Community Security Trust
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The Community Security Trust (CST) is a British charity established in 1994 to ensure the safety and security of the Jewish community in the UK. Its inception follows a history of threats to the Jewish community in Britain, in particular to attacks on British Jews and their buildings by British Fascists from the 1930s, and to further attacks by Islamists hostile to Israel and by extension to its British supporters. The attacks in the 1930s were repelled by community action and Jewish self-defence groups, persuading many within the community that organised self-defence organisations were required because police authorities could not be expected to devote disproportionate resources to synagogues, schools and other Jewish infrastructure. The CST was the product of a similar response to Islamicist hostility from the 1980s. Its chairman is the British businessman Gerald Ronson and its deputy chairman is Lloyd Dorfman CBE.
The CST provides security advice and training for Jewish schools, synagogues and communal organisations and gives assistance to those bodies that are affected by antisemitism. The CST also assists and supports individual members of the Jewish community who have been affected by antisemitism and antisemitic incidents. It advises and represents the Jewish community on matters of antisemitism, terrorism and security and works with police, government and international bodies. All this work is provided at no charge.
The CST has recorded antisemitic incidents in the UK since 1994 and publishes an annual Antisemitic Incidents Report. The CST also published Terrorist Incidents against Jewish Communities and Israeli Citizens Abroad 1968-2010, a definitive report of terrorist attacks against Jewish communities around the world.
In 2008, CST published its first Antisemitic Discourse Report, an annual study of antisemitic discourse in mainstream media and politics in the UK. It has more recently published an advisory report on voting tactics in British elections to minimise the impact of far-right groups such as the British National Party (BNP).
The CST has five offices, 55 members of staff and a network of 3,000 volunteers from all parts of the Jewish community, who are trained by the CST and the Police. The organisation's philosophy is that the Jewish community is responsible for its own security. It works closely with Police Services around the country and is recognised by Government and Police as a model of a minority community security organisation. In 2012, the CST provided the model for a new anti-Islamophobia project, Tell MAMA (run by interfaith organisation Faith Matters), with which it now works closely.
In 2011, a number of articles appeared in the British weekly newspaper The Jewish Chronicle that sought to question the work and functioning of the CST. Dr Gilbert Kahn, of Kean University in the USA, took the view that British Jewry did not need a CST because British Jews paid taxes to the state for their physical protection and could therefore depend on the police. On 15 April, the newspaper's columnist, Professor Geoffrey Alderman, argued against the CST on the grounds that its leadership and funding were neither transparent nor accountable. Alderman returned to the subject on 10 June, when he speculated that his doubts about the CST and its work were more widely shared.
In May 2014, it was revealed that the chief executive of the CST is the highest paid of all charity leaders within the British Jewish community, earning between £170,000-£190,000 per annum.
In July 2015, Professor Alderman devoted his column to the retirement of the CST's Director of Security, Carol Laser. He speculated as to the reason for her retirement and questioned whether it was wise that she had agreed to have her identity revealed.
Jewish Community Protective Security GrantEdit
The Home Office has provided The Jewish Community Protective Security Grant funding for the security of synagogues, schools and other Jewish centres, with the CST as the Grant Recipient. It was introduced in 2015 and Home Secretary, Sajid Javid has pledged to increase funding bringing the amount allocated since its introduction to £65.2 million.
- Bulkacz, Vanessa. "UK Jews stress security year after bombings", Jewish Standard, July 13, 2006.
- "CST Annual Dinner 2016 – Blog – CST – Protecting Our Jewish Community". cst.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
- "TELL MAMA - Countering Anti-Muslim Hate & Islamophobia, Bigotry & Prejudice. Founded by Fiyaz Mughal". TELL MAMA.
- "Faith Matters - Working with Faith Communities Countering Extremism, Supporting Integration & Challenging Hatred. Founded by Fiyaz Mughal". Faith Matters.
- Clegg, Nick. "Deputy Prime Minister extends funding to tackle hate crime against Muslims". Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- Alderman, Geoffrey (2011-04-18). "Our unrepresentative security". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- Alderman, Geoffrey (2011-10-06). "Continually Spreading Trust". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- Alderman, Geoffrey (July 23, 2015). "Secrets that should stay hidden". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- "Home Office raises grant for protection of Jewish institutions by £600,000". The Jewish Chronicle. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Sajid Javid vows to tackle anti-Semitism in UK". BBC New. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.