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Coutances (French pronunciation: ​[kutɑ̃s]) is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

Coutances
Coutances Cathedral
Coutances Cathedral
Location of Coutances
Coutances is located in France
Coutances
Coutances
Coutances is located in Normandy
Coutances
Coutances
Coordinates: 49°03′N 1°26′W / 49.05°N 1.44°W / 49.05; -1.44Coordinates: 49°03′N 1°26′W / 49.05°N 1.44°W / 49.05; -1.44
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentManche
ArrondissementCoutances
CantonCoutances
Area
1
12.51 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
9,897
 • Density790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
50147 /50200
Elevation12–150 m (39–492 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
American armored and infantry forces pass through Coutances, France, in July 1944

Capital of the Unelli, a Gaulish tribe, the town was given the name of Constantia in 298 during the reign of Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus. The surrounding region, called in Latin the pagus Constantinus subsequently became known as the Cotentin Peninsula.

The town was destroyed by invading Normans in 866, who later established settlements and incorporated the whole peninsula into the Duchy of Normandy in 933.

On 17 July 1944, during the Battle for Normandy in World War II, the city was bombed during the Allied offensive against the occupying Germans.

SightsEdit

Coutances Cathedral is one of the major buildings of Norman architecture and contains a chapel and stained glass dedicated to Saint Marcouf. The bishop of Coutances exercised ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the Channel Islands until the Reformation, despite the secular division of Normandy in 1204. The final rupture occurred definitively in 1569.

Coutances houses a well-known botanical garden and an art museum.

Jazz festivalEdit

Coutances is the location of Jazz sous les pommiers ("Jazz under the apple trees"), an annual jazz festival held since 1982. The festival traditionally takes place during the week of Ascension.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Coutances is twinned with:

HeraldryEdit

The arms of Coutances are blazoned :
Azure, in fess 3 columns argent, and on a chief gules, a leopard Or armed and langued azure.



ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  3. ^ "Ilkley and Coutances celebrate twin-ship". Ilkley Gazette. Newsquest Media Group. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-27.

External linksEdit