Moxico Province

Moxico (Portuguese spelling) or Moshiko (Bantu spelling) is the largest province of Angola. It has an area of 223,023 square kilometres (86,110 sq mi), and covers 18% of the landmass of Angola.[3] The province has a population of 758,568 (2014 census) and a population density of approximately 3.4 residents per km² (8.8/sq mi), making it one of the most sparsely populated areas of Angola.[1] The population of the province is in flux; displaced residents have slowly returned to Moxico since the end of the Angolan Civil War in 2002.[3][4] The war left Moxico as one of the most landmine-contaminated places in the world.[5] The governor of the province is Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba.[6]

Moxico, province of Angola
Moxico, province of Angola
 • GovernorGonçalves Manuel Muandumba
 • Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social SectorCarlos Alberto Masseca
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresManuel Lituai
 • Total223,023 km2 (86,110 sq mi)
 (2014 census)[1]
 • Total758,568
 • Density3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
Area code(s)254
ISO 3166 codeAO-MOX
HDI (2018)0.535[2]
low · 8th

Luena is the capital of the Moxico Province, and is located 1,314 kilometres (816 mi) from the Angolan capital of Luanda.[4]


Moxico Province was the scene of much guerrilla fighting during the Angolan Civil War. Its long border with Zambia at the east of the province was a base of operations for UNITA and MPLA. As a result, Moxico Province saw many raids by the military of South Africa.[7]

Moxico Province is known as the place where UNITA rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in 2002, signalling an end to over a quarter-century civil war in Angola. Savimbi's body was buried in the village of Lucusse, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) south-east of the capital, Luanda, under a tree near where he was killed.[8]


Moxico Province borders Lunda Sul Province to the north, Bié Province to the west, Cuando Cubango Province to the south, the nation of Zambia to the east, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the northeast.


Municipalities of Moxico include:

Moxico is also home to Cameia National Park in the Cameia municipality.


Moxico Province is composed of a diversity of ethnic groups, and is primarily a Bantu area. Populations of Chokwe, Lovale, Mbunda, Lucazi, and Ovimbundu make up the majority of the province. Isolated communities of other ethnic groups exist throughout Moxico.[4]

Chokwe language is the most commonly spoken language in the province.[3]

List of Governors of MoxicoEdit


Name Years in office
Armando Fernando Ndembo * (4) 1976–1979
Maj. Marques Monakapui Bassovava * (3) 1979–1981
Celestino Figueiredo Tchinhama Faísca * (3) 1981–1983
Maj. João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço * (4) 1983–1986
Jaime Baptista Ndonge * (7) 1986–1992
João Ernesto dos Santos Liberdade (26) 1992–2017
Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba (3) 2017–
  • Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  3. ^ a b c "Moxico" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2014. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  4. ^ a b c "Perfil da Província" (in Portuguese). Lueno, Angola?: Portal do Governo Provincial do Moxico. 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  5. ^ "Angola profile, Mines Advisory Group". Archived from the original on 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2014-09-25.
  6. ^ "Moxico governor visits social projects in Luau". Luanda, Angola: ANGOP - Angola Press News Agency. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  7. ^ Broadhead, Susan (1992). Historical dictionary of Angola. Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780810825321.
  8. ^ Savimbi 'died with gun in hand, BBC News
  9. ^ "Histórico dos Governadores" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 Mar 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 12°S 20°E / 12°S 20°E / -12; 20