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Clitheroe (UK Parliament constituency)

Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.

Clitheroe
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyLancashire
18851983
Number of members1
Replaced byRibble Valley, Burnley, Hyndburn and Pendle[1]
1559–1885
Number of members1559–1832: Two
1832–1885: One
Type of constituencyBorough constituency

The town of Clitheroe was first enfranchised as a parliamentary borough in 1559, returning two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England until 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and finally to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1832. The borough's representation was reduced to one MP by the Reform Act 1832.

The parliamentary borough was abolished under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and the name transferred to a new county division with effect from the 1885 general election. The county division returned one MP until it was abolished for the 1983 general election. It was then largely replaced by the new Ribble Valley constituency.

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: The Boroughs of Clitheroe and Burnley, the Sessional Division of Colne, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Clitheroe and Burnley.

1918-1950: The Borough of Clitheroe, the Urban Districts of Great Harwood and Padiham, the Rural District of Clitheroe, and part of the Rural District of Burnley.

1950-1983: The Borough of Clitheroe, the Urban Districts of Great Harwood, Longridge, and Padiham, the Rural Districts of Burnley and Clitheroe, and in the Rural District of Preston the parishes of Dutton, Hothersall, and Ribchester.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Borough of ClitheroeEdit

MPs 1559–1660Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1559 (Jan) Thomas Greenacres Walter Horton [2]
1563 (Jan) Thomas Greenacres John Jeffrey [2]
1571 Richard Greenacres George Horsey [2]
1572 William Wynter Thomas Docwray [2]
1584 Michael Purefoy Alexander Fisher [2]
1586 Edmund Poley John Walmesley [2]
1588 (Oct) Robert Pilkington John White [2]
1593 William Twysden John Chamberlain [2]
1597 (Oct) William Holte George Rotheram [2]
1601 (Oct) John Osbaldestone Anthony Dering [2]
1604 Sir John Dormer Martin Lister
1614 Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet Clement Coke
1621-1622 Sir Thomas Walmsley William Fanshawe
1624 William Fanshawe Ralph Whitfield
1625 Ralph Assheton William Fanshawe
Jan 1626 Ralph Assheton George Kirke
Apr 1626 Ralph Assheton Christopher Hatton
1628 Thomas Jermyn William Newell
1629-1640 No Parliament summoned
1640 (Apr) Sir Ralph Assheton Richard Shuttleworth, jnr
1640 (Nov) Sir Ralph Assheton Richard Shuttleworth, jnr
1645 Sir Ralph Assheton Richard Shuttleworth, jnr
1648 Richard Shuttleworth, jnr
1653–1660 Clitheroe not represented in Barebones or Protectorate Parliaments

MPs 1660–1832Edit

Two members returned to Parliament

Year First member[3] First party[4] Second member Second party
Apr 1660 Sir Ralph Assheton William White
Jul 1660 William Hulton
Apr 1661 John Heath
1662 Ambrose Pudsay
1675 Sir Thomas Stringer
1679 Sir Ralph Assheton
1680 Henry Marsden
1685 Lord Strange Edmund Assheton
1689 Anthony Parker Christopher Wilkinson
1690 Roger Kenyon
1693 Fitton Gerard
1695 Christopher Lister Ambrose Pudsay
1698 Thomas Stringer
1701 Ambrose Pudsay
1705 Edward Harvey
1707 Daniel Harvey
1708 Christopher Parker
Apr 1713 Thomas Lister I
Sep 1713 Charles Zedenno Stanley
1715 Edward Harvey
1722 Nathaniel Curzon
1727 The Viscount Galway
1734 William Curzon
1745 Thomas Lister II
1747 Nathaniel Curzon
1754 Assheton Curzon Tory
Dec 1761 by-election Nathaniel Lister Tory
1773 by-election Thomas Lister III Tory
1780 John Parker Tory
1782 by-election John Lee Tory
1790 Sir John Aubrey, Bt Tory Penn Curzon Tory
1792 by-election Assheton Curzon Tory
1795 by-election Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor Tory
1796 Lord Edward Bentinck Tory Hon. Robert Curzon Tory
1802 Hon. John Cust Tory
1808 by-election James Gordon Tory
Oct 1812 Viscount Castlereagh Tory
Dec 1812 by-election Edward Wilbraham-Bootle Tory
1818 Hon. William Cust Tory
1822 by-election Henry Porcher Tory
1826 Hon. Peregrine Cust Tory
1831 Hon. Robert Curzon Tory

MPs 1832–1885Edit

Election Member[3] Party
1832 representation reduced to one member
1832 John Fort Whig[4][5]
1841[6] Mathew Wilson Whig[7][8][9][4]
1842 [6] Edward Cardwell Conservative[4]
1847 Mathew Wilson Whig[7][8][9][4]
May 1853 by-election[10] John Thomas Walshman Aspinall Conservative
Aug 1853 by-election[10] Le Gendre Starkie Peelite[11][12][13]
1857 John Turner Hopwood Conservative[14][15][16][17][18][19][20]
1865 Richard Fort Liberal
1868 by-election Ralph Assheton Conservative
1880 Richard Fort Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to new county division

Clitheroe division of LancashireEdit

MPs 1885–1983Edit

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal
1902 by-election David Shackleton Labour
1910 Albert Smith Labour
1918 Alfred Davies Labour
1922 Sir William Brass Conservative
1945 Harry Randall Labour
1950 Richard Fort Conservative
1959 Sir Francis Pearson Conservative
1970 David Walder Conservative
1979 by-election David Waddington Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Ribble Valley

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1979: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Waddington 25,081 57.1 +9.1
Labour Lindsay R. Sutton 13,502 30.7 −0.5
Liberal Frank Wilson 5,362 12.2 −8.6
Majority 11,579 26.3
Turnout 43,945 80.7 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing
Clitheroe by-election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Waddington 22,185 65.0 +17.0
Labour Lindsay R. Sutton 9,685 28.4 −2.8
Liberal Frank Wilson 2,242 6.6 −14.2
Majority 12,500 36.6 +19.8
Turnout 34,112
Conservative hold Swing +9.9
General Election October 1974: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Walder 19,643 48.0 +0.2
Labour Barry McColgan 12,775 31.2 +3.2
Liberal C. William Roberts 8,503 20.8 −3.4
Majority 6,868 16.8 −3.0
Turnout 40,921 78.6 −5.0
Conservative hold Swing −1.5
General Election February 1974: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Walder 20,613 47.8 −3.8
Labour Michael Walsh 12,085 28.0 −7.8
Liberal C. William Roberts 10,438 24.2 +11.6
Majority 8,528 19.8
Turnout 43,136 83.7 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General Election 1970: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Walder 20,430 51.6 +5.5
Labour Kenneth C Bodfish 14,158 35.8 −4.3
Liberal Vera Ida Macmillan 4,965 12.6 −1.2
Majority 6,272 15.9
Turnout 39,553 79.3 −4.3
Conservative hold Swing +4.9

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1966: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Pearson 17,244 46.1 −2.7
Labour Robert Hodge 15,014 40.1 +2.6
Liberal Vera Ida Macmillan 5,168 13.8 +0.1
Majority 2,230 6.0
Turnout 37,426 83.5 −1.8
Conservative hold Swing −2.7
General Election 1964: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Pearson 18,559 48.8 −9.3
Labour Doug Hoyle 14,278 37.5 −4.4
Liberal Martin Strange 5,209 13.7 N/A
Majority 4,281 11.3
Turnout 38,046 85.3 −1.3
Conservative hold Swing −2.5

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1959: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Pearson 22,314 58.1 +1.6
Labour William Rutter 16,103 41.9 −1.6
Majority 6,211 16.2
Turnout 38,417 86.6 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing +1.6
General Election 1955: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Fort 21,615 56.5 +1.2
Labour William Rutter 16,671 43.5 −1.2
Majority 4,944 12.9
Turnout 38,286 85.3 −4.8
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General Election 1951: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Fort 23,007 55.3 +5.7
Labour Harold Bradley 18,582 44.7 +0.9
Majority 4,425 10.6
Turnout 41,589 90.1 −1.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.4
General Election 1950: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Fort 20,814 49.6
Labour Harry Randall 18,359 43.8
Liberal James Willie Wyers 2,765 6.6
Majority 2,455 5.9
Turnout 41,938 91.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Randall 19,443 53.65
Conservative Richard Fort 16,796 46.35
Majority 2,647 7.30
Turnout 36,239 83.41
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1935: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Brass 21,163 54.86
Labour Stan Awbery 17,411 45.14
Majority 3,752 9.73
Turnout 38,574 87.68
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Clitheroe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Brass 24,361 62.02
Labour Stan Awbery 14,920 37.98
Majority 9,441 24.03
Turnout 39,281 83.40
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General Election 1929: Clitheroe [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Brass 16,035 40.7 −13.5
Labour William Dobbie 15,592 39.5 −6.3
Liberal Charles Norman Glidewell 7,826 19.8 N/A
Majority 443 1.2 −7.2
Turnout 39,453 91.5 +2.9
Registered electors 43,113
Unionist hold Swing −3.6
General Election 1924: Clitheroe [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Brass 16,637 54.2 +11.3
Labour Derwent Hall Caine 14,041 45.8 +7.9
Majority 2,596 8.4 +3.4
Turnout 30,678 88.6 +0.4
Registered electors 34,617
Unionist hold Swing +1.7
General Election 1923: Clitheroe [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Brass 12,998 42.9 −11.8
Labour Alfred Davies 11,469 37.9 −7.4
Liberal Harold Derbyshire 5,810 19.2 N/A
Majority 1,529 5.0 −4.4
Turnout 30,277 88.2 +2.9
Registered electors 34,329
Unionist hold Swing −2.2
General Election 1922: Clitheroe [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Brass 15,586 54.7 +15.4
Labour Alfred Davies 12,911 45.3 +0.7
Majority 2,675 9.4 N/A
Turnout 28,497 85.3 +18.8
Registered electors 33,393
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +7.4

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election 1918: Clitheroe [25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alfred Davies 9,578 44.6 −23.1
Unionist Edwin Leach Hartley 8,419 39.3 +7.0
C Liberal James Henley Batty 3,443 16.1 N/A
Majority 1,159 5.3 −30.1
Turnout 21,440 66.5 −13.5
Registered electors 32,222
Labour hold Swing −15.1
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General Election December 1910: Clitheroe [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Smith 12,107 67.7 +0.4
Conservative J.J. Blayney 5,783 32.3 −0.4
Majority 6,324 35.4 +0.8
Turnout 17,890 80.0 −12.1
Registered electors 22,368
Labour hold Swing +0.4
General Election January 1910: Clitheroe [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Shackleton 13,873 67.3 −8.6
Conservative T. Smith 6,727 32.7 N/A
Majority 7,146 34.6 −17.2
Turnout 20,600 92.1 +15.1
Registered electors 22,368
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900sEdit

1906 General Election: Clitheroe[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Repr. Cmte. David Shackleton 12,035 75.9 N/A
Ind. Conservative B.J. Belton 3,828 24.1 N/A
Majority 8,207 51.8 N/A
Turnout 15,863 77.0 N/A
Registered electors 20,613
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Clitheroe by-election, 1 August 1902[28][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Repr. Cmte. David Shackleton Unopposed
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Liberal
1900 General Election: Clitheroe[27][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

1895 General Election: Clitheroe[27][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Unopposed
Liberal hold
1892 General Election: Clitheroe[29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 7,657 58.2 N/A
Liberal Unionist William Briggs 5,506 41.8 N/A
Majority 2,151 16.4 N/A
Turnout 13,163 86.5 N/A
Registered electors 15,212
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1886: Clitheroe[27][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Unopposed
Liberal hold
By-election, 19 Apr 1886: Clitheroe[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Unopposed
Liberal hold
1885 General Election: Clitheroe[29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 6,821 60.5 +5.5
Conservative John Thursby 4,462 39.5 −5.5
Majority 2,359 21.0 +11.0
Turnout 11,283 88.9 −5.9
Registered electors 12,698
Liberal hold Swing +5.5
1880 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Fort 1,078 55.0 +7.7
Conservative Ralph Assheton 882 45.0 −7.7
Majority 196 10.0 N/A
Turnout 1,960 94.8 −0.2
Registered electors 2,068
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.7

Elections in the 1870sEdit

1874 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Assheton 896 52.7 +0.4
Liberal Edward Ebenezer Kay[31] 804 47.3 −0.4
Majority 92 5.4 +0.8
Turnout 1,700 95.0 +3.9
Registered electors 1,790
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1860sEdit

1868 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Assheton 760 52.3 N/A
Liberal Charles Savile Roundell 693 47.7 N/A
Majority 67 4.6 N/A
Turnout 1,453 91.1 N/A
Registered electors 1,595
Conservative gain from Liberal
By-election, 13 Jul 1868: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Assheton Unopposed
Conservative gain from Liberal
  • Caused by Fort's death.
1865 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Fort Unopposed
Registered electors 438
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850sEdit

1859 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Turner Hopwood Unopposed
Registered electors 469
Conservative hold
1857 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Turner Hopwood Unopposed
Registered electors 457
Conservative gain from Whig
By-election, 23 August 1853: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Le Gendre Starkie 216 51.3 +5.5
Whig Jonathan Peel[32][33] 205 48.7 −5.5
Majority 11 2.6 N/A
Turnout 421 92.3 +1.2
Registered electors 456
Peelite gain from Whig Swing +5.5
  • Caused by the previous by-election being declared void on petition, due to treating.[34][35]
By-election, 28 May 1853: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Thomas Walshman Aspinall 215 50.8 +5.0
Whig Richard Fort[36] 208 49.2 −5.0
Majority 7 1.7 N/A
Turnout 423 92.8 +1.7
Registered electors 456
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +5.0
  • Caused by the previous election being declared void on petition, due to bribery, corruption and intimidation.[37]
1852 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Mathew Wilson 221 54.2 N/A
Conservative John Thomas Walshman Aspinall 187 45.8 N/A
Majority 34 8.3 N/A
Turnout 408 91.1 N/A
Registered electors 448
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840sEdit

1847 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Mathew Wilson Unopposed
Registered electors 504
Whig hold

Wilson's election at the 1841 general election was declared void and Cardwell was declared elected on 21 March 1842.

1841 General Election: Clitheroe[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Mathew Wilson 175 50.7
Conservative Edward Cardwell 170 49.3
Majority 5 1.4
Turnout 345 89.1
Registered electors 387
Whig hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "'Clitheroe', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-26.
  3. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  4. ^ a b c d e Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 177–178. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  5. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 95. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b The election of Wilson in 1841 was voided on petition, and Cardwell declared elected in 1842 after scrutiny of the ballots
  7. ^ a b Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 255. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b Ollivier, John (1841). "Alphabetical List of the House of Commons". Ollivier's Parliamentary and Political Directory for the Session 1841, 1848, Volume 1. p. 32. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). "English Contested Elections". The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 35. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b The result of the 1852 general election in Clitheroe was voided on petition, and a by-election held in May 1853. The by-election result was also voided on petition, and a second by-election held in August 1853
  11. ^ "Miscellanea". Herts Guardian, Agricultural Journal, and General Advertiser. 27 August 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  12. ^ "Clitheroe Election". London Daily News. 23 August 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  13. ^ "Home News: England". Montrose, Arbroath and Brechin review; and Forfar and Kincardineshire advertiser. 26 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. ^ "Clitheroe". Preston Chronicle. 7 March 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  15. ^ "The Dissolution of Parliament". Reynold's Newspaper. 22 March 1857. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  16. ^ Bennett, John D. (2008). "Appendix D: The Southern Lobby in Parliament". The London Confederates: The Officials, Clergy, Businessmen and Journalists Who Backed the American South During the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-7864-3056-7. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  17. ^ Brigg, Mary (1968). Life in East Lancashire, 1856-60: A Newly Discovered Diary of John O'Neil (John Ward), Weaver, of Clitheroe (PDF). p. 113. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  18. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1858). Dod's Parliamentary Companion. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 220. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  19. ^ "The General Election". Morning Chronicle. 21 April 1859. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  20. ^ "Boroughs". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 23 April 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  21. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  28. ^ "Election intelligence". The Times (36836). London. 2 August 1902. p. 10.
  29. ^ a b c d e "Election intelligence". The Times (36805). London. 27 June 1902. p. 5.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  31. ^ "Clitheroe". Lancaster Gazette. 31 January 1874. p. 4. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  32. ^ "Representation of Clitheroe". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 27 August 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  33. ^ "Clitheroe Election". London Daily News. 23 August 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  34. ^ "Wednesday & Thursday's Posts". Stamford Mercury. 12 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  35. ^ "Clitheroe Election Committee". Blackburn Standard. 3 August 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  36. ^ "Clitheroe Election". Blackburn Standard. 25 May 1853. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  37. ^ "Clitheroe". Bolton Chronicle. 28 May 1853. p. 8. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).