Rosehill (Archer Street Halt) railway station was opened by the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway (C&WJR) on the company's Harrington Branch which connected with the Lowca Light Railway (LLR) at Rosehill to provide a through route from Lowca to Workington Central and beyond.
|Location||Rose Hill, Harrington, Cumbria, Allerdale|
|Original company||Cleator and Workington Junction Railway|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|2 June 1913||Opened|
|31 May 1926||Advertised passenger service ended|
|1 April 1929||Workmen's service ended, halt closed|
Cleator & Workington Junction Rly
|Whitehaven, Cleator |
& Egremont Railway
Official, authoritative and regional sources variously refer to the halt as Rosehill (Archer Street Halt), Rosehill, Rose Hill and simply Archer Street. Sources also refer inconsistently to this halt and the nearby unadvertised platform at the top of Rosehill (Rose Hill) as Rose Hill, Rosehill, Rose Hill Platform and Rose Hill Junction. Some sources imply that there was only ever one halt at Rose Hill, that being at Archer Street.
Sources agree that the halt opened when the line was opened to advertised trains on 2 June 1913, though they remain silent whether unadvertised workmen's trains ran before then. All agree that the halt closed to advertised passenger trains on 31 May 1926 and to closed completely when unadvertised workmen's trains were withdrawn on 1 April 1929.
The route, and especially the Lowca Light Railway, was very steeply graded. There was a stretch southwards up Copperas Hill at 1 in 17 - the steepest adhesion-worked gradient in Britain over which regular passenger trains ran. Trains for Lowca faced this climb from a standing start at the halt and sometimes slipped to a stand and had to set back as far as Harrington (Church Road Halt) to charge the bank.
The C&WJR and LLR had co-operated to provide unadvertised workmen's services along the route from 15 April 1912. From 2 June 1913 at least some of these trains - known locally as "The Rattler" - became publicly advertised with at least one 3rd Class coach for 'ordinary' passengers. Most trains plied between Lowca and Workington Central, though two continued to the first stop up the C&WJR's "Northern extension" - Seaton (Cumbria). The Seaton trains were cut back to Workington from February 1922.
Passenger trains consisted of antiquated Furness stock hauled largely by elderly Furness engines referred to as "rolling ruins" by one author after a footplate ride in 1949. Freight trains on the Lowca Light Railway through Harrington Junction to the Moss Bay and Derwent branches were usually hauled by industrial locomotives.
The line's primary objective was transporting minerals and the products and biproducts of coking plants. Photographs of trains in later years typically consist of a mix of mineral wagons and tar tanker wagons. The prime purpose of the passenger service was to enable workers to get from Workington to Lowca Colliery (also known as Harrington No. 10 Pit) which was situated on a remote cliff top overlooking the Irish Sea. Workers from Whitehaven were able to use workmen's trains which shuttled between Whitehaven and Parton Halt at the western end of the Gilgarran Branch near Parton.
The July 1913 public timetable shows four trains a day calling at the halt, it makes no mention of either Rosehill Junction or Harrington Church Road Halt, the latter had yet to open and the former appears never to have had a public service, if it existed as a separate entity at all.
The July 1922 public timetable shows three 3rd Class Only Up trains from Lowca, Monday to Friday, calling at Micklam, Rosehill (Archer Street Halt), Harrington (Church Road Halt) and Workington Central, with an extra on Saturdays. All were balanced by Down workings. There never was a Sunday service on the route. Note that Copperas Hill is not shown, though a standard work gives its closing date as 1926. It was shown in the 1920 Working Time Table and last appeared in public timetables in 1921.
In 1923 the LMS replaced conventional trains with "Bus Trains" staffed by a travelling ticket inspector, allowing the halts to be destaffed, but the service still could not compete with emerging road transport. The publicly advertised service ended on 31 May 1926. Unadvertised workmen's trains continued until 1 April 1929, after which the accoutrements of a passenger railway, such as extensive and costly signalling, were removed, enabling the line to return to its industrial origins.
The route continued in freight use from Lowca through the site of the halt to Moss Bay until 1973 when Solway Colliery, Workington closed, depriving the line of purpose. By then it had outlived the C&WJR's main line by nine years.
The tracks were lifted in 1973.
Two brakevan special trains aimed at railway enthusiasts travelled through the site of the halt in its later years. "The Furnessman" ran on 24 May 1969, with a Border Railway Society farewell tour on 26 May 1973 being the last train for ever.
By 2013 the trackbed through the halt was readily visible on satellite imagery.
|Preceding station||Disused railways||Following station|
|Harrington (Church Road Halt)
Line and station closed
|Cleator and Workington Junction Railway||Rose Hill Platform|
Line and station closed
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 63.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 28.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 59.
- Butt 1995, p. 199.
- Smith & Turner 2012, Map 26.
- Anderson 2002, p. 309 (as b Archer Street.
- Jowett 1989, Map 36, as Rosehill.
- Robinson 2002, p. 27.
- Anderson 2002, p. 316.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 30.
- Suggitt 2008, pp. 74–6.
- Marshall 1981, p. 121.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 29.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 51.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, pp. 18, 27 & 30.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, pp. 27 & 53.
- Anderson 2002, p. 317.
- Andrews 2001, p. 22.
- Bradshaw 1985, p. 595.
- Butt 1995, p. 68.
- Haynes 1920, "Lowca Branch".
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 68.
- Andrews 2001, p. 23.
- Suggitt 2008, p. 76.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, p. 62.
- McGowan Gradon 2004, pp. 30 & 59.
- Anderson, Paul (April 2002). Hawkins, Chris (ed.). "Dog in the Manger? The Track of the Ironmasters". British Railways Illustrated. Clophill: Irwell Press Ltd. 11 (7).
- Andrews, Dr. Michael (May 2001). Peascod, Michael (ed.). "The Harrington & Lowca Light Railway". Cumbrian Railways. Pinner: Cumbrian Railways Association. 7 (2). ISSN 1466-6812.
- Bradshaw, George (1985) [July 1922]. Bradshaw's General Railway and Steam Navigation guide for Great Britain and Ireland: A reprint of the July 1922 issue. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-7153-8708-5. OCLC 12500436.
- Butt, R. V. J. (October 1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. OL 11956311M.
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- Haynes, Jas. A. (April 1920). Cleator & Workington Junction Railway Working Time Table. Central Station, Workington: Cleator and Workington Junction Railway.
- McGowan Gradon, W. (2004) . The Track of the Ironmasters: A History of the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway. Grange-over-Sands: Cumbrian Railways Association. ISBN 0-9540232-2-6.
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- Smith, Paul; Turner, Keith (2012). Railway Atlas Then and Now. Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7110-3695-6.
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- Atterbury, Paul (2009). Along Lost Lines. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-7153-2706-7.
- Bairstow, Martin (1995). Railways In The Lake District. Martin Bairstow. ISBN 1-871944-11-2.
- Bowtell, Harold D. (1989). Rails through Lakeland: An Illustrated Journey of the Workington-Cockermouth-Keswick-Penrith Railway 1847-1972. Wyre, Lancashire: Silverling Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-947971-26-2.
- Croughton, Godfrey; Kidner, Roger W.; Young, Alan (1982). Private and Untimetabled Railway Stations, Halts and Stopping Places X 43. Headington, Oxford: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-281-1.
- Joy, David (1983). Lake Counties (Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 094653702X.
- Webb, David R. (October 1964). Cooke, B.W.C. (ed.). "Between the Solway and Sellafield: Part Two". The Railway Magazine. London: Tothill Press Limited. 110 (762).
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- Map of the CWJR with photos, via RAILSCOT
- Map of the WC&ER with photos, via RAILSCOT
- The station, via Rail Map Online
- The future station site on overlain OS maps surveyed from 1898, via National Library of Scotland
- The station top left of an OS maps surveyed in 1923, via National Library of Scotland
- The site of the halt on a 1948 OS Map, via npe maps
- The line and halt, via railwaycodes
- The railways of Cumbria, via Cumbrian Railways Association
- Photos of Cumbrian railways, via Cumbrian Railways Association
- The railways of Cumbria, via Railways_of_Cumbria
- Cumbrian Industrial History, via Cumbria Industrial History Society
- Railtour using West Cumberland lines in 1954, 1969 and 1973, via sixbellsjunction
- A video tour-de-force of the region's closed lines, via cumbriafilmarchive
- Haematite, via earthminerals
- Coal and iron ore mining in Cleator Moor, via Haig Pit
- The halt and the Lowca Light Railway, via Cumbrian Railways Association
- Photos of the station, line, staff, tickets and timetables, via Harrington History