Charles Ingerham Peddle (November 25, 1937 – December 15, 2019) was an American electrical engineer best known as the main designer of the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor, the KIM-1 single-board computer, and its successor, the Commodore PET personal computer, both based on the 6502.
Charles Ingerham Peddle
November 25, 1937
|Died||December 15, 2019 (aged 82)|
Santa Cruz, California, U.S.
|Other names||Chuck Peddle|
|Education||B.Sc.; University of Maine|
In 1955, Peddle joined the United States Marine Corps. He attended the University of Maine where he earned a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree in engineering physics. Afterward, he went to work for General Electric working with time-sharing systems.
Peddle recognized a market for a very low price microprocessor and began to champion such a design to complement the $300 Motorola 6800. His efforts were frustrated by Motorola management and he was told to drop the project. He then left for MOS Technology, where he headed the design of the 650x family of processors; these were made as a $25 answer to the Motorola 6800. The most famous member of the 650x series was the 6502, developed in 1975, which was priced at 15% of the cost of an Intel 8080, and was subsequently used in many commercial products, including the Apple II, Commodore PET and Commodore VIC-20, Atari 8-bit computers and arcade video games, Oric computers, and the BBC Micro from Acorn Computers. The Atari 2600 uses the closely related 6507 CPU, the Commodore 64 uses the also closely related derivative 6510, and the Nintendo Entertainment System uses a custom ASIC which includes an altered 6502 core (with the decimal mode deleted). The 6502 microprocessor design was also developed into the 16-bit 65816 CPU while maintaining backward compatibility, and into microcontroller versions. The 65C02S and 65C816S, and microcontrollers based on each are still in production and available for purchase as of June 2021, over 45 years after the initial 650x introduction.
In 1980, Peddle left MOS Technology, together with Commodore Business Machines (CBM) financer Chris Fish, to found Sirius Systems Technology. There, Peddle designed the Victor 9000 personal computer.
Peddle, along with the 6502's co-designer Bill Mensch, are regarded as personal computer pioneers, in that both the 6502 technology and business model were instrumental in helping launch the personal computer revolution. After Peddle's death, Mensch wrote in memoriam.
- Metz, Cade (December 24, 2019). "Chuck Peddle Dies at 82; His $25 Chip Helped Start the PC Age". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
- Peddle, Charles Ingerham; et al. (1976). "Integrated circuit microprocessor with parallel binary adder having on-the-fly correction to provide decimal results". US 3991307.
- "Team 6502". Team 6502.
- "Chuck Peddle Byte Interview" (PDF). Byte.
- Peddle, Chuck (March 20, 2015). An Interview With Chuck Peddle: Charismatic Chipmaking Coryphaeus (audio). The Amp Hour Electronics Podcast.
- Fairbairn, Doug; Diamond, Stephen (June 12, 2014). Video interview with Chuck Peddle. Scene World (video). Mountain View, California: Computer History Museum.
- "Chuck Peddle". The Centre for Computing History.
- "25 Microchips That Shook the World". IEEE Spectrum.
- "Digging Into The 6502". Apple II History. WordPress.
- Mensch, Bill (December 20, 2019). "In Memoriam of Charles "Chuck" Peddle". Western Design Center.
- The Legendary Chuck Peddle, Inventor of The Personal Computer
- Video: Interview with Chuck Peddle for Scene World Magaine (2014)
- Video: An Interview with Chuck Peddle (The Amp Hour #241)
- Video: Oral History of Chuck Peddle (Interviewed by Doug Fairbairn and Stephen Diamond on 2014-06-12 in Mountain View, CA)
- Video: VCF East 4.0: History of Commodore, Pt 1: Chuck Peddle (2007)