Corkickle railway station

Corkickle is a railway station on the Cumbrian Coast Line, which runs between Carlisle and Barrow-in-Furness. The station, situated 40+12 miles (65 km) south-west of Carlisle, serves the suburb of Corkickle in Whitehaven, Cumbria. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains.

Corkickle
National Rail
Corkickle railway station, Cumbria (geograph 3563943).jpg
General information
LocationCorkickle, Copeland
England
Coordinates54°32′29″N 3°34′55″W / 54.5414869°N 3.5820824°W / 54.5414869; -3.5820824Coordinates: 54°32′29″N 3°34′55″W / 54.5414869°N 3.5820824°W / 54.5414869; -3.5820824
Grid referenceNX977174
Owned byNetwork Rail
Managed byNorthern Trains
Platforms1
Tracks1
Other information
Station codeCKL
ClassificationDfT category F2
History
Original companyWhitehaven and Furness Junction Railway
Pre-groupingFurness Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
British Rail (London Midland Region)
Key dates
19 July 1849Opened as Whitehaven Newtown
3 December 1855Resited and renamed Whitehaven Corkickle
1957Renamed Corkickle
Passengers
2016/17Increase 45,852
2017/18Increase 50,422
2018/19Increase 53,668
2019/20Increase 68,974
2020/21Decrease 18,114
Location
Corkickle is located in the Borough of Copeland
Corkickle
Corkickle
Location in Copeland, Cumbria
Corkickle is located in Cumbria
Corkickle
Corkickle
Location in Cumbria, England
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

The station opened on 3 December 1855,[1] and is at the southern end of the 1,219 m (3,999 ft) tunnel from Whitehaven. Between 1855 and 1957, the station was known as Whitehaven Corkickle.[1][2]

FacilitiesEdit

The single platform station has kept its main building, but this is now in private residential use. Shelters, a public telephone, ticket vending machine and a digital information board are sited near the main entrance, which has step-free access from the approach road.[3] Train running information can also be obtained from timetable posters on the platform.

ServicesEdit

Northern Trains
Route 6
Cumbrian Coast, Furness
and Windermere Lines
 
Carlisle      
 
Dalston  
 
Wigton    
 
Aspatria    
 
Maryport    
 
Flimby
 
Workington  
 
Harrington  
 
Parton  
 
Whitehaven    
 
Corkickle
 
St Bees  
 
Nethertown  
 
Braystones
 
Sellafield  
 
Seascale    
 
Drigg
 
Ravenglass for Eskdale  
 
Bootle  
 
Silecroft
 
Millom    
 
Green Road  
 
Foxfield
 
Kirkby-in-Furness  
 
Askam  
 
Barrow-in-Furness    
 
Roose
 
Dalton  
 
Ulverston      
 
Cark & Cartmel  
 
Kents Bank
 
Grange-over-Sands      
 
Arnside  
 
Silverdale  
 
Carnforth  
 
 
 
Windermere  
 
 
Staveley  
 
 
Burneside  
 
 
Kendal    
 
 
Oxenholme Lake District    
 
 
 
Lancaster      
 
Preston      
 
Wigan North Western    
 
Manchester Oxford Road
 
Manchester Piccadilly        
 
Mauldeth Road  
 
Burnage  
 
East Didsbury    
 
Gatley      
 
Heald Green  
 
Manchester Airport      

Monday to Saturdays there is hourly service northbound to Carlisle and southbound to Barrow-in-Furness. There are no trains after 21:00 on Mondays-Saturdays,[4] but since the May 2018 timetable change a Sunday service now operates (for the first time since 1976) from mid-morning until early evening.

FreightEdit

The area immediately south of the station was for many years a busy freight location, handling haematite ore traffic from Moor Row mine as well as the aforementioned chemical tankers up & down the incline at the nearby Preston Street goods depot (the one time W&FJR passenger terminus) and associated yard.[5] Two signal boxes (Corkickle No. 1 & No. 2)[6][7] supervised the sidings, as well as controlling access to and from the incline and the Moor Row branch (the surviving portion of the former Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway line to Egremont & Sellafield). Although sufficiently busy to require its own resident shunting locomotive well into the 1970s, the gradual loss of traffic from the early 1980s onwards saw facilities run down and following the demise of Preston Street depot, the yard eventually closed (along with both signal boxes, which had been replaced by standard LMR-designed structures in 1958–59)[8] on 15/16 February 1997.[9] Today no trace remains of the sidings or either signal box, only the one surviving running line southwards towards St Bees & Sellafield.

The Corkickle BrakeEdit

 
Corkickle Brake, showing the winding house on the skyline

In 1881 the Corkickle Brake, a roped incline 525 yards (480 m) in length and with gradients of between 1 in 5.2 and 1 in 6.6 was built from the Furness Railway main line, a short distance to the south of Corkickle station, to the Earl of Lonsdale's Croft Pit.[10]

The 'brake' closed in 1931 due to the worsening financial situation of the colliery's owners, Lonsdale's Whitehaven Colliery Co.[10] In May 1955, the incline was re-opened, this time to serve the factory of Marchon Products - a subsidiary of Albright and Wilson - at Kells. It was used mainly to haul rail tanker wagons containing sulphuric acid from the main line - by now in the ownership of British Railways - to the Marchon factory. The Corkickle Brake closed for good on 31 October 1986 when it was the last commercial roped incline in Britain.[11] The task of transporting acid and other chemicals was taken over by road tankers.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Quick 2009, p. 410.
  2. ^ British Railways (1957/8)
  3. ^ Corkickle station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 2 December 2016
  4. ^ GB Rail Timetable (December 2019 Edition), Table 100
  5. ^ Class 25s - Around BarrowDerby Sulzers, Retrieved 2013-10-03
  6. ^ D. Allen and C.J. Woolstenholmes, A Pictorial Survey of London Midland Signalling, OPC, 1996, p. 123. ISBN 0-86093-523-X
  7. ^ British Railways Layout Plans of the 1950s, Vol.6 West Coast Main Line (Euxton Junction to Mossband) and branches.Signalling Record Society 1993, p.44. ISBN 1-873228-05-8.
  8. ^ Quayle (2006), p.85.
  9. ^ Quayle (2006), p.93.
  10. ^ a b Quayle (2006), p.60
  11. ^ Colin E Mountford "Rope haulage - the forgotten element of railway history" in Early Railways - proc of the First International Railway Conference.Pub Newcomen Society 1998
  12. ^ Quayle (2006), p.61-65

SourcesEdit

  • British Railways London Midland Region Passenger Timetable, 16 September 1957 to 8 June 1958.
  • GB Rail Timetable Winter Edition 13 December 2009 - 22 May 2010.
  • Hyde, M. and Pevsner, N The Buildings of England: Cumbria. Yale University Press 2010. ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1
  • Joy, D. Cumbrian Coast Railways. Dalesman Publishing 1968.
  • Joy, D. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 14: The Lake Counties. David and Charles 1983. ISBN 0-946537-02-X
  • Mountford, C.E. Rope and Chain Haulage - The Forgotten Element of Railway History. Industrial Railway Society, 2013. ISBN 9781901556841
  • Quayle, H. Whitehaven - The Railways and Waggonways of a Unique Cumberland Port. Cumbrian Railways Association 2006. ISBN 978-0-9540232-5-6
  • Quick, Michael (2009) [2001]. Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway & Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077.
  • Routledge, A.W. Marchon - The Whtehaven Chemical Works. Tempus, 2005. ISBN 0752435728

External linksEdit

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Whitehaven   Northern Trains
Cumbrian Coast Line
  St Bees
  Historical railways  
Whitehaven   Whitehaven and Furness Junction Railway   St Bees