Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet

Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet (1591 – April 1648) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1614 and 1640. He was a Royalist leader during the English Civil War.

Hoghton Tower

Hoghton was the son of Sir Richard Hoghton, 1st Baronet of Hoghton Tower, Lancashire. He became a courtier, and a favourite of King James I and was knighted by the king at Whitehall on 21 July 1604. [1][2]

BiographyEdit

In 1614, Hoghton was elected Member of Parliament for Clitheroe to the Addled Parliament.[3] and was then elected in 1621 to hold the county seat for Lancashire until 1622. He was re-elected MP for Lancashire in 1626.[3] In 1630 he inherited the baronetcy on the death of his father.[4]

In April 1640, Hoghton was re-elected MP for Lancashire to the Short Parliament.[3] He was High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1643. In the Civil War he was a prominent Lancastrian Royalist commander and the first to take action in the Blackburn Hundred. In February 1643 he was present at the loss of Preston and later served at Chester.[5] Hoghton Tower was used a Royalist garrison and part of the tower was accidentally blown up by parliamentary forces, killing a number of them.[4] The estate was subsequently sequestered.

Hoghton died in April 1648 and was buried at Preston.[6]

FamilyEdit

Hoghton had married Margaret (died 22 December 1657), the eldest daughter of four daughters and co-heiress of Sir Roger Aston of Cranford, Middlesex,[1][a] with whom he had six sons and four daughters:[7]

  1. George, the eldest son, died young.
  2. Richard, succeeded to the title and estate.
  3. Roger (died 1643), who was killed in the Battle of Marston Moor
  4. Gilbert (died 1661), became a major in the regiment of Sir Gilbert Gerard, married Lettice, daughter and co-heir of Sir Francis Gamull of Chester
  5. Thomas, died young;
  6. Henry, captain of horse under James, Earl of Derby; married Mary, daughter of Peter Egerton of Shaw, in Lancashire, and widow of Sir Thomas Stanley of Bickerstaffe, in Lancashire.

Of the daughters:

  1. Catharine, married Thomas Preston of Holker, in Lancashire.
  2. Mary, married Sir Hugh Calverly of Lea, Cheshire.
  3. Margaret, married Alexander Rigby of Middleton, in Lancashire.
  4. Anne died young.

He was succeeded by his son Sir Richard, who was able to recover the Hoghton estate.[8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hoghton's father-in-law, Sir Roger Aston, was a Gentleman of the Bedchamber and Master of the Great Wardrobe to King James I (Betham 1801, p. 37).
  1. ^ a b Betham 1801, p. 37.
  2. ^ Shaw 1906, p. 134.
  3. ^ a b c Sgroi 2010.
  4. ^ a b Nichols 1828, p. 454.
  5. ^ Broxap 1973, p. 29.
  6. ^ Pink & Beaven 1889, p. 69.
  7. ^ Betham 1801, pp. 37–38.
  8. ^ "HOUGHTON, Sir Gilbert (1591-1646), of Hoghton Tower and Walton, Lancs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 29 March 2013.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir John Dormer
Martin Lister
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
1614
With: Clement Coke
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Walmsley
William Fanshawe
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Gerard, Bt
Sir Cuthbert Halsall
Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1621–1622
With: Sir John Ratcliffe
Succeeded by
Sir John Ratcliffe
Thomas Walmsley
Preceded by
Sir John Ratcliffe
Sir Richard Molyneux
Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1626
With: Robert Stanley
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Molyneux
Sir Alexander Radcliffe
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1640
With: William Farrington
Succeeded by
Ralph Ashton
Roger Kirkby
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Richard Hoghton
Baronet
(of Hoghton Tower)
1630–1647
Succeeded by
Richard Hoghton