Whitehaven railway station

Whitehaven is a railway station on the Cumbrian Coast Line, which runs between Carlisle and Barrow-in-Furness. The station, situated 39 miles (63 km) south-west of Carlisle, serves the town of Whitehaven in Cumbria. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains.

Whitehaven
National Rail
Barrow bound DMU waiting to depart Whitehaven Station (geograph 6306361).jpg
LocationWhitehaven, Copeland
England
Coordinates54°33′12″N 3°35′14″W / 54.5532204°N 3.5871793°W / 54.5532204; -3.5871793Coordinates: 54°33′12″N 3°35′14″W / 54.5532204°N 3.5871793°W / 54.5532204; -3.5871793
Grid referenceNX974188
Owned byNetwork Rail
Managed byNorthern Trains
Platforms2
Tracks2 (1 bay platform)
Other information
Station codeWTH
ClassificationDfT category E
History
Original companyWhitehaven Junction Railway
Pre-groupingFurness Railway
London and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
British Rail (London Midland Region)
Key dates
19 March 1847Opened as Whitehaven
20 December 1874Resited and renamed Whitehaven Bransty
6 May 1968Renamed Whitehaven
Passengers
2016/17Decrease 0.251 million
2017/18Decrease 0.232 million
2018/19Decrease 0.221 million
2019/20Increase 0.270 million
2020/21Decrease 67,378
Location
Whitehaven is located in the Borough of Copeland
Whitehaven
Whitehaven
Location in Copeland, Cumbria
Whitehaven is located in Cumbria
Whitehaven
Whitehaven
Location in Cumbria, England
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

HistoryEdit

 
A 1904 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Whitehaven (FR in blue; LNWR in red)

The first station at Whitehaven was opened on 19 March 1847 by the Whitehaven Junction Railway (WJR)[1] as the terminus of their line from Maryport.[2] This station lay to the south of the present station, with the main entrance on Bransty Row (at grid reference NX974186).

On the southern side of the town, the first section of the Whitehaven and Furness Junction Railway (W&FJR) opened on 1 June 1849 from a terminus at Whitehaven (Preston Street) to Ravenglass, but there was no connection between this line and the WJR suitable for passenger trains. In between the two stations stood the town centre, and to the east of that Hospital Hill, so a tunnel 1,333 yards (1,219 m) long was built beneath the latter, being completed in July 1852. In 1854, the W&FJR passenger trains began using the WJR station at Whitehaven (Preston Street becoming a goods-only station).[3] In 1865, the W&FJR was absorbed by the Furness Railway (FR), and in 1866, the WJR was absorbed by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR).[2]

The LNWR station (formerly WJR) was replaced on 20 December 1874 by a new one named Whitehaven Bransty; it was jointly owned by the LNWR and the FR. This station had its name simplified to Whitehaven on 6 May 1968.[1] The original buildings were demolished and replaced by a modern single-story ticket hall in the mid-1980s.[4] The former goods yard site beyond and behind platform one is now occupied by a supermarket.

The station formerly had four operational platforms, but today only two remain in use (the former platforms three and four having lost their tracks when the layout was simplified and the buildings replaced). The double line from Parton becomes single opposite the station signal box (which still bears the original station name Whitehaven Bransty) and then splits into two - one runs into platform one (a bay used by most terminating services from Carlisle) and the other runs into platform two, which is the through line to Sellafield, Millom and Barrow. Trains heading south must collect a token for the single line section to St Bees from a machine on the platform (with the co-operation of the signaller) before they can proceed. Conversely trains from Barrow must surrender the token upon arrival, the driver returning it to the machine before departing for Workington. Only then can the signaller allow another train to enter the single line section.

FacilitiesEdit

The ticket office is open six days per week (closed evenings and Sundays) and there is also a ticket machine available. Digital display screens, a P.A system and information posters provide train running information. Step-free access is available through the main building to both platforms.[5]

ServicesEdit

Northern Trains
Route 6
Cumbrian Coast, Furness
and Windermere Lines
 
Carlisle      
 
Dalston  
 
Wigton    
 
Aspatria    
 
Maryport    
 
Flimby
 
Workington  
 
Harrington  
 
Parton  
 
Whitehaven    
 
Corkickle
 
St Bees  
 
Nethertown  
 
Braystones
 
Sellafield  
 
Seascale    
 
Drigg
 
Ravenglass for Eskdale  
 
Bootle  
 
Silecroft
 
Millom    
 
Green Road  
 
Foxfield
 
Kirkby-in-Furness  
 
Askam  
 
Barrow-in-Furness    
 
Roose
 
Dalton  
 
Ulverston      
 
Cark & Cartmel  
 
Kents Bank
 
Grange-over-Sands      
 
Arnside  
 
Silverdale  
 
Carnforth  
 
 
 
Windermere  
 
 
Staveley  
 
 
Burneside  
 
 
Kendal    
 
 
Oxenholme Lake District    
 
 
 
Lancaster      
 
Preston      
 
Wigan North Western    
 
Manchester Oxford Road
 
Manchester Piccadilly        
 
Mauldeth Road  
 
Burnage  
 
East Didsbury    
 
Gatley      
 
Heald Green  
 
Manchester Airport      

There is generally an hourly service northbound to Carlisle and southbound to Barrow-in-Furness (no late evening service operates south of here).[6] A few through trains operate to/from Lancaster via the Furness Line.

Train operator Northern introduced a regular Sunday through service to Barrow via the coast at the May 2018 timetable change - the first such service south of Whitehaven for more than 40 years. Services run approximately hourly from mid-morning until early evening, with later trains starting and terminating here. This represents a major upgrade on the former infrequent service of four per day each way to/from Whitehaven only that previously operated.

A Sunday service over the whole length of the Coastal route operated on a one-off basis on Sunday 27 September 2009 (first time a revenue earning passenger service has operated south of Whitehaven since May 1976) to celebrate the ACoRP Community Rail Festival. An improved Sunday service has been introduced as part of the current Northern franchise.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Butt 1995, p. 248
  2. ^ a b Awdry 1990, p. 110
  3. ^ Rush 1973, p. 34
  4. ^ Railscot - Photos of Whitehaven Railscot; Retrieved 2 December 2016
  5. ^ Whitehaven station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 2 December 2016
  6. ^ GB eNRT December 2019 Edition, Table 100
  7. ^ Northern Franchise Improvements - DfT Retrieved 14 December 2015

SourcesEdit

  • Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. CN 8983.
  • Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  • Joy, D. Cumbrian Coast Railways. Dalesman Publishing 1968.
  • Joy, D. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume XIV: The Lake Counties. David and Charles 1983. ISBN 0-946537-02-X
  • Quayle, H. Whitehaven - The Railways and Waggonways of a Unique Cumberland Port. Cumbrian Railways Association 2006. ISBN 978-0-9540232-5-6
  • Rush, Robert W. (1973). The Furness Railway 1843-1923. The Oakwood Library of Railway History. Lingfield: Oakwood Press. OL35.

External linksEdit

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Parton   Northern Trains
Cumbrian Coast Line
  Corkickle
  Historical railways  
Parton   London and North Western Railway
Whitehaven Junction Railway
  Terminus
Terminus   Whitehaven and Furness Junction Railway   Corkickle