Cuando Cubango Province

Cuando Cubango (Umbundu: Kwando Kubango Volupale) is a province of Angola and it has an area of 199,049km2 and a population of 534,002 in 2014.[1] Menongue is the capital of the province. The governor of the province is José Martins, who was appointed governor in November 2021.[3]

Cuando Cubango
Cuando Cubango, province of Angola
Cuando Cubango, province of Angola
 • GovernorJosé Martins
 • Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social SectorSara Luísa Mateus
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresBento Francisco Xavier
 • Total199,049 km2 (76,853 sq mi)
 (2014 census)[1]
 • Total534,002
 • Density2.7/km2 (6.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeAO-CCU
HDI (2018)0.498[2]
low · 16th
Cuando Cubango Province

The name of the province derives from that of the Cuando and Cubango rivers, which flow through the eastern and western edges of the province, respectively.


Cuando Cubango is traversed by the northwesterly line of equal latitude and longitude. It is located in the extreme south-east of Angola. To the north and north-east it is bordered with Moxico Province, and in the west - the provinces of Huila and Cunene. In the south of Cuando Cubango it borders Namibia, and to the east - Zambia.


The province of Cuando Cubango contains nine (9) municipalities (municípios):


The province of Cuando Cubango contains the following communes (comunas); sorted by their respective municipalities:

Natural historyEdit

Considerable natural habitat previously existed within the province, although much of these areas has been destroyed during the period 1965 to 1991 during the foreign intervention years of the Angolan Civil War.[4][page needed][5][page needed] In particular, the area was previously suitable habitat for the endangered painted hunting dog, Lycaon pictus, which is now deemed extirpated in the local area.[6][page needed]

Jonas Savimbi and UNITAEdit

Throughout much of the 1980s and 1990s, Cuando Cubango served as the location for the primary base camp of Angola's UNITA rebel movement, led by Jonas Savimbi. The rebel movement received support from the United States as part of the Cold War conflict against Angola's Marxist government, which was supported by the Soviet Union, Cuba and other communist states.

Savimbi and UNITA maintained a large and clandestine base camp in the Cubando Cubango town of Jamba. The camp was protected by anti-aircraft weapons and included an air strip, which was used for the delivery of military and other supplies, which typically arrived from neighboring Zaire. The Angolan Civil War ultimately became one of the most prominent conflicts of the Cold War, with both the United States and the Soviet Union depicting its outcome as important to the global balance of power.

List of governors of Cuando CubangoEdit


Name Years in office
Mariano Garcia Puku * (4) 1976–1979
Zacarias Pinto * (4) 1979–1982
Manuel Francisco Tuta Batalha de Angola * (9) 1982–1990
Domingos Hungo SKS * (6) 1990–1995
Manuel Dala (4) 1995–1998
José Kativa (2) 1998–1999
Jorge Fernando Biwango (4) 1999–2002
João Baptista Chindandi (6) 2003–2008
Eusébio de Brito Teixeira (5) 2008–2012
Francisco Higino Lopes Carneiro[8] (5) 2012–2016
Pedro Mutindi (3) 2017–2019
Júlio Marcelino Vieira Bessa (3) 2019–2021
José Martins[9] (1) 2021–
  • Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner


  • Edward George (2005). The cuban intervention in Angola, 1965-1991. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35015-0., 9780415350150 354 pages
  • C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus,, ed. N. Stromberg
  • John Frederick Walker (2004-01-07). A Certain Curve of Horn. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-4068-5.

Line notesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  3. ^ "President Joao Lourenço sacks Cuando Cubango governor". ANGOP. 23 November 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  4. ^ John Frederick Walker. 2004
  5. ^ Edward George. 2005
  6. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009
  7. ^ "Histórico dos Governadores" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 Mar 2019.
  8. ^ Governo do Cuando Cubango
  9. ^ "President João Lourenço swears in governor of Cuando Cubango". ANGOP. 1 December 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 16°5′S 19°30′E / 16.083°S 19.500°E / -16.083; 19.500