well as for the finish of races.

World record   Omar Pkhakadze (URS) 10.61 Mexico City, Mexico 22 October 1967
Olympic record   Valentino Gasparella (ITA) 11.1 Rome, Italy 29 August 1960

Jan Jansen matched the Olympic record at 11.10 seconds for the last 200 metres in the eighth heat of round 1. Dino Verzini set a new record of 10.87 seconds in the next heat. Roger Gibbon pushed the record to 10.70 seconds in the fifth heat of round 2. Leijn Loevesijn's time of 10.66 seconds in the second heat of the third repechage semifinals was the last record-breaking performance of the event.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Central Standard Time (UTC-6)

Date Time Round
Friday, 18 October 1968 10:00 Round 1
First repechage
Round 2
Second repechage
1/8 finals
Third repechage semifinals
Third repechage finals
Saturday, 19 October 1968 10:00 Quarterfinals
Semifinals
Finals

ResultsEdit

First roundEdit

First round heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Daniel Morelon   France 11.24 Q
2 Juan Reyes   Cuba R
3 Roberto Roxas   Philippines R

First round heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Pierre Trentin   France 11.61 Q
2 José Jaime Galeano   Colombia R
3 Pakanit Boriharnvanakhet   Thailand R

First round heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Giordano Turrini   Italy 11.34 Q
2 Sanji Inoue   Japan R
3 Kensley Reece   Barbados R

First round heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 11.30 Q
2 José Pittaro   Argentina R
3 Tarek Abou Al Dahab   Lebanon R

First round heat 5Edit

Jürgen Kissner of West Germany was entered in this heat but did not compete.

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Roger Gibbon   Trinidad and Tobago 11.15 Q
2 Fan Yue-tao   Taiwan R

First round heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Robert Van Lancker   Belgium 11.37 Q
2 Héctor Urrego   Colombia R
3 Kim Gwang-seon   South Korea R

First round heat 7Edit

George Artin of Iraq was entered in this heat but did not compete.

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Reg Barnett   Great Britain 11.34 Q
2 Bob Boucher   Canada R

First round heat 8Edit

Constantin Kabemba of the Cook Islands was entered in this heat but did not compete.

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jan Jansen   Netherlands 11.10 Q, =OR
2 Arturo García   Mexico R

First round heat 9Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Dino Verzini   Italy 10.87 Q, OR
2 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago R
3 Rolando Guaves   Philippines R

First round heat 10Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Niels Fredborg   Denmark 10.91 Q
2 Jocelyn Lovell   Canada R
3 Kriengsak Varavudhi   Thailand R

First round heat 11Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands 10.92 Q
2 András Baranyecz   Hungary R
3 Tim Mountford   United States R

First round heat 12Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Gordon Johnson   Australia 11.42 Q
2 José Mercado   Mexico R
3 Gwon Jung-hyeon   South Korea R

First round heat 13Edit

Ignace Mandjambi of the Cook Islands was entered in this heat but did not compete.

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jürgen Barth   West Germany 11.39 Q
2 Carlos Roqueiro   Argentina R

First round heat 14Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ivan Kučírek   Czechoslovakia 11.03 Q
2 Ian Alsop   Great Britain R
3 Aubrey Bryce   Guyana R

First round heat 15Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jackie Simes   United States 11.23 Q
2 Daniel Goens   Belgium R
3 Kenneth Sutherland   British Honduras R

First round heat 16Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Peder Pedersen   Denmark 11.08 Q
2 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union R
3 Edwin Torres   Puerto Rico R

First round heat 17Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Miloš Jelínek   Czechoslovakia 11.40 Q
2 John Nicholson   Australia R
3 Raúl Marcelo Vázquez   Cuba R

First repechageEdit

Tarek Abou Al Dahab of Lebanon withdrew.

First repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Sanji Inoue   Japan 11.60 Q
2 Pakanit Boriharnvanakhet   Thailand
3 Héctor Urrego   Colombia

First repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 José Pittaro   Argentina 11.41 Q
2 Roberto Roxas   Philippines
3 Aubrey Bryce   Guyana

First repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Tim Mountford   United States 11.03 Q
2 Kim Gwang-seon   South Korea
3 José Jaime Galeano   Colombia

First repechage heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago 11.35 Q
2 Juan Reyes   Cuba
3 Gwon Jung-hyeon   South Korea

First repechage heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jocelyn Lovell   Canada 11.30 Q
2 Arturo García   Mexico
3 Rolando Guaves   Philippines

First repechage heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 András Baranyecz   Hungary 11.08 Q
2 Kriengsak Varavudhi   Thailand

First repechage heat 7Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 José Mercado   Mexico 11.27 Q
2 Kensley Reece   Barbados

First repechage heat 8Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Carlos Roqueiro   Argentina 11.15 Q
2 Edwin Torres   Puerto Rico

First repechage heat 9Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ian Alsop   Great Britain 11.19 Q
2 Bob Boucher   Canada

First repechage heat 10Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Daniel Goens   Belgium 11.81 Q
2 Fan Yue-tao   Taiwan

First repechage heat 11Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union 11.56 Q
2 Raúl Marcelo Vázquez   Cuba

First repechage heat 12Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 John Nicholson   Australia 11.09 Q
2 Kenneth Sutherland   British Honduras

Second roundEdit

Second round heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Daniel Morelon   France 10.94 Q
2 Tim Mountford   United States R

Second round heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Pierre Trentin   France 10.91 Q
2 Sanji Inoue   Japan R
3 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago R

Second round heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Giordano Turrini   Italy 11.47 Q
2 José Pittaro   Argentina R
3 Jocelyn Lovell   Canada R

Second round heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 11.26 Q
2 Miloš Jelínek   Czechoslovakia R
3 Ian Alsop   Great Britain R

Second round heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Roger Gibbon   Trinidad and Tobago 10.70 Q, OR
2 Peder Pedersen   Denmark R
3 András Baranyecz   Hungary R

Second round heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jackie Simes   United States 10.72 Q
2 Robert Van Lancker   Belgium R
3 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union R

Second round heat 7Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ivan Kučírek   Czechoslovakia 11.38 Q
2 Reg Barnett   Great Britain R
3 José Mercado   Mexico R

Second round heat 8Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Gordon Johnson   Australia 11.06 Q
2 Jan Jansen   Netherlands R
3 Carlos Roqueiro   Argentina R

Second round heat 9Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jürgen Barth   West Germany 10.95 Q
2 Dino Verzini   Italy R
3 John Nicholson   Australia R

Second round heat 10Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Niels Fredborg   Denmark 11.09 Q
2 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands R
3 Daniel Goens   Belgium R

Second repechageEdit

Second repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union 10.87 Q
2 Sanji Inoue   Japan
Miloš Jelínek   Czechoslovakia DNS

Second repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago 11.16 Q
2 José Mercado   Mexico
3 Ian Alsop   Great Britain

Second repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Tim Mountford   United States 11.31 Q
2 Peder Pedersen   Denmark

Second repechage heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Robert Van Lancker   Belgium 10.99 Q
2 András Baranyecz   Hungary

Second repechage heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Reg Barnett   Great Britain 11.01 Q
2 John Nicholson   Australia

Second repechage heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jan Jansen   Netherlands 11.13 Q
2 Daniel Goens   Belgium
3 José Pittaro   Argentina

Second repechage heat 7Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Dino Verzini   Italy 11.04 Q
2 Carlos Roqueiro   Argentina

Second repechage heat 8Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands 11.91 Q
2 Jocelyn Lovell   Canada

1/8 finalsEdit

1/8 final 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Daniel Morelon   France 11.00 Q
2 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago R
3 Reg Barnett   Great Britain R

1/8 final 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Pierre Trentin   France 10.96 Q
2 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union R
3 Robert Van Lancker   Belgium R

1/8 final 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Giordano Turrini   Italy 10.96 Q
2 Jürgen Barth   West Germany R
3 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands R

1/8 final 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 10.94 Q
2 Tim Mountford   United States R
3 Niels Fredborg   Denmark R

1/8 final 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jan Jansen   Netherlands 11.06 Q
2 Roger Gibbon   Trinidad and Tobago R
3 Gordon Johnson   Australia R

1/8 final 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Dino Verzini   Italy 10.81 Q
2 Jackie Simes   United States R
3 Ivan Kučírek   Czechoslovakia R

Third repechage heatsEdit

Third repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jürgen Barth   West Germany 10.98 Q
2 Robert Van Lancker   Belgium
3 Reg Barnett   Great Britain

Third repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands 10.66 Q, OR
2 Roger Gibbon   Trinidad and Tobago
3 Sergey Kravtsov   Soviet Union

Third repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jackie Simes   United States 10.92 Q
2 Niels Fredborg   Denmark
3 Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago

Third repechage heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Tim Mountford   United States 10.79 Q
2 Gordon Johnson   Australia
3 Ivan Kučírek   Czechoslovakia

Third repechage finalsEdit

Third repechage final 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Jürgen Barth   West Germany 11.30 Q
2 Jackie Simes   United States

Third repechage final 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands 11.09 Q
2 Tim Mountford   United States

QuarterfinalsEdit

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Daniel Morelon   France 1 11.09 1 11.26 N/A Q
2 Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands 2 2

Quarterfinal 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Pierre Trentin   France 1 11.49 1 12.09 N/A Q
2 Jürgen Barth   West Germany 2 2

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Giordano Turrini   Italy 2 1 10.97 1 11.12 Q
2 Jan Jansen   Netherlands 1 10.85 2 2

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 2 1 11.35 1 10.86 Q
2 Dino Verzini   Italy 1 11.14 2 2

SemifinalsEdit

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Daniel Morelon   France 2 1 10.76 1 10.69 Q
2 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 1 10.69 2 2 B

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Giordano Turrini   Italy 1 11.76 1 11.24 N/A Q
2 Pierre Trentin   France 2 2 B

FinalsEdit

Bronze medal matchEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
  Pierre Trentin   France 1 11.57 2 1 10.92
4 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union 2 1 11.53 2

FinalEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
  Daniel Morelon   France 1 11.27 1 10.68 N/A
  Giordano Turrini   Italy 2 2

Final classificationEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation
  Daniel Morelon   France
  Giordano Turrini   Italy
  Pierre Trentin   France
4 Omar Pkhakadze   Soviet Union
5 Jürgen Barth   West Germany
Jan Jansen   Netherlands
Leijn Loevesijn   Netherlands
Dino Verzini   Italy
9 Jackie Simes   United States
Tim Mountford   United States
Robert Van Lancker   Belgium
Roger Gibbon   Trinidad and Tobago
Niels Fredborg   Denmark
Gordon Johnson   Australia
Reg Barnett   Great Britain
Serhiy Kravtsov   Soviet Union
Leslie King   Trinidad and Tobago
Ivan Kučírek   Czechoslovakia
Sanji Inoue   Japan
José Mercado   Mexico
Peder Pedersen   Denmark
András Baranyecz   Hungary
John Nicholson   Australia
Daniel Goens   Belgium
Carlos Roqueiro   Argentina
Jocelyn Lovell   Canada
Ian Alsop   Great Britain
José Pittaro   Argentina
Miloš Jelínek   Czechoslovakia
Pakanit Boriharnvanakhet   Thailand
Roberto Roxas   Philippines
Kim Gwang-seon   South Korea
Juan Reyes   Cuba
Arturo García   Mexico
Kriengsak Varavudhi   Thailand
Kensley Reece   Barbados
Edwin Torres   Puerto Rico
Bob Boucher   Canada
Fan Yue-tao   Taiwan
Raúl Marcelo Vázquez   Cuba
Kenneth Sutherland   British Honduras
Héctor Urrego   Colombia
Aubrey Bryce   Guyana
José Jaime Galeano   Colombia
Gwon Jung-hyeon   South Korea
Rolando Guaves   Philippines
Tarek Abou Al Dahab   Lebanon

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cycling at the 1968 Mexico City Summer Games: Men's Sprint". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Sprint, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  3. ^ Official Report, vol. 3, pp. 623–24.