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Ciudad Ojeda is a city located in the northeastern shore of Lake Maracaibo in Zulia State in northwestern Venezuela. Its population as of the 2005 census was listed as 128,941.

Ciudad Ojeda
Panorama view of downtown San Matias area and Lake Maracaibo
Panorama view of downtown San Matias area and Lake Maracaibo
Flag of Ciudad Ojeda
Flag
Official seal of Ciudad Ojeda
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"La Ciudad Petrolera ", "'Ojeda'"
Ciudad Ojeda is located in Venezuela
Ciudad Ojeda
Ciudad Ojeda
Coordinates: 10°12′0″N 71°18′0″W / 10.20000°N 71.30000°W / 10.20000; -71.30000Coordinates: 10°12′0″N 71°18′0″W / 10.20000°N 71.30000°W / 10.20000; -71.30000
CountryVenezuela
StateZulia
CountiesLagunillas Municipality
DemonymCitojense
Government
 • MayorLeonidas Gonzalez (2017–2021)
Area
 • Total975 km2 (376 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2005)
 • Total128,941
 • Density130/km2 (300/sq mi)
Postal code
4019
Area code265
ClimateAw
WebsitePágina web de la Alcaldía

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Alonso de Ojeda Square.

Ciudad Ojeda was founded on January 19, 1937 by former president Eleazar López Contreras as a settlement for the inhabitants of Lagunillas de Aguas[1] Today, it is a major center for the oil and gas industry in the Lake Maracaibo region.

On November 13, 1939 a terrible fire destroyed Lagunillas de Agua, causing over 200 fatalities. There are several hypotheses about the cause of the fire that prompted the final and decisive transfer of population to the mainland. The truth is that the oil industry was an oily layer on the lake, which had the potential to ignite the wooden houses built on stilts in the lake. One hypothesis is the accidental fall of a kerosene lamp to the lake from the Bar Caracas. Another is a fire caused by an oil company when he was going to beat his concession, that company helped reconstruction and retained the award after all, there is no evidence of this fact.[2]

Origin of the nameEdit

Ciudad Ojeda was named in honor of Alonso de Ojeda, the Spaniard who was the first European to discover Lake Maracaibo.

PopulationEdit

Ciudad Ojeda is medium-sized among Venezuelan cities, with a population of approximately 130,000 inhabitants. The majority of Citojenses are of Venezuelan origin. It is also home to numerous foreign communities of Italian, Portuguese, Chinese and Arabs who have the biggest commercial businesses in the city.

Places of interestEdit

  • Iglesia de Santa Lucia (Church of Santa Lucia)
  • Casa de la Cultura (House of Culture)
  • Muro de contencion del Lago de Maracaibo (Containment Wall of the Lago de Maracaibo)
  • Plaza Alonso de Ojeda (Alonso de Ojeda Square)
  • Plaza Simón Bolívar (Simón Bolívar Square)
  • El Mural Más Grande (The Biggest Mural)

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Notable nativesEdit

ReferencesEdit