Coilia, the grenadier anchovies, is a genus of anchovies. It currently contains 12–13 species.[1][2] They are found in East, Southeast and South Asia, and mostly inhabit estuarine regions, but there are also species in coastal marine habitats and rivers (at least up to 1,000 km or 620 mi from the sea in C. brachygnathus).[2] The largest is up to 41 cm (16 in) in length, but most species only reach around half that size.[2]

Coilia dussumieri.jpg
Coilia ramcarati Achilles 159.jpg
Coilia dussumieri (above)

Coilia ramcarati (below)

Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Engraulidae
Subfamily: Coiliinae
Genus: Coilia
J. E. Gray, 1830

It derives its generic name coilia from the Greek koilia, meaning "hollow" or "abdomen".[3]


There are 12[1] or 13 species:[2]

The Catalog of Fishes considers Coilia brachygnathus synonym of Coilia nasus,[1] hence listing one species less that the FishBase.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke; R. van der Laan, eds. (30 June 2017). "Catalog of Fishes". California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). Species of Coilia in FishBase. February 2017 version.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2017). "Coilia nasus" in FishBase. February 2017 version.