Crailsheim is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Incorporated in 1338, it lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of Schwäbisch Hall and 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Ansbach in the Schwäbisch Hall district. The city's main attractions include two Evangelical churches, a Catholic church, and the 67 metre tower of its town hall.
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
|Subdivisions||Core city and 8 districts|
|• Mayor||Dr. Christoph Grimmer|
|• Total||109.08 km2 (42.12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||414 m (1,358 ft)|
|• Density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||SHA / CR|
Crailsheim is famed for withstanding a siege by forces of three imperial cities - Schwäbisch Hall, Dinkelsbühl, and Rothenburg ob der Tauber - lasting from 1379 until 1380, a feat which it celebrates annually. Crailsheim became a possession of the Burgrave of Nuremberg following the siege. In 1791 it became part of the Prussian administrative region, before returning to Bavaria in 1806 and becoming a part of Württemberg in 1810.
Crailsheim's railroad and airfield were heavily defended by the Waffen-SS in 1945 (World War II). Following an American Army assault in mid-April 1945 the town was occupied briefly by US forces before being lost to German counter-offensive. Intense US bombing and artillery shelling during a second US conquest destroyed much of the city, with subsequent fires consuming its historic inner city. Only the Johanneskirche (St. John's Church) escaped unharmed.
Crailsheim became the postwar home to the U.S. Army's McKee Barracks until the facility closed in January 1994.
Major employers in the Crailsheim area include:
Crailsheim is served by the Upper Jagst Railway.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
The Crailsheim Merlins are the city's basketball team. Founded in 1986, they originally played in lower leagues. In 1995 they moved into a new sports hall, improved, and were promoted in 2001 to the 2. Bundesliga, the second division of German basketball. In 2015 they were first promoted to the Bundesliga but relegated after two seasons. They achieved promotion again in 2018. www.crailsheim-merlins.de
- Hans Sachs (1874–1947), member of Reichstag
- Kurt Schneider (1887–1967), psychiatrist
- Karl Waldmann (1889–1969), NSDAP-politician
- Eugen Grimminger (1892–1986), Member of White Rose
- Inge Aicher-Scholl (1917–1998), author
- Hans Scholl (1918–1943), founding member of the White Rose resistance movement in Nazi Germany
- Werner Utter (1921–2006), one of the first flight captains of the Lufthansa after World War II
- Eva Schorr (1927–2016), painter and composer
- Wolfgang Meyer (1954–2019), clarinetist
- Sabine Meyer (born 1959), clarinetist
- Susanne Bay (born 1965), politician (The Greens), member of Landtag
- Philipp Gottfried Alexander (born 1970), 10th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
- Alexander Neidlein (born 1975), politician (NPD)
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
- "HyperWar: The Last Offensive [Chapter 18]". www.ibiblio.org.
- Buntjer, Julie (August 5, 2017). "Crailsheim's McKee Barracks closure led to land redevelopment". The Globe.
- "Syntegon Home < Company < Locations < Crailsheim". www.syntegon.com.
- "Home - Schubert Group - Schubert Group". www.schubert.group.
- "Crailsheim international - Partnerstädte". crailsheim.de (in German). Crailsheim. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
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