Colgate (toothpaste)

Colgate is an American brand principally used for oral hygiene products such as toothpastes, toothbrushes, mouthwashes and dental floss. American manufactured by Colgate-Palmolive, Colgate oral hygiene products were first sold by the company in 1873, sixteen years after the death of the founder, William Colgate. The company originally sold soap.

Colgate logo red.svg
Product typeOral hygiene
OwnerColgate-Palmolive Company
CountryUnited States
Introduced1873; 147 years ago (1873)
Colgate Dental Cream (Toothpaste) With Gardol - ca. 1950s


1915 magazine ad

Colgate toothpaste was sold in glass jars since 1873. Tubes, as pioneered by Kalodont, Johnson & Johnson (Zonweiss)[1] and Sheffield, were introduced in 1896.[2]

It has been in Malaysia since the 1920s. It is in Nepal and India, with manufacturing units based in India and exported to Nepal. While in the Philippines, it was introduced in 1926 under The Palmolive Company Philippines before it changed its name to Colgate-Palmolive Philippines in 1949.[citation needed]

In 1957, Colgate established its first factory in India to produce toothpaste for the domestic market, and by 1999 became the highest selling brand in the world.[citation needed] Colgate products are marketed in China under its Chinese Brand name 高露洁 (Pinyin: Gāolùjié), which means "high-quality cleaning gel".[citation needed] As of 2002, Colgate occupied 20% of the market share for toothpastes in China.[3] As of 2015, it also commanded approximately 70% of the oral care market in Brazil.[4]

In 2007, the Advertising Standards Authority in the UK told Colgate that it could no longer make the claim that 4 out of 5 dentists recommended Colgate. Investigation had showed that the study had telephone surveyed dentists to list toothpastes they recommended, and their competitors were recommended at similar rates. The claim was deemed deceptive.[5]

As of 2015, oral care products (principally produced under the Colgate brand) were the Colgate-Palmolive company's largest source of income, making up around US$7.5 billion, or 47% of net sales globally (with personal care products such as shampoos making up 20%, home care products such as laundry detergents 19% and pet nutrition products making up the remaining 14%).[6]

Consumer holding Colgate with hemp seed oil, 2020

In February, 2020, Colgate's parent company announced an agreement to purchase Hello Products, a New Jersey company that had earlier in the month introduced toothpastes, mouthwashes and lip balms containing cannabidiol (CBD).[7] Colgate registered the label for toothpaste containing hemp seed oil with the U.S. government around January, 2020.[8]


According to a 2015 report by market research company Kantar Worldpanel, Colgate is the only brand in the world purchased by more than half of all households.[9] Colgate has a global market penetration of 67.7% and a global market share of 45%.[6] Despite this, it maintained the highest growth rate of all brands in the survey, with 40 million new households purchasing Colgate-branded products in 2014.[4] Its global market penetration is nearly 50%; higher than the second-placed brand in the study, Coca-Cola with 43.3% penetration.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Zonweiss: the First Toothpaste in a Tube? at
  2. ^ "Colgate-Palmolive Company History: Creating Bright Smiles for 200 Years". Archived from the original on 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
  3. ^ "高露洁 (Colgate)". Baidu. March 17, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Brand Footprint". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  5. ^ Derbyshire, David (February 10, 2018). "Colgate gets the brush off for 'misleading' ads".
  6. ^ a b "Colgate-Palmolive Company 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). The Colgate-Palmolive Company. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  7. ^ "Colgate to buy U.S. vegan toothpaste maker". Reuters. January 23, 2020 – via Yahoo! News.
  8. ^ "COLGATE HEMP SEED OIL- sodium fluoride paste, dentifrice". DailyMed (drug labels database). U.S. National Library of Medicine. January 21, 2020. NDC code 35000-041-46. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  9. ^ "Colgate bought by over half of the world households - Global site - Kantar Worldpanel". Retrieved January 12, 2017.

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