|Born||29 December 1921|
Xichuan County, Henan
|Died||1 May 2014 (aged 92)|
Xindian, New Taipei, Taiwan
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Notable works||Gudu guo [Lonely Country] (1959) and Huanhun cao [Goddess incarnate] (1965)|
|Notable awards||Literature Laureate|
He was born Chou Chi-shu in Xichuan County, Henan in 1921. In 1948, Chou joined the China Youth Corps and was forced to drop out of school. He was sent to Taiwan following the defeat of Chiang Kai-shek's army in the Chinese Civil War, leaving his wife, two sons, and daughter behind in Mainland China. He settled in Tamsui District, New Taipei City.
Chou started writing in the Central Daily News and publishing poetry in 1952. He retired from the army in 1955. In 1959, he started selling books outside the Cafe Astoria in Taipei and published his first book of poetry entitled Lonely County. Chou's book stall became a gathering spot for well-known writers, such as Huang Chun-ming, Pai Hsien-yung, and Sanmao. Chou wrote often on the subjects of time, life, and death, and was influenced by Buddhism.
In 1980, the American magazine Orientations praised him as the "Amoy Street Prophet". During the same year, he was forced to close his book stall in front of Cafe Astoria due to gastric ulcer surgery. He was the first recipient of the National Culture and Arts Foundation Literature Laureate Award in 1997.
Chou died of pneumonia in New Taipei City on May 1, 2014 at the age of 92. His funeral was held twelve days later, with writers and politicians including Chang Show-foong, Lung Ying-tai, Timothy Yang, and Hsiang Ming in attendance.
- Yang, Ming-yi; Weng, Yu-huang; Pan, Jason (May 3, 2014). "Poet Chou Meng-tieh dies aged 92 from pneumonia". Taipei Times. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "The vast and lonely spaces of Chou Meng-tieh". Taiwan Today. October 1, 1983. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "Poet | Chou Meng-tieh". Ministry of Culture. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- "Renowned poet Chou Meng-tieh dies at 92". Central News Agency. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Chen, Hung-hsu; Williams, Scott (July 2010). "Chou Meng-tieh: ascetic, poet". Taiwan Panorama. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
- Lee, Yew Leong (November 29, 2016). "Translation Tuesday: Look at Winter in a Certain Way by Chou Meng-tieh". The Guardian. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- "Friends, followers lay Chou Meng-tieh to rest". Taipei Times. May 14, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2017.