Charles Robert Knox (April 27, 1932 – May 12, 2018) was an American football coach at the high school, collegiate and professional levels. He served as head coach of three National Football League (NFL) teams, the Los Angeles Rams (twice), Seattle Seahawks, and Buffalo Bills. He was a three-time AP NFL Coach of the Year and is a member of the Seahawks Ring of Honor.
|Born:||April 27, 1932|
|Died:||May 12, 2018 (aged 86)|
|High school:||Sewickley High School|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Head coaching record|
|Regular season:||186–147 (.559)|
|Coaching stats at PFR|
The son of a steel worker who had emigrated from Ireland and a Scottish-born mother, Knox developed into a 190-pound (86 kg) tackle at Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, playing on both sides of the ball and serving as co-captain of the 1953 unit, the first undefeated team in school history. He also competed in track and graduated in 1954.
Early coaching careerEdit
Knox then served as an assistant at Juniata that fall. The following year he became an assistant coach at Tyrone High School, then began the first of three years as head coach at Ellwood City High School in 1956.
Building on his success, Knox then moved back to the colleges, serving two seasons as an assistant under Paul Amen at Wake Forest University in 1959. He then joined Blanton Collier's staff at the University of Kentucky in 1961, and stayed the following year under new mentor Charlie Bradshaw. In both these places, Knox learned the concepts of organization, discipline and a focus on fundamentals. While at Kentucky, Knox was on the staff of Bradshaw's infamous first team, which was known forever as the Thin Thirty.
On May 8, 1963, he was hired as offensive line coach of the American Football League's New York Jets by head coach Weeb Ewbank. Over the next four years as the lead contact for recruiting quarterback Joe Namath, Knox helped build a line that protected Namath, eventually leading to a victory over the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III. However, by voluntarily leaving the Jets in 1967 he denied himself what would have been the only Super Bowl ring in his career as the Jets won the World Championship in 1968.
Knox then moved to the Detroit Lions on February 13, 1967 under new head coach Joe Schmidt, spending six seasons in the Motor City. Despite some impressive stretches, the Lions only reached the postseason once during this period, losing a 5-0 road contest to the Dallas Cowboys in 1970. However, Knox developed effectively cohesive offensive lines and developed pass-blocking techniques that are now standard in blocking fundamentals. Additionally, he proved a progressive coach by playing Bill Cottrell, an African American, at center. "There was an unwritten rule back then", said Cottrell in Hard Knox: The Life of an NFL Coach. "No black quarterbacks, no black middle linebackers, no black centers." Because of Knox's liberal views and ability to relate to players on such a personal level, African American players nicknamed him, "Dolomite." 
Head coaching careerEdit
Sometimes referred to as 'Ground Chuck' for his team's emphasis on its rushing attack, Knox used a comeback year by veteran quarterback John Hadl to lead the Rams to a 12-2 record during his first season, winning the NFC West title. Knox earned NFC Coach of the Year honors, but in the first round of the playoffs, the team lost to the Cowboys, beginning what would become a frustrating string of playoff defeats for Knox.
John Hadl became the 1973 NFC Most Valuable Player under Knox, proof that the passing dimension of his offense was as significant as the run game in his system. Six games into the 1974 season, Knox traded John Hadl, whose performance had diminished from his MVP '73 season, to the Green Bay Packers for an unprecedented two first round picks, two second round picks and a third round pick. Knox started James Harris for the remainder of the 1974 season. Harris became the NFL's first African American regular quarterback. Despite two and a half successful seasons, including a 12 and 2 record in 1975 with Harris under center, Some Rams fans remained critical of Harris' play. Eventually, Coach Knox, under pressure from owner Carroll Rosenbloom, was forced to bench Harris in favor of Pat Haden.
Under Knox the Rams won five straight NFC West championships. However each season they faltered in the playoffs. They lost three consecutive NFC Championship games from 1974 to 1976, two of them to the Minnesota Vikings. In the team's rainy first round home playoff game against the Vikings on Monday December 26, 1977, quarterback Pat Haden was having problems handling the wet ball and moving the team. Joe Namath was warming up in preparation for what seemed to be a Hollywood ending in the making, but Knox hesitated and the Rams lost again in what was subsequently called the "Mud Bowl", 14-7. That was it as far as owner Carroll Rosenbloom was concerned and Knox got out before he could get fired. In five seasons as the Rams head coach the team had won five straight NFC West titles with five different starting quarterbacks (John Hadl, Ron Jaworski, Pat Haden, James Harris, and Joe Namath) and had a regular season record of 54-15-1 but a play-off record of only 3-5.
On January 11, 1978, Knox left the Rams to sign a $1.2 million, six-year contract with the Bills. The move was in response to the continuing conflict between Knox and team owner Carroll Rosenbloom, with Knox taking over a team that had won only 14 of 28 games during the previous two seasons and missed the playoffs three straight years, while Knox led the Rams to their first consecutive playoff appearances since the great 1949-1952 teams led by Bob Waterfield and Norm Van Brocklin.
In his first year (under the new 16-game schedule), Knox led the Bills to a 5-11 mark. Just two years later, the Bills won the AFC East title with an 11-5 record, but dropped a close battle with the high-powered San Diego Chargers in the divisional playoffs. The following year, his team defeated the Jets in a wild card clash, but then fell to the Cincinnati Bengals. After a 4-5 strike-shortened season in 1982, Knox failed to come to terms on a new contract with team owner Ralph Wilson, and left to accept the head coaching position with the Seahawks on January 26, 1983.
During his first year in the Northwest, Knox led the team to its first playoff berth, beat the Denver Broncos 31-7 in the wildcard game and then upset the Miami Dolphins 27-20 in the Orange Bowl in the second round. However, the dream died in the AFC Championship game when the Seahawks fell to the Los Angeles Raiders 30-14. Subsequent seasons saw the Seahawks remain competitive, but they did not reach a conference championship game again during his tenure, despite winning Seattle's first AFC West Division Title in 1988.
After nine years with Seattle, Knox left on December 27, 1991, having become the first NFL head coach to win division titles with three different teams. Looking to recapture the magic of two decades earlier, Knox returned to the Rams as head coach in 1992. While his tenure saw Jerome Bettis blossom into a star, his teams finished last in the NFC West in each of his three seasons. Additionally, his run-oriented offense was considered too predictable by 1990s NFL standards. He was fired on January 9, 1995.
Knox retired with a mark of 186 wins, 147 losses and 1 tie record, which at the time of his retirement was sixth all-time in wins.
In 2005, Knox donated $1 million to his alma mater, Juniata, to endow a chair in history, his major at the school. The donation was the largest of many contributions by Knox, with the institution renaming the school's football stadium in his honor in 1998. Quaker Valley High School in Knox's hometown of Sewickley, Pennsylvania has also named its football stadium in his honor.
In reporting about Knox's $1 million donation, the Seattle Times noted that Knox has been extremely generous in donating substantial money to Juniata and his old high school. The Times also noted that Knox left the games before coaches were paid the large sum of salaries common today and reporters asked whether he was donating away a substantial amount of his retirement fund. Knox answered the reporters this way: "sure it is (a lot of money).....that's what it was going to take to do it".
On September 25, 2005 at age 73, Knox was inducted into the Seattle Seahawks Ring of Honor at Qwest Field in Seattle and is regularly under consideration for nomination into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. In 2015, the Professional Football Researchers Association named Knox to the PFRA Hall of Very Good Class of 2015 
Personal life and deathEdit
Knox's relationship with granddaughter Lee Ann Norman was outlined in an article published by the Los Angeles Times in 2016 written by Knox's autobiography co-author and LA Times columnist Bill Plaschke. The article "Former Rams coach Chuck Knox has a loving advocate for his legacy in granddaughter Lee Ann Norman" evoked a different perception of the tough Knox and focuses on his personal relationship with his oldest grandchild.
On May 12, 2018, Knox died after a long battle with dementia at the age of 86. He was survived by his wife of 66 years, Shirley, and his children Chris, Kathy, Colleen and Chuck Jr., and six grandchildren: Lee Ann, Ben, Abigail, Kathryn, Hannah, and Charlie. 
Head coaching recordEdit
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|LA||1973||12||2||0||.857||1st in NFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Divisional Game.|
|LA||1974||10||4||0||.714||1st in NFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Minnesota Vikings in NFC Championship.|
|LA||1975||12||2||0||.857||1st in NFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Dallas Cowboys in NFC Championship.|
|LA||1976||10||3||1||.769||1st in NFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Minnesota Vikings in NFC Championship.|
|LA||1977||10||4||0||.714||1st in NFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Minnesota Vikings in Divisional Game.|
|BUF||1978||5||11||0||.313||4th in AFC East||–||–||–||–|
|BUF||1979||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC East||–||–||–||–|
|BUF||1980||11||5||0||.688||1st in AFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to San Diego Chargers in Divisional Game.|
|BUF||1981||10||6||0||.625||3rd in AFC East||1||1||.500||Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in Divisional Game.|
|BUF||1982||4||5||0||.444||4th in AFC East||–||–||–||–|
|SEA||1983||9||7||0||.563||2nd in AFC West||2||1||.667||Lost to Los Angeles Raiders in AFC Championship.|
|SEA||1984||12||4||0||.750||2nd in AFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Miami Dolphins in Divisional Game.|
|SEA||1985||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|SEA||1986||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|SEA||1987||9||6||0||.600||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Houston Oilers in Wild Card Game.|
|SEA||1988||9||7||0||.563||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in Divisional Game.|
|SEA||1989||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|SEA||1990||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|SEA||1991||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|LA||1992||6||10||0||.375||4th in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|LA||1993||5||11||0||.313||4th in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|LA||1994||4||12||0||.250||4th in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
Assistants under Chuck Knox who became NCAA head coaches:
- "Chuck Knox". Pro Football Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Smith, Craig (November 12, 1993). "Losing streak at 4 for Knox". Seattle Times. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Goldstein, Richard. "Chuck Knox, 3-Time N.F.L. Coach of the Year, Is Dead at 86". New York Times. Arthur Gregg Sulzberger. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Bieler, Des. "'One of the great influencers': Former Seahawks, Rams coach Chuck Knox dies at 86". Washington Post. Fred Ryan. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- "CHUCK KNOX TAKES HIS PLACE IN THE RING OF HONOR". Seahawks Legends. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Carpenter, Les. "School of not so hard Knox". Seattle Times. Frank Blethen. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Joe Scialabba (narrator) (September 18, 2015). The Glory Years of Football (1947-1962) (Video). Juniata College. Retrieved May 14, 2018. - Video talks about Juniata's first undefeated season, and features a picture of Chuck Knox
- Farmer, Sam. "Former Rams, Seahawks coach Chuck Knox dies at 86". Los Angeles Times. Ross Levinsohn. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- Farrar, Doug (February 19, 2005). "Chuck Knox - The Last Hard Man". 247 Sports. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "Chuck Knox, former Rams, Seahawks, Bills coach, dies at 86". Associated Press. Associated Press. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "ADVERTISEMENT Q&A: Pat Tarquinio / A high school football coach for half a century, like Joe Paterno he's still going strong". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. John Robinson Block. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- Farrar, Doug (September 24, 2005). "Chuck Knox: The Last Hard Man, Part Two". 247 Sports. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- Knox, Chuck; Plaschke, Bill (1988). Hard Knox : the life of an NFL coach (1st ed.). San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0151334501.
- "Chuck Knox Stadium turf to be replaced". Quaker Valley School District. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- "Professional Researchers Association Hall of Very Good Class of 2015". Retrieved November 10, 2016.