Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (2002)

Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is a communist political party in Nepal. It was formed by Chandra Prakash Mainali when the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) reunified with Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist). Mainali had refused to go along with the merger and led a faction of the former Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) to reorganize the party.[1]

Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)

नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)
General SecretaryCP Mainali
SpokespersonKumar Belbase
FounderCP Mainali
Founded17 February 2002 (19 years ago) (2002-02-17)
Preceded byCPN (Marxist-Leninist)
HeadquartersRudranagar Marg-359, Ratopul, Kathmandu, Nepal
Political positionLeft-wing
Election symbol



When the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) merged with the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) on 15 February 2002, Chandra Prakash Mainali along with other dissident members reorganized the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist). Mainali originally planned to continue the party under his leadership but had to reorganize the party after the former party notified the Election Commission of Nepal of their dissolution and dissolved all central level organization of the party.[2]

Jan Andholan and Constituent Assembly (2006-2015)Edit

CPN (ML) was a member of the United Left Front and participated in the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. The party suffered a leadership crisis when a dissident faction of the party led by Rishi Ram Kattel expelled party leader C.P. Mainali, accusing him of being a pro-royalist. The faction led by C.P. Mainali on the other hand expelled Rishi Ram Kattel and other dissident members.[3] The faction led by Rishi Ram Kattel eventually merged with the Ram Singh Shrestha faction of Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre–Masal) and the Sitaram Tamang faction of Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist Centre) to form the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified).[4]

Ahead of the 2008 Constituent Assembly election, the party presented a closed proportional representation list with 168 candidates, headed by C.P. Mainali.[5] The party presented 116 candidates for first past the post seats.[6] It won eight seats in the election, all of them through proportional representation, with about 1.33% of the vote. The party also had one member nominated to the Constituent Assembly.

On 6 August 2010, CPN (ML) suffered a split regarding supporting Pusha Kamal Dahal in the prime minister election. The split was led by former minister Jagat Bahadur Bogati and included four CA members. The new party was named Communist Party of Nepal Marxist-Leninist (Socialist).[7][8]

In the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, the party won five seats under proportional representation. The party joined the cabinet under Khadga Prasad Oli on 5 November 2015. Chandra Prakash Mainali was made deputy prime minister and Minister for Women, Children and Social Welfare.[9]

Federal Nepal (2017-present)Edit

In the 2017 local elections, CPN (ML) only won four seats in local governments. The party also contested the 2017 legislative and provincial elections but failed to get any seats.

Electoral performanceEdit

Nepalese Legislative ElectionsEdit

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # +/-
2008 Chandra Prakash Mainali 243,545 2.27
8 / 575
7th CPN (Maoist)–CPN (UML)–MJFN
2013 Chandra Prakash Mainali 130,300 1.38
5 / 575
  3   10th Congress–CPN (UML)–RPP
2017 Chandra Prakash Mainali 41,270 0.43
0 / 275
  5   12th CPN (UML)–CPN (Maoist Centre)


General Secretaries of Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) (2002-present)Edit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ " (newsflash) Arc329)". 2009-03-13. Archived from the original on 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  2. ^ " (newsflash) Arc329)". 2009-03-13. Archived from the original on 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  3. ^ "CPN-ML splits, Mainali ‘expelled’ from party - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  4. ^ " - Nepal's No.1 News Portal". 2007-09-29. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  5. ^ Ca Election report Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Ca Election report Archived 2013-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "CPN ML splits prior to PM voting". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  8. ^ "CPN-Marxist Leninist splits ahead of PM election in Nepal". The Indian Express. 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  9. ^ "Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli expands cabinet; six DPMs in Oli cabinet |". nepaleKhabar. Retrieved 2018-04-20.

External linksEdit