Cleator and Workington Junction Railway

The Cleator & Workington Junction Railway (C&WJR) was located in West Cumberland in Northern England, serving the towns of Cleator Moor and Workington and intermediate villages. It was mainly used for coal, limestone and iron ore traffic for the local industries.

Cleator & Workington Junction Railway
Former Cleator & Workington Junction Railway at Harrington Junction, 1951 (geograph 5162661).jpg
Former Cleator & Workington Junction Railway at Harrington Junction, 1951
Overview
StatusClosed
OwnerCleator & Workington Junction Railway
LocaleCumbria
TerminiWorkington
Cleator Moor & Rowrah
Stations12
Service
TypeRural Line
SystemNational Rail Network
Services3
Operator(s)Cleator & Workington Junction Railway
History
Opened1879
Closed1992
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Cleator & Workington Junction Rly
Key
open line
C&WJR lines (all closed)
other closed lines

Solway Junction Railway
to Annan via Solway Viaduct
Linefoot
Linefoot Junction
Summit
Great Broughton
Buckhill Colliery Halt
Camerton Colliery Halt
Siddick Junction
Seaton
Siddick Junction
Calva Junction
enlarge… Workington North
enlarge… Workington Main
Workington Central enlarge…
Bridgefoot
Derwent Ironworks
 
Moss Bay (north)
Ironworks (south)
 
Harrington
(Church Road Halt)
Rosehill
(Archer Street Halt)
High Harrington
Distington
Oatlands
Millgrove
Moresby Parks
Summit
Moresby Junction
Halt
Summit
Rowrah
Arlecdon
Keekle Colliers'
Platform
mine
Cleator Moor West
Cleator Moor East
Cleator Moor Junction
Moor Row Junction
Moor Row

HistoryEdit

The Cleator & Workington Junction Railway was incorporated in 1876 and a Bill presented to Parliament in the same year.

Construction began shortly after and the line between Workington and Cleator Moor was opened in 1879. The line continued northwards from Workington to a junction with the London & North Western Railway at Siddick, approximately two miles away.

The principal station and company headquarters were in Central Square, Workington and the station soon became known as Workington Central. A second main line was built from a junction on the C&WJR main line at Calva Junction to Linefoot Junction, where it joined the Maryport and Carlisle Railway. This section was known as the Northern Extension.

Several branch lines were built including that to Rowrah of which a short 300 yard section remained in use at Rowrah as a backshunt until 1978.

To the people of West Cumberland the line became affectionately known as the "Track of the Ironmasters." The C&WJR never ran its own services on the main lines: this was done on their behalf by the Furness Railway. In later years the C&WJR purchased its own engines to work its branch lines (see below).

At the railway grouping of 1923, the line was incorporated into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway network. The Northern Extension section that served the Broughton Moor Armaments Depot closed on 4 June 1992.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 16 February 1900, an embankment was washed away at Moss Bay, Workington. A freight train on the Moss bay Branch was derailed with the locomotive coming to rest on its side.[1]

The 0-6-0ST locomotive was rescued shortly after the incident and was returned to traffic.

RouteEdit

Main lineEdit

Cleator Moor West - Moresby Parks - Distington - High Harrington - Workington Central (Route in Google Maps)

Northern extensionEdit

Workington Central - Seaton (Cumbria) - Great Broughton (Route in Google Maps)

Rowrah lineEdit

The Rowrah Line was branch line that left the mainline south of Distington, accessing the mines and quarries near Rowrah. This branch line crossed over the main line from Workington to Cleator Moor to continue to Rowrah. The Company built a single road engine shed near the junction to house a C&WJR locomotive that worked the line. The much altered building exists today (2017) as an agricultural store.

Cleator & Workington Junction Railway locomotivesEdit

All the nameplates used on this company's locomotives were named after residences of C&WJR company directors. Until recently there was uncertainty about the name of No. 2 but the personal notebook of the Company Accountant shows otherwise. The engine never ran in service with the name "Ennerdale"

  • Notes on the Locomotives The first two locomotives were outside cylinder 0-4-0 tank engines. They proved not to be powerful enough for the severe inclines so engines 3 to 10 were 0-6-0 inside cylinder saddle tanks from a wide range of builders. Some poorly researched historical sources often get this fact wrong and describe the larger saddle tank engines as outside cylinder engines.
  • No.1, Brigham Hall (1st) and Rothersyke (1st.)
    An outside cylinder 0-4-0T. Built in 1894 by Fletcher Jennings Ltd for C&WJR. Builders No. 187.
    Nameplates carried: Brigham Hill (1882–1894) and Rothersyke (1894–1897)
    Renumbered: No known renumbering of this engine.
    Disposal: To West Stanley Colliery Coy. County Durham in 1897[2]
  • No.2, Unnamed for fifteen years, then Rothersyke (2nd) an outside cylinder 0-4-0ST. Built circa 1875 by Barclay & Co. (Not an Andrew Barclay product) Built originally for Ward, Ross & Liddlelow, railway contractors to the C&WJR. No.2 was purchased second hand in 1882. No.2 was originally named Ennerdale but the nameplates were removed after acquisition by the C&WJR on the order of the Managing Director. One unverified source says that the name "Ennerdale" was only painted upon the engine and when it was purchased by the C&WJR the name "Ennerdale" was painted over on authority of the Board of Directors.
    Nameplates Carried: None from 1882 to 1897. The redundant plates from engine No.1 Rothersyke were fitted when it was decided to sell the engine.
    Renumbered: No known renumbering of this engine.
    Disposal: To SD Coasdell of Workington in July 1898 for £150.[2][3]
  • No.3, South Lodge an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST of 1884, built by Robert Stephenson and Company for the C&WJR. Builders No. 2553. The saddle tank did not cover the smokebox.
    Nameplates carried: South Lodge. (1884 to 1920)
    Renumbered: No known renumbering of this engine.
    Disposal: To J.F. Wake Ltd., Dealers, Darlington, County Durham, July 1920[2]
  • No.4, Harecroft an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1885 by the Lowca Engineering Co. Ltd. for the C&WJR. Builders No. 196. Similar in appearance to No.3 and the saddle tank did not cover the smokebox.
    Nameplates carried: Harecroft. (1885 to 1915)
    Renumbered: After disposal by new owner to 46
    Disposal: Withdrawn September 1915 and sold to Workington Iron & Steel Company.[2]
  • No.5, Moresby Hall an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1890 by Robert Stephenson and Company for the C&WJR. Builders No. 2692. The saddle tank did not cover the smokebox.
    Nameplates carried: Moresby Hall. (1890 to 1919)
    Renumbered: No known renumbering of this engine.
    Disposal: Withdrawn and scrapped 1919.[2]
  • No.6, Brigham Hall an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1894 by Robert Stephenson and Company for the C&WJR. Builders No. 2813. The saddle tank did not cover the smokebox.
    Nameplates carried: Brigham Hall. (1894 to 1920)
    Renumbered: Allocated 11564 by the LMS in 1923 after the grouping, but not known if it was repainted into LMS colours.
    Disposal: Withdrawn 11/12/1926 and scrapped by the LM&SR[2]
  • No.7, Ponsonby Hall an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1896 by Robert Stephenson and Company for the C&WJR. Builders No. 2846. The saddle tank did not cover the smokebox.
    Nameplates carried: Ponsonby Hall . (1886 to 1926)
    Renumbered: Allocated 11565 by the LMS in 1923 after the grouping, but not known if it was repainted into LMS colours.
    Disposal: Withdrawn 18/12/1926 and scrapped by the LM&SR[2]
  • No.8, Hutton Hall an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1907 by Peckett and Sons for the C&WJR. Builders No. 1134.
    Nameplates carried: Hutton Hall (1907 to 1927)
    Renumbered: Allocated 11566 by the LMS in 1923 after the grouping, and repainted into early LMS black goods livery.
    Disposal: Withdrawn 3/12/1927 and scrapped by the LM&SR[2]
  • No.9 Millgrove an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1919 by Peckett and Sons for the C&WJR. Builders No. 1340.
    Nameplates carried: Millgrove (1919 to 1928)
    Renumbered: Allocated 11567 by the LMS in 1923 after the grouping, and repainted into early LMS black goods livery.
    Disposal: Withdrawn 5/12/1928 and scrapped by the LM&SR[2]
  • No.10 Skiddaw Lodge an inside cylinder 0-6-0ST built in 1920 by Hudswell Clarke for the C&WJR. Builders No. 1400.
    Nameplates carried: Skiddaw Lodge . (1920 to 1932)
    Renumbered: Allocated No. 11568 by the LMS in 1923 after the grouping, and repainted into early LMS black goods livery.
    Disposal: Withdrawn 1932 by LM&SR and sold to Hartley Main Collieries Northumberland, via Robert Frazer & Sons Ltd., Hebburn, County Durham.[2]

Other railways in the Workington areaEdit

Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1980). Trains in Trouble. Vol. 1. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 16. ISBN 0-906899-01-X. |volume= has extra text (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gradon, William McGowan (December 2004). Track of the Ironmasters. Cumbrian Railways Association. ISBN 0-9540232-2-6.
  3. ^ Industrial Locomotive Society records. Industrial Locomotive Society.

External linksEdit