A churrascaria (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʃuʁɐskɐˈɾi.ɐ]) is a place where meat is cooked in churrasco style, which translates roughly from the Portuguese word for "barbecue".

Churrasco barbecue cooking on a churrasqueira grill

Churrascaria cuisine is typically (but not always) served rodízio style, where roving waiters serve the barbecued meats from large skewers directly onto the seated diners' plates.[1]

Terminology edit

Related terminology comes from the Portuguese language. A churrasqueiro is somebody who cooks churrasco style food in a churrascaria restaurant or at home.[2] A churrasqueira is a barbecue grill used for this style of cooking.

History edit

Distinctly a South American style rotisserie, it owes its origins to the fireside roasts of the gaúchos of southern Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay, traditionally from the Pampa region, centuries ago.[3]

Contemporary churrascarias edit

In modern restaurants rodízio service is typically offered. Garçons (waiters) come to the table with knives and a skewer, on which are speared various kinds of meat, be it beef, pork, filet mignon, lamb, chicken, duck, ham (with pineapple), sausage, fish, or any other sort of local cut of meat. A common cut of beef top sirloin cap is known as picanha. In addition to the table service, a self-service buffet of salad, bread, rice, and farofa is offered.[4]

Brazil edit

In most parts of Brazil, the churrasco is roasted over charcoal. In the south of Brazil, however, mostly close to the borders of Argentina and Uruguay, embers of wood are also used.

Portugal edit

Throughout Portugal there are various churrasqueira grills located in towns, cities, and also by the roadside on national highways. While churrasqueira restaurants offer the typical fare of barbecued frango (chicken), beef or pork, they may also offer rotisserie chicken and a variety of other culinary dishes.

United States edit

Churrascaria cuisine combined with rodízio style service has become more popular in the US, expanding to a number of cities.[1]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Tonon, Rafael (6 October 2016). "How the Brazilian Steakhouse Chain Fogo de Chão Swept America". Eater. Vox Media Inc. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  2. ^ "Our History". Fogo de Chão Churrascaria Brazilian Steakhouse. Fogo de Chão (Holdings) Inc. Archived from the original on 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2014-06-01.
  3. ^ Evandro Caregnato (2016). Churrasco; Grilling the Brazilian Way. Gibbs Smith. p. 56. ISBN 9781423640691.
  4. ^ Jane Fajans (2012). Brazilian Food; Race, Class and Identity in Regional Cuisines. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 9780857850430.