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Chipa (pronounced "cheep-a") is a type of small, baked, cheese-flavored rolls, a popular snack and breakfast food in Paraguay and the Northeast of Argentina.[1][2][3] The recipe has existed since the 19th century and its origins lie with the indigenous Guaraní people. It is inexpensive and often sold from streetside stands and on buses by vendors carrying a large basket with the warm chipa wrapped in a cloth.

Chipa
Chipá.jpg
TypeBread
CourseBreakfast or snack
Place of originParaguay Argentina (Northeast)[1][2]
Created byGuaraní
Main ingredientsCassava starch or corn starch, fat, milk, egg, cheese

The original name is from Guarani chipa (Guaraní pronunciation: [tʃiˈpa]). A small chipa may be called a chipita. In Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, the term cuñapé (Guarani) is often used. In some parts of Argentina, it is called chipá (with an accent mark), or chipacito when it is small.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Chipa has been prepared in the Guarani region (Paraguay, Northeastern Argentina, Southeastern Bolivia and Southwestern Brazil) since humans settled in the area. During inception, the Guarani people prepared it only with cassava starch and water.[4] After the arrival of the colonists and Jesuit missionaries, and with the introduction of cattle, chickens [5] and new products derived from this livestock (like cheese and eggs), chipa began to gradually evolve into the widely used recipe of the early 21st century.

Paraguay and Northeastern ArgentinaEdit

  Wikibooks has more information on Chipá (in Spanish).

In the Guaraní region, chipa is often baked in smaller doughnuts or buns that may be called chipa'í or chipacitos. These are sold in small bags by street sellers of big cities and small towns. In the preparation of chipa yeast is not used, so in spite of the high temperatures of the region it can be preserved for many days. It is a festive food and can be found in every popular religious celebration.[6]

Other common variants in Paraguay include the chipa caburé or chipá mbocá (cooked around a stick, in consequence it doesn't have the spongy inner center) and the chipa so'ó, filled with ground meat. There are other varieties of chipa with different ingredients; chipa manduvi (made with a mix of corn flour and peanut), chipa avatí and chipa rora (made of the skin of the seed of corn after being strained, like a whole-wheat bread).[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ministerio de Desarrollo Social (Presidencia de la Nación Argentina): "Sabores con sapucay", Rescatando lo autóctono desde la historia familiar.
  2. ^ a b Elichondo, Margarita: La comida criolla: Memoria y recetas. Biblioteca de Cultura Popular, Ediciones de EL SOL, 2003 (ISBN 950-9413-76-3) (Restricted online copy at Google Books)
  3. ^ a b Elichondo, Margarita: La comida criolla: Memoria y recetas. Popular Culture Library, Editions of EL SOL, 2003 (ISBN 950-9413-76-3) (Restricted online copy at Google Books)
  4. ^ (Miró Ibars, 2001: 84)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-27. Retrieved 2012-09-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Chipa: Pan Sagrado and 70 Recipes to prepare it.
  • "Tembi’u Paraguay" Josefina Velilla de Aquino
  • "Karú rekó – Antropología culinaria paraguaya", Margarita Miró Ibars

External linksEdit