Moxico (Portuguese spelling) or Moshiko (Bantu spelling) is the largest province of Angola. It has an area of 223,023 square kilometres (86,110 sq mi), and covers 18% of the landmass of Angola. The province has a population of 727,594 (2014 census) and a population density of approximately 2.8 residents per km² (7.2/sq mi), making it one of the most sparsely populated areas of Angola. The population of the province is in flux; displaced residents have slowly returned to Moxico since the end of the Angolan Civil War in 2002. The war left Moxico as one of the most landmine-contaminated places in the world. The governor of the province is Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba.
Moxico, province of Angola
|• Governor||Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba|
|• Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social Sector||Carlos Alberto Masseca|
|• Vice-Governor for Technical Services and Infrastructures||Manuel Lituai|
|• Total||223,023 km2 (86,110 sq mi)|
|• Density||3.3/km2 (8.4/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO-MOX|
Moxico Province was the scene of much guerrilla fighting during the Angolan Civil War. Its long border with Zambia at the east of the province was a base of operations for UNITA and MPLA. As a result, Moxico Province saw many raids by the military of South Africa.
Moxico Province is known as the place where UNITA rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in 2002, signalling an end to over a quarter-century civil war in Angola. Savimbi's body was buried in the village of Lucusse, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) south-east of the capital, Luanda, under a tree near where he was killed.
Moxico Province borders Lunda Sul Province to the north, Bié Province to the west, Cuando Cubango Province to the south, the nation of Zambia to the east, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the northeast.
Municipalities of Moxico include:
Moxico is also home to Cameia National Park in the Cameia municipality.
Moxico Province is composed of a diversity of ethnic groups, and is primarily a Bantu area. Populations of Chokwe, Lovale, Mbunda, Lucazi, and Ovimbundu make up the majority of the province. Isolated communities of other ethnic groups exist throughout Moxico.
List of Governors of MoxicoEdit
|Name||Years in office|
|Armando Fernando Ndembo *||(4) 1976–1979|
|Maj. Marques Monakapui Bassovava *||(3) 1979–1981|
|Celestino Figueiredo Tchinhama Faísca *||(3) 1981–1983|
|Maj. João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço *||(4) 1983–1986|
|Jaime Baptista Ndonge *||(7) 1986–1992|
|João Ernesto dos Santos Liberdade||(26) 1992–2017|
|Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba||(3) 2017–|
- Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner
- "Moxico" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- "Perfil da Província" (in Portuguese). Lueno, Angola?: Portal do Governo Provincial do Moxico. 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- Angola profile, Mines Advisory Group
- "Moxico governor visits social projects in Luau". Luanda, Angola: ANGOP - Angola Press News Agency. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
- Broadhead, Susan (1992). Historical dictionary of Angola. Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780810825321.
- Savimbi 'died with gun in hand, BBC News
- "Histórico dos Governadores" (in Portuguese). moxico.gov.ao. Retrieved 6 Mar 2019.