City and Guilds of London Institute

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The City and Guilds of London Institute is an educational organisation in the United Kingdom. Founded on 11 November 1878 by the City of London and 16 livery companies to develop a national system of technical education, the institute has been operating under royal charter, granted by Queen Victoria, since 1900. The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, was appointed the first president of the institute.

The City and Guilds of London Institute
Established1878; 146 years ago (1878)
Registration no.312832
Legal statusCharity
Chief Executive
Kirstie Donnelly
Chair of Council
Dame Ann Limb

The City and Guilds of London Institute is also a registered charity and is the awarding body for City & Guilds and ILM qualifications, offering many accredited qualifications mapped onto the Regulated Qualifications Framework. The institute's president is the Princess Royal who accepted this role in June 2011 (following her father the Duke of Edinburgh, who held the position for nearly 60 years), and the Chair of Council is Dame Ann Limb, who took office in 2021. City & Guilds is composed of a number of businesses including ILM, Kineo, The Oxford Group, Digitalme, and Gen2.[clarification needed]

History edit

A meeting of 16 of the City of London's livery companies in 1876 led to the foundation of the City and Guilds of London Institute for the Advancement of Technical Education (CGLI), which aimed to improve the training of craftsmen, engineering technicians, engineering technologists, and professional engineers. The two main objectives were to create a Central Institution in London and to conduct a system of qualifying examinations in technical subjects.[1]

Unable at once to find a large enough site within the City of London for their Central Institution, the CGLI occupied a building on land alongside Exhibition Road in South Kensington, although its headquarters were in Gresham College in the City. At the time John Watney was both secretary to the Gresham Committee and the CGLI. Evening classes were offered at a school on Cowper Street, off City Road, enabling instruction in chemistry and physics to be provided to those who wished to continue their education after working during the day. The school proved such a success that new premises had to be found in nearby Leonard Street, which was formally opened on 19 February 1893 as Finsbury Technical College. The institute's director at the time was Sir Philip Magnus, later University MP. Finsbury College was intended as the first of a number of feeder colleges for the Central Institution but was almost the only one founded. Finsbury College continued its separate existence until 1926.

The City & Guilds of London Art School was established in 1854, as one of the first Government Schools of Design, in Kennington, south London. It was originally named Lambeth School of Art and was set up to provide training in carving, modelling, and architectural decoration. In 1879 the art school began a close working relationship with the City and Guilds Institute. This lasted until 1971 when the art school became an independent charity. The art school focuses on undergraduate and postgraduate study of fine art, stone, and wood carving, and the conservation of three-dimensional cultural artefacts, books, and paper. The City and Guilds Institute maintains a link with the art school through its charitable grant support of projects delivering Widening Participation activity.

Since 2015, the City & Guilds Group has moved back into delivering training as well as offering qualifications. This was originally through its acquisition of the Oxford Group but has since included the acquisition of Adelaide-based e3Learning, an Australian corporate e-learning and compliance provider, and the Cumbrian-based specialist nuclear industry training provider Gen2.[2][3]

City and Guilds College edit

Faced with their continuing inability to find a substantial site, the companies were eventually persuaded by the secretary of the Science and Art Department, General Sir John Donnelly (who was also a Royal Engineer) to found their institution on the 87-acre (350,000 m2) site at South Kensington bought by the 1851 Exhibition Commissioners (for £342,500) for 'purposes of art and science' in perpetuity.

The Central Technical College building was designed by Alfred Waterhouse, better known as the architect of the Natural History Museum. Located adjacent to the Central Institute on the site were the Royal School of Mines and the Royal College of Science.

In 1907, the latter two colleges were incorporated by royal charter into the Imperial College of Science and Technology, and the CGLI Central Technical College was renamed the City and Guilds College in 1907,[4] but not incorporated into Imperial College until 1910.

Although the City and Guilds College was for much of its life governed through Imperial College, the City and Guilds Institute, together with a number of livery companies in their own right, maintained seats on the governing body (the Court) of Imperial College until its reorganisation in 2002. In 2002, under Imperial College's new faculty structure, City and Guilds College, along with the other constituent colleges, ceased to exist as a separate entity. In September 2013 the Mechanical and Aeronautical engineering building at Imperial College was renamed City and Guilds Building to acknowledge the historical legacy. Its name also survives however in the City & Guilds College Union (CGCU)—the student union for the Imperial College Faculty of Engineering and the Imperial College Business School—and in the City & Guilds College Association (CGCA).

Alumni of the CGLI Central Technical College, the City and Guilds College, and the new Imperial College Faculty of Engineering, unite under the City & Guilds College Association. Established in 1897 as the Old Centralians, the Association adopted its current name in 1992.[5]

Headquarters of City & Guilds

CGLI examination and accreditation bodies edit

In 1953 the Associated Examinations Board (AEB) was established and administered by City & Guilds.

1964 saw the creation of the National Examining Board for Supervisory Management (NEBSM) as part of the City & Guilds group, specialising in qualifications for supervisors and junior managers.

In 1973, the Technician Education Council (TEC) was created to unify technical education, eventually taking over the validation of courses in further and higher education. These courses led to Ordinary National Certificates and Diplomas (ONC/Ds) and Higher National Certificates and Diplomas (HNC/Ds), which were previously the responsibility of professional bodies. It also saw the introduction of the City & Guilds Mnemonic Code for computer teaching.

In 1974, the Business Education Council (BEC) was established, again administered by City & Guilds. This had the remit to rationalise and improve the relevance of sub-degree vocational education in Further Education and Higher Education colleges and in Polytechnics. Within 18 months, BEC took over responsibility for non-technical ONCs, ONDs, HNCs, HNDs, and other qualifications.

BEC merged with TEC in 1984 to form the separately administered Business & Technology Education Council (BTEC). This then merged with the University of London Examinations & Assessment Council (ULEAC) in 1996 to form Edexcel.

In 1990 City & Guilds purchased the Pitman Examinations Institute, and Pitman Qualifications Single Subject awards in business and administration and English language proved to be successful worldwide.

In 2002, the Institute of Leadership & Management (ILM)[6] was formed through the merger of NEBSM and the Institute of Supervisory Management (ISM) and became part of the City & Guilds Group.

In 2004, the National Proficiency Tests Council (NPTC) – specialists for agricultural land-based qualifications – became part of the City & Guilds Group.

In 2005, the Hospitality Awarding Body (HAB) – specialists in awards for hospitality and catering – became part of the City & Guilds Group. In January 2010, all active candidates were transferred to City & Guilds courses to remove duplicate award provisions across the Group.

In 2008, the City & Guilds Centre for Skills Development was formed as part of the City & Guilds Group. Its mission is to influence and improve skills policy and practice worldwide through an evidence-based approach.

Charitable purpose edit

The charitable aims of the City and Guilds of London Institute are:

"Providing internationally recognised qualifications, awards, assessments and support for individuals and organisations in the United Kingdom and overseas across a wide range of occupations in industry, commerce, the public services and elsewhere."[7]

The charitable objects of the institute, as defined in its royal charter, are:

"For the purposes of all such branches of science and the fine arts and for the advancement, dissemination, propagation, promotion, culture, and application of all such branches of science and the fine arts as a benefit or are of use to or may benefit or be of use to productive and technical industries especially and to commerce and industry generally or any branch thereof."[7]

Qualifications edit

City & Guilds is an awarding body offering many accredited qualifications mapped onto the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF), Credit and Qualifications Framework for Wales (CQFW), and Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF). As of November 2016, City & Guilds offers 2312 different regulated qualifications, more than any other awarding body.[8] These cover entry level to level 7 on the RQF, with most qualifications falling in the entry-level to level 3 range.[9]

  • Entry-level qualifications are the basics, for beginners.
  • Level 1 qualifications are introductory awards, covering basic tasks and knowledge.
  • Level 2 is slightly more advanced, needing some knowledge of the subject area.
  • Level 3 qualifications cover more complex tasks and also start the development of supervisory skills. In many professions, level 3 is the benchmark to be considered competent.

The range of vocational qualifications covers areas such as engineering technician, arts and craft, tradesman, health and social care, hairdressing, automotive maintenance, construction, and catering, but also more obscure subjects such as sheep shearing, DJing, flower arranging, and even door supervision (bouncer).

National Vocational Qualifications edit

The qualifications available include National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs), most of which are offered at level 2 or 3,[10] although City & Guilds offer NVQs up to Level 7.[11] With 229 NVQs on the Register of Regulated Qualifications (as of November 2016), City & Guilds offers more different NVQs than any other organisation.[12]

TechBac edit

City & Guilds launched the TechBac in 2014. This is a baccalaureate-style qualification aimed at 16–19-year-olds and taking in qualifications in technical skills and workplace skills.[13] It is available at level 2 and level 3, with the level 3 awards attracting UCAS points that can count towards admission to university or college courses.[14] The TechBac can be studied in eleven subjects:[15]

  • Engineering
  • Construction
  • Health & care
  • Childcare
  • Automotive
  • Land
  • Hospitality & catering
  • Business
  • Hair & beauty
  • Travel & Tourism
  • Building services.

Higher level qualifications edit

City & Guilds offers higher-level qualifications in a wide range of subjects ranging from Professional Engineering, Engineering Technology, Management, and Building Services Engineering to various levels of apprenticeships, for higher technicians, tradesman, Craft, Travel, and Tourism.

These qualifications consist of outcomes competencies-based units, covering core, specialised, and key technical and management areas, which are assessed by means of examinations and written assignments.[16]

Higher Professional Diploma edit

Higher Professional Diplomas (HPD) were a suite of awards at level 4 of the RQF for people who want to gain advanced technical skills and broader management knowledge. As of February 2017, most have been discontinued and while the Higher Professional Diploma in Sport and Recreation Management is still running, it is no longer open to new learners.[17]

Master Professional Diploma edit

The Master Professional Diploma (MPD) was a level 7 award suitable for those working at higher levels in a relevant industry. It is no longer awarded.[18]

Professional Recognition Awards edit

The City and Guilds Awards for Professional Recognition are accredited awards offered at levels 4 (academic first-year undergraduate or certificate of higher education level) to 7 (academic Master's degree or postgraduate certificate or diploma level) of the Regulated Qualifications Framework, corresponding to the Licentiateship (LCGI), Affiliateship (AfCGI), Graduateship (GCGI) and Membership (MCGI) of the institute.[19][20]

According to City and Guilds, the characteristics of someone gaining a Professional Recognition Award are:

Licentiateship (LCGI): "A level 4 Professional Recognition Award (Licentiateship) candidate would typically:

  • have first-line responsibility for managing day-to-day activities
  • manage resources in own area of responsibility
  • constructively work with others to develop and maintain good working relationships
  • develop and maintain good customer relationships
  • identify and access opportunities for professional development
  • be able to apply professional standards in own area of responsibility
  • communicate effectively and manage information in line with organisational and legal requirements
  • consistently meet aims and objectives
  • exercise autonomy and judgement in the work role
  • consider the views and perspectives of others in decision making
  • address problems that are well-defined but non-routine"[20]

Affiliateship (AfCGI): "A level 5 Professional Recognition Award (Affiliateship) candidate would typically:

  • have line management responsibilities
  • anticipate, plan, and lead change
  • manage resources
  • constructively work with others to develop and maintain good working relationships
  • set direction and inspire others to work together to achieve challenging outcomes
  • generate creative ideas to inform best practices and continual improvement
  • monitor compliance with professional standards*
  • implement an effective communication strategy
  • develop and maintain good customer relationships to support the customer focussed culture of the organisation
  • analyse, identify and access professional development
  • address problems that are well-defined but complex and non-routine
  • exercising autonomy and judgement in decision making which takes into account the views and perspectives of others"[20]

Graduateship (GCGI): "A level 6 Professional Recognition Award (Graduateship) candidate would typically:

  • have senior management responsibilities
  • take responsibility for achieving organisational objectives
  • take responsibility for managing a programme of substantial change or development
  • identify and manage resources to meet organisational objectives
  • take responsibility for motivating, delegating and empowering others
  • promote innovation and generate ideas for improvement
  • take responsibility for promoting, monitoring and maintaining compliance to professional standards*
  • establish, lead and maintaining effective communication
  • develop and implement standards for customer service
  • evaluate the impact of professional development on self and the organisation
  • address problems that are complex and non-routine
  • use autonomy to make judgements, demonstrating an ability to understand different perspectives, approaches and schools of thought"[20]

Membership (MCGI): "A level 7 Professional Recognition Award (Membership) candidate would typically:

  • have strategic leadership responsibilities
  • articulate a vision for the future of the organisation or own area of responsibility
  • take responsibility for leading the organisation or own area of responsibility through complex change
  • have an in depth understanding of resources and manage them to meet organisational objectives
  • establish a culture of mutual support and cohesion which values the contribution of others and recognises success
  • promote innovation and generate ideas for improvement
  • establishing an environment and culture that assures and promotes compliance with professional standards*
  • develop a communication strategy for the organisation or own area of responsibility
  • represent the organisation to communicate on matters of importance and sensitivity and establish robust methods for managing information.
  • establish a strategy for putting the customer at the centre of the organisation or own area of responsibility
  • champion professional development within the organisation"[20]

Professional Engineering Qualifications edit

City & Guilds offers graduate (level 6) and postgraduate (level 7) diplomas in engineering. These have been designed in conjunction with professional engineering bodies to ensure that holders can apply for professional registration as an Incorporated Engineer (IEng) with the Graduate Diploma or Chartered Engineer (CEng) with the Postgraduate Diploma. Candidates for professional registration are considered individually through the normal assessment procedures of the relevant professional body for their specific discipline.[21][22]

The graduate and post graduate diplomas are offered in five areas: civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic and telecommunication engineering, and information technology. These qualifications can lead to professional registration (IEng or CEng as appropriate) through the following three discipline-specific professional engineering institutions:[22]

Associateship (ACGI) edit

The Associateship of the City and Guilds of London Institute is awarded to undergraduates of the Faculty of Engineering at Imperial College London upon completion of their studies.[23] It is a legacy of the historic City and Guilds College and association between the City and Guilds of London and the college. It is considered a level 6 NVQ qualification, despite involving only academic components, and associates are eligible to use the post-nominal letters ACGI.[24][25]

Fellowship (FCGI) edit

Fellowship (FCGI) is the highest honour conferred by the Council of the City and Guilds of London Institute to recognise outstanding professional and personal achievement. Fellows are leaders of industry, education & academia or government & public sector who have achieved remarkable success in their respective fields. Generally, they hold senior roles such as CEOs, board members or specialist employees or consultants at the national or international level. The FCGI is equivalent to level 8 on the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF), the same level as a PhD or Professional Doctorate.[26]

Recognition edit

  • Professional recognition awards authorised by royal charter.[27]
  • Professional recognition awards are accredited by Ofqual and included on the Register of Regulated Qualifications.[28]
  • Vocational qualifications accredited by Ofqual and included on the Register of Regulated Qualifications.[28]

Arms edit

Coat of arms of City and Guilds of London Institute
Granted 9 September 1955[citation needed]
On a wreath Argent and Gules, a dexter cubit arm, vested bendy sinister Argent and Gules, the hand Proper grasping a sword also Gules, the blade enfiled with a mural crown also Argent.
Argent, a cross Gules surmounted of a sun Or; a chief of the Second, thereon a lion passant Gold gorged with a naval crown Azure.
On the dexter side a unicorn Or, armed, crined, tufted and unguled Argent, and on the sinister side a griffin Gold Pellettee.
'Coram Deo Laboramus'

References edit

  1. ^ "Imperial College archives". Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  2. ^ "The City & Guilds Group acquires Australian elearning company e3Learning". City & Guilds. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  3. ^ "The City & Guilds Group has acquired leading Cumbrian-based training provider Gen2". City & Guilds. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Imperial College: City and Guilds College". 10 November 2010. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  5. ^ "City & Guilds College Association Introduction". Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Institute of Leadership and Management". Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  7. ^ a b "The City And Guilds of London Institute". Charity Commission. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Qualification: City & Guilds Level 7 NVQ Diploma in Strategic Management and Leadership". Ofqual. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  13. ^ "TechBac". City & Guilds. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  14. ^ "TechBac". UCAS. Retrieved 8 November 2016.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "City and Guilds TechBac". Qualification Information Profiles. UCAS. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  16. ^ C&G Higher Level Qualifications (HLQs) Archived 29 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  18. ^ "Qualification: City & Guilds Level 7 Master Professional Diploma in Strategy and Development". Ofqual. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Register of Regulated Qualifications". Ofqual. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  20. ^ a b c d e "Professional Recognition Awards (9200)". City & Guilds. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  21. ^ "Engineering (Graduate & Post Graduate Diploma) (9210)". City & Guilds. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Progression into Professional Registration" (PDF). City & Guilds. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Degree Certificates". Imperial College London. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  24. ^ "Qualification Comparisons". City and Guilds. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  25. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-19-280073-2. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  26. ^ "Qualification Comparisons - NVQ Level 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 | City & Guilds".
  27. ^ "Professional Recognition Awards (9200) Frequently asked questions" (PDF). City & Guilds. August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  28. ^ a b "Organisation: City and Guilds of London Institute". Register of Regulated Qualifications. Ofqual. Retrieved 6 November 2016.

External links edit